On This Day in History for November 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 113

  • 399 St Anastasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1095 Pope Urban II preaches 1st Crusade
  • 1237 Battle of Cortenuova: Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II defeated the Second Lombardian League
  • 1295 English King Edward I calls what later became known as "The Model Parliament" extending the authorities of its representatives
  • 1382 Battle of Westrozebeke/Roosebeke. French army defeats the Flemish army. Flemish leader Philip Van Artevelde killed and corpse displayed
  • 1495 Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
  • 1587 Dutch county of Groningen flooded by failure of dyke
  • 1703 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.
  • 1798 Rabbi Shneur Zalman, author (Tanya), released from St Petersburg jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1815 Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • 1817 US soldiers attack Florida Indian village, beginning Seminole War
  • 1826 John Walker invents friction match in England
  • 1839 American Statistical Association organizes in Boston
  • 1863 -29] Battle at Fort Esperanza Texas
  • 1863 Battle of Payne's Farm, VA
  • 1864 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia

BattleBattle of Interest

1868 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

  • 1885 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • 1889 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)
  • 1889 Hermann Sudermann's "Ehre" premieres in Berlin
  • 1890 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • 1896 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1901 U.S. Army War College is established in Washington, D.C.
  • 1901 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1910 NY's Penn Station opens as world's largest railway terminal
  • 1912 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • 1912 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 1914 1st British woman elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire)
  • 1919 Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies & Bulgaria
  • 1924 57,000 watch a High School football game (LA & Polytechnic tie 7-7)
  • 1924 In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.
  • 1925 German Parliament ratifies treaty of Locarno
  • 1926 110,000 watch US Army & Navy play a 21-all tie
  • 1926 Béla Bartok's ballet "Miraculous Mandarin" premieres in Keulen
  • 1926 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • 1926 KXL-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, begins
  • 1932 Poland & USSR sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1934 Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.
  • 1939 Maxwell Anderson's "Key Largo" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 British 13th Army Corps reaches Tobruk
  • 1941 USSR begins a counter offensive, causes Germany to retreat
  • 1942 Bobby Managoff beats Yvon Robert in Houston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1942 French navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis cannot seize them
  • 1942 Tito appoints Anti-fascist Liberation board in Yugoslavia

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1943 Conference of Tehran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • 1944 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Gen George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1945 Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins
  • 1945 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • 1948 Honda 1st opens in America
  • 1950 Trial against RC clergy "imperialistic conspiracy" begins in Prague
  • 1951 1st rocket to intercept an airplane, White Sands, NM
  • 1951 Cease-fire & demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon, Korea
  • 1954 Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.
  • 1956 F Goodrich and A Hackett's "Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • 1957 Army withdraws for Little Rock Ark, after Central HS integration
  • 1958 USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on control of Germany
  • 1960 Dr Felix Houphouet-Boigny becomes president of Ivory Coast
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba flees Leopoldville Congo
  • 1962 1st test flight of the Boeing 727 takes place
  • 1962 Sumner Arthur Long's "Never Too Late" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention is signed at Strasbourg.
  • 1965 15-25,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam in Washington, D.C.
  • 1965 1st French satellite launched; France becomes 3rd nation in space
  • 1966 Uruguay adopts constitution
  • 1967 Gold pool nations pledge support of $35 per ounce gold price

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 French President Charles de Gaulle said 'Non!' to British entry to the European Common Market for the second time

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1970 Carl Morton (18-11 for last-place Expos), receives NL Rookie of Year
  • 1970 Pope Paul VI wounded in chest during a visit to Philippines by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest
  • 1971 Soviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • 1971 Two Customs officials are shot by an Irish Republican Army sniper firinge upon a British Army patrol investigating a bomb attack on a Customs Post near Newry, County Armagh
  • 1972 Pierre Trudeau forms Canadian government
  • 1972 Yanks trade Ellis, Torres & Spikes to Indians for Nettles & Moses
  • 1973 Gary Matthews wins NL Rookie of Year

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Neil Simon's "Good Doctor" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US Senate votes 92-3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon signs the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act, authorizing petroleum price, production, allocation and marketing controls

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1975 The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.
  • 1980 Soyuz T-3 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station, launched
  • 1983 Colombian jetliner Boeing 747 crashes in Madrid killing 181
  • 1983 Desmond Haynes out handled the ball v India
  • 1985 Cards Vince Coleman wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1985 Republic of Ireland gains consultative role in Northern Ireland
  • 1987 Young man survives 7 attempts at suicide in Somerset, England
  • 1989 Colombian jetliner bombed killing 107
  • 1989 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1989 Luis Alberto Lacelle elected president of Uruguay
  • 1989 US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) returns from space
  • 1991 Poetess Maria Elene Cruz Varela sentenced to 2 years (Cuba)
  • 1992 Howard Stern Interview premieres on E! Network
  • 1992 Part of Vienna Hofburg destroyed by fire
  • 1994 Fire in disco in Fuxin, North-China, 233 killed
  • 1994 Julio Maria Sanguinetti elected president of Uruguay

Birthdays in History

  • 1127 Emperor Xiaozong of China (d. 1194)
  • 1563 Robbert Robbertsz, (le Canu), nautical expert
  • 1576 Shimazu Tadatsune, Ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)
  • 1582 Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (d. 1651)
  • 1588 Valerius Andreas, [Walter Driessens], Flemish historian
  • 1595 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor/architect
  • 1627 Louise Henriette, [Mlle d'Orange], daughter of Frederick Henry
  • 1630 Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (d. 1665)
  • 1635 Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, wife of Louis XIV of France (d. 1719)
  • 1648 Peter Codde, RC apostole vicar (1688-1704)
  • 1668 Henri F d'Aguesseau, chancellor of France (1717..50)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1701 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1744)

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1710 Robert Lowth, British bishop (d. 1787)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1746 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • 1746 Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)
  • 1756 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant)
  • 1775 Joachim G le Sage ten Broek, Dutch notary/catholic foreman/publicist
  • 1778 John Murray, publisher
  • 1779 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1787 Jacob earl van Rechteren van Appeltern, governor of Gelderland
  • 1808 Hugh Weedon Mercer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • 1833 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (d. 1897)
  • 1840 Aleksei N Apuchtin, Russian poet/friend of Tsjaikovski [OS=11/15]
  • 1843 Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American businessman (d. 1899)
  • 1843 Elizabeth Stride, victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • 1854 Aloys L earl von Aehrenthal, Austrian minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1857 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1865 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombia, poet (Nocturno III)
  • 1870 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president Finland
  • 1871 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman (1st President)
  • 1874 Charles A Beard, American historian (American Continentalism)
  • 1875 Wladyslaw Orkan, [Szmaciarz-Smreczynsky], Pol author (Nowele Zebrane)
  • 1878 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet (d. 1948).
  • 1886 Tsugouharu T Foujita, Japans/French painter
  • 1891 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1894 Forrest Shaklee, founder (Shaklee Products)
  • 1894 Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox saint (d. 1971)
  • 1894 Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (d. 1989)
  • 1896 Giovanni B Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio)
  • 1897 Vito Genovese, American mafioso (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Fredric Warburg, publisher and author (d. 1981)
  • 1907 L[yon] Sprague de Camp, US, sci-fi author (Goblin Tower, Hand of Zei)
  • 1909 Donald John Urquhart, librarian
  • 1909 James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family)
  • 1909 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Fe del Mundo, Filipino pediatrician and National Scientist
  • 1912 David Merrick, [Margulois], Hong Kong, Broadway producer (Hello Dolly)
  • 1912 Howard de Walden, English landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1913 Frances Swem Anderson, technologist (nuclear medicine)
  • 1914 Evangeline Bruce, hostess
  • 1917 Tiny Rowland, [Roland Fuhrop], German/British owner (Observer)
  • 1920 Elaine Greene, literary Agent
  • 1920 John Richard Ravensdale, historian
  • 1920 Max Tripels, attorney/Dutch MP
  • 1921 Alexander Dubček, Uhrovec, headed Czech Communist Party (1968-69)
  • 1921 Ole Sarvig, Danish writer/critic (Limbo, Glem Ikke)
  • 1923 Robert A Young, (Rep-D-MO, 1977-86)
  • 1924 Theresa R van der Pant, sculptor
  • 1925 John Maddox, British science writer and editor
  • 1926 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author
  • 1927 William Simon, US sect of Treasury
  • 1929 Billy Nair, South African union/SACP leader (20 yrs in Robbeneiland Prison)
  • 1930 James M Taylor, Stamps ARK, USAF/astronaut
  • 1930 Vladimir Emel Yanovich Lev Alekseevich Samsonov Maksimov, educator
  • 1930 Joe DeNardo, American Meteorologist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 Benigno Aquino Jr, Philippine opposition leader; assassinated
  • 1934 Lawrence Martin Jenco, priest
  • 1937 Gail Sheehy, author (Hustling)
  • 1943 Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet
  • 1944 Martin Corbett, gay activist
  • 1944 Mickey Leland, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
  • 1945 Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality
  • 1952 James D Wetherbee, Flushing NY, Lt Cmdr USN/astr (STS 32, 52, 63, 86)
  • 1952 Sheila Copps, Canadian politician
  • 1953 Steve Bannon, American advisor to Trump, chair of Breitbart News, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1957 Caroline Kennedy-Schlossberg, attorney, JFK & Jackie's daughter
  • 1957 Terri R Adams, educator (teacher in space)
  • 1957 Kevin O'Connell, American sound re-recording mixer
  • 1960 Kevin Henkes, American children's book writer/illustrator
  • 1960 Tim Pawlenty, American politician
  • 1960 Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian prime minister
  • 1964 Robin Simone Givens, [Mrs Mike Tyson] (Darlene-Head of the Class), born in NYC, New York
  • 1967 Shawn Watson, American librarian
  • 1971 Eric Menendez, NY, accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers)
  • 1973 Jon Runyan, tackle (Tennessee Oilers)
  • 1994 Shrek the sheep, New Zealand sheep that held world record for biggest shorn fleece, born at Bendigo Station, Otago (d. 2011)

Weddings in History

  • 1980 British playwright (Nobel prize for literature 2005) Harold Pinter (50) marries 2nd wife British writer and historian Antonia Frazer (48)

HeartWedding of Interest

2010 US Navy Seal Marcus Luttrell (25) weds Melanie Juneau in Texas

Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell
Navy SEAL
Marcus Luttrell

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

8 BC Horace, Roman Republican poet (Odes), dies at 56

Roman Poet Horace
Roman Poet
Horace
  • 450 Galla Placidia, daughter of Byzant emperor Constantius III, dies at 58
  • 511 Clovis, 1st King of France, dies at about 45
  • 640 Acharius, bishop of Noyon/saint, dies
  • 835 Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (b. 811)
  • 1026 Adalbert II, bishop of Utrecht (1010-26), dies
  • 1198 Queen Constance of Sicily, wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1154)
  • 1570 Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)
  • 1592 Nakagawa Hidemasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1568)
  • 1592 John III, King of Sweden (1568-92), dies at 54
  • 1632 John Eliot, English parliament leader/author (In Jail), dies at 40
  • 1673 Anthonie Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 72
  • 1680 Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (lantern), dies
  • 1754 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1811 Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • 1836 Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, dies of uterine cancer at 36

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1884 Franziska "Fanny" Elssler, Austrian ballerina/choreography, dies at 74
  • 1894 Johanna von Puttkamer, Prussian noblewoman, wife of Otto von Bismarck (b. 1824)
  • 1895 Alexandre Dumas fils, French writer and playwright (b. 1824), son of the French author of the same name
  • 1901 Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • 1908 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (b. 1827)
  • 1921 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician]] (b. 1854)
  • 1925 Roger de la Fresnaye, French sculptor/painter, dies
  • 1934 "Baby Face" Nelson, [Lester Gillis], gangster, shot by FBI at 26
  • 1934 Herman Hollis, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • 1934 Sam Cowley, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • 1943 Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
  • 1944 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1953 Eugene O'Neill, playwright (Nobel 1936), dies in Boston at 65
  • 1955 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74
  • 1957 Margot SE Scharten-Antink, author (Catherina/Sprotje), dies at 88
  • 1960 Dirk J de Geer, Dutch premier (1926-29, 39-40), dies at 89
  • 1971 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literary/art historian, dies at 70
  • 1974 Louis B Russell Jr, longest living heart transplant, dies at 49
  • 1975 Ross McWhirter, Guinness Book of Records keeper, murdered
  • 1977 John Little McClellan, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Ark), dies at 81
  • 1978 George Moscone, Mayor of San Francisco (1976-78) shot and killed by Dan White aged 49

MurderAssassination

1978 Harvey Milk, first openly gay person to be elected to public office, assassinated by Dan White at 48

American Politician Harvey Milk
American Politician
Harvey Milk
  • 1980 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (b. 1882)
  • 1983 Manuel Scorza, Peruvian writer, dies at about 55
  • 1984 Percy Norris, deputy high commissioner of India, shot dead
  • 1988 [John] Hein Donner, chess grand master, dies at 61
  • 1992 Ivan Generalić, Croatian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1994 Arthur Frank "Peter" Shore, egyptologist, dies at 70
  • 1995 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker, dies at 75
  • 1995 Simon Bailey, 1st British priest to say he had AIDS, dies at 40
  • 1996 George Ernest Leslie, trade union official, dies at 76
  • 1997 Buck Leonard, Hall of Famer in Negro League, dies at 90
  • 1997 Henry Charnock, oceanographer, dies at 76
  • 1999 Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and author (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Don Butterfield, American tuba player (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Alan Freeman, British disc jockey known by his nickname 'Fluff' (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Bebe Moore Campbell, American author (b. 1950)
  • 2007 Robert Cade, American doctor and inventor of Gatorade (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Bernie Banton, Australian asbestos campaigner (b. 1946)
  • 2010 Irvin Kershner, American director (b. 1923)
  • 2012 Marvin Miller, American union leader, dies at 95
  • 2014 P D [Phyllis Dorothy] James, Baroness James of Holland Park, English crime writer (Death in Holy Orders), dies at 94