On This Day in History for November 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 153

  • 644 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI
  • 1468 Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy's troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers island of Dominica

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1527 Ferdinand of Austria/Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1529 London - 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 English parliament accepts Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII becomes Head of Church of England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 Prince Frederick Henry festival in The Hague

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1640 English Long Parliament forms
  • 1655 England & France sign miltary & economic treaties
  • 1656 Treaty of Vilnius Russia/Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1676 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1760 Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
  • 1762 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • 1762 Spain acquires Louisiana
  • 1783 Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
  • 1783 John Austin, a footpad turned murderer, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.
  • 1791 Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St Clair/killed 637 soldiers
  • 1793 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • 1794 French troops conquer Maastricht

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1796 John Adams elected president of the United States of America

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 US troops under General Coffee destroy Indian village at Talladega Ala
  • 1820 Cuenca (Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca), Ecuador, declares independence
  • 1838 The Times of India, world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce
  • 1839 1st opium war - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks
  • 1839 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
  • 1848 Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands
  • 1856 A British fleet bombards Canton.
  • 1862 Battle until the 5th November between gunboats at Bayou Teche, a waterway in Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Battle at Mentana: French & Papal troops beat Giuseppe Garibaldi

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1868 First black US Congressman elected (John W Menard, Louisiana)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1868 Ulysses Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1869 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
  • 1874 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • 1883 Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)
  • 1883 US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans
  • 1883 American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • 1885 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • 1886 Friars of Tilburg arrives on Curacao
  • 1888 Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes
  • 1889 Chaplain Ariëns founds first roman catholic workers group
  • 1896 J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales
  • 1896 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1900 First US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC)
  • 1903 Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • 1903 Giovanni Giolitti becomes Prime Minister of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.

  • 1906 International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selects "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal as the worldwide standard for help

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1908 William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th President over William Jennings Bryan

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan

CommunicationModel T

1911 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T

  • 1916 Treaty establishes British suzerainity over Qatar
  • 1917 1st class US mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • 1918 Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves
  • 1918 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • 1918 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • 1922 Greek parliament bans Prince Andreas for life
  • 1927 22.3 cm rainfall at Somerset, Vermont (state record)
  • 1927 Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley (Vt)
  • 1928 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet
  • 1930 First vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens
  • 1930 Bank of Italy renamed Bank of America

BattleCoup d'état

1930 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1931 First commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured
  • 1934 Dizzy Dean chosen as NL MVP
  • 1935 George II returns to Greece & regains monarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 President FDR (D) wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (R)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Hirohiti's accord on Yamamoto's attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails
  • 1942 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault
  • 1942 Mort Cooper wins NL MVP
  • 1942 William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago
  • 1943 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland
  • 1944 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • 1944 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • 1944 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1945 Lindsay Hassett scores 187 & 124* for Aust Services at Delhi
  • 1946 Emperor Hirohito proclaims new Japanese constitution
  • 1952 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas
  • 1952 Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel
  • 1953 1939 sacrifice fly rule restored: no time at bat for sac fly
  • 1953 First live color US coast-to-coast telecast (NYC)
  • 1954 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe
  • 1955 First virus crystallized (announced)
  • 1955 Alabama woman bruised by a meteor
  • 1955 Argentine ex-president Peron arrives in Nicaragua
  • 1955 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • 1955 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1957 USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), 1st animal in orbit
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1959 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party wins Israeli parliamentary election

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1960 Ivory Coast adopts constitution
  • 1961 UN General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant as acting Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 LBJ (D) soundly defeats Barry Goldwater (R) for US President

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

Birthdays in History

  • 39 Lucan, Cordova Spain, Latin poet (Bellum Civile)
  • 1470 Edward V, King of England (Apr–Jun 1483), born in Westminster, Middlesex, England
  • 1560 Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1609)
  • 1604 Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22)
  • 1611 Henry Ireton, English general/MP (Edgehill)
  • 1618 Aurangzeb, [Alamgir], Emperor of India (1658-1707)
  • 1619 Willem Kalf, Rotterdam Neth, painter (still lifes)
  • 1621 Renatus Rapinus, [René Rapin], French jesuit/poet (Hortorum libri IV)
  • 1633 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1718 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, born in Chiswick, England (d. 1792)
  • 1736 Christian Brunings, Dutch hydraulic engineer
  • 1749 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1753 August G Meissner, German author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1793 Stephen F. Austin, Founded and helped colonize the US state of Texas, born in Austinville, Virginia (d. 1836)

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • 1794 William Cullen Bryant, poet (Thanatopsis)
  • 1798 Mason James Murray, (Confederacy), (d. 1871)
  • 1799 William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • 1801 Karl Baedeker, Germany, published travel books
  • 1815 John Mitchel, Irish nationalist (Jail Journal), born in Camnish, County Londonderry (d. 1875)
  • 1816 Jubal Anderson Early, Lt General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • 1826 Jasper Adalmorn Maltby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • 1830 Esten Cooke, John (Confederate Army), (d. 1886)
  • 1830 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist
  • 1833 Edward Dorr Tracy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1841 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Mandø, Danish Botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions)
  • 1844 Mehmed V Reshad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • 1845 Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
  • 1852 Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1854 Jokichi Takamine, Takaoka Toyama, Japanese-American Biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources
  • 1857 Michail V Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff (d. 1918)
  • 1861 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian/archaeologist
  • 1870 John Motley Morehead III, American Chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding)
  • 1872 Wilfred Trotter, Coleford Gloucestershire, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck
  • 1876 Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
  • 1877 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • 1879 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canada, Arctic explorer/ethnologist
  • 1884 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch author (Me Own Way)
  • 1887 Samuil Marshak, Russian writer, translator and children's poet (d. 1964)
  • 1889 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glazer
  • 1890 Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest (d. 1943)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 William George Barker, Canadian flying ace (Victoria Cross recipient), born in Dauphin, Manitoba (d. 1930)

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • 1896 Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (d. 1970)
  • 1897 Frederick Russell, Bridport Dorset, English Marine Biologist who studied plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem
  • 1899 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Andre Malraux, [Berger], novelist/art historian (La Condition Humaine), born in Paris, France

Novelist André Malraux
Novelist
André Malraux
  • 1901 Leopold III, [Filip von Saksen-Coburg], King of the Belgians (from 1934, abdicated 1951), d. 1983
  • 1903 Walker Evans, US, photographer (Fortune Magazine)
  • 1905 Lois Mailou Jones, US painter (Peasants on Parade)
  • 1905 William Donald Campbell, diarist/ornithologist
  • 1909 James "Scotty" Barrett Reston, Clydebank Scotld, journalist (NY Times)
  • 1912 Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay (1954-89)
  • 1918 Russell B Long, (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86)
  • 1918 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian writer (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Earl of Lonsdale, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1923 Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • 1925 Dieter Wellershoff, German author (Minotaur)
  • 1926 Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
  • 1928 Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Philip M Crane, (Rep-R-IL, 1969- )
  • 1930 William H Dana, pilot (X-15)
  • 1930 D. James Kennedy, American theologian (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
  • 1932 Thomas J Manton, (Rep-D-NY, 1985- )
  • 1933 Louis W Sullivan, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1989- )
  • 1933 Michael Dukakis, Governor of Massachusetts (1975-79 and 1983-91) and 1988 Democratic presidential nominee, born in Brookline, Massachusetts

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Amartya Sen, Indian economist and Nobel Prize laureate (welfare economics and social choice theory), born in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

Economist/Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Amartya Sen
  • 1934 Hans Janmaat, Dutch MP (CD)/(fascist)
  • 1937 Lynn Woolsey, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1938 Pupi Avati, Bologna Italy, director (Festival, Bix, Impiegati)
  • 1938 Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • 1939 Terrence McNally, playwright (Bad Habits), born in St Petersburg, Florida
  • 1946 Nick Simper, rocker (Deep Purple)
  • 1947 Mazie Hirono, American politician
  • 1949 Anna Wintour, English-American editor
  • 1950 Joe Queenan, American writer
  • 1950 Massimo Mongai, Italian writer
  • 1950 James Rothman, American Biochemist and Nobel Laureate (2013) for work on vesicle vesicle trafficking, born in Haverhill Massachusetts
  • 1951 Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News
  • 1952 Felix R de Rooy, Curacaos poet/sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 David Ho, Taiwanese-American pioneering HIV/AIDS researcher, born in Taichung, Taiwan

AIDS Researcher David Ho
AIDS Researcher
David Ho
  • 1954 Godzilla, Japanese monster (Godzilla)
  • 1954 Kevin P Chilton, Lt Col USAF/Astronaut (STS 49, 59, 76), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 David AC viscount Linley, son of English princess Margaret/mystic
  • 1962 Jacqui Smith UK Home Secretary
  • 1966 Joe Hachem, Lebanese-born Australian poker player
  • 1979 Beau McDonald, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1983 Suzane von Richthofen, Brazilian murderess
  • 1984 Ryo Nishikido, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Kanjani8)
  • 1987 Elizabeth A. Smart, American abductee and activist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1963 Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (26) weds cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolayev (34) at the Moscow Wedding Palace

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova
  • 2012 Professional bull rider Luke Snyder (30) weds Jennifer Manna (34) at Big Cedar Lodge outside of Branson, Missouri

Deaths in History

  • 361 Flavius Julius Constantius II, 1st Byzantine Emperor, dies at 44
  • 753 Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)
  • 1254 Johannes III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (1222-54)/saint, dies
  • 1344 Adolf van der Mark, prince-bishop of Liege (1313-44), dies at 56
  • 1378 Jan II, ruler of Polanen/Leck/Breda, dies
  • 1428 Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1388)
  • 1456 Edmund Turdor, earl of Richmond, dies
  • 1580 Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • 1584 Charles Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1538)
  • 1600 Richard Hooker, English theologian (b. 1554)
  • 1639 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), dies at 69
  • 1643 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
  • 1643 John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • 1708 Henriette Catharina van Nassau, daughter of Frederick Henry, dies at 71
  • 1711 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)
  • 1787 Robert Lowth, British bishop and grammarian (b. 1710)
  • 1793 Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)
  • 1794 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1845 Johan G Verstolk van Soelen, Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 69
  • 1864 Antonio Goncalves Dias, Brazilian national poet, dies at sea
  • 1867 Pieter J Jong, Dutch Zouave, dies in battle
  • 1869 Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
  • 1873 Kintpuash, "Captain Jack", chief of Modoc-indians, dies
  • 1890 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
  • 1914 Georg Trakl, Austria poet (Totentag, Cocaine Overdose), dies at 27
  • 1917 Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist (b. 1846)
  • 1918 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Annie Oakley, US sharp shooting star, dies at 66

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1927 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
  • 1929 Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (b. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher and meteorologist (continental shift), dies while on an expedition to Greenland (date is approximate)

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1931 Rudolf W Canne, Fries playwright (Peaske), dies at 60
  • 1933 Emile Roux, French scientist (b. 1853)
  • 1939 Waldemar Lindgren, Swedish-American Geologist (economic geology, ore classification), dies at 79
  • 1942 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • 1944 Jack Miner, Canadian Naturalist and Conservationist, dies at 79
  • 1949 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and art collector (Guggenheim Museum New York), dies at 88
  • 1957 Wilhelm Reich, Austria/US psycho analyst (sexual), dies at 60
  • 1960 Harold Spencer Jones, London, English Astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Harlow Curtice, President of General Motors (1953-8), dies at 69

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice
  • 1970 Peter II Karadjordjevic, last king of Yugoslavia (1934-45), dies at 57
  • 1980 Ludwig Hohl, writer, dies
  • 1982 Edward H Carr, British historian, dies at 90
  • 1988 Henri van Praag, Dutch para-psychologist, dies
  • 1992 Jean Daskalides, Belgian chocolate factory, dies at 70
  • 1993 Duncan Gibbins, director (Fire With Fire), dies in California fire at 41
  • 1994 Richard Krautheimer, US art historian, dies at 97
  • 1994 Ralph Wyckoff, American scientist and pioneer of X-ray crystallography, dies at 97
  • 1995 Arthur George Bottomley, politician, dies at 88
  • 1995 Gordon S. Fahrni, physician and president of the Canadian Medical Association (b. 1887)
  • 1996 Barry Porter, British Conservative politician, dies at 57 (b. 1939)
  • 1996 Heather Swift, local councellor, dies at 79
  • 1996 Jean-Bedel Bokassa, dictator of Cent Africa Rep (1967-79), dies at 75
  • 1996 Abdullah Çatlı, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 2001 Ernst Gombrich, Austrian art historian (b. 1909)
  • 2003 Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Marie Rudisill, American author and "Fruitcake Lady" (b. 1911)
  • 2007 Martin Meehan, Irish republican (b. 1945)
  • 2009 Francisco Ayala, Spanish novelist (b. 1906)
  • 2010 Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2015 Ahmed Chalabi, Iragi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), dies at 71
  • 2015 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), dies at 84