On This Day in History for November 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141

  • 306 St Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 722 Pope Gregory II names Boniface as missionary bishop
  • 1016 Cnut the Great (Canute), King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund 'Ironside'
  • 1215 Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen
  • 1406 Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII

CommunicationGerman Beer Purity Law

1487 The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops

  • 1523 Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics
  • 1554 England reconciles with Pope Julius III
  • 1630 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1648 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1678 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament
  • 1700 King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]
  • 1700 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • 1731 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • 1735 States of Holland forbid Free Masonry
  • 1747 Dutch State of Zealand declare governorship hereditary for women

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 Benjamin Franklin receives the Godfrey Copley medal "on account of his curious Experiments and Observations on Electricity"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Captain James Cook begins 3rd & last trip to the Pacific

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1782 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1786 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1787 Spanish governor leaves the Philippines
  • 1803 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1804 Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
  • 1824 First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal.
  • 1829 First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the groundbreaking.
  • 1838 Mexico declares war on France
  • 1861 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"
  • 1863 Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • 1864 Battle of Franklin Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualities
  • 1864 Battle of Honey Hill SC (Broad River) 96 dead, 665 wounded
  • 1866 Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • 1868 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm
  • 1886 First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY
  • 1886 The Folies Bergère stages its first revue
  • 1887 1st indoor softball game in Chicago
  • 1891 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published
  • 1900 A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles
  • 1900 The First Isthmian Canal Commission, appointed by the President having examined possible routes for a canal, issues its report favoring that through Nicaragua over the Panama route
  • 1902 American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.
  • 1907 Pike Place Market dedicated in Seattle
  • 1908 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George's 'People's Budget', which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1915 St John Ervine's "John Ferguson" premieres in Dublin
  • 1916 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1922 1st speed test of 1st genuine Japanese aircraft carrier Hosho

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 1924 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • 1924 French and Belgium troops withdrawn from their occupation of the Rurh

1stHistoric Invention

1928 Vladimir K. Zworykin receives patent on Iconoscope TV system


  • 1931 His Master's Voice & Columbia Records merge into EMI
  • 1933 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
  • 1936 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • 1938 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • 1938 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • 1939 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki
  • 1941 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes its last run
  • 1941 Japanese Emperor Hirohito consults with admirals Shimada & Nagano
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 142 allied ships this month (877,774 tons)
  • 1942 -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama
  • 1944 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1947 Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked
  • 1948 Player-manager Lou Boudreau is selected AL MVP
  • 1948 Soviets set up a separate municipal government in East Berlin
  • 1949 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman threatens China with atom bomb
  • 1953 French parachutist under Col De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu
  • 1953 Edward Mutesa II, kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda
  • 1954 1st meteorite known to strike a person - American Ann Hodges in Sylacauga, Alabama (she survives)
  • 1954 John Strydom succeeds D. F. Malan as premier of South Africa
  • 1955 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party
  • 1956 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

MurderAssassination Attempt

1957 Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, kills 8

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1958 1st US guided missile destroyer launched - the Dewey at Bath Iron Works, Maine
  • 1960 French Senate condemns building own nuclear weapons
  • 1960 Tad Mosels "All the Way Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • 1962 U Thant of Burma becomes the 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1963 Martin Walser's "Überlebensgross Herr Krott" premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1964 USSR launches Zond 2 towards Mars; no data returned
  • 1966 Barbados gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland
  • 1967 Julie Nixon & David Eisenhower announce their engagement
  • 1967 Kuria Muria Islands ceded by Britain to Oman
  • 1967 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy
  • 1967 The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War.
  • 1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Armagh is stopped by Royal Ulster Constabulary because of the presence of a Loyalist counter demonstration led by Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The government of the Republic of Ireland states that it will take the allegations of brutality against the security forces in Northern Ireland to the European Court of Human Rights
  • 1972 Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 (Rome, Italy)
  • 1973 M T Ghani scores 104 on FC debut for Commerce Bank (Pak) age 44
  • 1973 Firestone Professional Bowling World Tournament of Champions won by Jim Godman
  • 1974 Most complete early human skeleton (Lucy, Australopithecus) discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia's Afar Depression
  • 1975 Dahomey renamed People's Republic of Benin
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

538 St Gregory of Tours, Gallo-Roman chronicler and bishop (Historia Francorum), born in Auvergne, Gaul (d. 594)

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Chronicler/Bishop
Gregory of Tours
  • 1340 John duke of Berry, captain of Paris/art collector
  • 1364 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1373 Ferdinand I, the Righteous, king of Aragon/Sicily
  • 1427 Kazimierz IV, king of Poland (1447-92)
  • 1466 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman/admiral
  • 1485 Veronica Gambara, Italian poetess
  • 1498 Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)
  • 1508 Andrea Palladio, [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], architect
  • 1554 Philip Sidney, England, poet/statesman/soldier (Arcadia)
  • 1594 John Cosin, English clergyman (d. 1672)
  • 1622 Thomas of Apshoven, Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1625 Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
  • 1637 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1667 Jonathan Swift, satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1745)

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1670 John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)
  • 1683 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (d. 1744)
  • 1699 Christian VI, king of Denmark/Norway
  • 1719 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (d. 1772)
  • 1722 Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (d. 1761)
  • 1723 William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)
  • 1726 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher/engraver
  • 1756 Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1768 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1781 Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Oliver Fisher Winchester, rifle maker (Winchester)
  • 1813 Hermann Kurz, German author/poet
  • 1813 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
  • 1817 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)
  • 1821 Gustavus Woodson Smith, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • 1821 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1902)
  • 1826 George Washington Deitzler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pine Grove, Pennsylvania (d. 1884)
  • 1827 Constantine P Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer/senator
  • 1827 Ernest H Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants)
  • 1828 Jedediah Hotchkiss, Engineer (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1835 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • 1836 Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • 1840 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman (d. 1928)
  • 1843 Jozsef Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok)
  • 1855 Marie WF Treub, Dutch economist/minister of Agriculture/Finance
  • 1858 Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1861 French Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens)
  • 1863 Andres Bonifacio, leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden (d. 1937)

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • 1870 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon (d. 1948)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario (d. 1918)

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II and winner of the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature, born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1965)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island (d. 1942)

  • 1885 Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Poland/Netherland)
  • 1889 Edgar D Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932)
  • 1890 Oege Bakker, Dutch economist
  • 1900 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • 1903 Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist
  • 1904 Clyfford Still, American abstract painter
  • 1906 Marina, princess of Greece/Denmark/husband of English prince George
  • 1907 Jacques Barzun, French author (The House of Interlect), (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Angier Biddle Duke, American diplomat and the youngest American ambassador in history, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1919 Anne S Wadman, Frisian literary (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen)
  • 1919 Jan Elburg, [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Shirley Chisholm, 1st African American congresswoman (Rep-D-NY) and presidential candidate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)

Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm
Congresswoman
Shirley Chisholm
  • 1928 Chic Hecht, (Sen-R-NV, 1983- )
  • 1930 G[eorge] Gordon Liddy, Watergate felon and radio host, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 William H Dana, test pilot (X-15), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1932 David Lightbown, British politician and government whip
  • 1932 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Linwood C Ivey, NC, (Mayor-Garysburg NC)
  • 1936 Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)
  • 1936 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer
  • 1937 Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1940 Glenn English, (Rep-D-OK, 1975- )
  • 1945 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • 1946 Marina Abramović, Belgrade Serbia, US based performance artist
  • 1947 David Mamet, playwright/dir (Speed the Plow, House of Games), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1947 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1949 Arthur Lee Washington Jr, murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1951 Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1952 Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1953 Mike Espy, (Rep-D-Mississippi)
  • 1955 Richard Burr, American politician
  • 1957 Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1958 Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1959 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1962 Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1965 Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 Ed Kemper, American serial killer
  • 1966 Wil Mara, American author
  • 1976 Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
  • 1978 Emil Steiner, American writer
  • 1990 Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess Grandmaster, born in Tønsberg, Norway

Weddings in History

  • 1973 Sci-fi author Issac Asimov (53) weds second wife psychoanalyst and Sci-fi author Janet Jeppson (47)
  • 1996 Multimillionaire and top-selling female suspense novelist Mary Higgins Clark (67) weds Merrill Lynch Futures retired CEO John Conheeney (67) in Saddle River, New Jersey

Deaths in History

  • 1016 Edmund II, Ironsides, King of the Saxons (1016), dies at 27
  • 1519 Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85
  • 1528 Great Wierd, Dutch Gelderland army commander, beheaded
  • 1631 Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels, dies
  • 1646 John C Lichthart, admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45
  • 1654 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)
  • 1675 Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • 1678 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71), dies at 67
  • 1679 Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45
  • 1694 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician who founded the science of microscopic anatomy, dies at 66
  • 1700 Artus II Quellinus [Quellien/"the Young], Flemish sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1705 Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II of England (b. 1638)
  • 1718 Charles XII, king of Sweden (1697-1718), dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway at 36
  • 1761 John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)
  • 1765 George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • 1830 Pius VIII, [Francesco S Castiglioni], Italian Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • 1841 Charles Louis W J van Keverberg, Dutch government official, dies at 73
  • 1864 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1864 John Adams, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at about 39
  • 1864 Otto French Strahl, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1864 Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1893 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68
  • 1897 Abraham C Wertheim, Dutch banker/MP (Lib), dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright and novelist (Importance of Being Earnest), dies in Paris at 46

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1901 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1909 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • 1933 Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
  • 1934 Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)
  • 1935 Fernando A N Pessoa, Portuguese poet (Book of Disquiet), dies at 47
  • 1935 Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet and writer, dies at 47
  • 1938 Corneliu Codreanu, Romania fascist/putschist (Iron Guard), dies
  • 1944 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1958 Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1972 Neil H McElroy, soap manufacturer/minister of Defense (1957-59), dies
  • 1977 Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)
  • 1979 Zeppo Marx, [Herbert], US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 78
  • 1987 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1987 James Baldwin, writer (Go Tell it on the Mountain), dies at 63

  • 1987 Simon Carmiggelt, journalist/literary (Kronkel), dies at 74
  • 1989 Alfred Herrhausen, German CEO (Deutsche Bank), murdered at 59
  • 1990 Hilde Spiel, Austrian writer, dies at 78
  • 1990 Horst Bienek, German author, dies
  • 1990 Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review), dies at 75
  • 1993 Bob Wolf, agent (New Kids on the Block, Larry Bird), dies
  • 1993 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (b. 1924)
  • 1994 Guy Debord, situationist, dies at 63
  • 1995 June Rosemary Fisher, teacher/trade unionist, dies at 66
  • 1996 Dan Flavin, minimalist sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1996 Koji Kobayashi, industrialist, dies at 89
  • 1996 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Tiny Tim, [Herbert Khaury], entertainer (Tip Toe), dies at 71
  • 1997 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian, dies at 37
  • 1997 Kathy Acker, writer, dead Cancer Died, dies at 54
  • 1997 Ron Gulliford, educationalist, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Pierre Berton, Canadian author, dies of heart failure at 84

  • 2006 Rafael Buenaventura, Former BSP Governor (b. 1938)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007 Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (Snake River Canyon), dies of pulmonary disease at 69

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 2007 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)
  • 2010 Rajiv Dixit, Indian scientist and Swadeshi movement figure (b. 1967)
  • 2010 Faye Wright, American spiritual figure (b. 1914)
  • 2010 Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)
  • 2011 Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists (b. 1939)
  • 2011 William L. Waller, American politician and ex-Governor of Mississippi, dies at 85
  • 2014 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament (1989-1992), dies at 89
  • 2015 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), dies at 93
  • 2015 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist, dies at 97