On This Day in History for November 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 1228 Wu MeKuan, a collection of 48 Zen koans, compiled in China
  • 1414 Council of Constance (16th ecumenical council) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from Indians of Cuba

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1499 Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). This Breton-French-Latin dictionary was written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1500 -6th Nov astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1530 St Felix Flood ravages Dutch coast and destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun as Sultan of Delhi

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • 1556 Battle at Panipat: Mogollegers beat hindu leader Hemu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1605 Gunpowder Plot; attempt to blow up King James I while he opened Parliament. Plot discovered and Guy Fawkes caught and tortured. He and seven others were later executed

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1630 Spain & England sign peace treaty
  • 1639 First post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts
  • 1678 Brandenburgse troops occupy Greifswald in Sweden
  • 1725 Spain & Austria sign secret treaty
  • 1743 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.
  • 1757 Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1773 John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an "Enemy to America"

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • 1780 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.
  • 1781 John Hanson elected first "President of US in Congress assembled"
  • 1789 Fleeing slaves under Bonni attack military post on Suriname
  • 1789 French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law
  • 1811 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence
  • 1838 Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation
  • 1854 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
  • 1862 Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1862 Battle at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties
  • 1872 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1872 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1881 French government-Ferry resigns
  • 1881 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
  • 1882 Bedrich Smetana's "Ma Vlast" premieres
  • 1883 Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • 1887 Ottawa College (ORFU) defeats Montreal Football Club (QRFU) 10-5 to win the Dominion championship
  • 1889 Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
  • 1894 Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
  • 1894 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels" premieres
  • 1895 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • 1895 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • 1895 US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1900 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • 1911 Italy attacks Turkish North-Africa (Libya), takes Tripoli & Cyrenaica
  • 1911 Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing 1st transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) (left Sheepshead Bay, NY, Sept 17)
  • 1912 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • 1912 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) & President William H. Taft (R)

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1913 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • 1914 Britain declares war on Turkey and annexes Cyprus, occupied since 1878; the immediate reason is to keep it from being taken by Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1916 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • 1916 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • 1917 Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
  • 1917 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas
  • 1921 Soviet Russia signs a treaty with Mongolia, temporarily supporting the new government against China and Japanese incursions
  • 1922 Demonstration for a Dutch University in Ghent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1930 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt"
  • 1932 Benito Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts
  • 1933 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • 1935 Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit Donald Murray, a black man
  • 1935 Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

Writer André Gide
André Gide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • 1938 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • 1940 Dutch submarine departs Dundee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 US President FDR (D) wins unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell Willkie (R)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima leave Pearl Harbor
  • 1942 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • 1942 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
  • 1943 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • 1944 Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren
  • 1944 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • 1944 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die
  • 1945 Colombia joins the United Nations.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1946 John F. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Philippines president Quirino ends emergency crisis

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Nobel prize for physics awarded/appended on Frederik Zernicke
  • 1953 Paul Searls saws a 32" log in 86.4 seconds
  • 1953 Terence Rattigan's "Sleeping Prince" premieres in London
  • 1955 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • 1956 Britain & France land forces in Egypt in reaction to seizure of Suez Canal
  • 1956 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • 1956 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime
  • 1961 India's premier Nehru arrives in NY
  • 1961 St Louis Cards Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US VP Lyndon B. Johnson visits Netherlands

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964 US launches Mariner 3 toward Mars; no data returned
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS-3 launched by US to take first pictures of full Earth disc
  • 1967 US troops conquer Loc Ninh South Vietnam
  • 1967 Yemen president Sallal flees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Richard Nixon (R) beats Vice President Hubert Humphrey (D) and George Wallace (I) in U.S. Presidential election

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1971 Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping
  • 1972 Vice-President of Sinn Féin Maire Drumm is arrested in the Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 BART starts SF-Daly City train shuttle service
  • 1973 Arab producers announce 25 percent cut in oil production

Birthdays in History

  • 1271 Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol ruler (d. 1304)
  • 1534 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist/physician (horticulture catalog)
  • 1549 Philippe de Mornay (or Philippe Du-Plessis-Mornay), French writer (d. 1623)
  • 1563 Anna van Nassau, daughter of prince Willem I/Anna of Saksen
  • 1592 Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (d. 1672)
  • 1613 Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
  • 1615 Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1648)
  • 1667 Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)
  • 1701 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (d. 1785)
  • 1715 John Brown, English writer (d. 1766)
  • 1722 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English duelist (d. 1798)
  • 1742 Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • 1764 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist (Newton)
  • 1770 Etienne P de Senancour, French author (Obermann)
  • 1779 Washington Allston, US painter/author
  • 1798 Carolina F L duchess of Berry, daughter of crown prince of Naples
  • 1818 Benjamin Franklin Butler, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1893)
  • 1825 Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832 William Woods Averell, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1900)
  • 1835 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist (d. 1902)
  • 1846 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1869)
  • 1849 Rui Barbosa, Brazil, statesman/jurist/essayist/civil liberties
  • 1850 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1851 Charles Dupuy, French prime minister (d. 1923)
  • 1854 Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1854 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (d. 1920)
  • 1855 Eugene V. Debs, Terre Haute, Indiana, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (d. 1926)
  • 1855 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere)
  • 1857 Ida Tarbell, muckraker (Standard Oil was very unhappy)
  • 1876 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire)
  • 1881 George A. Malcolm, American jurist & educator (d. 1961)
  • 1884 James Elroy Flecker, English poet/dramatist (Hassan)
  • 1885 Will Durant, US, author/historian (Story of Civilization)
  • 1887 Oscar Bossaert, Belgium, chocolate manufacturer/min of Middenstand
  • 1890 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Mary Dorna, Dutch author
  • 1892 J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • 1893 Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer
  • 1894 Henri E J A de Page, Belgian private law scholar
  • 1895 Charles MacArthur, American author (d. 1956)
  • 1900 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Strom Thurmond, (Sen-R-SC, 1955- )
  • 1906 George Lowthian Trevelyan, designer/visionary
  • 1906 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Roy Rogers, cowboy (Happy Trails, Roy Rogers Show), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1913 Vivien Leigh, (Gone With Wind) Frankly my dear, I don't give a damn
  • 1914 Henri J de Koster, Dutch Min of Defense (1971-73)
  • 1914 Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Moe Biller, labor union officer (AFL-CIO, Postal Workers), born in NYC, New York
  • 1917 Jacob Everaers, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • 1917 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian former Chief Minister of Haryana (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Myron Floren, Webster SD, accordionist (Lawrence Welk Show)
  • 1919 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1920 Douglass North, American economist, (Nobel Prize Economic Sciences 1993), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1921 Fawzia of Egypt, Queen of Iran
  • 1922 Violet Barclay, American illustrator
  • 1923 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro, medical journalist
  • 1926 Leo Derksen, Dutch journalist (Telegraph/Sunday Newspaper)
  • 1932 Arthur L Liman, trial lawyer (Oliver North), born in NYC, New York
  • 1934 Nick Smith, (Rep-R-Michigan)
  • 1936 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • 1943 Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1945 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician
  • 1946 Patricia K Kuhl, speech & hearing scientist
  • 1948 Mel Ab-Owain, Welsh politician
  • 1948 Hridayananda dasa Goswami, ISKCON guru
  • 1948 Bernard-Henri Lévy, French public intellectual
  • 1951 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist
  • 1952 Vandana Shiva, Indian physicist
  • 1953 Florentino V. Floro, Filipino dwarf judge
  • 1953 Joyce Maynard, American writer
  • 1955 Sylvester Louis Adams, murderer
  • 1955 Karan Thapar, Foremost Indian Journalist, Political Analyst & Commentator
  • 1961 Charles O Hobaugh, Bar Harbor ME, Capt USMC/astronaut
  • 1962 Marcus J. Ranum, American computer/network security innovator
  • 1965 Kubrat, Prince of Panagiurishte, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1985 Tanaka Koki, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1985 Kate DeAraugo, Australian Idol 2005

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1940 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway marries journalist Martha Gellhorn

HeartWedding of Interest

1941 Writer and veterinary surgeon James Herriot (25) weds Joan Catherine Danbury

Novelist James Herriot
James Herriot

HeartWedding of Interest

1977 43rd US President George W. Bush (31) weds Laura Welch (31) at The First United Methodist Church in Midland, Texas

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Deaths in History

  • 1370 Kazimierz III, the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1515 Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli, Italian painter, dies at 41
  • 1559 Kano Motonobu, Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83
  • 1603 Irini Fedorovna, Russian daughter of Boris Godunov, dies
  • 1660 Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)
  • 1660 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1669 John Coccejus, German/Neth reformed theologist, dies at about 66
  • 1675 Kurt S Adeler, Danish admiral/ship designer, dies at 52
  • 1680 Gillis Valckenier, mayor of Amsterdam (1665..80), dies at about 57
  • 1701 Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician (bc. 1659)
  • 1714 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
  • 1737 Johan W van Ripperda, Dutch diplomat/baron/duke, dies at 55
  • 1752 Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • 1758 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • 1772 Pieter Steyn, Dutch grand pensionary (1749-72), dies at 66
  • 1801 Norinaga Moto'ori, Japanese scientist, dies
  • 1803 Ch de Laclos, writer, dies
  • 1804 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, poetess (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 66
  • 1819 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, regent of Holland, dies at 55
  • 1828 Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (b. 1759)
  • 1834 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary/founder (The Guide), dies at 24
  • 1836 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1850 Ferdinand KJ, archduke of Austria, dies at 69
  • 1854 Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 1879 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (speed of light), dies at 48
  • 1883 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1923 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1941 Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • 1943 Louis Schelfhout, Dutch painter/graphic artist, dies at 62
  • 1944 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1950 Jacobus J E Hondius, Dutch classicist/graphic artist, dies at 53
  • 1955 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • 1960 August Gailit, Estonian writer (Ekke Moor), dies at 69
  • 1964 Lansdale Sasscer, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (b. 1893)
  • 1969 Itih Walracen, Sudanese widow of author William Walraven, dies
  • 1975 Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)
  • 1975 Lionel Trilling, American critic and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1977 René Goscinny, French writer (Asterix), dies at 51
  • 1979 Al Capp, US cartoonist (Li'l Abner), dies at 70
  • 1982 Gerda Brautigam, journalist/Dutch MP (PvdA), dies
  • 1985 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (b. 1898)
  • 1991 Robert Maxwell, Billionaire publisher (NY Daily News), dies at 68
  • 1992 Arpad E Elo, Hungarian physicist (chess classification system), dies
  • 1992 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (Oort Cloud), dies at 92
  • 1994 McHenry Boatwright, signer, dies at 66
  • 1996 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat, dies at 53
  • 1996 Ronald Ogden, engineer, dies at 81
  • 1997 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-born historian of ideas (b. 1909)
  • 2000 Roger Peyrefitte, French writer (Special Friendships), dies at 93
  • 2000 Victor Grinich, American businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2000 Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2001 Barry Horne, a British animal liberation activist.
  • 2005 Rod Donald, New Zealand environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 John Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), dies at 81
  • 2007 Nils Liedholm, Swedish football midfielder and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2009 Félix Luna, Argentine historian (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Adrian Păunescu, Romanian poet and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2012 Charles V Bush, African-American pioneer, dies from colon cancer at 72
  • 2012 Stalking Cat [Dennis Avner], American body modifier, dies at 54