On This Day in History for November 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 122

  • 680 3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens
  • 921 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other
  • 1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes earth in a wheat field near village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1519 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther
  • 1558 French King Henri II occupies Calais
  • 1631 Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • 1637 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 King Louis XIV of France (13) declared of full age

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1659 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1665 1st edition of "London Gazette"
  • 1667 Jean Racine's "Andromaque" premieres in Paris
  • 1722 Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers" premieres in London
  • 1733 France & Spain sign the Treaty of the Escorial (the first 'Pacte de Famille' between the Bourbon kings of France and Spain)
  • 1747 Organgist in Netherlands revolt under Daniel Raap
  • 1775 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1794 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • 1805 Lewis and Clark sight Pacific Ocean

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1811 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • 1814 1st sitting of States-general in Hague

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1820 James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1824 St Petersburg floods to 4.20m, city's greatest flood
  • 1831 State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • 1837 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1848 General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor

BattleBattle of Interest

1861 Battle of Belmont, Missouri, first combat for Ulysses S. Grant in US Civil War

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1861 Battle of Port Royal Bay - Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard during US Civil War,
  • 1863 Battles of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1872 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1875 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
  • 1876 Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD from a US college (Yale)
  • 1876 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1876 President Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden claim presidential victory as Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1885 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • 1893 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • 1900 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 In Canada, the Liberal Government led by Wilfrid Laurier retains its majority

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1901 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • 1907 Dynamite explodes on locomotive kills engineer Jesus Garcia in Mexico
  • 1907 Test tokens are struck in 1st production of Canadian coins
  • 1907 Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University.
  • 1908 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • 1909 Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • 1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • 1914 Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • 1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1916 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1916 Woodrow Wilson (D) re-elected US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1918 United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
  • 1918 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd
  • 1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year
  • 1918 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria
  • 1919 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
  • 1921 Hungary passes a law invalidating the Habsburg line of succession to the throne
  • 1925 Italians liberal-national party joins fascist
  • 1929 NYC Museum of Modern Art opens in Hecksher Building

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1933 Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1934 Arthur L Mitchell, becomes first black Democratic US congressman (Illnois)
  • 1936 Battle of Madrid begins
  • 1940 Stravinsky's Symfonie in C premieres in Chicago
  • 1940 Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash
  • 1941 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 First US president to broadcast in a foreign language-FDR in French

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 US President FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey (R)
  • 1944 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • 1949 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
  • 1950 Carlo Terron's "Processo Agli Innocenti" premieres in Milan
  • 1950 French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta
  • 1951 Constitution of Jordan passes
  • 1954 US spy plane shot down North of Japan
  • 1955 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • 1957 Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • 1961 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1962 Richard Nixon tells press he won't be available to kick around any more after losing election for Governor of California

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1963 Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1966 Jean-Claude van Itallie's "America Hurrah" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 launched by US
  • 1967 Carl B Stokes elected first black mayor of a major US city - Cleveland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Richard G Hatcher elected mayor of Gary, Indiana
  • 1967 St Louis Cards Orlando Cepeda is 1st unanimous NL MVP
  • 1967 Surveyor 6 launched for soft landing on Moon
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1970 Race riots in Daytona Beach Florida
  • 1972 US President Richard Nixon (R) re-elected defeating George McGovern (D)
  • 1973 NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into little league
  • 1973 US & Egypt announce restoration of full diplomatic links
  • 1975 Kidnapped AKZO director Herrema freed in Ireland
  • 1976 "Gone With the Wind" televised
  • 1978 CDA-chairman W Aantjes resigns due to his war past
  • 1978 Marion Barry Jr. elected as Washington, D.C.'s first black mayor
  • 1979 Cub reliever Bruce Sutter wins NL Cy Young Award

Birthdays in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

15 Agrippina the Younger [Julia Agrippina], Roman Empress (sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius, mother of Nero), born in Oppidum Ubiorum (Cologne) (d. 59)

Roman Empress Agrippina the Younger
Roman Empress
Agrippina the Younger
  • 630 Constans II, Byzantine emperor (d. 668)
  • 994 Muhammad ibn Hazm, historian/jurist/author of Islamic Spain
  • 1598 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
  • 1619 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
  • 1650 John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • 1656 Walraad the Younger, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nimegen
  • 1687 William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1692 Johannes G Schnabel, German author/surgeon (Insel Felsenburg)
  • 1750 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
  • 1758 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, South Netherland banker/politician
  • 1797 Silas Horton Stringham, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1876)
  • 1805 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
  • 1810 Fritz Reuter, German novelist
  • 1811 Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet)
  • 1818 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Andrew Dickson White, educator/1st president of Cornell
  • 1838 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1851 Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
  • 1855 Edwin H Hall, US physicist (Hall effect)
  • 1856 Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin, Vilna, tied for chess 1st place (1878)
  • 1858 Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)
  • 1860 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (d. 1936)
  • 1861 Jeff Milton, American lawman (d. 1947)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 Marie Skłodowska-Curie, discovered radium (Nobel 1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • 1875 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
  • 1876 Culbert Olson, Fillmore Utah, (Gov-D-Cal)
  • 1878 Lise Meitner, Austrian/Swedish physicist (Protactinium)
  • 1879 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher/glass painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1883 Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, Newport New Va, TV preacher
  • 1886 Aaron Nimzowitsch, Latvian chess player (openings theorist)
  • 1886 Mark Aldanov, [Landau], Russian/French chemist/writer [OS=Oct 26]
  • 1888 Chandrasekhara Raman, India, physicist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1895 Jakob Kaplan, French head rabbi (1955-81)
  • 1896 Herbert R O'Connor, Balt Md, (Sen-Md)/TV narrator (Crime Syndicate)
  • 1896 Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955
  • 1898 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1902 Rob van der de Bas, [Barend Robberts], troubadour (Klucht of the Cow)
  • 1903 Albert Helman, [Lou Lichtveld], Suriname politician/novelist
  • 1903 Konrad Lorenz, zoologist/ethologist (Man & His Ideas, Nobel 1973)
  • 1903 Lodewijk AM "Lou" Lichtveld, [Albert Helman], Suriname author
  • 1906 Eugene Carson Blake, US sec-gen of World council of Churches (1966-72)
  • 1906 Jan Vercammen, Flemish author/chief inspector LO (Primary Education)
  • 1906 Margaret Barbara Lambert, British historian (Saar)
  • 1907 Maurits Mok, Dutch author/poet (Cheese & Bread Game)
  • 1911 Walter Shlomo Gross, journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Albert Camus, French author (The Just-Nobel 1957), born in Dréan, Algeria (d. 1960)

Author Albert Camus
Albert Camus
  • 1914 R[aphael] A[loysius] Lafferty, US, sci-fi author (Devil is Dead)
  • 1915 Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades), born in Charlotte, North Carolina

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham
  • 1918 Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • 1923 Matthew Coady, journalist
  • 1924 Wolf Mankowitz, British(?) playwright
  • 1928 Richard G. Scott, LDS apostle
  • 1928 Norton Zinder, biologist (genetic transduction), born in New York City (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Peter Woods, newsreader
  • 1930 Rudy Boschwitz, (Sen-R-Mn, 1978- )
  • 1932 Harry Lammertink, [Yrrah], Dutch cartoonist (Vrij Netherland)
  • 1934 Stephen L Neal, (Rep-D-NC, 1975- )
  • 1935 Willibrordus S Rendra, Indonesia, poet (Ballad orang-orang tertjina)
  • 1940 Guido Provoost, Belgian historian
  • 1943 Judith Frost, British Columbia, artist (To Red, Dust Drawings)
  • 1943 Wensley Haydon-Baillie, English pharmaceutical manufacturer
  • 1943 Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • 1943 Boris Gromov, Russian general

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Michael Spence, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Montclair, New Jersey

Economist Michael Spence
Michael Spence
  • 1947 Bob Anderson, English darts player
  • 1950 Alexa Canady, Lansing Michigan, 1st African American female neurosurgeon and educator
  • 1950 Augusto Gen'un Alcalde, Buenos Aires, 1st South American Zen teacher
  • 1952 David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq
  • 1955 Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
  • 1958 Lori Saldaña, American politician
  • 1964 Gill Holland, American producer
  • 1968 Mark Preston, Australian engineer
  • 1971 Jamie Drummond, Scottish Canadian Sommelier
  • 1972 Mike Goldman, Australian media personality
  • 1975 Suesan Rajabi, Miss Colorado USA (1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Marcus Luttrell, United States Navy SEAL ("Lone Survivor"), born in Houston, Texas

Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell
Marcus Luttrell
  • 1976 One Be Lo, hip-hop artist

Weddings in History

  • 1597 Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal

HeartWedding of Interest

1957 Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (23) weds Valentina Ivanovna Goryacheva

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin

Deaths in History

  • 644 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 739 Willibrord, [Clemens], 1st bishop of Utrecht/saint 695-739, dies at 81
  • 1225 Engelbert I, the Saint, archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40
  • 1550 Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)
  • 1573 Solomon Luria (Maharshal), talmudic author (Yam Shel Shelomo), dies
  • 1581 Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1599 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1608 Adolf, earl of Nassau-Siegen/cavalry commander, dies in battle
  • 1620 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1633 Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (builder of the first submarine), dies
  • 1639 Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
  • 1642 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1678 Erasmus Quellinus II [Quellien], Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 70
  • 1708 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76
  • 1723 Godfrey Kneller, English painter (74-77), dies
  • 1872 Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • 1876 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (Michigan), dies at 65
  • 1881 John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • 1893 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, dies at 37
  • 1901 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of the theory of evolution through natural selection, dies at 90

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1919 Hugo Haase, German MP (SPD), murdered at 56
  • 1924 Hans Thoma, German painter, dies at 75
  • 1935 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia, dies at 39
  • 1938 Earnest von Rath, German antifascist/diplomat, murdered
  • 1941 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Das Gewitter), dies at 46
  • 1944 Richard Sorge & Ozaki, spies, hanged in Tokyo
  • 1961 Antonius F "Anton" Coolen, author (Peelwerkers), dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Eleanor Roosevelt, 1st Lady (1933-1945), dies at 78 in NYC

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 1967 John Nance Garner, (VP-D, 1933-41), dies at 98
  • 1967 Larry Kent, director (High Stakes), dies at 67
  • 1968 Willem A Wagenaar, Dutch journalist/author (3,000 meter), dies
  • 1968 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1974 Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899)
  • 1978 Janet Flanner, writer, dies at 86
  • 1980 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, dies at 73
  • 1981 Will Durant, US author (story of civilization), dies at 96
  • 1988 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, dies at 74
  • 1990 Lawrence Durrell, Indian/English author (Alexandria Quartet, Mount Olive), dies at 78
  • 1991 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, dies at 71
  • 1992 Alexander Dubček, headed Czech Communist Party (1968-69), dies at 70
  • 1996 Brian Keith-Lucas, political scientist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Claude Ake, political scientist, dies at 57
  • 1996 Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
  • 2000 Chidambaram Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 Queen Ingrid, Queen Dowager of Denmark (b. 1910)
  • 2002 Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)
  • 2016 Janet Reno, first female US Attorney General (1993-2001), dies at 78