On This Day in History for October 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 238


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

331 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 366 St Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 704 Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
  • 911 During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos (Mary, the mother of Jesus) appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
  • 959 Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England
  • 965 John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
  • 1189 Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre
  • 1273 Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholic-German king
  • 1529 -3] Meeting between Maarten Luther & Huldrych Zwingli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1569 Duke of Norfolk arrested by Queen Elizabeth I for conspiring to marry Mary Queen of Scots

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1574 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1606 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • 1632 Battle at Castelnaudary: Duke Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses
  • 1653 Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • 1657 Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1670 -4] Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
  • 1688 Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
  • 1705 Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • 1768 British troops under General Gauge land in Boston
  • 1787 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 1st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1795 France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1795 Belgium is conquered by France.
  • 1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801 Britain & France signs Preliminary of London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1829 South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1830 General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero Argentina

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
  • 1837 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • 1838 Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 1843 News of the World begins publication in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1844 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1847 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • 1847 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske
  • 1851 1st Hawaiian stamps issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1852 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1854 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
  • 1863 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1863 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • 1864 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864 John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
  • 1866 Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Karl Marx' "Das Kapital" published

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1868 1st edition of Maasbode published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • 1869 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1871 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
  • 1874 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • 1885 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • 1886 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, closes
  • 1887 Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1888 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • 1889 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • 1890 Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • 1890 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • 1891 In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • 1892 University of Chicago opens
  • 1893 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • 1894 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1894 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • 1895 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • 1896 Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
  • 1898 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • 1898 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • 1898 Jews are expelled from Kiev Russia
  • 1898 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1904 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1904 Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
  • 1905 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 1906 Hugh Jennings resigns as Balt manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
  • 1907 Plaza Hotel (5th Av & 59th Str, NY) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 A downturn in the stock market leads to a run on the dollar; US President Theodore Roosevelt will be forced to call on financier JP Morgan to help manage the financial crisis

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

CommunicationModel T

1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)

  • 1910 Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
  • 1910 Explosion at LA Times kills 21
  • 1911 United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
  • 1912 Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
  • 1914 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • 1914 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1920 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • 1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1921 WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
  • 1922 Rogers Hornsby's 3-for-5 ups avg to .401
  • 1924 Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1926 An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
  • 1927 Pirates clinch NL pennant with a 9-6 win over Reds
  • 1928 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 15m (46:49.6)
  • 1928 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1931 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
  • 1932 Oswald Mosley forms British Union of Fascists
  • 1933 Packers make 5 1st downs, Giants make 0, but still win 10-7

Birthdays in History

  • 1207 Henry III, king of England (1216-72)
  • 1507 Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
  • 1540 Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
  • 1549 Anna of H Bartolomaeus, Flemish prioress/founded a nunnery
  • 1577 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
  • 1620 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter/etcher
  • 1671 Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
  • 1685 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40) (d. 1740)
  • 1691 Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
  • 1730 Richard Stockton, US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760 William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek)
  • 1770 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
  • 1781 James Lawrence, naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!")
  • 1791 Sergey Aksakov, Russia, novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family)
  • 1799 Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • 1800 Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1831 Claudius Charles Wilson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, 1st wife of Benjamin Harrison
  • 1834 Francis Marion Cockrell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1915)
  • 1835 Robert Houston Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • 1835 William Hicks "Red" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
  • 1842 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • 1847 Annie Besant, [Wood], England, philosopher (Esoteric christianity)
  • 1870 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer/inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • 1872 Israel Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee)
  • 1878 Othmar Spann, Austria economist/sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie)
  • 1881 William Edward Boeing, founded aircraft co (Boeing)
  • 1885 Louis Untermeyer, American poet/critic (Immortal Poems, Story Poems), born in NYC, New York
  • 1886 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian/author
  • 1893 Faith Baldwin, New Rochelle NY, author/novelist (They Who Love)
  • 1893 Yip Man, Martial Arts Master d.(1972)
  • 1895 Liaquat Al Khan, attorney/premier of Pakistan (1947-51)
  • 1899 Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
  • 1904 Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1904 A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1906 John Lorne Campbell, folklorist
  • 1909 Samuel Yorty, (Mayor-LA), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • 1910 Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • 1910 José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw of Bonnie and Clyde fame, born in Rowena, Texas (d. 1934)

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • 1911 Edward P Boland, (Rep-D-MA, 1953- )
  • 1914 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and author (The Americans: The Democratic Experience - 1974 Pulitzer Prize)
  • 1916 Tibor Reich, textile designer
  • 1917 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Jimmy Carter, American politician, 39th US President (D) (1977-81), born in Plains, Georgia

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1924 William Rehnquist, Ws, Supreme Court (1972-86)/chief justice (1987- )
  • 1928 Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
  • 1930 Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
  • 1931 Reginald Hall, endocrinologist
  • 1936 Charles G Fullerton, astronaut (STS-3, 51F), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1937 Hedy d'Ancona, Dutch minister of WVC (PvdA)
  • 1940 Richard F Pieternella, Dutch Antilles' minister plenipotentiary
  • 1943 Jean-Jacques Annaud, Draveil France, director (Bear, Black & White, Name of the Rose)
  • 1945 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • 1947 Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
  • 1947 Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1949 Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • 1950 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2015)
  • 1953 Greta Andersen Waitz, marathoner (NYC - 1984), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1953 John Hegley, British poet
  • 1955 Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Theresa May, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2016-), born in Eastbourne, England

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • 1961 Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer
  • 1964 Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-born chess player, scientist, and author
  • 1965 Chris Reason, Australian journalist
  • 1968 Jon Guenther, American author
  • 1969 Agustin Vasquez-Mendoza, Mexico, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)
  • 1973 Rodney Kite-Powell, historian
  • 1976 Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1978 Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
  • 1979 Cameron Bruce, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur
  • 1985 Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka

Weddings in History

  • 1791 Prince Willem Frederick (later King of Netherlands) marries his cousin princess Frederica Louise Wilhelmine of Prussia

HeartWedding of Interest

1884 Politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds Mary sweetheart Elizabeth Baird

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1913 Writer and poet Vita Sackville-West (21) marries diplomat Harold Nicolson (26)

Deaths in History

  • 290 [Christian] Bacchus, roman soldier/martyred saint, killed
  • 540 Vedastus St Vaast, 1st bishop of Atrecht/saint, dies
  • 552 Teja, king of Ostrogoten, dies in battle
  • 959 King Edwy (Eadwig) of England (955-959) "the All-Fair", dies at about 18
  • 976 Al-Hakam II, Moors kalief of Cordoba, dies
  • 1040 Alan III, Duke of Brittany (poisoned) (b. 997)
  • 1189 Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
  • 1310 Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 Boniface IX, [Pietro Tomacelli], Pope (1389-1404), dies
  • 1499 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
  • 1567 Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 Maarten van Heemskerck, Dutch painter (Christ), dies at 76
  • 1578 Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31
  • 1588 Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
  • 1633 Filaret, [Fjodor N Romanov], patriarch of Moscow, dies
  • 1684 Pierre Corneille, Fr lawyer/dramatist (El Cid, Polyeucte), dies at 42
  • 1693 Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
  • 1704 Cornelis Dusart, painter/engraver, dies at 44
  • 1768 Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1795 Robert Bakewell, English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
  • 1814 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • 1837 Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
  • 1864 John Dunovant, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • 1864 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • 1864 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), dies at 64
  • 1868 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • 1876 James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
  • 1901 Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan
  • 1904 William GGVV Harcourt, historian/English Sect of State, dies at 76
  • 1911 Wilhelm Dilthey, Germ philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77
  • 1913 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
  • 1942 Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • 1943 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • 1943 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • 1943 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1943 Dionysius Remiens, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • 1943 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • 1943 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • 1943 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • 1943 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • 1943 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • 1943 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • 1943 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • 1943 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • 1943 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • 1943 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • 1943 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • 1943 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • 1943 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • 1943 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • 1943 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42
  • 1945 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • 1958 Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1965 Edward E "Doc" Smith, US, sci-fi writer (Subspace encounter), dies
  • 1966 Albert P A A Besnard, poet/journalist (Doom & Thirst), dies
  • 1972 Kurt Hiller, German writer, dies at 87

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Louis Leakey, English anthropologist, dies at 68

Archaeologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1974 Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1985 E. B. White, US author (New Yorker, Charlotte's Web), dies at 86

Writer E. B. White
Writer
E. B. White
  • 1988 Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
  • 1990 Curtis E LeMay, USAF General/VP candidate, dies at 83
  • 1991 Jan van Tongeren, painter, dies
  • 1992 Bruce Vorhauer, inventor (Today contraceptive sponge), suicide at 50
  • 1994 Brad O'Hare, dies of complications due to AIDS at 43
  • 1994 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia (1966-70), dies at 86
  • 1994 Karoli Ruth Needles, painter, dies at 54
  • 1994 Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1995 Aditya Biria, industrialist, dies at 50
  • 1995 Rene Mable Neighbour Cloke, illustrator, dies at 90
  • 1995 Russ Karel, director, dies at 45
  • 1996 Patrick McGeown, politician, dies at 40
  • 1997 Gul Mohammed, world's shortest man (22.1"/56.16 cm), dies at 36
  • 1997 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (b. 1923)
  • 2000 Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)
  • 2001 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Jerald Tanner, American religious activist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1965)
  • 2007 Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (b. 1932)
  • 2010 Audouin Dollfus, French Astronomer (discovered Janus, a moon of Saturn), dies at 85
  • 2012 Eric J. Hobsbawm, British Marxist historian, dies from pneumonia at 95
  • 2013 US Author Tom Clancy 'The Hunt for Red October' dies aged 66
  • 2015 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), dies at 100