On This Day in History for October 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 144

  • 680 Al-Hussein (Al-Ḥusayn ibn) and his followers killed at Karbala by army of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, on the way to Kufa
  • 1375 Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding northern Netherlands
  • 1471 Battle of Brunkeberg: Swedish regent Sten Sture defeats forces led by Danish King Christian I
  • 1549 Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector & imprisoned
  • 1575 Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1578 Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1695 King Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England
  • 1720 French government proclaims strike on banknotes
  • 1733 France declares war on emperor Charles VI
  • 1760 Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • 1787 Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799 Convention of Alkmaar: British/Russian invasion army departs
  • 1802 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma
  • 1839 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
  • 1845 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1846 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • 1854 US Assay Office in NY City, NY opens
  • 1857 American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • 1865 John Hyatts patents the billard ball
  • 1868 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • 1874 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 1886 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • 1888 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania
  • 1889 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Colubmia refuses to accept women
  • 1900 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • 1900 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province
  • 1902 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

MurderMurder of Interest

1902 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1903 The Women's Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain.
  • 1904 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

Father of Modern of China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern of China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1911 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1913 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • 1913 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • 1913 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • 1914 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WW I)
  • 1917 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • 1918 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • 1919 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • 1920 1st Grandslam in WS (Smith) & 1st unassisted triple play (Wambsganss)
  • 1920 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • 1923 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1930 AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP & BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP
  • 1930 Yankees announce signing Joe McCarthy to manage for 4 years
  • 1931 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • 1931 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • 1932 "Betty & Bob" premieres on radio
  • 1932 Dnjepr Dam in USSR put into operation (world's biggest)
  • 1933 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • 1935 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy
  • 1935 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia
  • 1938 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovitch's 1st String Quartet
  • 1941 German U-boat torpedoes US destroyer Kearney
  • 1941 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • 1942 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1943 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • 1944 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • 1946 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1956 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Aus, Karachi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1957 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, UK becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1959 Pan Am begins regular flights around the world
  • 1960 16 California Poly football team members die in plane crash in Toledo
  • 1960 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • 1961 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack
  • 1963 Dam bursts in Italy, 3,000+ die
  • 1963 Netherland population hits 12,000,000
  • 1963 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1965 The Supremes appear on Ed Sullivan Show
  • 1965 "Vinland Map" is introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Lief Eriksson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Brendan Behan's "Borstal Boy" premieres in Dublin

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1968 Lee Evans of US sets 400 metre record at 43.86
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1972 3 members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion in a house in Balkan Street, Lower Falls, Belfast
  • 1973 US Vice President Spiro T Agnew pleads no contest to tax evasion & resigns
  • 1974 A's Mike Andrews files $25 million lawsuit against Charlie Finley
  • 1974 Canadian John Hathaway begins 2-yr ride of 50,600 miles

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1974 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP)founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1975 Israel formally signs Sinai accord with Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Beijing reports arrest of Mao Zedong's widow

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1976 NJ Meadowlands' Giant's Stadium opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1978 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Kenyatta as president of Kenya

Birthdays in History

  • 1344 Mary Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1362)
  • 1486 Charles III, Duke of Savoy
  • 1567 Infanta Caterina Micaela of Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1599 Jacob Aertsz Colom, Dutch publisher (Consolation of the Sea)
  • 1678 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll/fieldmarshal (Union of 1707)
  • 1684 Jean Antoine Watteau, French rococo painter (Onverschillige)
  • 1700 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
  • 1731 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist/chemist (discovered hydrogen)
  • 1738 Benjamin West, painter (Death of General Wolfe)
  • 1757 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (lichens)
  • 1779 Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP
  • 1780 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
  • 1817 Christophorus H D Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist/founder KNMI
  • 1819 Zebulon York, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Paulus Kruger, President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • 1828 Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Dandridge McRae, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1830 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68)
  • 1832 Theodore Shelton Bowers, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1834 Aleksis Kivi, [Stenvall], Finland, writer/poet (Nummisuutarit)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1863 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
  • 1864 T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish cardinal
  • 1870 Louise Mack, Australian writer (d. 1935)
  • 1884 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer/writer (Bint)
  • 1885 Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Rie Cramer, [Marie Holman], Dutch cartoonist/author
  • 1889 Han [Henricus A] Van Meegeren, Dutch painter/art forger (Vermeer)
  • 1893 August Balthazar, Belgian politician
  • 1895 Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1897 Pricilla L Williams, social activist/humanitarian
  • 1898 Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Albert Giacometti, Swiss/French painter/sculptor
  • 1903 Charles T von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, Count of Flanders/prince

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (Malguidi Days), born in Madras (d. 2001)

Novelist R.K. Narayan
Novelist
R.K. Narayan
  • 1908 David Alexander Reginald Herbert, writer
  • 1908 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
  • 1909 Luc van Brabant, Flemish writer/erotic poet
  • 1910 Price Daniel, (Gov/Sen-D-Texas)
  • 1912 Charles Henry Madge, poet writer/sociologist
  • 1913 Claude Simon, Malagasy-French writer (Nobel Prize Literature 1985), born in Tananarive, Madagascar (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Jean Gimpel, author/iconoclast
  • 1918 Jigal Allon, Israeli politician
  • 1921 "Boy" [FHP] Trip, Dutch minister
  • 1922 Boeli [Willem C] van Leeuwen, Antillian writer (Vreemdeling Op Aarde)
  • 1924 James Clavell, England, author (Tai Pan, Shogun) [or 1920, 22, 26)
  • 1925 Ivan Svitak, philosopher
  • 1925 Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
  • 1927 John Eric Tieman, production manager (The Guardian)
  • 1930 Adlai Stevenson III, (D-Sen-Ill)
  • 1930 Harold Pinter, playwright (Homecoming, Servant), born in London, England (d. 2008)
  • 1930 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (d. 1970)
  • 1932 Charles Dnaiels, archaeologist
  • 1933 Gerald Masters, South African/British author (Pan Book of Dates)
  • 1933 Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1935 André Bureau, French Canadian communications executive
  • 1935 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
  • 1936 Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.
  • 1938 Marcus Jan Adriani, biologist/director (Weevers' Duin)
  • 1938 Tobias A Roth, (Rep-R-Wisconsin, 1979- )
  • 1938 Moriyama Daido, Japanese photographer
  • 1939 Joseph Pitts, American politician
  • 1941 Kenule "Ken" Beeson Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer and environmentalist
  • 1941 Laurence Henry Tribe, Shanghai China, Harvard Law professor
  • 1942 Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister
  • 1943 Earl of Stockton, English publisher/grandson of premier Macmillan
  • 1943 Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • 1944 Christopher N Dlamini, South African union/SACP-leader
  • 1944 Renier S Schoeman, South African MP (NP)/journalist
  • 1946 Franco Malerba, Genoa Italy, astronaut (STS 46)
  • 1946 Mildred Grieveson (aka: Anne Mather, Caroline Fleming, Cardine Fleming), English writer
  • 1946 Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
  • 1950 Nora Roberts, American novelist
  • 1951 Epeli Ganilau, Fijian statesman
  • 1954 "Maestro" Jimmy Fearnley, English accordionist (The Pogues)
  • 1957 Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist
  • 1958 John M Grunsfeld, PhD/astronaut (STS 67, 81), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1961 Brian Lee Diemer, steeplechase (Olymp-bronze-1984), born in Grand Rapids Michigan
  • 1962 Rex J Walheim, Redwood City California, Capt USAF/astronaut
  • 1963 Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1965 Clive Jones, British engineer
  • 1965 Steve Scalise, American politician
  • 1967 Jonathan Littell, French-American writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Chris Ofili, English painter (Turner prize - elephant dung), born in Manchester

Painter Chris Ofili
Painter
Chris Ofili
  • 1969 Scott Anthony Murray Nelson, Geelong Australia, NZ 20k walker (Oly-96)
  • 1970 Sir Matthew Pinsent, English rower
  • 1982 Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1773 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (38) weds Rachel Walker in Boston, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

HeartWedding of Interest

1987 Paralympian Rick Hansen (30) weds physiotherapist Amanda Reid

Paralympian and Philanthropist Rick Hansen
Paralympian and Philanthropist
Rick Hansen
  • 1993 Ted Kennedy Jr (32) weds psychiatrist Katherine Gershman (34)

Deaths in History

  • 413 BC Nicias, Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about 57
  • 19 Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commandant of Rijnleger, dies at 33
  • 680 10 Muharram 61 AH - Hussein ibn Ali (AS), Shi'a Imam, Muhammad's grandson (b. 626) beheaded
  • 732 Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Moorish Governor of Andalusia
  • 833 al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
  • 1359 King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1616 Maria van Nassau, countess of Buren, dies at 60
  • 1651 Philippus Rovenius, [Rouveen], apostole, dies at 77
  • 1659 Able J Tasmania, navigator/discovered (Tasmania, NZ), dies at about 56
  • 1691 Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
  • 1708 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • 1720 Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
  • 1725 Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
  • 1759 Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
  • 1765 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
  • 1791 C F D Schubart, writer, dies
  • 1795 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (b. 1714)
  • 1797 Carter Braxton, US boer/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 61
  • 1827 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet, dies at 49
  • 1834 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, dies from typhoid fever at 47
  • 1858 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • 1872 William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • 1875 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
  • 1876 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1885 John McCloskey, 1st American cardinal and Archbishop of New York, dies at 75
  • 1886 David L Yule, 1st Jewish US senator, dies
  • 1901 Lorenzo Snow, fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
  • 1910 Willem Maris, painter (Hague School), dies at 66
  • 1913 Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1913 Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
  • 1914 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, mayor (Amsterdam)/foreign minister, dies at 73
  • 1914 Karol I, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies
  • 1927 Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor (57 patents), dies at 86

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • 1930 Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
  • 1931 Karl von Bach, German engineer (Maschinenelemente), dies at 84
  • 1935 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel 1934), dies at 72
  • 1942 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1943 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • 1957 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (b. 1885)
  • 1959 Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, dies
  • 1963 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (b. 1893)
  • 1964 Konrad Bayer, writer, dies
  • 1970 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Maritime (1956-68), dies at 60
  • 1970 Edouard Daladier, premier of France (1933..40), dies at 86
  • 1971 John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
  • 1973 Albe, [Renaut A Joostens], Flemish writer (Paradise Bird), dies at 71
  • 1974 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer, dies at 73
  • 1975 Lillian Walker, dies at 88
  • 1978 Gesina Van der Molen, Dutch WWII resistance fighter/lawyer, dies at 86
  • 1978 Ralph H Metcalfe, (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 68
  • 1979 Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 1982 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1986 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (b. 1899)
  • 1990 Michael A Salcido, dies at 39
  • 1990 Tom Murton, American penologist (b. 1928)
  • 1991 Stephen J Falat, dies after long illness at 34
  • 1993 Djillali Belkhenchir, Algerian doctor, murdered at 52
  • 1994 Anna Hauptmann, wife of Lindbergh baby kidnapper Bruno, dies at 95
  • 1994 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and writer, dies at 86
  • 1994 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist, dies at 74
  • 1995 Jimmy Nash, record company owner, dies at 47
  • 1995 John Rodolph, wheelchair-race world record holder, hit by truck at 31
  • 1995 Michelle Francis Bird, campaigner, dies at 30
  • 1995 Paolo Gucci, entrepreneur/accessories designer, dies at 64
  • 1996 Dick Pickering, trade unionist, dies at 54
  • 1996 Hugh Stirling Mackenzie, submariner, dies at 83
  • 1996 John Hillaby, writer/traveller, dies at 79
  • 1996 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist, dies at 65
  • 1998 Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler (b. 1957)
  • 2000 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
  • 2001 Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (b. 1932)
  • 2005 Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
  • 2006 Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)
  • 2008 Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (b. 1947)
  • 2012 Kyaw Zaw, Burmese politician and soldier, dies at 92
  • 2013 Scott Carpenter, American pilot and astronaut, dies from complications from a stroke at 88
  • 2015 Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), German artist, worked collaboratively with husband Bernd Becher, dies at 81