On This Day in History for October 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 539 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon
  • 638 Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
  • 642 John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1165 Jewish rabbi and philosopher, the Rambam reaches Jerusalem
  • 1216 King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
  • 1279 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
  • 1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire
  • 1366 King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
  • 1398 The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
  • 1459 Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
  • 1492 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1504 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
  • 1509 Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1518 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1549 John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, forces the Duke of Somerset out of his office as Lord Protector.
  • 1576 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1609 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
  • 1654 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100
  • 1659 English "Rump" Parliament dimisses John Lambert & other generals
  • 1711 Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1730 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
  • 1773 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
  • 1776 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • 1792 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1798 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • 1815 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1822 Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
  • 1823 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • 1850 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • 1854 Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edict abolishing the US Congress

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • 1860 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • 1861 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1862 Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
  • 1871 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • 1872 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • 1879 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1881 Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
  • 1886 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
  • 1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
  • 1891 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • 1892 US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
  • 1898 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • 1899 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1914 The First Battle of Ypres begins

CommunicationModel T

1915 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile

  • 1915 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves with dual nationalities
  • 1918 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • 1920 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • 1920 Man O'War's last race & win
  • 1924 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
  • 1925 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1927 Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
  • 1928 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
  • 1931 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
  • 1933 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment

American Gangster George
American Gangster
George "Machine Gun" Kelly
  • 1941 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1942 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 1942 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • 1943 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1944 German army retreats from Athens
  • 1948 Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
  • 1953 US & Greece sign peace treaty (US bases)
  • 1956 Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • 1957 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
  • 1957 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1958 CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
  • 1962 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1963 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
  • 1963 San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge converted to 1-way on each deck
  • 1964 1st time 3 people in space
  • 1964 Launch of Voskhod 1, first 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
  • 1968 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
  • 1969 1st time 5 people in space
  • 1969 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN
  • 1969 KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins
  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 7 is launched
  • 1970 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
  • 1972 46 sailors injured in race riot on American aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
  • 1972 Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot

Birthdays in History

  • 1008 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350 Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
  • 1537 Edward VI, Tudor, King of England (1547-53)
  • 1558 Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1576 Thomas Dudley, English-born American colonial magistrate (d. 1653)
  • 1602 William Chillingworth, English religious leader (d. 1644)
  • 1710 Jonathan Trumbull, American politician and statesman (d. 1785)
  • 1712 William Shippen, American physician and statesman (d. 1801)
  • 1725 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1742 Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor
  • 1762 John W Janssens, gov-gen of Cape colony/Dutch-Indies 1811
  • 1792 Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • 1798 A J Pedro I van Alcantara, Kaiser of Brazil (1822-31)/king of Portugal
  • 1798 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 1801 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss statesman (d. 1873)
  • 1807 John Tideman, Dutch Remonstrant theologist
  • 1813 Lyman Trumbull, MC (Union) (d. 1896)
  • 1815 William Joseph Hardee, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1873)
  • 1822 Joseph Haydn Potter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1832 Walter T Watts-Dunton, England, lawyer/poet/writer (Aylwin)
  • 1844 George W Cable, American writer (Northampton Years)
  • 1855 August Sauer, Austria literature historian (Euphorion)
  • 1855 Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer/painter (Death of My Cat) [or 9/12]
  • 1860 Elmer A Sperry, inventor (gyrocompass)
  • 1865 Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866 Antonie Waldrop, painter/lithographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1875 Aleister [Edward S] Crowley, (75 pseudonames), British occultist
  • 1878 Karl Buresch, Austria politician
  • 1880 Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
  • 1881 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), born in Berlin Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • 1891 Edith Stein, German philosopher
  • 1893 Velvalee Dickinson, American spy (d. 1980)
  • 1894 Charles Hodge, California, NYU professor (Answers for Americans)
  • 1894 Elisabeth A de Vreugd, chambermaid of Dutch queen
  • 1896 Eugenio Montale, Italy, poet/translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975)
  • 1902 Dirk A M Binnendijk, critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transistion)
  • 1903 Grayson Kirk, educator, born in Jeffersonville, Ohio
  • 1904 Ding Ling, Chinese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1904 Lester Dent, American writer (d. 1959)
  • 1906 Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Ann Lane Petry, US journalist/author (Street)
  • 1908 Paul Engle, American writer (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Zellig S Harris, US linguist
  • 1910 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Louis M de Guiringaud, French foreign minister (1976-78)
  • 1913 William James Moyce, armaments scientist
  • 1919 Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
  • 1923 Jean Nidetch, businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1925 Fons Jansen, news reader/Dutch cabaretier (court jester of beliefs)
  • 1925 Denis Lazure, Quebec politician (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Thomas Burnett Swann, US, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur)
  • 1928 Al Held, US, painter/sculptor (hard edge-style)
  • 1929 Robert Coles, Milton Mass, author (Anna Freud, Pulitzer 1973)
  • 1932 Dusan Makavejev, Belgrade Yugoslavia, director (Man is Not a Bird)
  • 1932 Jake Edwin Garn, (Sen-R-Utah, 1974- )/astronaut (STS 51D)
  • 1933 Broos van Erp, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1933 Guido Molinari, Canadian painter (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Richard Meier, American architect
  • 1934 Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician
  • 1935 William Raspberry, Okolona, Mississippi, columnist (Pulitzer 1994), (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Robert Mangold, American artist
  • 1939 Carolee Schneemann, Fox Chase Pennsylvania, American performance artist
  • 1941 Craig A Washington, (Rep-D-Texas)
  • 1941 Michael Mansfield, English barrister
  • 1949 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist
  • 1950 Dave Freudenthal, American politician
  • 1951 Ed Royce, American politician (Rep-R-California)
  • 1953 Serge Lepeltier, French politician
  • 1954 Tom Blomberg, Dutch radio host/producer (Evening Rush Hour)
  • 1955 Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1959 Abigail Kingsley Alling, American executive (Biosphere 2), born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1962 Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian President
  • 1963 Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, (d. 1989)
  • 1963 Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director
  • 1965 Scott O'Grady, American military officer
  • 1969 Kimberly Ann Grimm, Mt Lake Park Md, Miss Maryland-America (1991)
  • 1970 Kimberly Hoskins, Yuma Arizona, Miss Arizona-America (1991)
  • 1974 Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1977 Bode Miller, American alpine ski-racer
  • 1997 Prince Boris of Bulgaria

Weddings in History

  • 1810 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

HeartWedding of Interest

1822 "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" author Victor Hugo (20) weds Adele Fourcher

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo

HeartWedding of Interest

1893 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (37) weds Margaret James Murray

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

HeartWedding of Interest

1929 US military leader George Marshall (48) weds Katherine Tupper

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 2013 "Charmed" tv actress Rose McGowan (40) weds artist Davey Detail at the Paramour Mansion in Los Angeles, California
  • 2013 Actor Ben Feldman (33) weds longtime girlfriend Michelle Mulitz at Smokey Glen Farm in Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • 2013 "30 Rock" actor Keith Powell weds visual artist Jill Knox at Tribeca Rooftop in NYC, New York

Deaths in History

  • 632 Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
  • 638 Honorius I, [dux plebis], Italian Pope, dies
  • 642 Pope John IV, Dalmatian born Pope (640-42), dies
  • 1093 Robrecht de Fries, earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
  • 1095 Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176 William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1320 Michael IX Paleologi, emperor of Byzantine (1295-1320), dies
  • 1343 Reinald II, duke of Gelre, dies
  • 1491 Fritz Herlen, German artist
  • 1492 Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565 Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1576 Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76), dies
  • 1590 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
  • 1632 Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 Francois De Bassompierre, marshal of France, dies
  • 1654 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch copurt clerk of States-General, dies at 66
  • 1654 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, painter, is injured in the Delft Explosion and later dies of his injuries
  • 1672 Frederik of Nassau, count of Buren, slain in battle
  • 1678 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679 William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685 Geeraerdt Burns, theologist/poet/historian, dies at 59
  • 1685 Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1694 Matsuo Basho, greatest Japanese haiku poet, dies
  • 1730 Frederik IV, king of Denmark/Norway (1699-1730), dies
  • 1758 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1791 A L Karschin, writer, dies at 68
  • 1820 Elias Annes Borger, theologist/poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 1829 Jacobus Blue, Dutch regent/patriot, dies at about 73
  • 1837 Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, Queen of Netherlands, dies at 62
  • 1844 Claude Tillier, French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister who is depicted on the British £5 note, dies of a stroke at 65

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • 1858 Ando Hiroshige, Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 1860 Henry G W Smith, leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
  • 1864 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1875 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1887 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), dies at 61
  • 1896 Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (b. 1817)
  • 1898 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1915 Edith L Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium (WW II)
  • 1922 Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
  • 1924 Anatole France, writer, dies at 80
  • 1929 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
  • 1934 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • 1945 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida
  • 1946 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies
  • 1948 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80
  • 1948 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, educational psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885).
  • 1951 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congo prophet, dies in captivity at 62
  • 1954 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, dies in a plane crash of his experiential F-100 Super Sabre at 36
  • 1955 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • 1958 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect/painter, dies at 59
  • 1959 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer, dies at 63
  • 1960 Inejiro Asanuma, leader Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
  • 1964 J Howard Frazer, USTA pres, dies in office
  • 1967 Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader
  • 1969 Serge Poliakoff, Russ/French painter, dies
  • 1970 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (b. 1930)
  • 1971 Dean G Acheson, US foreign minister (1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1978 Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Sid Vicious in NYC
  • 1983 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • 1987 Alfred M Landon, former Kansas Gov, dies at his Topeka home at 100
  • 1987 Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67), dies at 77
  • 1988 Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children's books (b. 1895)
  • 1989 Jay Ward, American cartoonist (Rocky & His Friends), dies at 69 of kidney cancer
  • 1990 Rifaat Maghub, president Egyptian MP, murdered
  • 1991 Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (b. 1925)
  • 1992 Ulysses Guimaraes, Brazilian MP (chairman), dies in accident
  • 1994 Gérald Godin, Québécois poet and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996 David Gilroy Bevan, politician, dies at 86
  • 1996 Pavel Alexandrovich Solovyov, aero-engine designer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Trevor Illtyd williams, scientific writer, dies at 75
  • 1998 Mario Beaulieu, French Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner (b. 1919)
  • 2001 Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, British politician (b. 1907)
  • 2003 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2003 Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2005 C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)
  • 2008 Karl Chircop, Maltese politician (b. 1965)
  • 2010 Belva Plain, American novelist (b. 1919)
  • 2011 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, creator of the C programming language and co-creator of the Unix operating system, dies at 70
  • 2013 Oscar Hijuelos, American author, dies from a heart attack at 62
  • 2015 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), dies at 97