On This Day in History for October 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 113


Event of interestEvent of Interest

54 Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Nero
Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
Claudius
  • 409 Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania
  • 1213 Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont & Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
  • 1282 Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies, his ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption
  • 1483 Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 1492 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • 1501 Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
  • 1534 Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
  • 1629 Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • 1652 Prince of Condé flees Paris
  • 1659 General-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-government
  • 1660 Denmark king Frederik III makes coup
  • 1702 Dutch/English troops occupy Liège
  • 1710 English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1716 Hungarian Emperor Karel VI's troops occupy Temesvar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Jonathan Swift publishes last of Drapier's letters

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1760 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1773 The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 1792 "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published and edited by Robert Thomas
  • 1792 Cornerstone laid for the Executive Mansion (White House) in Washington
  • 1812 Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • 1843 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • 1845 Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 1860 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Mosby's Raid)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1864 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1870 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • 1871 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 1884 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1890 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1896 First public screening of a motion picture in New Zealand
  • 1899 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1902 US President Theodore Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • 1914 Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
  • 1914 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • 1917 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • 1923 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1930 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • 1931 Noel Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London
  • 1933 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • 1936 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium
  • 1937 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC
  • 1941 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children/old people
  • 1943 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1944 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • 1944 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • 1947 "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
  • 1953 Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented-Samuel Bagno
  • 1954 RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • 1957 German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency
  • 1958 Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".

BattleExecution

1960 Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1964 At Plesman airport, Curacao, 125.5 mm rainfalls (record)
  • 1964 Voskhod 1 crew returns
  • 1966 173 US aircraft bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1968 Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
  • 1969 1st time 7 people in space
  • 1969 Billy Martin (97-65) is fired as manager of AL West-winning Twins
  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 8 is launched
  • 1970 Angela Davis arrested in NYC
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1970 A man dies in a premature bomb explosion in Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1972 Aeroflot Il-62 crashes in large pond outside Moscow, 176 die
  • 1972 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war
  • 1973 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Emily in for Carol"
  • 1976 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 First electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, working at the C.D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter answers callers' questions on National Public Radio

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • 1978 Tiros N, US's 1st third generation weather satellite, is launched
  • 1980 Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected President of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1983 Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1984 John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
  • 1984 STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1985 Belgium premier Martens CVP wins parliamentary election
  • 1985 During NLCS, Cards rookie Vince Coleman is injured stretching before game as his left leg is caught in Busch Stadium's automated tarpaulin
  • 1987 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
  • 1987 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1988 Concert at Masada ends Israel's 40th-anniversary festival
  • 1988 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1988 Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 Dow Jones down 190.58 points
  • 1990 First Russian Orthodox service in over 70 years held in St Basil's Cathedral, in Red Square, Moscow
  • 1990 Target Center in Minneapolis opens
  • 1993 Greek government of Papandreou forms

Birthdays in History

  • 1162 Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1244 Jacques de Molay, French last Grand Master of the Knights Templar (d. 1314)
  • 1453 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)
  • 1474 Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli, Italian painter
  • 1537 Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days
  • 1563 Francesco Caracciolo, Italian religious founder/saint (Caracciolini)
  • 1566 Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (d. 1643)
  • 1613 Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, queen of Portugal (d. 1666)
  • 1696 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)
  • 1713 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
  • 1714 Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
  • 1759 Ecco Epkema, Dutch linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian)
  • 1761 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War [NS]
  • 1768 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)
  • 1769 Horace H Hayden, cofounded 1st dental college
  • 1797 William Motherwell, Scottish civil servant/poet
  • 1808 Henry Haywood Bell, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1868)
  • 1810 James Shedden Palmer, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1867)
  • 1815 Jules Quicherat, French historian/archaeologist
  • 1820 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Rudolf Virchow, German politician, anthropologist and pathologist (cell pathology), born in Schivelbein, Prussia (d. 1902)

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1826 Lafayette Curry Baker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • 1862 Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)
  • 1863 C-E Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer (Rateau steam turbine)
  • 1878 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • 1880 Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)
  • 1887 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • 1890 Conrad Richter, writer (Light in the Forest)
  • 1895 Kurt Schumacher, German politicial chairman (SPD) [NS]
  • 1901 Benjamin Merkelbach, architect/city builder of Amsterdam

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Arna Bontemps, American poet (100 years of negro freedom), born in Alexandria, Louisiana (d. 1973)

  • 1904 Jutta Hecker, German writer, born in Weimar (d. 2002)
  • 1908 John Grant, British rear-admiral
  • 1908 Werner Reinowski, writer
  • 1909 Herblock, [Herbert L Block], Roosevelt, Utah, political cartoonist
  • 1913 Frances Tustin, child psychologist
  • 1915 Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Burr Tillstrom, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1925 Frank D Gilroy, American writer (Subject Was Roses)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1979-90), born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England (d. 2013)

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1930 Peter J Clase, South African minister of Education/Culture (1985- )
  • 1931 Janice Elliott, English novelist (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Raynald Frechette, Quebec politician and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1936 Elizabeth Furse, (Rep-D-Oregon)
  • 1936 John Menzies, Scottish publisher/banker/multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Hugo Young, English journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1939 T. J. Cloutier, American poker player
  • 1943 Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • 1945 Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • 1946 Edwina Currie, British politician
  • 1948 Ted Poe, American politician
  • 1952 Michael "Rich"ard Clifford, Cal, Army/Astronaut (STS 53, 59, 76)
  • 1953 Bill Schuette, (Rep-R-MI, 1985- )
  • 1954 Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
  • 1954 Claude Ribbe, French historian
  • 1958 Maria Cantwell, (Rep-D-Washington)
  • 1960 Ari Fleischer, former White House press secretary
  • 1960 Peter Keisler, acting United States attorney general
  • 1963 Colin Channer, Jamaican writer
  • 1964 Niè Hǎishèng, Chinese astronaut
  • 1967 Javier Sotomayor, Cuban jumper (world record 1989)
  • 1970 Serena Altschul, American reporter
  • 1972 Jaime Bernardo, prince of Netherlands
  • 1972 Margarita Maria Beatriz, princess of Netherlands
  • 1973 Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist
  • 1993 Tiffany Trump, daughter of Donald Trump & Marla Maples

Weddings in History

  • 1978 James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King weds Anna Sandhu
  • 2011 Queen consort of Bhutan Jetsun Pema (21) weds Dragon King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (31) at Punakha Dzong in Punakha, Bhutan

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

54 Claudius, Roman Emperor, dies of poison mushrooms at 63

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
Claudius
  • 1093 Robrecht I, the Fries, Count of Flanders, dies
  • 1282 Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)
  • 1311 Gwijde van Names, Flemish marshal (Golden Track), dies at 35
  • 1415 Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)
  • 1508 Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros, English politician (b. 1446)
  • 1605 Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)
  • 1643 Sweder van Haersolte, mister of Swaluwenborch/diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1652 Abraham Verhoeven, Flemish printer/newspaper publisher, dies
  • 1673 Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (b. 1617)
  • 1680 Daniel Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 54
  • 1687 Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)
  • 1706 Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
  • 1708 Henry van Nassau, mister of Ouwerkerk/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • 1715 Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
  • 1759 John Henley, English minister (b. 1692)
  • 1774 Willem Bentinck, mister of Rhoon/Pendrecht/Orangist, dies at 69
  • 1788 Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish politician and poet (b. 1702)
  • 1795 William Prescott, American Revolutionary soldier, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1812 Isaac Brock, English general (conquered Detroit), dies in battle at 43

British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock
  • 1815 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • 1822 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1825 Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1869 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
  • 1882 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • 1890 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)
  • 1904 Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (b. 1870)
  • 1909 Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist, executed
  • 1918 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies
  • 1919 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1920 Isaac Capadose, lawyer/evangelist, dies at 86
  • 1924 Anatole France, [Jacques Thibault], writer (Ecrivain Francais), dies
  • 1926 Hans E Kinck, Norwegian philological/writer (Driftekaren), dies at 61
  • 1931 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • 1938 E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (b. 1894)
  • 1941 GJ Berenschot, general/supreme commander Dutch East Indies army, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1947 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter, dies
  • 1950 Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
  • 1955 Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (b. 1897)
  • 1965 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948), dies at 66
  • 1984 Alice Neel, American painter dies ages 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1987 Walter Houser Brattain, American physicist (transistors, Nobel 1956), dies at 85

  • 1990 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975), dies at 78
  • 1991 Daniel Oduber Quiros, president of Costa Rica (1974-1978), dies
  • 1992 James Marshall, illustrator/author (The Stupids), dies at 50
  • 1995 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), dies at 89
  • 1995 Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter, dies at 71
  • 1996 Albert Hughes Williams, teacher/historian, dies at 89
  • 1996 Henri Nannen, journalist, dies at 82
  • 1997 Adil Carcani, prime minister of Albania (1982-91), dies
  • 1997 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), dies at 78
  • 2002 Stephen Ambrose, American historian and biographer (b. 1936)
  • 2003 Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • 2006 Wang Guangmei, Chinese first lady (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Bob Denard, French mercenary (b. 1929)
  • 2009 Stephen Barnett, American legal scholar who opposed the Newspaper Preservation Act of 1970 (b. 1935)
  • 2010 Vernon Biever, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2016 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), was world's longest reigning monarch, dies at 88
  • 2016 Dario Fo, Italian playwright and performer (Nobel Prize Literature 1997), dies at 90