On This Day in History for October 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 530 Discorus ends his reign as Catholic anti-Pope
  • 1066 Battle of Hastings, Duke William of Normandy and the Norman army defeat English forces of Harold II

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1468 Treaty of Peronne: Duke Charles the Stoute & French King Louis XI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1586 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
  • 1700 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1745 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1758 Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1773 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1773 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1774 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • 1805 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 1812 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • 1834 First African-American granted a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • 1834 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • 1862 Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • 1863 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Catlett's Station, Virginia (Bristoe Campaign)
  • 1865 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado
  • 1867 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan
  • 1882 University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.

1stHistoric Invention

1884 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1893 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • 1893 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1901 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • 1912 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 1912 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • 1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • 1914 German troops occupy Brug
  • 1916 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • 1916 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • 1922 1st Thom McAn shoe store opens on Third Avenue NYC
  • 1922 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
  • 1925 Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 A. A. Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released

Author A. A. Milne
Author
A. A. Milne
  • 1930 Ethel Mermans debuts on Broadway in "Girl Crazy"
  • 1931 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • 1933 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • 1934 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
  • 1938 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • 1939 BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) formed
  • 1939 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed
  • 1940 Balham tube disaster during the Blitz.
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga

  • 1942 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • 1942 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 1943 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration Camp in Sobibor, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • 1943 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • 1944 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • 1944 British troops march into Athens
  • 1945 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • 1946 Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 1947 Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1948 Batavia lt-governor-general van Mook dismissed
  • 1948 Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
  • 1949 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • 1950 Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
  • 1951 Organization of Central American States forms
  • 1952 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York
  • 1953 1st 3 Dutch female police officers go into service
  • 1953 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1953 Charley Dressen resigns rather than take 1 year contract as Dodger mgr
  • 1953 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field, Australia
  • 1953 Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
  • 1954 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
  • 1956 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Brendan Behan's "Hostage" premieres in London

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1958 Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • 1958 Paul Osborn's "World of Suzie Wong" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1960 Belgian sen Victor Leemans reveals huge gas field in Groningen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Peace Corps 1st suggested by John F. Kennedy at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Houston Oiler George Blanda throws for 6 TD passes vs NY Titans 56-17
  • 1962 US U-2 espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 Algeria & Morocco border conflict

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. announced as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1964 Martin Walser's "Der Schwarze Schwan," premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1964 Philips begins experimenting with color TV

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1964 Premier Nikita Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1965 Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 80 km
  • 1966 175 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Dutch government of Cals falls by motion of Schmelzer
  • 1968 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
  • 1968 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
  • 1968 J R Hines of US runs 100m in world record 9.95 sec
  • 1968 6.8 earthquake wrecks Australian town of Meckering, rupturing all nearby major roads and railways

Birthdays in History

  • 1257 King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany amd wife of Francis I of France (d. 1524)
  • 1606 Johan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78)
  • 1630 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1633 James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
  • 1639 Simon van der Stel, Dutch governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
  • 1643 Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1644 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1687 Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1712 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act to the colonies in America, born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1770)

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1726 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1734 Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1740 Joannes Siberg, Dutch governor-general of Neth Indies (1801-05)
  • 1774 Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, Dutch politician
  • 1784 Ferdinand VII MF, king of Spain
  • 1789 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder
  • 1790 Thursday October Christian (d. 1831)
  • 1801 Joseph AF Plateau, Belgian physicist (blinded-stared at Sun 25 secs)
  • 1806 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • 1827 James Sidney Robinson, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1827 Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Excheque
  • 1837 Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1908)
  • 1857 Elwood Haynes, auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • 1861 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1864 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental)
  • 1867 Masaoka Shiki, Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
  • 1869 Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • 1873 Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
  • 1874 Margarete Susman, writer
  • 1880 Otto V Ekelund, Swedish poet/writer (Sak och sken)
  • 1882 Éamon de Valera, NY, Irish politician and patriot, President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), (d. 1975)
  • 1883 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1889 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1891 Paul de Keyser, Flemish story teller/philologist/folklorist
  • 1892 Sumner Welles, US undersecretary/diplomat (Good neighbor policy)
  • 1894 Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
  • 1894 E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), poet (Tulips & Chimneys), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1901 Willem A Wagenaar, journalist/writer (Shanghai)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1975)

Political Theorist Hannah Arendt
Political Theorist
Hannah Arendt
  • 1906 Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1910 Jef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader
  • 1911 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975)
  • 1912 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex)
  • 1914 Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 1916 C Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1919 Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
  • 1925 Louis Cohen, physicist
  • 1925 Phillip Tobias, Durban, Natal, South Africa, palaeoanthropologist and 3 x Nobel Prize nominee(hominid fossil sites), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lawrence Herkimer, "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), born in Muskegon, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Mobutu Sese Seko, Dictator and President of Zaire (1965-97), born in Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko
  • 1932 Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1938 John Dean III, former White House counsel (Watergate figure)
  • 1938 Empress Farah Diba of Iran

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Ralph Lauren, fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Ralph Lauren
Fashion Designer
Ralph Lauren
  • 1941 Jim Courter, (Rep-R-NJ, 1979- )
  • 1941 Alexander Burdonsky, Russian theater director and Joseph Stalin's grandson (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Craig Venter, American biologist
  • 1947 Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist
  • 1948 David Ruprecht, American game show host
  • 1948 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • 1953 Marcel R Zeeuw, Suriname lt-colonel (coup 1982)
  • 1953 Olga Nikolayevna Klyushnikova, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1954 Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 Gregory T Linteris, Demarest NJ, PhD/astronaut (STS 83, 94)
  • 1957 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1961 Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
  • 1962 Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1964 Olu Oguibe, American artist
  • 1965 Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1973 Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
  • 1976 Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion
  • 1978 Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1806 German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1923 "All Quiet on the Western Front" author Erich Maria Remarque (25) weds Ilse Jutta Zambona
  • 1961 Howard Allen Frances (Anne) O'Brien (20) best-selling author (The Vampire Chronicles) marries poet and painter Stan Rice (21)

HeartWedding of Interest

1961 Author Anne Rice (20) weds poet/artist Stan Rice (18) in Denton, Texas

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice

HeartWedding of Interest

1961 Author Upton Sinclair (83) weds Mary Elizabeth Willis

HeartWedding of Interest

1989 Novelist Sidney Sheldon (72) weds Alexandra Sheldon in Las Vegas, Nevada

Novelist Sidney Sheldon
Novelist
Sidney Sheldon
  • 2001 Inspirational speaker Anthony Robbins (41) weds Sage Bonnie Humphrey

Divorces in History

  • 1990 Jeff Goldblum and wife Geena Davis file for divorce after nearly 2 years of marriage
  • 2015 Ricki Lake and Christian Evans divorce after 3 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 530 Dioscorus, deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church and a posthumous antiPope (530), dies
  • 1066 Harold II, King of England (1066), dies at the Battle of Hastings
  • 1092 Aboe Ali Hasan ibn Nizam al-Moelk, writer (Sijasetname), assassinated
  • 1256 Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318 Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland
  • 1536 Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet/diplomat, dies in battle
  • 1552 Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • 1570 Floris van Montmorency, baron of Montigny, dies at 43
  • 1610 Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • 1619 Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1637 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1660 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
  • 1660 Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1703 Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1719 Arnold Houbraken, painter/writer), dies at 59
  • 1746 Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • 1758 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1790 William Hooper, US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 48
  • 1831 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1872 Albrecht FH, prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • 1879 F Kornberger, writer, dies at 58
  • 1880 Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • 1893 Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist, dies at 84
  • 1900 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
  • 1911 John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • 1919 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • 1923 Marcellus Emants, writer/poet (Refrained from Confession), dies
  • 1930 Sam[uel] van Houten, lib minister (Child labor laws), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1958 Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1960 Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), dies
  • 1961 Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1961 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • 1967 Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1983 Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
  • 1984 Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1986 Mary Lund, American women first to receive an artificial heart, dies at 40
  • 1993 Guy Malary, Haitian lawyer/minister of Justice, murdered at 50
  • 1993 Mustafa Abada, Algerian TV director, murdered
  • 1995 Edith Pargeter, author (Brother Cadfael), dies of a stroke at 82
  • 1995 Helen Vlachos, journalist, dies at 83
  • 1996 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), dies at 80
  • 1997 Harold Robbins, salacious novelist, dies at 81
  • 1998 Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1999 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), dies at 77
  • 2005 Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 2006 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2006 Nancy Lynn, American aviator (b. 1956)
  • 2006 Gerry Studds, American politician (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), dies at 85
  • 2008 Richard Cooey, American murderer and rapist (executed) (b. 1967)
  • 2008 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man, dies at 82
  • 2010 Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born American mathematician (b. 1924)
  • 2011 Reg Alcock, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2014 Elizabeth Peña, American actress, dies from cirrhosis at 55
  • 2015 Mathieu Kérékou, Dictator and President of Benin (1973-91, 1996-2006), dies at 82