On This Day in History for October 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141

  • 533 Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1522 Emperor Karel I names Hernan Cortes governor of Mexico
  • 1552 Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • 1581 Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris
  • 1582 Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 1598 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641 Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660 Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1705 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old-Catholic church
  • 1756 Saxon army surrenders to Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1764 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Historian Edward Gibbon
Historian
Edward Gibbon
  • 1777 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • 1783 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • 1786 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temp in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1827 Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1846 Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • 1860 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • 1863 Cliff House opens in SF (1st of many on site)
  • 1864 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1874 Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • 1877 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • 1878 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 1880 Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
  • 1880 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1881 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1883 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • 1889 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • 1894 Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
  • 1897 Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • 1899 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • 1904 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1905 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • 1913 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • 1914 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • 1918 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 1919 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1926 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • 1926 Philip Barry's "White Wings!" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, NJ

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1932 Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1933 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: Pres term begins in Jan not March

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • 1937 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
  • 1938 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
  • 1939 Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 1940 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940 London's Waterloo Station bombed by Germans
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1941 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • 1942 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • 1944 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1948 China's Red army occupies Chinchov
  • 1949 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Billy Graham begins his ministry

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham
  • 1949 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • 1951 Egyptian parliament accept denounces Suez Canal Treaty
  • 1951 Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesizes the first oral contraceptive
  • 1952 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel makes landfall in the US in North Carolina as a category 4 hurricane, 195 die in US and Canada
  • 1956 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1956 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 "Untouchables" premieres
  • 1962 Byron R White appointed to Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1964 Craig Breedlove sets auto speed record of 846.97 kph
  • 1966 Australia bans Troggs' "I Can't Control Myself" as "terribly obscene"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ signs a bill creating US Department of Transportation

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Black Panther Party created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale
  • 1968 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • 1968 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • 1969 Bank of America World Headquarters (555 California) dedicated
  • 1969 Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 1970 Bridge over Yarra River in Melbourne crashes; killing 35
  • 1970 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat elected 3rd President of Egypt, succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1971 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia.
  • 1973 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1974 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston school busing
  • 1974 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)
  • 1975 Iceland moves intl boundary from 50 to 200 miles
  • 1976 1st debate of major-ticket VP nominees Mondale (D) vs Dole (R)
  • 1977 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • 1977 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

70 BC Virgil [Publius Vergilius Maro], Roman poet of the Augustan period (Aeneid), born in Andes, Cisalpine Gaul (d. 19 BC)

Roman Poet Virgil
Roman Poet
Virgil
  • 1471 Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1542 Akbar, Mughal Emperor in India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh (d. 1605)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1550 Henry, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg/brother of William of Orange
  • 1608 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
  • 1686 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1701 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
  • 1711 Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
  • 1784 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • 1785 Jose Miguel Carrera, president of Chile (1811-14)
  • 1795 Frederik Willem IV, king of Prussia (1840-61)/Germany (1849-61)
  • 1816 Amiel Weeks Whipple, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Irvin McDowell, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliography/literary
  • 1822 Alfred Meissner, Austrian physician/writer
  • 1825 Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 Asaph Hall, discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos)
  • 1831 Helen Maria Hunt Jackson, author (Ramona)
  • 1832 Henry Harrison Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1912)
  • 1833 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader
  • 1836 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1836 James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1851 George F Moore, US theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament)
  • 1856 R G Nivelle, French military man
  • 1859 Jaime de Magalhes Lima, Portuguese author/poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro)
  • 1865 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist
  • 1872 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • 1878 Paul Reynaud, premier France (May-June 1940)
  • 1881 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guilford (d. 1975)
  • 1884 Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • 1893 Charles II, King of Romania (1930-40)
  • 1894 Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil)
  • 1896 Melville Cooper, TV panelist (I Got a Secret), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1901 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats)
  • 1901 Hermann Abs, director (Deutsche Bank)/Hitler's advisor
  • 1901 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, soldier
  • 1904 Julian Hodge, British financier/multi-millionaire (Hodge Group)
  • 1905 Charles P Snow, English novelist/scientist (Death Under Sail)
  • 1905 C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Hiram Fong, Honolulu U.S. (Sen-R-Hawaii)
  • 1907 John "Cardinal" Dearden, US cardinal (1969-88)/archbishop of Detroit
  • 1907 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 1911 James H[enry] Schmitz, Germany, sci-fi author (Lion Game)
  • 1915 Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician (Prime Minister 1983–84, 1986–1992, (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Arthur Schlesinger Jr, Ohio, historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson)
  • 1919 Edwin C Tubb, Brits sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall)
  • 1919 Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head (MI5)
  • 1919 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Mario Puzo, American novelist (The Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Novelist Mario Puzo
Novelist
Mario Puzo
  • 1922 Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
  • 1923 Italo Calvino, Cuba, author (Winter's Night a Traveler)
  • 1924 Lee A Iacocca, CEO (Chrysler Corp)
  • 1924 Marguerite Andersen, German writer
  • 1926 Evan Hunter, [Ed McBain], American writer (Blackboard Jungle)
  • 1926 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (The History of Sexuality), born in Poitiers (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Mary Perot Nichols, journalist
  • 1927 Oswald Moxley Gibbs, diplomat
  • 1930 Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1931 [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, 11th President of India, born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Riekus Waskowsky, poet
  • 1935 Murdo Alexander MacLeod, minister
  • 1937 Anthony Hopkins, clinical neurologist
  • 1940 Peter Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 James A Leach, (Rep-R-Iowa, 1977- )
  • 1944 Mac Collins, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • 1944 Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1944 Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • 1946 Stewart Stevenson, Scottish politician
  • 1948 Aleksandr S Puchkov, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1950 Koos van der Vaart, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1953 Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1955 Cathy Ladman, comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • 1957 Mira Nair, Indian director
  • 1957 Stacy Peralta, American director
  • 1959 Sarah Magaret Fergusson, [Fergie], Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • 1959 Emeril Lagasse, American chef
  • 1964 Roberto Vittori, Italian astronaut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Jack Ma, Chinese entrepreneur and founder of Alibaba Group, born in Hangzhou

Alibaba Entrepreneur Jack Ma
Alibaba Entrepreneur
Jack Ma
  • 1991 Owen Joseph Kline, son of Phoebe Cates & Kevin Kline
  • 2005 Prince Christian of Denmark

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1501 Heir to the English Prince Arthur marries Catherine of Aragon

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon

HeartWedding of Interest

1913 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

HeartWedding of Interest

1927 Writer Graham Greene (23) weds Vivien Dayrell-Browning at St. Mary's Church in Hampstead, North London

HeartWedding of Interest

1948 38th US President Gerald Ford (35) weds department store fashion consultant Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer Warren (30) at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids, Ford

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford

Divorces in History

  • 1993 Guardian Angel Lisa Evers Sliwa files for divorce from Curtis Sliwa

Deaths in History

  • 412 Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 892 Al-Mutamid, kalief of Abbasiden, dies
  • 898 Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912 Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
  • 1002 Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080 Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia and German anti-King
  • 1268 Dirk II, mister of Valkenburg, dies
  • 1271 Hostiensis, [Henricus the Segusia], cardinal/bishop of Ostia, dies
  • 1326 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
  • 1389 Urban VI, [Bartolomeo Prignano], Italian pope (1378-89), dies
  • 1512 Antoon Keldermans, Flem builder (Middelburg town hall), dies at 72
  • 1524 Joachim Patinir, Flemish landscape painter, dies at about 45
  • 1539 Reynier Brunt, procureur-general of Court of Holland, dies
  • 1595 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch E indies poet, dies at 48
  • 1605 Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din, Mogol keizer of India (1556-1605), dies at 63
  • 1674 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may'), born in London
  • 1715 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1730 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788 Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810 Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811 Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1817 Tadeusz AB Kosciusko, Polish lt-general/freedom fighter, dies
  • 1819 F Louise W, daughter of viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • 1819 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820 Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1837 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • 1891 Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1918 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • 1930 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1934 Raymond Poincaré, premier/president France (1913-20), dies at 74
  • 1942 Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
  • 1944 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison at 53

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1958 John C Poortenaar, painter/etcher/cartoonist, dies at 72
  • 1959 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1963 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss/French writer (Ecoute Israel), dies
  • 1969 Shermake, president of (Somalia), murdered
  • 1971 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, dies at 130

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Carlo Gambino, Italian-American gangster, dies of a heart attack at 74

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1980 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1985 Meret Oppenheim, writer, dies at 72
  • 1987 Thomas Sankara, president of Burkina Faso, dies
  • 1990 Delphine Seyrig, dies of lung disease at 58
  • 1991 Hotze de Roos, carpenter/kid book writer (Chameleon series), dies
  • 1992 Dorothy Helen Baker, mother of Diane Baker, dies at 78
  • 1994 Karl Edward Wagner, writer, dies at 48
  • 1994 Sarah Kofman, philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1995 Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant, dies at 82
  • 1996 Bernard Frank, oriental scholar/writer, dies at 69
  • 2000 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
  • 2003 Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)
  • 2008 Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
  • 2008 Jack Narz, American game show host (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Richard C. Miller, American photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2010 Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and pro-life activist (b. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia, dies from a heart attack at 89

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk