On This Day in History for October 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 151

  • 456 Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire.
  • 1311 Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1384 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1502 Storm ravages Friese coast
  • 1551 English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset re-arrested
  • 1600 Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
  • 1674 Emperor Leopold I fires chancellor Furst Wenzel Lobkowitz
  • 1710 British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1757 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1775 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1780 Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1781 Washington takes Yorktown
  • 1793 Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge
  • 1795 M von Böhms "Oorlogscantate" premieres

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1829 Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel opens (Boston)
  • 1834 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down.
  • 1841 Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered
  • 1843 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • 1846 Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published

  • 1848 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1849 Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • 1849 British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • 1852 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1861 Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • 1863 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • 1867 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses intl date line
  • 1869 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • 1875 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1876 Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1882 The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • 1900 Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1900 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • 1901 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1903 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1904 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1905 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • 1907 Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St NYC
  • 1907 David Belasco's "Grand Army Man," premieres in NYC
  • 1913 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC
  • 1915 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1916 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1923 John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
  • 1925 Peace accord of Locarno signed (Rhine Pact)
  • 1925 Texas School Board prohibits teaching of evolution
  • 1926 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • 1926 Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200
  • 1928 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points
  • 1931 Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1939 Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1940 Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr named 1st black general in regular army
  • 1940 Lottery for 1st US WW II draftees held; #158 drawn 1st
  • 1940 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank
  • 1941 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1941 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
  • 1941 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia
  • 1942 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1943 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • 1943 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • 1943 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • 1943 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • 1944 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
  • 1945 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence
  • 1946 10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials
  • 1948 Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 The first edition of C.S. Lewis' "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is released in London

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • 1951 The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1952 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • 1952 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro sentenced to 15 years (Havana)

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1957 Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia
  • 1957 USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space
  • 1958 Benjamin Britten's "Nocturne," premieres
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 NL votes to admit Houston & NY to league
  • 1962 Byron R White becomes a Supreme Court Justice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Cuban missile crisis begins as JFK becomes aware of missiles in Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 2 secret US military satellites launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1963 NY newspaper "Mirror" last edition
  • 1964 China becomes world's 5th nuclear power

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1964 Harold Wilson's Labour party wins British election

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1964 Indians' directors vote to keep franchise in Cleveland, rejecting bids by Seattle, Oakland & Dallas
  • 1966 Joean Baez & 123 other anti-draft protestors arrested in Oakland
  • 1968 China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji
  • 1968 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1968 The People's Democracy (PD), formed on Oct 9, organise a march of 1,300 students from the Queen's University of Belfast to the City Hall in the centre of the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1969 Soyuz 6 returns to Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act as a response to the October Crisis, the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history.

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1971 Amphitheater in McLaren Park is dedicated in SF
  • 1972 Creedence Clearwater Revival breaks up
  • 1972 2 members of the Offical Irish Republican Army are shot dead by the British Army in County Tyrone
  • 1972 A Protestant youth member (15) of the Ulster Defence Association, and a UDA member (26) are run over by British Army vehicles during riots in east Belfast
  • 1973 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal
  • 1973 Kissinger & Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize

Birthdays in History

  • 1396 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
  • 1430 King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1483 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1535 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
  • 1663 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (d. 1736)
  • 1708 Albrecht von Haller, Switz, experimental physiology (Acad of Science)
  • 1710 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
  • 1714 Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • 1726 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1751 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia (d. 1805)
  • 1754 Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1758 Noah Webster, lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1843)

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • 1762 Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • 1789 William Burton, Governor of Delaware (1859-63) (d. 1866)
  • 1795 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • 1802 Isaac Murphy, Governor of Arkansas (1864-68) (d. 1882)
  • 1806 William Pitt Fessenden, Secy Treas (Union), (d. 1869)
  • 1815 Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1816 William Preston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1819 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • 1825 Thomas Turpin Crittenden, Brig Genl (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • 1830 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliography
  • 1832 George Crockett Strong, Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Vicente Riva Palacio, Mexico, writer/diplomat
  • 1840 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
  • 1841 Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, Japanese Prime Minister and Resident-General of Korea (d. 1909)
  • 1851 James Ten Eyck, champion rower/coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake)
  • 1854 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1854 Oscar Wilde, [Fingal O'Flahertie Wills], (The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1900)

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1855 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian
  • 1855 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1861 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • 1863 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1866 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • 1868 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • 1870 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • 1884 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • 1886 Armin T Wegner, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1886 David Ben-Gurion, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 1955), born in Płonsk, Poland (d. 1973)

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1888 Eugene O'Neill, American dramatist (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York
  • 1888 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Paul Strand, American photographer (Native Land-1942), born in NYC, New York
  • 1890 Maria Goretti, Italian saint (d. 1902)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Michael Collins, Irish revolutionary leader and leading figure in the struggle for Irish independence in the early 20th century, born in Clonakilty, Ireland (d. 1922)

Irish Nationalist Leader Michael Collins
Irish Nationalist Leader
Michael Collins
  • 1896 Edmond van Dooren, Flemish painter
  • 1897 Louis de Cazenave, France's oldest living man
  • 1898 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR
  • 1898 William O Douglas, Maine, 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75)
  • 1900 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • 1903 Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • 1906 Dino Buzzati, Italian writer (The Tartar Steppe), born in San Pellegrino, Belluno, (d. 1972)
  • 1907 Roger Vailland, French author (La Novice, Et Mourir de Plasir)
  • 1908 Enver Hoxha, post-war leader of Albania (1944-85)
  • 1914 Christian J Modeste, gypsey king
  • 1916 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Bill Nichols, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • 1919 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Daniel J Evans, (Sen-R-WA, 1983- )
  • 1925 Lorraine Sweeny, communications specialist
  • 1927 Gus Yatron, (Rep-D-PA, 1969- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Günter Grass, German writer and playwright (The Tin Drum) and Nobel Prize laureate (1999), born in Danzig

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass
  • 1928 Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1929 Bill Green, (Rep-R-NY, 1978- )
  • 1931 Charles W Colson, presidential adviser (Watergate figure), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1932 John Grant, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1936 Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Akira Machida, Japanese judge
  • 1938 Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
  • 1945 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1947 David Zucker, director (Airplane, Naked Gun, Top Secret), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1951 Alan Wheat, (Rep-D-Missouri, 1983- )
  • 1952 Christopher Cox, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1956 James H Newman, Trust Territory of Pacific, PhD/Astronaut (STS 51, 69)
  • 1961 Marc Levy, French novelist
  • 1969 Gregory Metcalf, Ellensburg Wash, 3k steeplechase
  • 1972 Stephen O'Connor, Irish amateur snooker champ (1990)
  • 1976 Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian football (AFL) player and media personality

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1923 General Francisco Franco (30) marries María del Carmen Polo y Martínez-Valdés (23) at Church of San Juan el Real in Oviedo

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1986 Marie Osmond marries Brian Blosil

HeartWedding of Interest

1992 Author J. K. Rowling (27) weds Portuguese television journalist Jorge Arantes

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1924 American writer ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchell divorces 1st husband Berrien (Red) Upshaw


Deaths in History

  • 775 Mansur, kalief of Abbasiden, dies
  • 1323 Amadeus V the Great, count of Flanders/Savoy, dies at 74
  • 1333 Nicolaas V, [Pietro Rainalducci], Italian anti-Pope (1328-30), dies
  • 1355 Louis, King of Sicily, felled by the Black Death
  • 1473 Reinoud II van Brederode, viscount of Utrecht, dies
  • 1553 Lucas Cranach Sr, German painter, dies at 81
  • 1555 Hugh Latimer, English bishop and royal chaplain, burned at the stake as one of the Oxford Martyrs at 80
  • 1555 Nicholas Ridley, English theologist/bishop of Rochester, burned at the stake as an Oxford martyr
  • 1570 Baron van Montigny, Dutch earl of Horne, murdered
  • 1591 Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Italian Pope, dies at 56
  • 1594 William Allen, English cardinal/founder seminary of Douai, dies at 62
  • 1628 François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1649 Isaac van Ostade, painter, buried
  • 1680 Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian general (b. 1608 or 1609)
  • 1688 Philips Koninck, painter/etcher, buried at 68
  • 1690 Margaretha M Alacoque, French mystic/saint, dies at 43
  • 1694 Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf, German lawyer, dies at 62
  • 1755 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (b. 1725)
  • 1781 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (b. 1705)
  • 1791 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, dies at 52

BattleExecution

1793 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, beheaded at 37

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1793 John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728
  • 1796 Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b. 1726)
  • 1810 Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (b. 1772)
  • 1817 Manuel C Piar, Curacaos/Venezulian freedom writer, dies
  • 1849 George Washington Williams, 1st major African American historian, dies
  • 1862 George Burgwyn Anderson, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 31
  • 1865 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1867 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • 1877 John Zwijsen, archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • 1877 Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1888 John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • 1891 Sarah Winnemucca, indian scout, dies
  • 1893 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, President of France (b. 1808)
  • 1909 Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (b. 1856)
  • 1916 Klaas/old stick Kater, christian worker's union leader, dies at 73
  • 1937 Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (b. 1899)
  • 1942 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • 1944 John Eigenhuis, writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • 1946 Alfred G Jodl, Col-Gen/German staff chief weather authority, hanged
  • 1946 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • 1946 Fritz Sauckel, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946 Hans Frank, former Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged

BattleExecution

1946 Joachim von Ribbentrop, German war criminal, hanged

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1946 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946 Wilhelm Keitel, German fieldmarshal, hanged
  • 1951 Liaquat Ali Khan, PM of Pakistan (1947-51), assassinated by Said Akbar
  • 1956 Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (b. 1873)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1959 George Marshall, US army general, dies at 78

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1962 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (Water & Dreams), dies at 78
  • 1972 Hale Boggs, U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (b. 1914)
  • 1977 Michael Balcon, producer, dies at 81
  • 1979 Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (b. 1903)
  • 1980 Carl PM Romme, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (KVP), dies at 83
  • 1981 Moshe Dayan, Israel's general/minister of Defense, dies at 66
  • 1986 C Wttewaall van Stoetwegen, CHU Member of Dutch parliament, dies at 85
  • 1993 John Bowles, president (Rexall Drugs), dies at 76
  • 1995 John Walker, museum director, dies at 88
  • 1995 Murdo Alexander MacLeod, minister, dies at 60
  • 1995 Thomas Augustine Martin, academic, dies at 59
  • 1996 Anthony Griffin, sailor, dies at 75
  • 1996 Eric Lawson Malpass, writer, dies at 85
  • 1996 Ismond Rosen, psychoanalyst/artist, dies at 82
  • 1997 James Mitchner, author (Hawaii), dies of kidney failure at 90
  • 1997 James Michener, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 1998 Jon Postel, American Internet pioneer (b. 1943)
  • 2000 Mel Carnahan, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2002 Angela Dawson, American murder victim
  • 2003 Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)
  • 2004 Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy's White House Press Secretary (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Valentín Paniagua Corazao, Ex President of Peru (b. 1936)
  • 2007 Barbara West, Second to last living Titanic survivor.
  • 2016 Kigeli V, last King of Rwanda (1959-61), dies at 80