On This Day in History for October 17

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 415 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 532 Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 733 Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting Islamic influence (date disputed)

BattleBattle of Interest

1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1387 Swells convent Windesheim initiated
  • 1404 Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
  • 1448 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456 The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
  • 1483 Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
  • 1556 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 Future King Charles II flees from England

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

BattleExecution

1660 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1662 Charles II of Great Britain sells Dunkirk to France for 2.5 million livres (320,000 English pounds)
  • 1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1720 Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour" premieres in Paris
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1777 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
  • 1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 1787 Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 1797 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • 1800 Dutch colony Curacao transfererd to Great Britain
  • 1806 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
  • 1808 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1814 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • 1825 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1829 Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
  • 1829 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
  • 1831 Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
  • 1850 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • 1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
  • 1862 Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • 1868 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • 1871 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1878 After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1894 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
  • 1896 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1899 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • 1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1912 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1916 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • 1917 1st British bombing of Germany
  • 1918 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • 1918 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • 1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
  • 1921 Belgium's public library law goes into force
  • 1922 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • 1927 Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL President

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Albert Einstein arrives in US as a refugee from Nazi Germany

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1934 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
  • 1940 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • 1941 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
  • 1943 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • 1943 Burma railway completed, built by allied POWS and Asian labourers for the Japanese army
  • 1945 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón
  • 1951 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • 1954 Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
  • 1955 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
  • 1956 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • 1956 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
  • 1957 Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
  • 1957 Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

Author Albert Camus
Author
Albert Camus
  • 1957 II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
  • 1959 Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
  • 1959 Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
  • 1960 US & Britain sign accord for nuclear submarine bases
  • 1961 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1961 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1962 Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
  • 1967 "Hair" premieres on Broadway
  • 1967 Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
  • 1967 Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
  • 1969 Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
  • 1969 Soyuz 7 returns to Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat sworn in as the 3rd President of Egypt

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1971 Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
  • 1971 It is estimated today that approximately 16,000 households were withholding rent and rates for council houses as part of the campaign of civil disobedience against internment organised by the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Bob Randall's "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premieres in NYC
  • 1972 Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-ling," is #1
  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association open fire on the British Army in several areas of Belfast
  • 1973 OPEC oil ministers agree to use oil weapon in Arab-Israeli War, mandate cut in exports, and recommend embargo against unfriendly states
  • 1975 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at National Space Tech Labs, Miss
  • 1975 UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
  • 1977 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 President Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring US citizenship to Jefferson Davis

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1978 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
  • 1979 D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Mother Teresa of Calcutta awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa

Birthdays in History

  • 1253 Ivo of Kermartin, Catholic saint, patron of Brittany (d. 1303)
  • 1563 Jodocus Hondius, Flemish mathematician/cartographer
  • 1577 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (Judith)
  • 1582 Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
  • 1623 Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
  • 1626 Simon van Leeuwen, lawyer/historian (Roman-Holland regt)
  • 1696 August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1704 Willem Bentinck, orangist
  • 1711 Jupiter Hammon, Lloyd Harbor NY, slave and poet, 1st African American to publish poetry
  • 1719 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
  • 1725 John Wilkes, English journalist/MP (N Briton)
  • 1734 Grigori G. Orlov, Russian guard officer and favorite of Catherine II
  • 1752 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 1841)
  • 1806 Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist
  • 1811 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • 1813 Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
  • 1815 Emanuel Geibel, writer
  • 1817 Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim leader, born in Delhi, Mughal Empire
  • 1817 Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
  • 1833 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body, such as altitude sickness and 'the bends', made possible space and ocean exploration
  • 1845 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • 1848 William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
  • 1853 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1864 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1865 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1875 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • 1883 A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • 1892 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • 1893 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist , born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1898 Mildred Knopf, cookbook writer
  • 1898 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer/poet (5th Seal)
  • 1903 Nathanael West, American novelist (Day of the Locusts)
  • 1905 Franco Albini, Italian architect
  • 1912 John Paul I [Albino Luciano], 263rd Roman Catholic pope (1978), born in Canale d'Agordo, Belluno, Veneto region of Northern Italy
  • 1914 Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman)
  • 1914 John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Arthur Miller, American playwright (Death of a Salesman, Crucible), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1917 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1919 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
  • 1920 Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
  • 1921 George Mackey Brown, poet
  • 1921 Pricilla Lanford Buckly, editor/columnist (National Review)
  • 1922 Louis Benjamin, showman
  • 1926 Karl Gordon Henize, astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1928 Zacharias J de Beer, South African physician/MP (DP)
  • 1930 Jimmy Breslin, Queens columnist (NY Post, News, Newsday), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
  • 1932 William J Hughes, (Rep-D-New Jersey, 1975- )
  • 1933 William A Anders, Hong Kong, Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)
  • 1933 Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
  • 1934 Barend P Tammeling, Dutch journalist (Trouw, Groninger Gezinsbode)
  • 1936 David Hobson, (Rep-R-Ohio)
  • 1936 Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Robert "Evel" Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (Snake River Canyon), born in Butte, Montana (d. 2007)

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 1940 Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner
  • 1946 Sir Cameron Mackintosh, British stage producer
  • 1946 Adam Michnik, Polish activist
  • 1946 Drusilla Modjeska, Australian writer and editor
  • 1947 Charles A Ingene, macromarketing researcher
  • 1947 Gene Green, (Rep-D-Texas)
  • 1947 Lesley Sunderland, decorative artist
  • 1950 Michael Lynn Synar, (Rep-D-Oklahoma, 1979- )
  • 1955 Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Mae Jemison, 1st African American woman in space (STS 47), born in Decatur, Alabama

Astronaut and Physician Mae Jemison
Astronaut and Physician
Mae Jemison
  • 1956 Robin LO Linschoten, Dutch ass. secretary of Social Affairs (VVD)
  • 1959 Ron Drummond, American writer
  • 1959 Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • 1960 Rob Marshall, American director
  • 1962 Mike Judge, Ecuadorian born American cartoonist, born in Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1973 Lorie Bennett West, Miss Kentucky USA (1996)
  • 1974 Janne Puurtinen, Finnish keyboarder (HIM)
  • 1974 Ariel Levy, American feminist writer
  • 1982 Nick Riewoldt, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 Jelle Klaasen, Dutch darts player
  • 1984 Randall Munroe, American webcomic author

Weddings in History

  • 1469 Crown prince Fernando of Aragon marries Princess Isabella of Castile

HeartWedding of Interest

1749 US revolutionary Samuel Adams (27) weds Elizabeth Checkley

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams

HeartWedding of Interest

1826 Historian Thomas Carlyle (30) weds Jane Welsh (25)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle

HeartWedding of Interest

1916 Cartoonist Rube Goldberg (33) weds Irma Seeman

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

33 Agrippina the Elder, Roman noblewoman (mother of Caligula), dies of starvation at 47

Roman Noblewoman Agrippina the Elder
Roman Noblewoman
Agrippina the Elder
  • 532 Boniface II, 1st "German" Pope, dies
  • 1174 Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)
  • 1312 Jan II, duke of Brabant/Limburg (charter of Kortenberg), dies
  • 1552 Andreas Osiander, Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
  • 1586 Philip Sidney, English poet/diplomat, dies in battle at 32
  • 1616 John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)
  • 1638 Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
  • 1660 Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
  • 1673 Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)
  • 1702 Walraad the Old, count/soverign of Nassau-Usingen, dies
  • 1757 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • 1763 Arnold Hoogvliet, poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
  • 1776 Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
  • 1780 William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • 1786 Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
  • 1806 Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
  • 1836 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812 (b. 1775)

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1887 Gustav R Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63
  • 1889 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
  • 1910 William V Moody, US poet (Sabine Woman, Great Divide), dies
  • 1931 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (b. 1884)
  • 1934 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
  • 1941 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
  • 1943 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • 1957 John HA Eman, founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
  • 1958 Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (b. 1896)
  • 1962 Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1963 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Prime Numbers), dies at 97
  • 1967 Henry Pu Yi, last emperor of China, dies at 61
  • 1970 Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • 1972 Prince George of Yugoslavia (b. 1887)
  • 1973 Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian poet (Gott von Manhattan), dies at 47
  • 1974 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillean poet, dies at 57
  • 1982 Peterus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist, dies at 47
  • 1983 Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist, dies at 78
  • 1987 Abdul Malek Ukil, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1925)
  • 1990 Ralph Abernathy, civil rights activist, dies at 64
  • 1992 Ton Hasebos, cameraman/TV director (Gnome Hasebos), dies
  • 1992 Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1993 Frank J Del Giudice, US industrial designer (Boeing 747), dies at 77
  • 1993 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist, dies at 84
  • 1993 Wim van Dooren, theologist/humanist/philosopher, dies
  • 1994 Bernard Caulfield, judge, dies at 80
  • 1994 Dmitri Cholodov, Russian journalist, murdered at 27
  • 1994 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist, dies at 50
  • 1994 Rik van Bentum, painter/art director of Paradiso, dies at 57
  • 1995 Peter Hinchcliff, historian, dies at 66
  • 1997 Paul Edwin Zimmer, sci-fi writer, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1998 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist
  • 1999 Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Derek Bell, Irish harpist (The Chieftans) (b. 1935)
  • 2005 Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Franky Gee, European techno artist (b. 1962)
  • 2007 Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (b. 1918)
  • 2011 Carl Lindner, Jr., Cincinnati businessman and one of the world's richest people (b. 1919)
  • 2012 Stanford Robert Ovshinsky, American inventor and scientist, dies from prostate cancer at 89