On This Day in History for October 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 138

  • 202 BC Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca and the Carthaginian army are defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus, ending 2nd Punic War
  • 439 The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa
  • 615 St Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1031 Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord
  • 1216 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry
  • 1298 Rindfleisch-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
  • 1453 French retake Bordeaux following the Battle of Castillon
  • 1466 The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Peace of Thorn, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia)

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1576 Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
  • 1630 In Boston the 1st general court is held
  • 1634 Beach Island in North Sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood
  • 1682 English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland
  • 1722 Frenchman C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher
  • 1739 England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]
  • 1765 Stamp Act Congress meets in NY, writes the Declaration of Rights and Grievances
  • 1781 British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 US Government & Chickasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • 1822 In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí
  • 1853 First flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
  • 1856 James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
  • 1859 Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
  • 1863 Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • 1864 Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont
  • 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers
  • 1864 US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to Major General
  • 1870 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • 1870 British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
  • 1872 World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
  • 1879 Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1882 Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1888 Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • 1900 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • 1900 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • 1901 Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March" premieres in Liverpool
  • 1901 Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
  • 1904 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • 1907 1st printing of Dutch Tribune (Wijnkoop/Van Ravesteyn/Ceton)
  • 1911 Royal Mint in London sends dies for Canadian $1 coin to Ottawa Branch
  • 1912 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1914 US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail
  • 1915 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915 US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French
  • 1916 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos
  • 1917 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened
  • 1919 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman - Anna Howard Shaw
  • 1921 Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup
  • 1923 Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
  • 1924 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
  • 1925 Italian army takes Somalia
  • 1926 John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1930 Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
  • 1932 Austria forbids demonstration by Nazis & anti fascists
  • 1932 British government signs trade agreement with Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1932 Jimmie Foxx wins AL MVP & Chuck Klein wins NL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1936 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • 1943 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • 1944 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • 1944 US forces land in Philippines
  • 1947 De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
  • 1949 Yanks trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds
  • 1950 Bird Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated
  • 1950 UN forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea
  • 1951 US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • 1952 Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive
  • 1953 1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service
  • 1954 Egypt & Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs
  • 1954 First ascent of Cho Oyu, sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel
  • 1959 William Gibson's "Miracle Worker" premieres in NYC
  • 1960 France grants Mauritania independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1960 US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba
  • 1962 Stalin monument removed in Prague
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Yardbird 1st US tour (NYC)
  • 1967 Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
  • 1968 Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
  • 1968 Derry Citizen's Action Committee, formed on Oct 9, stage an illegal sit-down at Guildhall Square as part of large civil disobedience campaign
  • 1969 Oakland Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21)
  • 1970 Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale Calif
  • 1970 John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun
  • 1971 Last issue of "Look" magazine is published
  • 1971 A group of f Northern Ireland Members of Parliament begin a 48 hour hunger strike against the policy of Internment
  • 1972 Ulster Vanguard leader William Craig speaks at a meeting of right-wing Members of Parliament at Westminster: "We are prepared to come out and shoot and kill"
  • 1973 Ringo releases "Photograph"
  • 1973 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States

Birthdays in History

  • 1276 Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
  • 1433 Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1507 Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus, [Aytta van Zwichem], Dutch priest
  • 1582 Dmitry Ivanovich [Dmitry of Uglich], Russian Tsarevich and son of Ivan IV "the Terrible" (d. 1591)
  • 1605 Thomas Browne, English writer (Garden of Cyrus), born in London
  • 1610 James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
  • 1658 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680 John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • 1720 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
  • 1721 Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country
  • 1784 Leigh Hunt, British writer
  • 1792 Dirk Donker Curtius, Dutch attorney/minister of Justice (liberal)
  • 1810 Cassius Marcellus Clay, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • 1819 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • 1824 Rufus Saxton, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1908)
  • 1834 Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)
  • 1850 Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat
  • 1851 Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858 George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Auguste Lumière, made 1st movie (Workers Leaving Lumière Factory)
  • 1863 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • 1868 Bertha Landes, 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • 1871 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • 1882 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
  • 1885 Charles Merrill, American investment banker (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Alexander A Alekhine, Russian/French chess champ (1927-35, 37-46)
  • 1895 Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer
  • 1895 Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
  • 1897 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan novelist (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), journalist and poet, born in Guatemala City (d. 1974)

Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist Miguel Ángel Asturias
Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist
Miguel Ángel Asturias
  • 1901 Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross)
  • 1909 Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
  • 1910 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1911 Hilde Spiel, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Jean Urruty, France, Jai-Alai champion
  • 1913 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Le ragazze di San Frediano)
  • 1916 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager
  • 1918 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • 1918 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • 1920 Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1922 Jack Anderson, journalist (Wash Post), born in Long Beach, California
  • 1925 Victor Zorza, journalist/Russian specialist
  • 1926 Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Thomas ap Rees, British botanist, born in Frome (d. 1996)
  • 1931 John le Carré, English novelist
  • 1934 Jakubu Gowon, army staff chief/president of Nigeria (1966-75)
  • 1936 Johnetta Betsch Cole, educator/president (Spellman College)/(Sen-D-KY)
  • 1936 James Bevel, American activist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Peter Max, American psychadelic artist (Dynamite Chicken), born in Berlin, Germany

Psychedelic Artist Peter Max
Psychedelic Artist
Peter Max
  • 1938 Ton Regtien, Dutch student leader
  • 1942 Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • 1945 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • 1945 Harris Glenn Divine, Baltimore MD
  • 1945 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • 1946 Philip Pullman, English writer
  • 1947 Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian comic strip artist
  • 1949 Jamie McGrigor, British politician
  • 1951 Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize
  • 1954 Deborah Blum, American writer
  • 1957 Ray Richmond, American columnist and critic
  • 1957 Doug Kirby, American author and travel guide
  • 1962 Tracy Chevalier, American author
  • 1963 Laurens BBM, Belgian prince/son of Albert II & Paola
  • 1963 Prince Laurent of Belgium, Château de Belvédère, Laeken, son of King Albert II and Queen Paola
  • 1965 Maria Lee Ostapiej, La Mess California, Miss Calif-America (1991)
  • 1967 Amy Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's daughter/peace activist
  • 1969 DJ Sammy [Samuel Bouriah], Spanish DJ, born in Mallorca
  • 1969 John Edward, American TV Psychic
  • 1970 Benita Brooks, Miss Alabama USA (1996)
  • 1977 Louis-José Houde, Canadian stand-up comic
  • 1979 Randy Spelling, (Sean Richards-Sunset Beach), born in Los Angeles, California

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Pathologist Howard Florey (28) weds Ethel Reed at Holy Trinity Church in Paddington, New South Wales

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • 2012 Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg Prince Guillaume (30) weds Countess of Belgium Stephanie de Lannoy (28) in a civil ceremony at the Hotel De Ville in Luxembourg
  • 2013 Actress Danielle Fishel (32) weds Tim Belusko in Los Angeles

Deaths in History

  • 727 Saint Frideswide, patron saint of Oxford, England
  • 1187 Pope Urban III [Uberto Crivelli](1185-87)
  • 1216 King John of England (1199-1216), agreed to the Magna Carta, dies at 49
  • 1268 Konradin von Hohenstaufen, duke of Zwaben, beheaded
  • 1432 John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1392)
  • 1547 Pierino del Vaga, Italian painter, dies at about 46
  • 1553 Bonifazio Veronese/Veneziano, [de' Pitati], Italian painter, dies
  • 1587 Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
  • 1608 Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)
  • 1609 Jacobus Arminius, [Jacob Hermans], theologist, dies at about 49
  • 1636 Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1682 Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1745 Jonathan Swift, English writer (Gulliver's Travels), dies at 77

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1790 Lyman Hall, US physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1810 Jean-Georges Noverre, French choreographer (ballet d'action), dies
  • 1813 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1834 Cornelis Loots, accountant/poet (Volkswoede), dies at 69
  • 1835 Henry Doeff, translator (Dutch-Japanese dictionary), dies at 57
  • 1838 Henry Fagel, baron/court clerk of States-General/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1842 Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • 1851 Marie Thérèse Charlotte (b. 1778)
  • 1856 William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1864 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brig-general, dies in battle at 45
  • 1888 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary/founder (Flemish Wind), dies at 38
  • 1889 King Louis of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1897 George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • 1901 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • 1909 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist, dies
  • 1918 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WW I), dies at 34
  • 1921 Antonio Granjo, premier (Portugal), murdered
  • 1934 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63
  • 1936 Lu Xun, Chinese writer (b. 1881)
  • 1937 Betty Carver, wife of English WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist (Nobel 1908), dies at 66

  • 1943 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered
  • 1950 Edna St Vincent Millay, American poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), dies at 58
  • 1957 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian, dies at 65
  • 1961 Benjamin Merkelbach, architect/city builder of Amsterdam, dies at 60
  • 1964 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (b. 1885)
  • 1966 Elizabeth Arden, US cosmetic manufacturer, dies
  • 1970 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, dies at 54
  • 1971 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrial, dies at 89
  • 1981 Paul Snoek, [Edm Schietekat], Belgian poet, dies at 48
  • 1982 Jock Ewing, dies in an aircrash on TV show "Dallas"
  • 1983 Albert Carel Willink, painter (surrealism), dies at 83
  • 1983 Maurice Bishop, premier of Grenada (1979-83), murdered in coup
  • 1984 Henri Michaux, writer, dies
  • 1984 Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish priest/dissident, kidnapped & murdered
  • 1984 Jon-Erik Hexum, accidentally shoots himself on set of "Cover Up" at 27
  • 1985 Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986 Moses Asch, record founder (Folkways), dies at 81
  • 1986 Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist
  • 1988 Friedrich Weinreb, Polish/Neth theologist/economist, dies at 77
  • 1992 Gert Nastian, general & companion of Petra Kelly, found dead at 69
  • 1992 Petra Kelly, founder (German Green Party), found dead at 44
  • 1993 Dionisio Herrero, Spanish air force general, murdered
  • 1993 Roy Armstrong, English historian (Traditional buildings), dies at 91
  • 1994 Munavarsjo Nazrijev, vice-president of Tadzjikistan, dies
  • 1994 Oldrich Cernik, Czechoslovakia premier (1968-70), dies at 72
  • 1994 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist, dies at 79
  • 1995 Vicki Stangroome, campaigner, dies at 53
  • 1996 Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist, dies at 71
  • 1996 Oliver Charles Anderson, novelist, dies at 84
  • 1999 Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-born French writer, dies at 99
  • 1999 James C. Murray, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Margaret Murie, American conservationist (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Corinne Lévesque, wife of Quebec premier René Lévesque (b. 1943)
  • 2006 James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2007 Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (b. 1943)
  • 2007 Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Mr. Blackwell, American fashion critic (b. 1922)
  • 2009 Howard Unruh, American spree killer (b. 1921)
  • 2014 Lynda Bellingham, Canadian-born English actress, dies from colon cancer at 66
  • 2016 Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina, dies at 99