On This Day in History for October 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141

  • 939 Battle at Andernach: King Otto & Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France & Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 976 Hisham II appointed kalief of Cordoba
  • 1134 Storm flood ravages Zeeland county

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1187 Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin
  • 1263 The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1492 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1518 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535 Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal)

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1540 Venice/Turkey signs peace

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1572 Spanish army occupies/plunders/destroys Mechelen
  • 1608 Hans Lippershey applies for patent for first known early telescope in the Netherlands
  • 1614 French King Louis XIII declared an adult at 13
  • 1656 English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 1700 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • 1760 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
  • 1787 Maagden House opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1792 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1795 Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
  • 1799 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • 1804 Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin rides through Corunda to Santa Fe Argentina

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1833 NY Anti-Slavery Society organized
  • 1835 Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces. First engagement of the Texas revolution
  • 1836 Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
  • 1851 The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • 1853 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1861 Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • 1864 Battle of Saltville, VA
  • 1866 J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • 1870 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1872 Morgan State University founded
  • 1879 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • 1889 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1899 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • 1901 First Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1908 Addie Joss perfect game stops Ed Walsh 1-0 who won 40 in a row
  • 1910 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)
  • 1910 Henry Wijnmalen flies to 2,800m altitude (world record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 16th shutout of year
  • 1916 San Diego Zoo founded
  • 1919 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Only tripleheader of century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
  • 1920 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1923 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • 1923 Harry Heilmann goes 2-for-2, sit out rest of season, except for a pinch single on final day, hitting .403
  • 1924 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • 1926 Bert Gibb of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1928 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • 1931 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1935 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • 1936 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • 1936 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject nazism
  • 1936 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Indian Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Tigers (Chester Laabs 5 times)
  • 1939 Birdbaths installed in Union Square, SF
  • 1940 17 German aircrafts shot down above England
  • 1940 British Council receives Royal Charter
  • 1940 British liner Empress loaded with refugees for Canada, sunk
  • 1941 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • 1941 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • 1942 "Queen Mary" slices cruiser "Curacao" in half, killing 338
  • 1943 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • 1943 Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6
  • 1944 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • 1944 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • 1947 Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • 1949 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 1st strip of Charlie Brown, "Li'l Folks", later "Peanuts", by Charles M. Schulz published in 9 papers

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1950 Chic Cards Jim Hardy passes for 6 touchdowns vs Balt Colts (55-13)
  • 1951 1st Netherland TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)
  • 1954 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal
  • 1955 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • 1956 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • 1957 New volcanic island appears off Fayal Island Azores
  • 1958 Guinea (French Guinea) gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 SF beats LA, 8-7 in 4h18m 9 inning playoff game
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer condemns western grain shipments to USSR

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1965 Mel Stottlemyre wins game #20
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI named MR Perey bishop's helper of New Orleans
  • 1967 Groundbreaking begins on Veteran's Stadium in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Thurgood Marshall sworn in as 1st black Supreme Court Justice

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1968 1st London performance of "Promises, Promises" presented
  • 1968 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • 1968 Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
  • 1968 1st time, 2 soon-to-be-named MVPs oppose each other Cards Bob Gibson beat Tigers Denny McLain 4-0
  • 1969 Seattle Pilots last game in Seattle, lose 3-1 to As in front of 5,473
  • 1969 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1970 Plane carrying Wichita State U football team crashes killing 30

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 104

  • 1452 King Richard III, of England (1483-85)
  • 1470 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1538 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal (d. 1584)
  • 1595 Jacob Louys, Flemish engraver
  • 1616 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, born in Glogau, Silesia (d. 1664)
  • 1644 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (d. 1724)
  • 1722 Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
  • 1752 Samuel Story, Dutch admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1756 Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist
  • 1768 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1800 Nat Turner, American leader of a major slave rebellion in 1831, born in Southampton County, Virginia (d. 1831)

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1819 George Washington Getty, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1821 Alexander Peter "Old Straight" Stewart, Lt Gen (Confederate Army)
  • 1822 Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch Internal minister (1877-79)
  • 1827 Edmund Jackson Davis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • 1828 Charles Floquet, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist
  • 1832 Julius von Sachs, botanist and naturalist
  • 1833 Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (d. 1897)
  • 1835 Louis A Ranvier, French anatomist/historian
  • 1839 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1851 Ferdinand Foch, France, Allied military commander and hero during WW I
  • 1852 William Ramsay, chemist
  • 1857 Marthinus T Steyn, President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • 1866 Charles de Souzy Ricketts, artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1871 Cordell Hull, US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)
  • 1871 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect (d. 1959)
  • 1873 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (d. 1924)
  • 1878 Francois C Schlumberger, French physicist
  • 1879 Wallace Stevens, poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania
  • 1882 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Ruth Bryan Rohde, US, (Rep), minister to Denmark
  • 1886 Pieter "Pierre" Balledux, stage manager/Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1895 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian
  • 1896 Fjodor I Panfjorov, Russian author (Volga) [OS=Sep 20]
  • 1896 Fritz Eberhard, [Hellmut Rauschenplat], W-German lawyer/resistor (Law)
  • 1896 Liaqat Ali Khan, Pakistan's first Prime Minister (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1901 Christopher Clarkson, test Pilot
  • 1901 [Ignatius] Roy [D] Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle)
  • 1901 Charles Stark Draper, Windsor Missouri, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines
  • 1902 Dick Ket, Dutch painter/cartoonist
  • 1902 Leopold Figl, premier of Austria
  • 1904 Dermot Boyle, marshal (RAF)
  • 1904 Godfrey Baseley, radio executive
  • 1904 Shi Lal Bahadur Shastri, India premier (1964-66)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 [Henry] Graham Greene, English novelist (Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1991)

  • 1906 John Humphreys Whitfield, scholar of Italian language & literature
  • 1907 Alexander Robertus, organic chemist
  • 1907 Alexander R. Todd, British chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Stuart Rose, designer (British Post Office)
  • 1911 Jack Finney, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Eric Wilson, VC/British Lt Col
  • 1913 Vivian Ridler, printer (Oxford University)
  • 1914 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist, author, and occultist (d. 1952)
  • 1917 Christian de Duve, Thames Ditton, Surrey, cytologist and biochemist (Nobel, 1974), (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord-Lt of Somerset
  • 1920 William Cramond, psychiatrist/vice-chancellor (Stirling University)
  • 1921 A Scott Crossfield, US Test pilot (XS-1)
  • 1921 Robert Runcie, [Kennedy], Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1922 Thomas T Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957)
  • 1922 Wolfhart U Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl)
  • 1923 Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
  • 1925 Brian Dilton, British lord justice of appeal
  • 1926 Jan Morris, travel writer (Among the Cities, Hong Kong, Journeys)
  • 1928 Anthony Tippett, British chief of Fleet Support
  • 1928 Clay Felker, journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1928 George Emmett McFarland, Dallas, act (Spanky-Our Gang/Little Rascals)
  • 1928 James Porter, CEO (Commonwealth Institute)
  • 1928 Robin Duthie, CEO (Britoil)
  • 1928 Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologian
  • 1929 John Zochonis, British multi-millionaire soap magnate
  • 1930 Dave Barrett, Premier of British Columbia
  • 1932 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Longford, Ireland, paramilitary and political leader (Sinne Fein), (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
  • 1934 Duncan Thompson, keeper (Scottish National Portrait Gallery)
  • 1934 Richard Scott, British high court judge

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., USAF/astronaut, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1936 Johnnie Cochran, attorney (O.J. Simpson defense attorney)
  • 1936 Roger Sainsbury, bishop of Barking
  • 1938 Lloyd Turner, journalist
  • 1939 Yuri Nikolayevich Glazkov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 24)
  • 1940 Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player
  • 1941 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian
  • 1943 Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • 1944 Peter Hobson, headmaster (Giggleswick School)
  • 1944 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, US, sci-fi author (Witling, True Names)
  • 1945 Frank Tejeda, (Rep-D-Texas)
  • 1945 Vladimir Ivanovich Kozlov, cosmonaut
  • 1948 Donna Karan, Forest Hills NY, fashion designer (Coty Award-1977)
  • 1948 Leslie Frankenheimer, set designer (4 Emmy Awards), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2013)
  • 1952 George Meegen, England, walked 19,019 miles from Argentina to Alaska
  • 1956 Murphy Morobe, South Afr UDF leader (spent 3 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1968 Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • 1970 Colin Rivas, Galician artist
  • 1973 Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer
  • 1973 Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician

Weddings in History

  • 1900 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
  • 1909 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill (20) marries 1st wife Kathleen Jenkins

Deaths in History

  • 472 Olybrius, emperor of Westromeinse republic (472), dies
  • 939 Gilbert (Giselbert), Duke of Lorraine drowns trying to cross the Rhine at about 49
  • 1113 Mawdoed, Selchuk emir/governor of Mosul, dies
  • 1264 Urbanus IV, [Jacques Pantaleon], French Pope (1261-64), dies
  • 1517 John Murmelius, humanist/theory/school book writer, dies at about 37
  • 1564 Andreas Vesalius, [Andries of Wesel], Flemish anatomist, dies at 49
  • 1588 Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child), dies
  • 1617 Isaac Oliver, miniature painter, dies
  • 1626 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 Pierre the Barulle, French cardinal/founder (French Oratorio), dies
  • 1678 Wu San-kuei, gen, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • 1707 Anne Jules duke the Noailles, marshal of France (huguenot), dies at 57
  • 1721 Benott Audran, artist/engraver, dies
  • 1724 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (b. 1644)
  • 1729 Arnold Boonen, portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1746 Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • 1764 William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1775 Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 John Andre, British major, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold)
  • 1782 Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 August Keppel, 1st viscount/naval commander/politician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803 Samuel Adams, US revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party) and politician, dies at 81

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1804 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
  • 1809 Wybo Fijnje, politician/patriot/journalist, dies at 59
  • 1817 Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov, Russian naval commander and admiral (b. 1744)
  • 1842 William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
  • 1846 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1850 Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
  • 1853 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist (chromosome), dies
  • 1860 Louis Hersent, painter, dies
  • 1863 Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • 1872 Eberhard F Walcker, organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies
  • 1873 Cornelius Varley, water-color painter, dies
  • 1905 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuban/French sonnet poet, dies at 62
  • 1916 Benjamin Kidel, English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
  • 1927 Svante August Arrhenius, chemist, dies
  • 1938 Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1944 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • 1947 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist, dies at 73
  • 1958 Marie Stopes, birth control pioneer, dies
  • 1962 Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1965 [John] Selwyn (Brooke) Lloyd, British statesman, dies
  • 1967 Albertina Rasch, ballerina/choreographer, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (Nude Descending a Staircase), dies at 81

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1969 Katharine Susannah Prichard, novelist (Black Opal), dies at 85
  • 1974 Ina Seidel, writer, dies at 89
  • 1975 Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian political leader, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1903)
  • 1980 Valentin Stepanovich Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 46
  • 1981 Harry Golden, American journalist (b. 1902)
  • 1982 William Bernbach, advertising magnate, dies at 71
  • 1987 Peter Brian Medawar, medical scientist, dies
  • 1988 Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1989 Liesbeth Ribbius Peletier, Neth's 1st female advisor of State, dies
  • 1991 Dimitrios I, patriarch/primus interparis orthodox Christians, dies
  • 1991 Jan H Christianse, political chairman (CDA), dies
  • 1993 Henry Ringling North, circus owner (Ringling Bros Circus), dies at 83
  • 1994 Faith Davis, oldest triplets (Charity & Hope survive), dies at 95
  • 1994 Ronald James Herron, architect, dies at 64
  • 1995 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher, dies at 67
  • 1996 Andrey Lukanov, PM of Bulgaria (1990), assassinated at 58
  • 1996 Ivan Mark Waller, mountaineer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Robert Bourassa, PM of province of Quebec (1970-76, 85-93), dies at 63
  • 1996 Ronald John Bilsland Colville, businessman, dies at 79
  • 1996 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian, dies at 93
  • 1999 Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2002 Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 John T. Dunlop, U.S. Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Bert Eriksson, Belgian neo-Nazi (b. 1931)
  • 2005 August Wilson, American playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 Dan Keating, Irish politician (b. 1902)
  • 2007 Christopher Derrick, British writer (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Rob Guest, New Zealand entertainer (b. 1950)
  • 2010 Kwa Geok Choo, wife of Singapore PM Lee Kuan Yew (b. 1920)
  • 2015 Brian Friel, Irish dramatist "Irish Chekhov" (Dancing at Lughnasa), dies at 86