On This Day in History for October 20

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 151

  • 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1536 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1603 Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1634 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I

King George I
King
George I
  • 1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • 1781 Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 1818 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1818 US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1820 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • 1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1864 US President Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
  • 1873 P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (NYC)
  • 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • 1883 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • 1898 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • 1899 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1902 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1903 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • 1904 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905 Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
  • 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 1911 Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210 W 46th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • 1918 In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions
  • 1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1921 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • 1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • 1929 Bayshore Highway opens (SF)
  • 1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1935 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • 1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • 1939 "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch
  • 1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus
  • 1940 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
  • 1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • 1942 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 1944 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 1944 Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1945 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • 1947 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC
  • 1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1951 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 1955 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • 1955 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan
  • 1956 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • 1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • 1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • 1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
  • 1960 Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager
  • 1962 Chinese army lands in India
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
  • 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1967 Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's
  • 1970 American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1970 Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1971 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.

Birthdays in History

  • 1435 Andrea Della Robbia, Florence, sculptor, nephew of Luca
  • 1475 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496 Claude de Lutherans, duke of Guise
  • 1616 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1632 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire (d. 1723)

Architect Christopher Wren
Architect
Christopher Wren
  • 1637 Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1656 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
  • 1660 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1677 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1679 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer
  • 1700 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (d. 1795)
  • 1719 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist
  • 1740 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • 1751 Hendrik van Stralen, Dutch MP/secretary of Interior
  • 1759 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), born in Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1865)

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • 1785 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • 1792 Colin Campbell/Lord Clyde, British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 1808 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist (Globus)
  • 1812 Austin Flint, 19th century heart research pioneer
  • 1819 Daniel Edgar Sickles, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1914)
  • 1819 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith (d. 1850)
  • 1820 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820 George Jerrison Stannard, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1822 Mansfield Lovell, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Thomas Hughes, England, author (Tom Brown's School Days)
  • 1832 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (d. 1894)
  • 1843 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1854 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • 1858 John Burns, English politician (d. 1943)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1864 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 James Chadwick, English physicist (discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire (d. 1974)

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1897 Jevsei G Liberman, Ukrainian economist (Plan, profit, bonuses)
  • 1897 Crown Prince Eun of Korea (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Evelyn Brent, actress (Panama Lady, Last Coomand), born in Tampa, Florida
  • 1899 Marnix Gijsen, [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • 1900 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • 1904 Tommy Clement Douglas, Canadian politician (d. 1986)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (Father of Medicare), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1986)

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • 1909 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Bao Dai, emperor of Annam/Indochina/head of South Vietnam (1949-55)
  • 1917 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • 1917 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • 1921 Hans Warren, Dutch writer/poet/critic (Secret Diary)
  • 1921 Pierre Laporte, Canada, journalist/statesman (Revolution Script)
  • 1923 Joe Minogue, journalist
  • 1924 Kenneth WIlliam Gatland, aerospace scientist
  • 1924 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • 1925 Art Buchwald, columnist/author (Have I Ever Lied to You), born in Mt Vernon, New York
  • 1925 Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer (Oulipo), born in Sibiu (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Joyce Brothers, American pop psychologist ($64,000 Question, Naked Gun), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Ken Morrison, English supermarket maginate/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Michiko, empress of Japan
  • 1938 Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1940 Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States
  • 1946 Elfriede Jelinek, writer
  • 1948 Robert A Borski, (Rep-D-PA, 1983- )
  • 1951 Patrick Hall, British politician
  • 1951 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician
  • 1952 Mikhail Georgiyevich Potapov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1954 Günter Müller, German sound artist, improvisor and percussionist
  • 1955 David Profumo, English novelist
  • 1958 Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author
  • 1960 Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player (d. 2004)
  • 1963 Julie Payette, astronaut, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1964 Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician (1st African- American, Asian-American attorney general of California, born in Oakland, California
  • 1966 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda leader (d. 2006)
  • 1966 Stefan Raab, German entertainer
  • 1966 Patrick J. Volkerding, Founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution
  • 1970 Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author
  • 1974 Ayelet Ohayon, Israel, Women's foil fencer (Oly-1996)
  • 1978 Paul Wilson, Irish bass player (Snow Patrol)

Weddings in History

  • 1943 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

HeartWedding of Interest

1949 Constitutional lawyer Phyllis Schlafly (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr.

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly

HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios

HeartWedding of Interest

1978 Journalist Ben Bradlee (57) weds fellow journalist Sally Quinn (37)

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Journalist
Ben Bradlee

HeartWedding of Interest

1990 US Senator Rand Paul (27) weds freelance writer Kelley Ashby

United States Senator Rand Paul
United States Senator
Rand Paul
  • 2005 Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (30) weds Aimee Sohngen (28) in a civil ceremony at the Stadhuis in Naarden
  • 2006 "Liberty X" member Michelle Heaton (27) weds Pop Idol's Andy Scott-Lee (26) in Hertfordshire, England
  • 2013 Actor Rider Strong (33) weds actress Alexandra Barreto (31) in Oregon

Deaths in History

  • 460 Eudocia Aelia Athenais, empress Oostromeinse Rich/poetess, dies
  • 1139 Henry X the Trotse, duke of Bayern (1126-38), dies
  • 1187 Urban III, [Umberto Crivelli], Italian Pope (1185-87), dies
  • 1268 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1274 Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1438 Jacopo di Piero della Quercia, Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1525 Joannes Custos, S Neth humanist, dies at about 50
  • 1570 João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • 1631 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1640 John Ball, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1585)
  • 1652 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • 1713 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1740 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1685)
  • 1765 William August duke of Cumberland, Engl supreme commander, dies at 44
  • 1794 James Adam, System architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 1842 Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • 1864 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Confederate gen-major, dies at 27
  • 1865 Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1871 Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • 1876 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 68
  • 1882 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Sir Richard Burton, British explorer and writer (b. 1821)

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1896 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1899 Robert H "Bobby" Gunning, British colonel (60th Rifles), dies in battle
  • 1900 Charles Dudley Warner, US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
  • 1900 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • 1907 Said Pasha Kurd, Kurdish statesman (b.1834)
  • 1910 David B. Hill, Governor of New York (b. 1843)
  • 1926 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (b. 1855)
  • 1929 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist, dies at 76
  • 1936 Anne Sullivan, American teacher (b. 1866)
  • 1940 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (b. 1885)
  • 1950 Henry Lewsis Stimson, US minister of War/gov-gen, dies
  • 1953 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (b. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Herbert Hoover, 31st President of US (1929-33), dies in NY at 90

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1964 Miles WL Killearn of Killearn, baron/diplomat (Egypt), dies at 84
  • 1967 Yoshida Shigeru, Japanese politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of Japan (1946-54), dies at 89
  • 1968 Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, TV preacher, dies at 84
  • 1972 Harlow Shapley, astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), dies at 86
  • 1983 Yves Thériault, French Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1984 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Paul Dirac, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 82

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureat Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureat
Paul Dirac
  • 1986 Samora Machel, president of Mozambique, dies in air crash at 53
  • 1987 Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (b. 1922)
  • 1990 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter dies at 72
  • 1992 Orton Chirwa, Malawi's lawyer/Justice minister, dies in captivity
  • 1993 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter (b. 1909)
  • 1994 Ivan Svitak, philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1995 Bernadette Hingley, priest, dies at 47
  • 1996 Alfred William Bill Bedford, test Pilot, dies at 75
  • 1996 Mary Tuck, social researcher/civil servant, dies at 68
  • 1999 Calvin Griffith, Former owner of Washington Senators (b. 1911)
  • 2001 Ted Ammon, American financier (b. 1949)
  • 2004 Anthony Hecht, American poet (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Endon Mahmood, First Lady of Malaysia (breast cancer) (b. 1941)
  • 2005 Eva Svankmajerova, Czech artist (b. 1940)
  • 2007 Paul Raven, British bass-player (Killing Joke, Ministry) (b. 1961)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2010 Bob Guccione, American publisher (Penthouse magazine), dies at 79

Publisher Bob Guccione
Publisher
Bob Guccione

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator (1969-2011), beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at between 68–71

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 2011 Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)
  • 2011 Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2016 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest, dies at 77