On This Day in History for October 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 362 The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire
  • 794 Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
  • 1335 Ex-emperor Hanazono (95th Emperor of Japan) became a Zen priest
  • 1383 The 1383-85 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder begins after King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne
  • 1575 Foundation of Aguascalientes (one of 32 Federal Entities of Mexico)
  • 1633 Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Rijsel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Tsar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1746 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 1797 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute descent from a balloon in Paris
  • 1799 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • 1819 1st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1836 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1844 Millerite Adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 1861 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
  • 1862 Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
  • 1862 Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1866 Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • 1867 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • 1875 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1875 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
  • 1877 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1883 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • 1884 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • 1884 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • 1895 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • 1895 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse
  • 1897 World's first car dealer opens in London
  • 1899 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • 1904 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 1906 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Henry Ford becomes President of Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1907 Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey circus
  • 1907 Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock leads to US wide run on banks
  • 1910 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
  • 1913 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • 1922 Lucerne Street in Bronx named
  • 1924 Toastmasters International is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1928 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • 1928 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills" premieres in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1928 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
  • 1929 French government of Briand falls
  • 1929 James H Scullin forms Australia government
  • 1930 Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 Charles de Broqueville becomes premier of Belgium
  • 1932 George Kaufman & Edna Ferbers "Dinner at 8" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.

  • 1935 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • 1936 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
  • 1938 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • 1941 Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942 US gens Clark & Lemnitzer & French gen Mast meet secretly in Algeria
  • 1944 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • 1946 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 1948 Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
  • 1949 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • 1951 Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Laos gains full independence from France
  • 1954 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • 1956 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1956 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer re-elected Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1961 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 US President John F. Kennedy imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
  • 1962 JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote
  • 1962 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
  • 1963 BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 French philosopher and author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize

  • 1964 US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon
  • 1967 Joe DiMaggio is hired as executive VP of A's by Charlie Finley
  • 1968 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
  • 1969 KAPN-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KDB-AM
  • 1969 Paul McCartney denies rumors of his death
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1973 Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
  • 1973 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War
  • 1974 Yanks trade Bobby Murcer to Giants for Bobby Bonds
  • 1975 Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus
  • 1975 Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
  • 1975 World Football League disbands after the Week 12 of their second season
  • 1976 Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
  • 1977 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1978 8th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:32:30
  • 1978 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Pope John Paul II is inaugurated as Pope

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1979 "One Mo' Time" with Vernel Bagners premieres in NYC
  • 1979 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NYC for medical treatment
  • 1979 Walt Disney World's 100-millionth guest

Birthdays in History

  • 1071 William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
  • 1197 Emperor Juntoku of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1592 Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (d. 1657)
  • 1688 Nadir Shah of Persia (d. 1747)
  • 1689 King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
  • 1701 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1756)
  • 1729 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (d. 1798)
  • 1766 Hans CE Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king
  • 1770 Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)
  • 1790 Jan Ackersdijk, Dutch political economist
  • 1807 Magnus Huss, Swedish Physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease
  • 1809 Volney E. Howard, American politician (d. 1889)
  • 1810 Henry Bohlen, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), Bremen, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Leconte de Lisle, writer
  • 1821 Collis Potter Huntington, American railroad executive (d. 1900)
  • 1843 Stephen Babcock, Oneida County New York, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying)
  • 1847 Jacobus Herculas [Uncle Koos] de la Rey, South African politician
  • 1865 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1870 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet/novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933)
  • 1870 Alfred Douglas, English partner of Oscar Wilde (d. 1945)
  • 1873 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Karl B Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother)
  • 1881 Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • 1886 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • 1887 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1896 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • 1898 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1900 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • 1902 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1903 George Beadle, US biologist (Nobel 1958)
  • 1905 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • 1906 Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (One in White, Darkness at Noon)
  • 1907 Henriette Wyeth, 1st lady of american art
  • 1908 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • 1909 Litz Pisk, movement teacher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), born in Hue, French Indochina

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 1913 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • 1915 Harry Hickox, Big Springs Tx, (Herb-Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
  • 1916 Michael F Howard, British Major-General (Gold Stick to the Queen)
  • 1919 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Timothy Leary, Harvard prof (LSD taker)
  • 1921 Georges Brassens, French poet/cabaret singer
  • 1921 Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1922 John H Chafee, (Sen-R-Rhode Island, 1976- )
  • 1922 John Weidner, war hero, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1925 Robert Rauschenberg, American painter (Gloria), born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian
  • 1927 Helenard J "Allan" Hendrickse, leader of South African Labour Party
  • 1927 Ray Stern, mother of radio personality Howard Stern
  • 1929 Lev Yashin, Soviet-Russian football goalkeeper (Soviet Union 1954-1967)
  • 1933 Donald Herod Peterson, Winona Mississippi, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6)
  • 1936 Neville E Alexander, South african (10 years in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1939 Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
  • 1946 Richard Loncraine, director (Missionary, Deep Cover, Bellman & True)
  • 1946 Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
  • 1947 Edward F Feighan, (Rep-D-OH, 1983- )
  • 1947 Raymond Bachand, French-Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1947 Haley Barbour, American politician, governor of Mississippi
  • 1948 Lynette Fromme, American who attempted to assassinate US President Gerald Ford
  • 1949 Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • 1949 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1953 Roy Ristie, Suriname/Neth radio host (Apintie, Kankantrie)
  • 1954 Carla Dunlap, bodybuilder (Pumping Iron 2), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1959 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Perón (26) at a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón

HeartWedding of Interest

1948 Farm labor leader Cesar Chavez (21) weds labor activist Helen Fabela (20) in Reno, Nevada

Civil Rights Activist Cesar Chavez
Civil Rights Activist
Cesar Chavez

HeartWedding of Interest

1981 Best-selling author Michael Crichton (39) weds broadcast journalist Suzanne Childs

  • 2005 "Extra" reporter Carlos Diaz weds Adrienne Allen at Union Station's Grand Hall in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 2005 Austria's finance minister Karl-Heinz Grasser (36) weds Fiona Swarovski in Weissenkirchen, Austria
  • 2011 Former US Senator John Edwards's daughter Cate Edwards (29) weds Trevor Upham (30) in Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Deaths in History

  • 741 Charles Martel, ruler of the Franks, dies at 63
  • 1383 Ferdinand I, the wise, king of Portugal, dies
  • 1494 Gian Galeazzo, Italian duke of Milan (1476-94), dies
  • 1565 Jean, Vicomte d'Aguisy Grolier de Servieres, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
  • 1625 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
  • 1674 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
  • 1707 Cloudesley Shovell, Admiral, drowns at Scilly
  • 1708 Herman Witsius, [Wits], reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • 1751 Willem IV KH Friso, prince of Orange-Nassau, dies at 40
  • 1755 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
  • 1763 French van Mieris "the Young", painter/historian, dies at 73
  • 1792 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1818 Joachim H Campe, German theory/author, dies at 72
  • 1847 Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
  • 1852 Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86
  • 1854 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], Swiss writer (The Black Spider), dies at 57
  • 1869 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 1871 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • 1882 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • 1883 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (b. 1818)
  • 1891 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), dies of pneumonia at 67

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • 1915 Andrew Noble, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84
  • 1919 Bruce F Cummings, English author (Enjoying Life), dies at 30
  • 1926 Jules Van de Hill, Belgian lawyer/politician, dies
  • 1927 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (b. 1876)
  • 1928 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), dies at 66
  • 1932 Anna Dickinson, dies just a week shy of her 90th birthday
  • 1934 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, gangster, shot dead at 30 by FBI in Ohio
  • 1942 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, leader Flemish Nationally Covenant, dies
  • 1942 Sybren Tulip, NSBer/supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies
  • 1948 Augustyn Hlond, Polish cardinal, dies
  • 1954 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot, dies at 54
  • 1954 Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • 1960 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian, painter/decorator, dies at 67
  • 1963 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, dies at 73
  • 1965 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian leader (PKI 1951-65), murdered at 42
  • 1965 Paul Tillich, German/US Theologist (Courage To Be), dies
  • 1966 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, dies at 92
  • 1970 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
  • 1972 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudist/portraits), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), dies at 86

  • 1978 John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
  • 1979 Jesse Bishop, murderer, dies in Nevada gas chamber
  • 1986 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, bio-chemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1986 Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician
  • 1993 Elie A Cohen, physician (held in Auschwitz), dies at 84
  • 1993 Fred C Shapiro, US journalist (Tiananmen-square 1989), dies at 62
  • 1993 Jiri Hajek, Czech lawyer/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 80
  • 1994 Chester WIlliams, painter, dies at 73
  • 1994 Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
  • 1994 Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope), dies at 75
  • 1994 Rollo May, founder (Humanistic Psychology Movement), dies at 85
  • 1994 Sandy Horn, lesbian Activist, dies at 59
  • 1995 Edward Totah, art Dealer, dies at 46
  • 1995 K B Wilson, methodist principal (Westminster College), dies at 50
  • 1995 Kingsley Amis, English author (Lucky Jim), dies of injuries from a fall at 73
  • 1995 Ralph Whitlock, English writer, dies at 81
  • 1995 Simone Gallimard, publisher, dies at 77
  • 1996 Charles Edward Pevensey Tennant, aristocrat, dies at 39
  • 1996 Matthew Harding, businessman/football supporter, dies at 42
  • 1997 Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (b. 1905)
  • 1998 Eric Ambler, English novelist (b. 1909)
  • 2002 Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Arman, French-born artist (b. 1928)
  • 2007 Ève Curie French writer (b. 1904)
  • 2011 Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Crown Prince (2005-11), dies at 82 or 83
  • 2012 Russell Means, Native American activist, dies from esophageal cancer at 72
  • 2012 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, dies at 89
  • 2016 Steve Dillion, English Comic book artist (Preacher), dies at 54