On This Day in History for October 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 4004 BC Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

42 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 425 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6
  • 502 The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 585 Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mâcon (Mastico)
  • 787 Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea
  • 1086 Battle of az-Zallaqah: Army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI
  • 1091 Tornado (possible T8/F4) strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge
  • 1157 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1229 Otto II becomes earl of Gelre
  • 1520 King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V
  • 1588 Remnants of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander
  • 1641 Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 - Catholic uprising in Ulster

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1642 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1644 Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen
  • 1668 Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
  • 1679 Meal Tub Plot against James Duke of York (future James II of England)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1681 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1684 Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
  • 1690 Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking
  • 1694 American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec.
  • 1702 Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch & English fleet destroy & occupy Spanish silver fleet & French squadron
  • 1739 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1760 First Jewish prayer books printed in North America
  • 1775 Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • 1790 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
  • 1803 English physicist John Dalton reads his essay on the absorption of gases by water and presents a series of atomic weights for 21 simple and compound elements at a meeting of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
  • 1805 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340

BattleCoup d'état

1812 Failed coup against emperor Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • 1814 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
  • 1853 Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1854 The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea
  • 1864 Battle of Westport, Missouri: Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
  • 1867 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1876 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • 1886 St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
  • 1888 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • 1893 C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • 1905 Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1910 Blanche Scott becomes the first woman to fly at a public event in the US at Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • 1910 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers/100 bathtubs
  • 1915 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)
  • 1915 25,000 women march in New York City demanding right to vote
  • 1917 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1920 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1922 Channing Pollock's "Fool" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 Conservative Andrew Bonar Law forms government in United Kingdom
  • 1927 Town of Netanya Israel founded by Nathan Strauss
  • 1932 "Fred Allen Show" premieres on radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
  • 1934 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
  • 1935 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
  • 1935 Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1935 Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Walt Disney's animation "Dumbo" released

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • 1942 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • 1942 During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • 1942 German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
  • 1943 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • 1944 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • 1944 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • 1944 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • 1946 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
  • 1947 NAACP petition on racism "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN
  • 1947 Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Filipino President Elpidio Quirino issues Executive Order No. 355 replacing the National Land Settlement Administration with Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO)

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • 1953 France grants Laos' sovereignty
  • 1953 German FR applies to NATO
  • 1954 Britain, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany
  • 1954 Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
  • 1956 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • 1957 First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
  • 1958 De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • 1958 USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam
  • 1958 The Springhill Mine Bump - underground earthquake traps 174 miners in No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, deepest coal mine in North America. By 1st November rescuers had dug out 100 victims, with death toll at 74.
  • 1959 Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Adlai Stevenson speaks at UN about Cuba crisis
  • 1962 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1964 Time Magazine uses term "op art" for 1st time
  • 1968 Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec)
  • 1970 Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)
  • 1970 Charles Haughey and two others are found not guilty of illegal arms importation by a Dublin jury; the 'Arms Trial' began on 28 May 1970
  • 1971 Two female members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) are shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast
  • 1971 Three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, County Down
  • 1972 Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out raid on an Ulster Defence Regiment
  • 1973 Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica
  • 1973 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • 1973 Yankee GM & pres Lee MacPhail named AL president
  • 1973 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands
  • 1974 Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated
  • 1975 Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola
  • 1975 Islander Glenn Resch's 5th shut-out opponent-Flyers 3-0
  • 1977 7th NYC Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:43:10

Birthdays in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

63 BC Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Roman general (Battle of Actium) (or 64 BC)

Roman General Marcus Agrippa
Roman General
Marcus Agrippa
  • 1503 Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1516 Charlotte de Valois, princess of France (d. 1524)
  • 1543 Juan de la Cueva, Spain, dramatist
  • 1634 Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden (d. 1715)
  • 1698 Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde)
  • 1705 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1713 Peter Burmannus Secundus, [Pieter Burman], Dutch classicist
  • 1715 Peter II Aleksejevitsj, Saint Petersburg, tsar of Russia (1727-30)
  • 1762 Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
  • 1766 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (d. 1847)
  • 1767 H Benjamin Constant, [de Rebeque], French politician/writer
  • 1771 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1788 Sarah Hale, founder (Seaman's Aid Society of Boston)
  • 1790 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • 1796 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • 1797 John J Rochussen, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
  • 1805 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • 1805 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer, born in Sabrodt

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1815 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • 1817 Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1820 James Monroe Goggin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Thomas Gamble Pitcher, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Turner Ashby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1835 Adlai Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Louis Riel, Canadian politician, founder of the province of Manitoba and leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies, born in Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America (d. 1885)

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • 1844 Robert S Bridges, England, poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
  • 1844 Robert Bridges, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1852 Jean-Louis Forain, French etcher/lithographer
  • 1865 Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1868 Rama V, [Chulalongkorn], leader of Thailand (-1910)
  • 1868 Frederick Lanchester, , English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England
  • 1870 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • 1873 William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (d. 1975)
  • 1875 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • 1876 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1885 Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • 1888 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • 1893 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • 1896 André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
  • 1905 Felix Bloch, Swiss/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1908 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Saint Petersburg, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation)
  • 1919 Manolis Andronicos, Bursa, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece
  • 1920 Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
  • 1921 Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus)
  • 1922 Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot
  • 1927 Edward Kienholz, US sculptor (Roxy)
  • 1927 Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (Conversations with the Devil)
  • 1932 Vasily Belov, Northern Krai, USSR, author (Business as Usual, Everything's Ahead), (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Philip Kaufman, director (Right Stuff, Henry & June)
  • 1938 John Heinz, (Sen-R-PA, 1977- )
  • 1941 Igor Smirnov, Moldovan politician
  • 1942 Anita Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Michael Crichton, novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

  • 1946 Mel Martinez, American politician
  • 1948 Hermann Hauser, Austrian-born entrepreneur
  • 1948 Brian Ross, American journalist
  • 1949 Nick Tosches, American writer
  • 1951 Fatmir Sejdiu, President of Kosovo
  • 1958 Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, professor, author
  • 1960 Randy Pausch, American computer science professor, author
  • 1961 Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer
  • 1962 Daria Scagliola, Italian/Dutch photographer (vuurtorenpostzegels)
  • 1965 Augusten Burroughs, American writer
  • 1968 Maggie Philgence, St Lucia Castries VI, WPVA (Oly Fest-gold-91)
  • 1970 Grant Imahara, American TV Mythbuster
  • 1974 Derek Landy, Lusk, Ireland, author (Skulduggery Pleasant series)
  • 1975 Jessicka, American artist
  • 1983 Josh Strickland, American entertainer
  • 1985 James Kotecki, American political blogger
  • 1991 Princess Mako of Akishino of Japan

Weddings in History

  • 1996 American caricaturist Al Hirshfeld (93) weds Louise Kerz

Deaths in History

  • 42 BC Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator (b. 85 BC)
  • 930 Daigo, Emperor of Japan (b. 885)
  • 1260 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1450 Johannes van Capestrano, Italian saint, dies at 70
  • 1456 Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (b. 1386)
  • 1550 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1581 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)
  • 1602 Franciscus Junius, French/Neth calvinist theologist/vicar, dies at 57
  • 1616 Leonhard Hutter, German theologian (b. 1563)
  • 1688 Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
  • 1764 Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
  • 1774 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1799 William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • 1868 Cullen Whipple, American Inventor (pointed screw machine), dies at 67
  • 1872 Theophile Gautier, French poet/writer/historian/critic, dies at 61
  • 1885 Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (b. 1829)
  • 1890 Karel M M Verlat, Flemish painter/graphic artist, dies
  • 1892 Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer, murdered at 52
  • 1899 W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle
  • 1901 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank), dies
  • 1903 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66
  • 1910 Chulalongkorn, King of Thailand (b. 1853)
  • 1913 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • 1921 John B Dunlop, Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
  • 1928 F A Alphonse Aulard, French historian, dies
  • 1929 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manch school of historiography), dies at 74
  • 1935 Abe Landau, US gangster, murdered
  • 1935 Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer], US gangster, murdered at 33
  • 1935 Otto "Aba Daba" Berman, US gangster, murdered
  • 1939 Zane Grey, US western writer (Spirit of the Border), dies at 67
  • 1942 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • 1944 Hana Brady, Holocaust victim
  • 1944 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1953 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Christian Dior, French designer (New Look), dies at 52 of a heart attack

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1963 Raphael HLAJM Verwilghen, architect/urban developer, dies at 78
  • 1986 Edward A Doisy Sr, discoverer of vitamin K (Nobel 1943), dies at 92
  • 1990 Louis Althusser, French philosopher, dies
  • 1991 Lance Baker, dies at 31
  • 1992 Kees Spermon, Dutch painter/graphic artist, dies
  • 1996 Diana Trilling, writer, dies at 91
  • 1996 Lin Onus, Australian Aboriginal artist, dies at 47
  • 1996 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor, dies at 68
  • 1997 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1998 Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
  • 2001 Ronald William Kirby, British artist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 Soong May-ling, wife of the President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)
  • 2005 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian first lady (b. 1945)
  • 2005 John Muth, American economist (b. 1930)
  • 2006 Lebo Mathosa, South African entertainer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 John Ilhan, Australian entrepreneur, Crazy John's mobile phones (b. 1965)
  • 2007 Lim Goh Tong, Founder of Genting Group (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Leo Cullum, American cartoonist (d. 1942)
  • 2011 John McCarthy, American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, inventor of the Lisp programming language.(b. 1927)