On This Day in History for October 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 1260 Saif ad-Din Qutuz, third Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, by a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself.
  • 1260 The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • 1360 The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1492 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • 1531 Bavaria joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1593 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico
  • 1596 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1648 Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year's War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized
  • 1656 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • 1795 3rd Partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

1812 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his first public concert (Berlin)
  • 1836 Earliest American patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1851 William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • 1856 Constitution of South Australia adopted
  • 1861 First US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Washington, D.C.)
  • 1861 West Virginia seceded from Virginia
  • 1871 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese
  • 1881 Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty
  • 1899 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • 1900 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • 1901 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • 1903 First trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • 1903 George Sutton becomes billards champion
  • 1908 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
  • 1909 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Captain Robert Falcon Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.

  • 1916 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 1917 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1922 German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
  • 1922 Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
  • 1923 Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
  • 1924 Christian Gen Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • 1924 Nobel prize for physiology/medicine awarded to W Einthoven

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Harry Houdini's last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1929 "Black Thursday", start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%
  • 1929 Belgian princess Marie-Jose & Italian crown prince Umberto get engaged, assassination attempt on Umberto fails

BattleCoup d'état

1930 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1931 George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • 1932 British government signs trade treaty with USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Langston Hughes' "Mulatto" premieres in NYC

Poet and Playwright Langston Hughes
Poet and Playwright
Langston Hughes
  • 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia [10/2]
  • 1938 US forbids child labor in factories
  • 1939 Nazi require wearing of Star of David by Jews
  • 1939 Nylon stockings go on sale for first time (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • 1940 US Fair Labor Standards of 1938 comes into effect - minimum wage, 44 hr week

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Hitler meets Marshal Pétain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
  • 1942 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • 1943 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • 1944 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 1944 US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • 1944 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • 1944 US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

  • 1945 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
  • 1946 Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 1946 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
  • 1947 Series of forest fires $30 million of timber (New England States)
  • 1948 Bernard M Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
  • 1948 Francis Poulenc's "Sinfonietta" premieres
  • 1948 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical In Multiplicibus Curis
  • 1949 Contruction begins on the United Nations headquaters in New York
  • 1951 Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
  • 1951 United Nations publishes its first postage stamps
  • 1952 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States' support to South Vietnam

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • 1956 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes PM of Hungary
  • 1956 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
  • 1957 The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
  • 1958 USSR lends Egypt 400 million rubles to build Aswan Dam
  • 1959 US premier of D Sjostakovitch's 1st Cello concert
  • 1960 Disaster on USSR's Baikonoer launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash
  • 1962 Cuban missile crisis: US blockade of Cuba begins
  • 1963 KRO shows first episode of Bonanza
  • 1963 Sandy Koufax is unanimous winner of Cy Young Award
  • 1964 Belgian paratroops liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville
  • 1964 Dr Kenneth David Kaunda becomes president of Zambia
  • 1964 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1965 Benjamin Britten's "Voices for Today" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithful busted for pot, released on £50 bail

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1968 The People's Democracy (PD) stage a protest demonstration at Stormont Parliament buildings, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Nancy Walker creates Ida Morgenstein role on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show"
  • 1970 Salvador Allende Gossens elected president of Chile
  • 1971 Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1 mile 268 yds)
  • 1971 Texas Stadium opens-Cowboys beat Patriots 44-21
  • 1971 President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O'Brady, then (SF), address a SF Ard Fheis in Dublin, claiming that the North of Ireland must be made ungovernable as first step in achieving a united Ireland
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is shot dead by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary officers during a bomb attack in Belfast
  • 1972 2 Catholic men are found dead at a farm at Aughinahinch, near Newtownbbutler, County Fermanagh - British soldiers carry out the killings
  • 1973 Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on NJ Turnpike
  • 1973 John Lennon sues US government to admit FBI is tapping his phone
  • 1973 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • 1975 Turkish diplomat shot dead in Paris
  • 1976 1st Jewish film & TV festival
  • 1976 6th NYC Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:39:11
  • 1976 1st Toronto International Film Festival opens

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

51 Domitian, Roman Emperor (81-96), born in Rome (d. 96)

Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
Domitian
  • 1378 David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
  • 1607 John Lievensz, painter/etcher/wood carver
  • 1632 Antony van Leeuwenhoek, Hol, naturalist (Philosophical Transactions)
  • 1675 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
  • 1710 Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
  • 1763 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
  • 1788 Sarah Josepha Hale, author (Mary Had a Little Lamb)
  • 1789 Jean C Baud, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-6)
  • 1794 Friedrich B Freiherr von Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant
  • 1796 August v Platen, writer
  • 1804 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
  • 1808 Carl Bernhard von Cotta, Meiningen, Germany, German geologist
  • 1815 John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • 1817 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, Draguignan, France, French chemist and inventor of margarine
  • 1830 Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
  • 1844 Karl Lueger, anti semitic mayor of Vienna
  • 1854 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • 1855 James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
  • 1868 Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
  • 1873 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
  • 1875 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
  • 1878 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram)
  • 1881 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer
  • 1885 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem)
  • 1886 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
  • 1887 Victoria von Battenberg, wife of Spanish king Alfonso
  • 1890 Chicago Mainbocher, uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves)
  • 1891 Rafael L Trujillo Molina, president/dictator of Dom Rep (1930-61)
  • 1892 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
  • 1894 Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Ferhat Abbas, Algerian pharmacist/MP chairman (1962-63)
  • 1900 Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Melvin Purvis [Little Mel], American FBI agent that lead the manhunt for outlaws like Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, and John Dillinger, born in Timmonsville, South Carolina (d. 1960)

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Moss Hart, playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1), born in The Bronx, New York

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • 1906 Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, painter
  • 1906 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1908 John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist
  • 1908 John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1911 Clarence M Kelley, FBI head
  • 1911 Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Nathaniel Wyeth, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, USA, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle)
  • 1915 Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1915 Roger Milliken, American millionaire
  • 1915 Marghanita Laski, British Journalist and Novelist(d. 1988)
  • 1919 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1920 Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Denise Levertov, American poet/essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin)
  • 1924 Piet Roozenburg, World champ checker player (1948 . . 55)
  • 1925 Jayaaram N Reddy, South African politician/banker
  • 1928 Gabriel Laub, Polish writer
  • 1929 Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
  • 1930 Johan Galtung, Norway, polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence)
  • 1930 Raj Bagri, Indies/British merchant in metal
  • 1930 Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
  • 1932 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932 Robert Mundell, Canadian economist and Nobel laureate (1999), born in Kingston, Ontario

Economist/Nobel Laureate Robert Mundell
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Robert Mundell
  • 1933 Norman Rush, American writer
  • 1936 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1940 David Sainsbury, English billionaire/founder (Dutch Soc-Dem)
  • 1941 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer
  • 1943 Jose Serrano, (Rep-D-New York)
  • 1945 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • 1945 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
  • 1948 Kweisi Mfume, (Rep-D-Maryland)/CEO (NAACP)
  • 1949 Robert Pickton, Canadian charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women
  • 1954 Jaap J Feenstra, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1954 Brad Sherman, American politician
  • 1954 Thomas J. Mulcair, Quebec politician
  • 1954 Mike Rounds, American politician
  • 1954 Malcolm Turnbull, Australian politician, Prime Minister (2015-), born in Sydney
  • 1956 Dale Maharidge, American author
  • 1961 Susan Leigh Still, lt cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 83, 94), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • 1961 Mary Bono, American politician
  • 1961 Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist
  • 1965 Kyriakos Velopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1966 Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate
  • 1968 Robert Wilonsky, American journalist
  • 1970 Rob Leslie-Carter, British Engineer and Project Manager
  • 1972 Susan Barnett, Miss Pennsylvania USA (1996)
  • 1972 Scott Peterson, American murderer
  • 1974 Alexander PGR duke of Ulster, son of English prince Richard
  • 1980 Zac Posen, American fashion designer
  • 1981 Tila Tequila, American model

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 US Admiral George Dewey (29) weds daughter of New Hampshire's war governor Susan Goodwin

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey

HeartWedding of Interest

1976 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (73) weds Mary Morgan

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock

Deaths in History

  • 996 Hugo Capet, king of France (987-96), dies at 58
  • 1375 King Valdemar IV of Denmark (bc. 1320)
  • 1537 Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII, dies
  • 1572 Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (bc. 1508)
  • 1579 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1601 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1649 Ferdinand van Boisschot, South Neth diplomat, dies at about 89
  • 1655 Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1667 Gabriel Metsu, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1667 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, dies at 87
  • 1669 William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
  • 1672 John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
  • 1679 Barent Avercamp, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
  • 1708 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • 1789 Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken, Dutch poet, dies at 68
  • 1821 Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
  • 1842 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer,, dies at 70

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • 1860 Elie Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
  • 1864 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1869 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • 1875 Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
  • 1897 Francis Turner Palgrave, poet/editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • 1898 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1912 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • 1915 Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
  • 1922 George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
  • 1925 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1929 Peter J Blok, Dutch historian, dies at 74
  • 1938 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, dies at 68
  • 1940 Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism) dies at 75
  • 1943 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • 1944 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • 1944 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • 1945 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • 1945 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • 1955 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • 1956 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
  • 1966 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 Richard Hofstadter, US historian, dies at 54
  • 1975 Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
  • 1975 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
  • 1980 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
  • 1985 Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
  • 1987 Constantin Alajalov, Russian artist, dies at 86
  • 1991 Leon Clements, journalist (Interlijnen), dies at 43
  • 1992 Alexander V Van de Wall Bake, staff leader/gov KMA Breda, dies
  • 1992 Laurie Colwin, novelist (Happy All the Time), dies at 48
  • 1993 Ben Scholtens, historian (Gaama Duumi), murdered at 39
  • 1993 Desmond Nuttall, English theorist, dies at 49
  • 1993 Tonino Nardi, Italian cinematographer (Porte Manifest), dies at 54
  • 1994 Alexandr Nikolaievich Shelepin, dir of KGB (1958-61), dies
  • 1994 Gamini Dissanayake, Sri Lankain presidential candidate, murdered
  • 1995 Emile Jonassaint, president of Haiti (1994), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ronald Selby Wright, minister, dies at 87
  • 1996 Arthur Axmann, head of Hitler Youths in (1940-45), dies at 83
  • 1996 Bruce Matthews, newspaper executive, dies at 71
  • 1996 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, diplomat, dies at 96
  • 1996 Roderick Barclay, diplomat, dies at 87
  • 2001 Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
  • 2002 Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
  • 2002 Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Rosie Nix Adams, Stepdaughter of Johnny Cash (b. 1958)
  • 2003 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K., dies from cancer of the stomach at 70
  • 2004 Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)
  • 2004 Ricky Hendrick, American race car team owner (b. 1980)
  • 2004 James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005 José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Robert Sloman, writer (b. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, dies of natural causes at 92

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 2005 Immanuel C.Y. Hsu, scholar of modern Chinese intellectual and diplomatic history (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Alisher Saipov, Kyrgyz journalist
  • 2007 Ian Middleton, New Zealand novelist (b. 1928)
  • 2010 Lamont Johnson, American television director (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Joseph Stein, American playwright (b. 1912)
  • 2014 Marcia Strassman, American actress, dies from breast cancer at 66
  • 2016 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), dies at 88