On This Day in History for October 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 625 Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1131 Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
  • 1147 King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon
  • 1147 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
  • 1241 Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV (-Nov 10 1241)
  • 1315 Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle.
  • 1415 Battle of Agincourt: Henry V's forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight
  • 1415 John IV van Bourgondy becomes duke of Brabant/Limburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet sites "Zandislands" (Ragged Island Range, Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

CommunicationSanta María

1492 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María lands at Dominican Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Emperor Charles V bans wooden buildings in Amsterdam

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1555 Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands/Naples/Milan

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1577 Pope Gregory XIII asks renewal of ecclesiastical hymns
  • 1596 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • 1616 Dutch East India Company ship "The Eendracht" discovers Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1666 Brandenburg/Brunswick/Denmark/Neth form anti-French Quadruple Alliance
  • 1671 Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn
  • 1747 British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1760 George III becomes King of Great Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 John Hancock becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1812 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • 1828 The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
  • 1854 Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaclava, Crimean War), 409 die
  • 1854 Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava
  • 1859 Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die
  • 1861 First Battle of Springfield in Missouri during US Civil War, Union victory
  • 1861 Telegraph message sent from St Louis to SF
  • 1861 The Toronto Stock Exchange created.
  • 1864 Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS & Turkeytown, AL
  • 1870 Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • 1870 Postcards first used in USA
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • 1893 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • 1900 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • 1901 Joseph Chamberlain, British Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany leads to widespread agitation against the British and breakdown of negotiations for Anglo-German alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1902 Santa Maria Guatemala hit by Earthquake; about 6,000 die
  • 1906 Georges Clemenceau succeeds Ferdinand Sarien premier of France
  • 1906 US inventor Lee de Forest patents "Audion", a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting
  • 1907 Frederik of Oaths disbands mental home colony Walden
  • 1911 London's last horse drawn omnibus made its way from London Bridge Station to Moorgate
  • 1915 Atty James L Curtis named minister of Liberia
  • 1917 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • 1918 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
  • 1923 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal
  • 1924 "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip 1st published
  • 1925 Rightist German ministers disavows Treaty of Locarno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Former Interior Sec albert fall convicted of accepting $100,000 bribe

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1930 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
  • 1930 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
  • 1932 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Company consultant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Benito Mussolini promises to remain dictator for 30 years

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1935 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti
  • 1937 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
  • 1937 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
  • 1938 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 George Kaufman/Moss Hart's "Man Who Came to Dinner" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • 1939 William Saroyan's "Time of Your Life" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Benjamin O Davis Sr. becomes 1st African American general in US Army
  • 1941 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa Ukraine
  • 1941 Germany attacks Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • 1942 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Field Marshal Rommel back in North-Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1943 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • 1944 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • 1944 Battle at Samar-island
  • 1944 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • 1944 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1946 1st trial against nazi war criminals (Nuremberg)
  • 1947 Sam Breadon sells Cards to Robert Hannegan & Fred Saigh for $4M
  • 1948 Special Council of Annulment convicts F Weinreb for collaboration
  • 1950 Dutch NSB leader C van Gelderen sentenced to life
  • 1950 Jean Anouilh's "La Repetition, ou L'Amour Pani" premieres in Paris
  • 1951 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • 1952 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • 1952 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • 1952 Nazar Mohammad scores Pakistan's 1st Test century 124* v India
  • 1953 Coal mine in Seraing Belgium explodes, 26 die
  • 1955 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • 1955 Branch Rickey steps down as GM of the Pirates
  • 1955 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven
  • 1957 Russian minister of Defense Zjoekov deposed
  • 1960 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale, NYC
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all remaining US businesses
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 110th member of UN admitted (Uganda)
  • 1962 1st Belgian nuclear reactor begins operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1962 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
  • 1963 Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1966 6 youths sentenced in "Johnson murderer!" in Amsterdam
  • 1968 Chicago recognizes Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its 1st settler
  • 1971 Belgium & People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations
  • 1971 General Meeting of UN agrees to admit People's Republic of China
  • 1971 UN votes to expel Chinese Nationalist-ruled Taiwan & admit Red China

Birthdays in History

  • 1102 William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)
  • 1330 Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)
  • 1360 Louis, founder of house of Anjou
  • 1510 Renée of France, French princess and Duchess of Ferrara (d. 1574)
  • 1528 Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman/soldier/politician
  • 1612 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general and poet (d. 1650)
  • 1683 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
  • 1692 Elisabeth Farnese, princess of Parma/queen of Spain
  • 1709 John Wagenaar, Amsterdam merchant/historian, baptised
  • 1735 James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1834)

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1759 Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
  • 1782 Levi Lincoln, Jr., 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1800 Thomas Babington Macaulay, England, poet/historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
  • 1802 Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strong man (d. 1864)
  • 1803 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poetess (Daisies)
  • 1806 Max Stirner, [Johann C Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige)
  • 1811 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1814 Louis CPR van Orleans, French duke of Nemours
  • 1818 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian/author (V Lesach) [NS=Nov 6]
  • 1819 Zachariah Cantey Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • 1843 Gleb Uspensky, Russia, author (Power of the Soil)
  • 1856 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • 1859 Stephanie H [Lapidoth-]Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers)
  • 1864 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (d. 1920)
  • 1867 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
  • 1877 Henry Norris Russell, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1878 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch publisher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1884 Eduardo Barrios, Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
  • 1888 Francois Pauwels, Dutch writer/attorney

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 Richard E. Byrd, American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1957)

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • 1888 Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (d. 1943)
  • 1891 Father Coughlin, Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Sidney van den Bergh, Dutch businessman/politician
  • 1902 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1903 Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1976)
  • 1903 Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (d. 2004)
  • 1909 Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67)
  • 1910 William Higinbotham, American physicist (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Minnie Pearl, [Sarah Ophelia Colley], Tenn, (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw)
  • 1913 Klaus Barbie, gestapo chief (Lyon)
  • 1914 John Berryman, American poet (Friends & Associates)
  • 1915 Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1921 Brian Malzard Foss, psychologist
  • 1921 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-30, 40-47)
  • 1923 Bobby Thomson, HR hitter (Giants win the pennant)
  • 1926 Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter
  • 1927 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Peter Rohmkorf, writer
  • 1929 Roger John Tayler, astrophysicist
  • 1932 Lev Nikolayevich Smirenny, cosmonaut
  • 1933 Larry J Hopkins, (Rep-R-KY, 1979- )
  • 1935 Russell Luis Schweickart, astronaut (Apollo 9), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1936 Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian (Winston Churchill biography), born in London, England
  • 1941 Anne Tyler, American writer (Accidental Tourist)
  • 1943 Selly Fernandes, Curacao poetess (Winking with Selly)
  • 1944 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator
  • 1945 David Norman Schramm, physicist
  • 1948 Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer
  • 1956 Danny Gans, American entertainer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • 1960 Scott Anthony Haneline, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1986 DJ Webstar, American disc jockey
  • 1986 Eddie Gaven, American footballer
  • 2001 Princess Elisabeth of Belgium

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1764 Future 2nd American President John Adams (28) weds Abigail Smith (19) in Weymouth, Massachusetts (marriage lasts 54 years)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams

HeartWedding of Interest

1777 Governor of Virginia Patrick Henry (41) weds second wife Dorothea Dandridge

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry

HeartWedding of Interest

1859 US President Chester A. Arthur (30) weds Ellen Herndon (22) at Calvary Episcopal Church in NYC, New York

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Leader of China's 1911 revolution Sun Yat-sen (48) weds second wife Soong Ching-ling

Father of Modern of China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern of China
Sun Yat-sen

HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)

  • 2009 Ivanka Trump (27) weds New York Observer owner Jared Kushner (28) at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey

Deaths in History

  • 304 Marcellinus, bishop of Rome, dies
  • 625 Boniface V, Italian Pope (619-25), dies
  • 1047 Magnus I Godhi, king of Norway/Denmark (1035-47), dies
  • 1154 Stefanus van Blois, king of England (1135-54), dies
  • 1400 Geofrey Chaucer, author (Canterbury Tales), dies in London
  • 1415 Anton van Bourgondie, French son of Philip the Stout, dies at 31
  • 1415 Eduard, duke of York, dies at 45
  • 1415 Philip of Nevers, French earl, dies in battle
  • 1415 Robert of Bar, French knight, dies in battle
  • 1495 John II, the Perfect/Consummate, King of Portugal (1481-95), dies
  • 1510 Il Giorgione, [Giorgio del Castelfranco], Italian painter, dies at 32
  • 1604 Claude de la Tremoille, French duke of Thouars/huguenot, dies
  • 1676 Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German linguistic/poet, dies at 64
  • 1760 George II (August), king of Great Britain (1727-60), dies at 76
  • 1833 Abbas Mirza, Persian governor/heir to the throne, dies at 44
  • 1845 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral, dies at 81
  • 1855 Willem F earl van Bylandt, military, dies at 84
  • 1861 Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1892 Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1892), dies at 60
  • 1902 Frank Norris, American journalist and writer (McTeague), dies at 32
  • 1920 Alexander, king of Greece (1917-20), dies after ape bite at 27
  • 1934 Frank Sprague, American Inventor of the first U.S. electric trolley system, dies at 77
  • 1936 Jaime de Magalhes Lima, Portuguese author/poet, dies at 76
  • 1939 Cornelis JK van Aalst, president Dutch Business Society, dies at 73
  • 1943 H van Zanten, guerrilla leader on North Sumatra, executed
  • 1944 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • 1956 Risto Ryti, Finnish minister/premier/president, dies at 67
  • 1957 Henry C van de Velde, Flemish painter/architect, dies at 94
  • 1957 Lord Dunsany, [Edward J M D Plunkett], author (Jorkens), dies at 79

MurderMurder of Interest

1957 Albert Anastasia [Umberto Anastasio], American gangster (Murder Inc), murdered at 55

  • 1961 Peter Jensen, co-inventer (loud speaker), dies at 75
  • 1968 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (Passions), dies
  • 1972 Norman Norell [Levinson], US fashion designer, dies at 72
  • 1973 G Paul H Schuitema, graphically designer/photographer, dies
  • 1976 Raymond Queneau, [M Presle], French writer (Last Days), dies at 73
  • 1981 Ariel Durant, US author (Story of Civilization), dies at 83
  • 1985 Elsa Moranet, writer, dies at 67
  • 1989 Gerard Walschap, Flemish writer (Men of Goods), dies
  • 1989 Mary McCarthy, author (Group), dies, at 77
  • 1992 Adelino Da Palma Carlos, PM of Portugal (1974), dies
  • 1993 Francisco Velis, El Salvador guerilla leader (FMLN), murdered
  • 1993 Mary C Lawton, jurist (CIA's Agency Seal Medallion), dies at 58
  • 1993 Philip P. Cohen, American medical researcher, dies at 85
  • 1993 Vladimir Yevgenyevich Preobrazhensky, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 54
  • 1994 Anthony David Machell Cox, medievalist, dies at 81
  • 1995 Kenneth Kweku Sinaman Dadzie, diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1995 Robert Grieve, civil Servant, dies at 84
  • 2008 Anne Pressly, American news anchor (b. 1982)
  • 2010 Vesna Parun, Croatian poet (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Jacques Barzun, French author, dies at 104
  • 2013 Hal Needham, American stuntman, dies from cancer at 82
  • 2015 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, dies of cancer at 71