On This Day in History for October 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 142

  • 740 An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing damage to city walls and buildings
  • 1366 Comet 55P/1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth
  • 1387 Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre sign peace
  • 1407 Mobs attack Jewish community of Kraków

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet anchors on Ragged Island Range, Bahamas

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1492 Lead (graphite) pencils first used
  • 1524 Spanish troops give Milan to France
  • 1529 Sir Thomas More appointed Lord Chancellor of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 Charles V names Joris of Egmont as Bishop of Utrecht

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1667 Aru Palakka's occupies Makassar (Goa)
  • 1674 Prince Willem III occupies Grave

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1749 Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
  • 1774 First Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 1774 Minutemen organized in US colonies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Benjamin Franklin departs for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1787 "Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of United States' Constitution
  • 1795 The Directoire, a five-man revolutionary government of France, is created
  • 1810 US annexes western Florida
  • 1822 King Willem I requires inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • 1825 Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opens
  • 1830 Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
  • 1850 Robert McClure sights the fabled Northwest Passage for the first time (from Banks Island towards Melville Island)
  • 1858 Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • 1859 The steam clipper Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead
  • 1861 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months
  • 1863 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • 1864 Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson near Albany, Missouri
  • 1868 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • 1876 US President sends federal troops to Southern Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1896 Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
  • 1901 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • 1903 Yerba Buena is first Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay
  • 1905 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905 Union of Sweden & Norway ends
  • 1909 Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister, shot and killed by Korean nationalist in Harbin, China
  • 1912 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • 1912 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • 1913 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)

  • 1917 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • 1917 World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • 1918 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation
  • 1918 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • 1918 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • 1919 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres in Queen's Hall London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 Solomon Porter Hood named US minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Italian government resigns under pressure from fascists & Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Gertrude Bell appointed Honorary Director of Antiquities in new Department of Antiquities in Baghdad, Iraq (origin of the Baghdad Archaeological Museum)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell

  • 1923 Dutch second Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • 1923 Dutch Government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
  • 1926 Arthur Goodrich's "Caponsacchi" premieres in NYC
  • 1926 Belgium stabilizes current value of franc (5 franc becomes 1 "Belga")
  • 1930 Dmitri Sjostakovitch' ballet "Zolotoy Vyek" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1931 Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 French government of Serraut forms
  • 1939 Polish Jews forced into obligatory work service
  • 1940 The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
  • 1941 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
  • 1941 US savings bonds go on sale
  • 1942 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • 1942 Battle of Santa Cruz: Japanese naval offensive against US forces near Solomon Islands
  • 1943 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • 1947 Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir accedes to India
  • 1947 The British military occupation ends in Iraq.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 630 Dutch volunteers depart for Korea
  • 1950 Branch Rickey resigns as Brooklyn Dodger president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1950 South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Winston Churchill re-elected British Prime Minister at the age of 86

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1953 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field, Australia
  • 1954 Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
  • 1954 Trieste returned to Italy.
  • 1955 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • 1955 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • 1956 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • 1956 Vietnam promulgates its constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 USSR fires defense minister Marshal Georgi Zhukov

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1958 PanAm flies first transatlantic jet from New York to Paris
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1961 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 US performs underground nuclear test at Fallon, Nevada
  • 1964 Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
  • 1965 Sylvia Likens tortured by teen girl gang
  • 1966 First Pacific communications satellite launched, Intelsat 2
  • 1966 US aircraft carrier Oriskany catches fire at Gulf on Tonken, 43 die
  • 1967 Shah of Iran crowns himself after 26 years on Peacock Throne
  • 1968 First European satellite launched, Esro 1, at Cape Kennedy
  • 1968 Soviet Union launches spacecraft Soyuz 3
  • 1970 "Doonesbury" comic strip debuts in 28 newspapers
  • 1970 Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam

Birthdays in History

  • 1427 Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)
  • 1473 Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)
  • 1491 Zhengde, Emperor of China (d. 1521)
  • 1609 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • 1645 Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (King David)
  • 1673 Dimitrie Cantemir, Romanians historian/monarch of Moldova (1710-11)
  • 1684 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1757 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), born in Arcis-sur-Aube, France (d. 1794)

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1768 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1791 Charles Sprague, banker/poet (Curiosity), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1794 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Helmuth K B von Moltke, Prussian general-fieldmarshal
  • 1802 King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Lorenzo Thomas, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Delaware (d. 1875)
  • 1823 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist
  • 1824 Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1830 Stephen Elliott Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1837 James Lawlor Kieran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mountbellew, County Galway (d. 1869)
  • 1843 Vasili V Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace)
  • 1849 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)
  • 1854 C. W. Post, American manufacturer of breakfast cereals, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1914)
  • 1869 Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • 1871 Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
  • 1873 Thorvald Stauning, Danish PM (1924-26, 1929-42)
  • 1874 Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1880 Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
  • 1883 Napoleon Hill, American Writer and Philosopher (Think and Grow Rich)(d. 1970)
  • 1886 Mark Aldanov, [Landau], Russian/French chemist (Myslitel) [OS]
  • 1888 E Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros)
  • 1888 Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader (d. 1934)
  • 1894 John S Knight, American journalist and publisher (Knight Newspapers), born in Bluefield, West Virginia (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Ibrahim Abbud, general/premier Sudan (1958-64)
  • 1900 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • 1905 George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1910 John "Cardinal" Krol, former archbishop (Philadelphia)
  • 1911 Sorley MacLean Somhairle MacChaluim, poet
  • 1912 Don[ald] Siegel, director (Escape from Alcatraz, Shootist), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1913 Stuart J[ames] Byrne, American sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Francois Mitterrand, 21st President of France (1981-1995), born in Jarnac, France

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1917 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • 1920 T C Jones, PA, female impersonator
  • 1921 George Houston, land economist
  • 1921 George Forrest, Northern Irish MP (d. 1968)
  • 1924 Tom F Lewis, (Rep-R-Florida, 1983- )
  • 1925 Jan Wolkers, Dutch sculptor/novelist (Brief American)
  • 1926 Yuri Aleksandrovich Letunov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1928 Francisco Solano López, Argentine comics artists
  • 1929 Georgette Amowitz, choreographer/educator
  • 1930 John Arden, English novelist/playwright (Left Handed Liberty), (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Anthony Beilenson, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1977-97), born in New York
  • 1934 Ulrich Plentzdorf, writer
  • 1938 Charles W Stenholm, (Rep-D-Texas, 1979- )
  • 1939 Vladimir Mikhailovich Beloborodov, cosmonaut
  • 1940 Mario Orosco, 1st victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • 1942 John P "Jannie" Roux, South African sect to pres (Botha/De Klerk)
  • 1944 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA)
  • 1945 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • 1947 Trevor Joyce, Irish poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Hillary Rodham Clinton, US 1st Lady (1993-2001), Senator (NY, 2001-09), Secretary of State (2009-13) and 2016 Democratic Presidential nominee, born in Chicago, Illinois

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
  • 1952 Andrew Motion, English poet (British Poet Laureate 1999-2009), born in London
  • 1953 Jennifer Roberson, American sci-fi author (Shapechangers, Sword-Maker)
  • 1953 Rosa Monckton, notable charity fundraiser
  • 1955 Stephen K Robinson, PhD/astronaut (STS 85, sk:95), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1956 Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman
  • 1956 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1959 Evo Morales, Bolivian politician and 80th President of Bolivia (2006-present), born in Isallawi, Bolivia
  • 1960 June Brigman, American comic book artist
  • 1961 Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenyan Prime Minister (2013-) and son of Jomo Kenyatta, born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1963 Kerri Lynne Rosenberg, Burlington Ia, Miss Iowa-America (1991-top 10)
  • 1963 Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)
  • 1972 Hamdi Ulukaya, Kurdish founder and CEO of Chobani, born in Erzincan, Turkey
  • 1973 Taka Michinoku, Japanese professional wrestle
  • 1979 Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (d. 2002)
  • 1996 Pasaye, Palatine Ill, twin born 92 days before his brother (Jan 26)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1789 Lexicographer Noah Webster (31) weds Rebecca Greenleaf

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Lawyer and politician Rudy Giuliani (24) weds second cousin Regina Peruggi (22) in a large Roman Catholic ceremony in Bedford Park, The Bronx

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani
  • 2008 World's fattest man Manuel Uribe (43) weds Claudia Solis (38) in Monterrey, Mexico
  • 2013 Actress Christina Ricci (33) weds dolly grip James Heerdegen in Manhattan, New York

Deaths in History

  • 899 Alfred the Great, writer/king of Wessex (871-99), dies
  • 1132 Floris the Black, brother of earl Dirk VI of Holland, murdered
  • 1235 Andres II Arpad, King of Hungary (1205-35), dies
  • 1440 Gilles de Rais, French marshal, killer of 140 children, hanged
  • 1576 Frederick II the Vrome, ruler of Palts, dies
  • 1608 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, Spanish royal painter, dies
  • 1633 Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)
  • 1640 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), dies at 63
  • 1658 Francisco de Borja y Aragon Esquilache, Spanish poet, dies
  • 1661 Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian/vicar, dies
  • 1671 Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1593)
  • 1675 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • 1679 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
  • 1686 John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (b. 1623)
  • 1693 Coenraad van Beuningen, mayor of Amsterdam/diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1717 Catherine Sedley, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1657)
  • 1751 Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (b. 1702)
  • 1764 William Hogarth, British painter (b. 1697)
  • 1773 Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
  • 1803 Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician, dies at 82
  • 1806 John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • 1817 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (b. 1727)
  • 1848 Vissarion G Belinski, Russian literature critic, dies
  • 1864 "Bloody Bill" Anderson, American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader, killed by union troops at 24 or 25
  • 1866 John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)
  • 1868 B F Randolph, SC state senator, assassinated
  • 1881 Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies
  • 1890 Collodi, [Carlo Lorenzini], Italian writer (Pinocchio), dies
  • 1896 Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (b. 1827)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women's rights activist, dies of heart failure at 86

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1909 Itō Horiboemi, Japanese samurai, statesman and four time Prime Minister of Japan, assassinated by a Korean nationalist aged 68
  • 1929 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), dies at 66
  • 1930 Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1872)
  • 1936 Bob Dellemijn, Lourdes-ganger/Franco-volunteer, dies in battle at 18
  • 1937 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
  • 1941 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (b. 1904)
  • 1943 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • 1944 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • 1944 William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • 1945 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • 1945 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • 1947 Canon Edwin Sidney Savage, English rector (b. 1862)
  • 1954 Floris HL Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp, dies
  • 1957 N Kazantzakis, writer, dies
  • 1961 Milan Stojadinović, Premier of Yugoslavia (1935-39), dies at 73
  • 1964 Agnes Miegel, writer, dies
  • 1965 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (b. 1949)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American aviation pioneer and helicopter builder, dies at 83

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1979 Park Chung-hee, South Korean President, assassinated
  • 1980 Marcello J tie Neves Alves Caetano, premier of Portugal, dies at 74
  • 1982 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop of Florence/Pope candidate, dies
  • 1984 Laurie Langenbach, author, dies at 37
  • 1989 Charles J. Pedersen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1991 Lori Rae Matthews, crushed to death by an artist's 485 lb umbrella
  • 1993 Absolutely Nobody, [David Powers], Wash lt-gov candidate, dies at 37
  • 1993 H Hardenberg, writer, dies
  • 1995 Bernhard Heiliger, sculptor, dies at 79
  • 1995 Georgia Neese Gray, 1st Woman Treasurer of USA, dies at 95
  • 1996 Gordon Scarrott, engineer, dies at 80
  • 1996 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, philanthropist, dies at 95
  • 2002 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, dies at 94
  • 2002 Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (b. 1979)
  • 2005 Keith Parkinson, American fantasy artist, dies of Leukemia at 47
  • 2006 Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and museum director (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (b. 1943)
  • 2007 Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (b. 1918)
  • 2007 Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)
  • 2008 Tony Hillerman, American writer (b. 1925)
  • 2009 Teel Bivins, American politician (b. 1947)
  • 2010 Glen "Frosty" Little, American circus clown (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Mbah Maridjan, Mount Merapi gatekeeper (b. 1927)
  • 2010 Romeu Tuma, Brazilian politician (b. 1931)