On This Day in History for October 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 136

Event of interestEvent of Interest

312 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 625 Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 710 Saracen invasion of Sardinia
  • 939 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England
  • 1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1507 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1523 English troops occupy Montalidier, France
  • 1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva
  • 1605 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk
  • 1627 English assault on French Il de Ré

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1644 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1651 English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland
  • 1676 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is founded by Englishman William Penn

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1688 King James II dismissses premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702 British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida
  • 1775 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • 1780 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay
  • 1787 Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
  • 1795 Pinckney's Treaty [Treaty of San Lorenzo] signed by Spain and US, establishing the southern boundary of the US and giving Americans right to navigate the Mississippi River
  • 1806 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • 1810 US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1830 Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
  • 1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1863 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • 1864 2nd Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmond
  • 1864 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch
  • 1864 Siege of Petersburg, VA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • 1884 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • 1893 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC
  • 1896 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • 1901 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
  • 1904 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), fare one nickel
  • 1907 The first trial of the so called Eulenberg Affair, which will rock the highest circles of Germany, ends
  • 1913 President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 1914 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 1915 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
  • 1916 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1917 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US
  • 1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
  • 1922 1st commemoration of Navy Day (USA)
  • 1922 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes for child labor laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
  • 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller
  • 1927 Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen
  • 1935 SDAP & NVV launchs "Plan for Work" in Utrect Netherlands
  • 1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • 1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • 1941 Nazi's directs gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
  • 1942 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • 1944 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • 1944 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • 1945 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • 1946 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Albert Camus' "L'etat de Siege" premieres in Paris

Author Albert Camus
Albert Camus
  • 1948 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
  • 1948 Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1955 Argentine peso devalued
  • 1955 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • 1957 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1958 Gen Ayub Khan succeeds Iskander Mirza as president of Pakistan
  • 1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
  • 1960 AL admits LA & Washington to the league
  • 1961 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • 1961 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of UN
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1962 Black Saturday - Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry's most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
  • 1963 Bob Simpson completes 359 for NSW v Qld at Gabba
  • 1964 Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans & 800 Belgians
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1966 UN deprives South Africa of Namibia
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records
  • 1967 Expo 67 closes in Montreal, Canada
  • 1967 NLF leaves People's Republic of South-Yemen
  • 1969 Nobel prize for economy awarded to John Tinbergen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization knowns as Nader's Raiders

Political Activist Ralph Nader
Political Activist
Ralph Nader
  • 1969 St Vincent & Grenadines gains associated status with Britain
  • 1971 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • 1971 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • 1972 Golden Gate National Recreation Area created
  • 1972 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • 1977 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • 1977 NASA launches space vehicle S-200
  • 1978 Begin & Sadat win Nobel Peace prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (National Day)

Birthdays in History

  • 1156 Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
  • 1401 Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1728 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer who was the first European to explore much of Australia, the Pacific Islands and New Zealand, born in Marton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1744 Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
  • 1760 August W A Grave von Gneisenau, Prussian fieldmarshal
  • 1761 Matthew Baillie, Shotts Manse Lanarkshire, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793)
  • 1762 Gijsbert K van Hogendorp, Dutch count/minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1763 William Maclure, Ayr, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map)
  • 1800 Benjamin Franklin Wade, MC (Union), (d. 1878)
  • 1809 Peter "Peerke" Donders, Dutch RC missionary to Suriname
  • 1811 Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1814 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1828 Jacob Dolson Cox, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Christopher Columbus Andres, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1842 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • 1844 Klas Arnoldson, Sweden, politician/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1854 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), born in NYC, New York (d. 1919)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1865 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Emily Post, authority on social behavior/writer (Etiquette)
  • 1885 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
  • 1889 Enid Bagnold, novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)
  • 1892 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author/mayor of Palmeira
  • 1892 Victor E van Vriesland, Dutch poet/critic (Mirror of Dutch Poetry)
  • 1894 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor
  • 1894 Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
  • 1896 Edith Haisman, Titanic survivor
  • 1906 Anton AM Struyken, minister of justice/governor Dutch Antilles
  • 1906 Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
  • 1907 Moises F da Costa Gomez, premier Dutch Antilles
  • 1908 Lee Krasner, American painter (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Dylan Thomas, Swansea Wales, poet (Child's Christmas in Wales)
  • 1914 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist
  • 1915 Harry Saltzman, St Johns NB Canada, producer (Goldfinger)
  • 1916 Kazimierz Brandys, writer
  • 1917 Oliver Tambo, co-founder (African National Congress)
  • 1917 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Paul Dixon, Earling Iowa, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show)
  • 1920 K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India
  • 1921 Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist
  • 1922 Carlos Andres Perez, president of Venezuela (1974-79/89-94)
  • 1923 Roy Lichtenstein, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels), born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions, born in Paris, France
  • 1925 Warren M Christopher, US, lawyer/minister of Foreign affairs (1993- )
  • 1925 Albert Medwin, American inventor
  • 1926 H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House Chief of Staff (Watergate figure), born in Los Angeles (d. 1993)
  • 1927 Edward Ralph Keinholz, sculptor
  • 1928 Stefan Wewerka, German architect/sculptor
  • 1929 Marino Iandioro, canned Tomato Pioneer
  • 1931 David Bryant, English world champion bowler/tv-host
  • 1931 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932 Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1934 David Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Maurice Hinchey, (Rep-D-New York)
  • 1940 Maxine Hong Kingston, US, author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 John Gotti, mafia head of the Gambino family, born in The Bronx, New York

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1945 Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • 1946 Leslie Byrne, (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • 1946 Steven R Nail, Canton Ill, USAF/astr (STS 51-G, 61-A, 37, 55)
  • 1946 Terry J Hart, astronaut (STS 41C), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Terry Anderson, AP correspondent/US hostage held in Lebanon (1985-91)
  • 1949 Jose J P Hageman, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1949 Mike Kopetski, (Rep-D-Oregon)
  • 1949 Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1951 Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
  • 1951 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1953 Michael Baker, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 43, 52, 68, 81), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1954 Jan Duursema, American comic book artist
  • 1955 Debra Bowen, American politician
  • 1956 Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
  • 1958 Lee Carter, Alabama Judge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1966 Matt Drudge, American blogger
  • 1971 Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer
  • 1975 Zadie Smith, British novelist
  • 1981 Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
  • 1982 Dennis Moran, American computer hacker

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1880 Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1971 Steve Garvey weds Cynthia Truhan

Deaths in History

  • 925 Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi], Persian, dies
  • 939 King Athelstan I of England (b. 895)
  • 1271 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)
  • 1312 John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)
  • 1327 Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
  • 1331 Aboe al-Fida, [Aboelfeda], Arabic writer/sultan of Hama, dies
  • 1430 Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1350)
  • 1439 Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
  • 1449 Ulugh Beg, a USSR astronomer, dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1505 Ivan III, [Ivan the Great], Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505), dies at 65

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1542 Abraham ben Avigdor, rabbi/author (commentary on Tur), dies
  • 1553 Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • 1561 Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1573 Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
  • 1580 John Bonga, beggar, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1605 Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Indian Mughal Emperor (born 1542)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • 1617 Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1651 Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer/poet/mayor of Hoorn, dies
  • 1652 Henry, count of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/gov of Hulst, dies
  • 1659 Marmaduke Stevenson, Quaker in Boston, hanged
  • 1670 Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1674 Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
  • 1675 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1725 Jacob Hop, politician/diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1789 John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
  • 1845 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
  • 1917 Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1919 Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
  • 1933 Meir Shapira, rabbi/organizer (Daf Yomi), dies
  • 1938 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic, dies at 57
  • 1941 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist (physiology of development, fertilization, cell division), dies of pancreatic cancer at 58
  • 1942 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • 1943 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1944 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • 1958 Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert], historian/poet/politician, dies at 74
  • 1958 Joseph Klausner, Polish/Israeli new testament expert, dies at 84
  • 1962 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate, dies at 58
  • 1962 Rudolph Anderson, U-2 pilot, shot down over Cuba
  • 1964 Willi Bredel, German writer, dies at 63
  • 1968 Lise Meitner, Austria/Swedish physics (protactinium), dies at 89
  • 1975 Rex Stout, US detective writer (Nero Wolfe), dies at 88
  • 1975 Rex Stout, American mystery writer (b. 1886)
  • 1977 James M Cain, US writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85
  • 1980 John Van Vleck, American Physicist, Mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81
  • 1988 S B Fuller, founder (Fuller products), dies at 83
  • 1990 Elliott Roosevelt, son of FDR, dies at 80
  • 1990 Xavier Cugart, bandlander, dies of heart failure at 90
  • 1990 Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)
  • 1991 Pyke F C Koch, realistic painter, dies
  • 1991 George Barker, English poet (b. 1913)
  • 1992 David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1995 Mike Dutfield, documentary Prodcuer, dies at 48
  • 1996 James Aubrey Turner, scientist, dies at 57
  • 1999 Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
  • 2002 Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)
  • 2010 Néstor Kirchner, Argentine politician, President of Argentina (2003-2007), dies of heart failure at 60
  • 2011 James Hillman, founder of Archetypal Psychology (b. 1926)