On This Day in History for October 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 119


Event of interestEvent of Interest

306 Maxentius proclaimed Emperor of Rome

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Maxentius

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

312 Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius">Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Maxentius
  • 969 Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria)
  • 1061 Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II
  • 1422 Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
  • 1467 Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1516 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza
  • 1531 Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
  • 1538 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola
  • 1574 Prince Willem of Orange installs university
  • 1595 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1612 Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1628 Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu
  • 1636 Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts founded
  • 1646 First Protestant church assembly for American Indians (established in Massachusetts
  • 1664 The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 "Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift is published by Benjamin Motte in London

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]
  • 1746 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die

BattleBattle of Interest

1776 Battle of White Plains: George Washington retreats to New Jersey

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1790 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000

1stHistoric Invention

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1834 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1846 Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • 1848 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • 1858 R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • 1863 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1864 Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
  • 1867 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • 1882 Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1891 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1904 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • 1906 Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 1908 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries
  • 1911 Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1913 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 1914 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1915 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
  • 1916 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 First American gubernatorial recall election is held in South Dakota. Governor Lynn Frazier loses to Ragnvald A. Nestos.
  • 1922 First US coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 French-Russian trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1927 Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia
  • 1927 KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight
  • 1928 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • 1929 Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64
  • 1935 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • 1939 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
  • 1940 Greece successfully resists Italy's attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • 1942 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • 1943 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • 1944 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1946 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1948 Flag of Israel is adopted
  • 1949 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Bud Grant of Winnipeg Blue Bombers intercepts 5 passes (record)
  • 1954 N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to Ernest Hemingway

  • 1955 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking name John XXIII

  • 1958 Pete Runnels wins Comeback Player of Year (avg went from .230 to .322)
  • 1959 Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris
  • 1962 Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1962 Cuban missile crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion
  • 1966 Belgium's Gaston Roelants runs 12-4/5 miles in 1 hour
  • 1970 US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
  • 1971 Great Britain becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit
  • 1974 Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon)
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Cleveland Metroparks assume operating responsibilities for Zoo
  • 1975 Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976
  • 1976 Train collision at Goes Neth, 7 die
  • 1978 Don Ritchie runs world record 100k (6:10:20)
  • 1979 Dick Howser (best Yank mngr win-lost pct .636) replaces Billy Martin
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Edward M McIntrye elected 1st black mayor of Augusta Georgia
  • 1982 NASA launches RCA-E
  • 1982 Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections
  • 1984 14th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:29:30
  • 1985 Ravi Ratnayeke takes 8-83 for Sri Lanka v Pakistan

Birthdays in History

  • 1017 Henry III, Roman Catholic German emperor (1046-56)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1466 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1536)

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
Erasmus
  • 1510 Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
  • 1585 Cornelius Otto Jansen, France, Roman Catholic reform leader
  • 1667 Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d. 1740)
  • 1691 Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
  • 1703 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1718 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • 1754 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)
  • 1767 Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
  • 1793 Eliphalet Remington, US gun maker
  • 1795 Leonardus A Lightenvelt, minister of RC Worship (1848 . .53)
  • 1804 Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)
  • 1810 Adley Hogan Gladden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Ivan Turgenev, Russia, novelist/poet/playwright (Fathers & Sons) [OS]
  • 1834 Dudley McIver DuBose, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • 1837 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japan's last shogun (d. 1913)
  • 1842 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • 1842 Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • 1845 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846 Auguste Escoffier, king of chefs & chef of kings
  • 1855 Ivan V Mitshurin, Russian botanist (new types of fruit)
  • 1864 Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958
  • 1875 Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • 1876 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • 1879 Channing H. Cox, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1885 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright (d. 1922)
  • 1886 Grigory K Ordzhonikidze, [Sergo], Russian revolutionary politician
  • 1891 Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
  • 1892 Eduard J Dijksterhuis, Dutch mathematician/historian (Fall & Throw)
  • 1892 Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Night Watch)
  • 1893 Christopher K Ingold, English chemist
  • 1893 Otto E Huiswoud, [Frank Billings], editor-in-chief (Negro Worker)
  • 1897 Hans Speidel, nazi chief-staff/NATO-supreme commander
  • 1901 Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (d. 1979)
  • 1903 Evelyn A Waugh, author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England
  • 1905 Harry Broadhurst, airman
  • 1907 John Harold Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1909 Claude Bourdet, human rights activist/journalist
  • 1909 Francis Bacon, Ireland, painter (Study for a Pope)
  • 1912 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1914 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1914 Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Dody Goodman, comedienne (Mary Hartman!, Max Duggan), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1915 Richard Michael Fraser, political Administrator
  • 1916 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leonard Starr, comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie)
  • 1925 Wim Keja, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1925 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1929 1st child born in aircraft, Miami, Florida
  • 1929 John Hollander, American poet
  • 1936 Horst Antes, German painter
  • 1938 David Dimbleby, English television commentator
  • 1938 Anne Perry, English-born novelist
  • 1940 Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov, cosmo (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11, TM-21)
  • 1944 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • 1946 John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 Valeri Viktorovich Baberdin, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1949 Robert Mellors, gay activist
  • 1950 Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1951 Ron & Don Galyon, American siamese twins (Jerry Springer Show), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1953 Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 Bill Gates [William Henry], billionaire founder/CEO (Microsoft), born in Seattle, Washington

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran (2005-13), born in Aradan, Iran

Iran President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • 1960 Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1962 Bobby Tate, fictional character on Soap
  • 1962 Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1963 James Miller, the "Fan Man" (d. 2002)
  • 1965 Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 Andy Richter, Yorkville IL, writer/sidekick (Conan O'Brien)
  • 1966 Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1980 Kanzi, Most Literate Non-Human
  • 1985 Richard Smith, American entrepreneur

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1533 Prince Henry of France (later Henry II) (14) marries Florentine noblewoman Catherine de' Medici (14)

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II

HeartWedding of Interest

1863 Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

HeartWedding of Interest

1869 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

HeartWedding of Interest

2004 Economist Joseph E. Stiglitz (61) weds professor Anya Schiffrin (41) at the Municipal Building in New York

  • 2012 Bristol Palin's former fiance Levi Johnston (21) weds Sunny Oglesby (20) at Settlers Bay Lodge in Wasilla, Alaska

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

312 Maxentius, Roman emperor (306-312), drowns at the Battle of Milvian Bridge at 34

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Maxentius
  • 900 Alfred the Great, English monarch, dies
  • 1138 Boleslaw III Kryzwousty, [scheefmond], duke of Poland, dies
  • 1225 Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
  • 1312 Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
  • 1412 Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
  • 1520 Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
  • 1568 Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1627 Jahangir, 4th Mughal Emperor of India (1605-27), dies at 58
  • 1637 Foppe van Aitzema, diplomat, dies at about 57
  • 1646 William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1676 Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1703 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, dies at 86

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1704 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), dies at 72

Philosopher John Locke
Philosopher
John Locke
  • 1708 Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b. 1653)
  • 1716 Stephen Fox, British politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740 Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
  • 1754 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1763 Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)
  • 1792 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, died at 82
  • 1792 John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • 1800 Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)
  • 1806 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818 Abigail Adams, 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies of typhoid fever at 73

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1841 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1852 Gerhard M Roentgen, founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
  • 1857 Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1877 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1897 Hercules Robinson, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89,1895-97), dies at 72
  • 1899 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • 1900 Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
  • 1916 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
  • 1916 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
  • 1918 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1922 Hugo Verriest, Flemish writer/poet (Flemish Motion), dies
  • 1929 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, dies at 36
  • 1929 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1936 E G Winkler, writer, dies
  • 1952 Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1959 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1964 Reginald Horace Blyth, Zen teacher/scholar, dies in Japan at 66
  • 1965 Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris
  • 1968 Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
  • 1973 Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1986 Margaretha "Marga" Klompe, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), dies at 74
  • 1986 John Braine, British novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1987 Andre Masson, France, surrealist artist (Labyrinth), dies at 91
  • 1991 Dudley McConnell, headed NASA's Earth Science Division, dies
  • 1991 G L Vitto entertainer, dies at 69
  • 1991 Lydia Hodson Copeland, America's Jr Miss (1972), dies at 37
  • 1993 Carmino Baelen, Belgian sleder, dies at 22
  • 1993 Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), dies at 80
  • 1994 Sjlomo Goren, Polish/Israeli supreme rabbi, dies
  • 1995 Allan Leslie Merson, historian, dies at 79
  • 1995 Katsumasu Roy Sakioka, propery owner, dies at 96
  • 1996 Jack Tinker, British drama critic, dies at 58
  • 1996 William Downie Forrest, journalist, dies at 94
  • 1997 Toni Carabillo, writer (Feminist Chronicles), dies of lymphoma at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1998 Ted Hughes, Poet and British Poet Laureate (1984-98), dies aged 68

  • 2002 Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Eugene K. Bird, German prison director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Raymond Hains, French artist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2010 Jonathan Motzfeldt, Greenlander statesman (b. 1938)
  • 2010 Ehud Netzer, Israeli archaeologist (b. 1934)
  • 2010 Liang Congjie, Chinese environmentalist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 Jack Dellal, British property investor/multi-millionaire, dies from natural causes at 83
  • 2013 Ike Skelton, American politician, dies from pneumonia at 81
  • 2014 Galway Kinnell, American author, dies from leukemia at 87