On This Day in History for October 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130

  • 539 BC King Cyrus "the Great" of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home
  • 1268 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the German Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed with Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily
  • 1390 First trial for witchcraft in Paris.
  • 1467 Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
  • 1508 Gelderse troops occupies Kuinre
  • 1552 Tsar Ivan IV escapes back to Moscow after battle
  • 1591 Giovanni A Facchinetti elected as Pope Innocentius IX

BattleExecution

1618 English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1665 Battle of Mbwila [Ambuila],: Portuguese forces defeat forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King Antonio I of Kongo / Nvita a Nkanga
  • 1675 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn lands at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1692 Court of Oyer and Terminer, convened for Salem witch trials, dissolved
  • 1709 England/Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"
  • 1727 Severe earthquake in New England
  • 1792 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1794 French troops occupies Venlo
  • 1811 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • 1814 "Demologos", 1st steam-powered warship, is launched
  • 1833 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded
  • 1859 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1863 International Committee of Red Cross forms as result Geneva held conference (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
  • 1864 Greek parliament accept new Constitution
  • 1867 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • 1872 J S Risdon patents metal windmill
  • 1881 Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1889 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
  • 1894 First election of Hawaiian Republic
  • 1901 In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • 1904 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
  • 1905 Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured
  • 1910 Bob Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks record 11 singles in a game
  • 1913 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • 1914 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • 1915 Aristide Briand becomes Prime Minister of France for the 3rd time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Tomáš Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1921 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • 1923 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
  • 1923 Textile strike against lower wages begins in Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1923 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • 1924 Labour party loses British parliamentary election
  • 1929 "Black Tuesday" Wall Street Stock Market crashes triggering the "Great Depression"
  • 1930 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
  • 1932 French liner Normandie is launched
  • 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure)
  • 1940 Secretary of War Henry L Stimson drew 1st number-258-in 1st peacetime military draft in US history
  • 1942 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • 1942 Alaska highway completed
  • 1942 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • 1943 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
  • 1944 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • 1944 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland
  • 1945 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Biro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1947 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands form Benelux Union
  • 1947 Trial of art forger Han van Meegeren begins in Amsterdam
  • 1948 Israeli forces liberate Meron & Gush-Halev
  • 1948 Safsaf massacre, Israeli defence forces attack Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee
  • 1950 British Chancellor of the Exchequer (Minister of Finance) Stafford Cripps resigns
  • 1950 Wally Triplett avgs 735 yards on 3 kickoff returns
  • 1953 A Baltimore group purchases St Louis Browns
  • 1954 Colonel Nasser disbands Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1954 Sweden begins experimental TV
  • 1955 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • 1955 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • 1956 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • 1956 Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
  • 1957 Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel prize for literature

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • 1958 Dr F Mason Sones is first doctor to perform a coronary angiogram
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashes, kills 16
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Star of India & other jewels are stolen in NY
  • 1964 Town of Karmi'el founded in Galilee
  • 1964 The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed The United Republic of Tanzania
  • 1965 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 crashes on moon: 6.7°N 162°E
  • 1966 National Organization of Women founded
  • 1967 London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1969 Supreme Court orders end to all school desegregation "at once"
  • 1969 Tom Seaver voted NL Cy Young Award
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1970 The Electoral Reform Society calls for the introduction of Proportional Representation (PR) in elections in Northern Ireland
  • 1974 Law bans discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application
  • 1975 Boston's Fred Lynn is the overwhelming choice as AL Rookie of Year
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 'Yorkshire Ripper' Peter Sutcliffe kills first victim, Wilma McCann
  • 1977 Texas' Russell Erideben kicks his 3rd 60 yard field goal of the season
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Billy Martin fired as Yankee manager (2nd time)
  • 1982 Car maker John DeLorean indicted for drug trafficking, later acquitted
  • 1983 550,000 Dutch demonstrate against cruise missile
  • 1983 Notre Dame's Gil Fenerty rushes for 337 yards & 6 touchdowns
  • 1985 Cards' Joaquin Andujar suspended for 10 games for bumping an ump
  • 1985 Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.
  • 1986 West Indies all out for 53 v Pakistan (Abdul Qadir 6-16)

Birthdays in History

  • 1463 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher
  • 1507 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish viceroy of Neth (1566-73)
  • 1562 George Abbott, English theologist/archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1656 Edmund Halley, astronomer (Halley's Comet) [NS=Nov 8]
  • 1682 Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)
  • 1690 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
  • 1704 John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)
  • 1740 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • 1815 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • 1816 Ferdinand II AFA, king of Portugal
  • 1822 Joost G Kist, Dutch lawyer/president of High Council (1885-97)
  • 1822 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Joseph Horace Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1904)
  • 1827 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1837 Abraham Kuyper, clergyman/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-12)
  • 1837 Harriet Powers, US, slave/writer (Creation of Animals)
  • 1844 Albert von Rothschild, Austrian banker
  • 1853 Josephine Beall Bruce, African American activist (NACW) Philadelphia Pa.
  • 1855 Paul Bruchési, archbishop of Montreal (d. 1939)
  • 1857 Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)
  • 1859 Charles Ebbets, (namesake of Ebbets Field, Brooklyn)
  • 1861 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1871 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens)
  • 1873 Guillermo Valencia, Colombia, poet/translator/statesman
  • 1875 Marie, queen consort of Ferdinand I of Romania (1914-27)
  • 1878 Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)
  • 1879 Franz JHMM von Papen, German diplomat/chancellor (1932)
  • 1879 Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1890 Claire Goll, German-French writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Fanny Brice, American singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Joseph Goebbels, German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1905 Laurence Dowdall, lawyer
  • 1906 Fredric [William] Brown, US, sci-fi author (Martians Go Home)
  • 1910 Alfred J Ayer, England, Neopositivist philosopher/logician
  • 1911 Phillip Jack Oppenheimer, diamond trader
  • 1918 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic
  • 1921 Bill Mauldin, cartoonist (WW II Army grunts)
  • 1921 William Henry Mauldin, NM, political cartoonist (Pulitzer-1945, 59)
  • 1922 Neil Blaney, politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist, father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 1924 Zbigniew Herbert, writer
  • 1925 Geraldine Brooks, American actress (Faraday & Co, Dumplings, Act of Murder), born in NYC, New York
  • 1925 Dominick Dunne, American author
  • 1927 Hugo Schiltz, Flemish politician
  • 1930 Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1934 Karl Francis Hettinger, Onion Field survivor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia (2006 -) and the first elected female head of state in Africa, born in Monrovia, Liberia

Africa's First Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's First Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • 1940 Connie Mack, (Rep-R-FL, 1983- /Sen-R-FL)
  • 1940 Galen Weston, English/Canadian industrial/multi-millionaire
  • 1940 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop
  • 1944 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer
  • 1944 Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • 1946 Strinivasa Moodley, South African anti-apartheid activist
  • 1947 Helen Coonan, Australian politician
  • 1950 Abdullah Gul, Turkish President (2007-14), born in Kayseri, Anatolia
  • 1951 Dirk Kempthorne, (Sen-R Idaho)
  • 1952 Valeri I Tokarev, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1958 David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker
  • 1967 Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter
  • 1971 Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor
  • 1971 Ma Huateng [Pony Ma], Chinese entrepreneur (Tencent), born in Chaoyang District, Shantou
  • 1972 Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1976 Mohsen Emadi, Iranian Poet
  • 1979 Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1981 Amanda Beard, 100m/200m breaststroke (Oly-2 silv-96), born in Newport Beach, California
  • 1981 Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer

Weddings in History

  • 437 Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This unifies the two branches of the House of Theodosius
  • 2004 "Jackass" member Chris Pontius (30) weds Claire Nolan in Malibu

Deaths in History

  • 490 Petrus Mongus, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 1038 Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1138 Bolesław III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)
  • 1268 Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (b. 1252)
  • 1268 Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (beheaded) (b. 1249)
  • 1321 Stefanus VI Uros II Milutin, king of Serbia (1282-1321), dies
  • 1590 Dirck Volkertsz Coornhert, theologist/philosopher, dies at about 68

BattleExecution

1618 Walter Raleigh, English scholar/poet/historian, beheaded for treason

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1650 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1666 Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • 1666 James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1783 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosophe/mathematician, dies at 66

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1790 Pieter van/of Bleiswijk, pension advisor 1771-87, dies at about 66
  • 1822 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War, dies at 61
  • 1846 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronoom, dies at 90
  • 1856 Carel SW van Hogendorp, colonial director, dies at 68
  • 1873 Ernest Feydeau, French author, dies at 52
  • 1873 Johan N M J, king of Saxon (1854-73), dies
  • 1873 Leonardus Lightenvelt, minister of RC Worship, dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general, dies at 56

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 George McClellan, Union army major general, dies of a heart attack at 58

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1885 James Hannington, English missionary, murdered in Uganda
  • 1892 William M Harnett, US painter (Old Cupboard Door), dies
  • 1901 Leon Czolcosz, assassin of President McKinley, is electrocuted
  • 1911 Joseph Pulitzer, American newspaperman, dies in Charleston, SC
  • 1919 Soen Shaku, Zen abbot of Engakuji monastery in Kamakura, dies at 60
  • 1919 A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)
  • 1924 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British born American playwright and children's author ("Little Lord Fauntleroy"), dies at 74
  • 1927 Leonard Nelson, Ger philosopher (Nelson-Friessche Schule), dies at 45
  • 1932 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (B-Reflex), dies
  • 1933 Paul, [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier, dies
  • 1939 Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)
  • 1943 Adrianus M de Young, writer (Merijntje Gijzen's youth), murdered at 55
  • 1945 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • 1946 John S Curry, US painter (Baptism in Kansas), dies
  • 1947 Frances Cleveland Preston, former 1st lady (1885-89 93-97), dies at 83
  • 1949 G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • 1950 Gustav V, king of Sweden, dies at 92
  • 1951 De Raymond, French High Director of Cambodia, murdered
  • 1951 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86
  • 1957 Louis B Mayer, MGM producer, dies at 71
  • 1957 Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)
  • 1958 Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1965 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • 1974 Victor E van Vriesland, poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), dies at 82
  • 1981 William O Walker, publisher of Cleveland Call Post, dies at 85
  • 1986 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, dies at 68
  • 1987 Kamal El Mallakh, dies at 57
  • 1990 William French Smith, attorney general (1980), dies at 73 of cancer
  • 1991 Donald Churchill, playwright, dies of heart attack at 60
  • 1991 Harry Thomas, founder (Flower Festival, Dutch Homofielen Party), dies
  • 1991 Mario Scelba, PM of Italia (1954-55), dies
  • 1992 Adrienne Canivez, wife of Victor of Vriesland, dies
  • 1992 Kenneth MacMillan, British choreographer (Manon, Judas Tree), dies
  • 1993 Raymond Lockhart, TV director (Huntley Brinkley Report), dies at 65
  • 1994 Andrew Miller-Jones TV pioneer, dies at 84
  • 1996 Patrick Johnson, physicist, dies at 92
  • 1997 Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan, dies at 67
  • 1999 Michel Regnier (Greg), Belgian comic-book writer and artist (Achille Talon) (b. 1931)
  • 2002 Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2003 Hal Clement [Harry Clement Stubbs], American sci-fi writer (Mission of Gravity), dies at 81
  • 2004 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 Mohammadu Maccido, 18th Sultan of Sokoto (b. 1928)
  • 2011 Jimmy Savile, British entertainer and suspected sexual predator, dies at 84
  • 2015 Murphy Anderson, American comic artist (DC Comics), dies at 89
  • 2016 Pen Sovann, 1st post-Khmer Rouge Cambodian Prime Minister (1981), dies at 80