On This Day in History for October 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130

  • 637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 701 John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 942 Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV gives the district of Stavoren to the bishop of Utrecht (Conrad, his former tutor)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 Battle of Rio Salado Battle (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1389 French King Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII
  • 1468 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, occupies & plunders Liege
  • 1470 Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.
  • 1485 Henry VII of England crowned at Westminster Abbey
  • 1489 Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I & Flemings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1502 Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1503 Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against indians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church in England - a role formerly held by the Pope

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1611 Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes king of Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1697 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • 1739 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkin's Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1768 First Methodist church in North American colonies initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)
  • 1772 Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown
  • 1851 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Helena, Montana's capital, founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1868 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1873 P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)
  • 1883 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1886 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • 1888 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • 1888 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • 1893 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 1894 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • 1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • 1896 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • 1899 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1900 First-ever US auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in NYC
  • 1901 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers
  • 1903 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • 1911 Clark Griffith is named manager of Wash Senators
  • 1914 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1918 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918 WW I: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • 1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1925 KUT-AM in Austin TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • 1930 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard
  • 1941 USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though US is not in war
  • 1942 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • 1943 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
  • 1943 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 1944 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1944 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • 1944 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • 1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • 1947 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva
  • 1948 20 die & 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Dr Albert Schweitzer & Gen George Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1954 US Defense Department announces elimination of all racially segregated regiments
  • 1955 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • 1956 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • 1957 Soviet Union launches Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika
  • 1960 Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
  • 1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba - most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • 1963 Sandy Koufax wins NL MVP award
  • 1964 Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam
  • 1965 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia
  • 1967 USSR Kosmos 186 & 188 make 1st automatic docking & Venmera 13 launch
  • 1968 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1968 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • 1968 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam
  • 1968 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 There are serious riots in the Catholic Ardoyne area of Belfast which last for three nights
  • 1970 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security
  • 1972 Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago,Illinois
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Office issues a discussion document 'The Future of Northern Ireland'; the paper states Britain's commitment to the union as long as the majority of people wish to remain part of the United Kingdom
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on Royal Ulster Constabulary station in County Derry, and steal 4 British Army Sterling sub-machine Guns
  • 1973 Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award
  • 1973 The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time
  • 1974 Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award
  • 1975 King Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
  • 1975 NY Daily News runs headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead"
  • 1976 Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of Today Show

Birthdays in History

  • 1218 Emperor Chukyo of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1391 Eduard, [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38)/author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1451 Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, born on or just before this date in the Republic of Genoa (d. 1506)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1513 Jacques Amyot, French humanist/translator/abbot of Bellozanne, born in Melun (d. 1593)
  • 1576 Enrico C Davila, Padua Italy, writer (Storia delguerre civili Francia)
  • 1624 Paul Pellisson, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1632 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, playwright (School for Scandal) (or 1751)
  • 1668 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, queen in Prussia (d. 1705)
  • 1683 George II [August], King of Great-Britain (1727-60)
  • 1712 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1735 John Adams, 2nd US President (1797-1801), born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1826)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1739 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, born in Chizhovo near Smolensk (d. 1791)
  • 1741 Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss painter
  • 1751 Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright (d. 1816)
  • 1762 André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
  • 1786 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • 1790 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer
  • 1799 Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
  • 1807 James Samuel Wadsworth, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1817 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry)
  • 1821 Fjodor Mikhailovich Dostoevski, Russian novelist (Idiot) [NS=11/11]
  • 1829 Roscoe Conkling, MC (Union), (d. 1888)
  • 1830 John Stevens Bowen, Major General (Confederate Army) (d. 1863)
  • 1839 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter
  • 1840 William G Sumner, US sociologist/political analyst
  • 1843 A G Henri Regnault, French water colors painter
  • 1844 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • 1848 Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
  • 1849 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • 1857 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • 1861 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • 1873 Francisco Madero, Mexico, revolutionary, president (1911-13)
  • 1880 Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal)
  • 1881 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • 1881 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1882 William "Bull" F Halsey, US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)

  • 1886 Zoe Akins, American playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1887 Georg Heym, German writer, born in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia (d. 1912)
  • 1893 Charles Atlas, [Angelo Siciliano], US, bodybuilder
  • 1893 Jan M Romein, Dutch historian (Low Countries at Sea)
  • 1893 Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)
  • 1894 Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)
  • 1895 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (d. 1928)
  • 1899 Ernst H Ridder van Rappard, Dutch SS officer/founder (NSNAP)
  • 1900 Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Paul D Stoop, US vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea)
  • 1906 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist (d. 1970)
  • 1907 Albert Rice Leventhal, publisher (Little Golden Books)
  • 1907 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1910 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spain, poet (Viento del Pueblo)
  • 1914 Marion Ladewig, Mich, bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63)
  • 1915 Fred Friendly, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Nikolai Vasilievich Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Serge Golovine, French ballet choreographer (Death of Narcissus)
  • 1925 Gus Savage, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1981- 93), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Ernest Flatt, American choreographer (Carol Burnett Show), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Michael Andrews, painter
  • 1928 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1929 Joan Ganz Cooney, founder (Children's Television Workshop)
  • 1930 Nestor Almendros, Spanish cinematographer (d. 1992)
  • 1931 David Wilson, director of British Museum (1977-92)
  • 1932 Louis Malle, France, director (Atlantic City, Black Moon, Viva Maria)
  • 1932 Barun De, Indian historian
  • 1935 Agota Kristof, Hungarian writer
  • 1935 Robert Caro, American biographer
  • 1937 Pat Williams, (Rep-D-Montana, 1979- )
  • 1939 Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 Ahmed Chalabi, Iragi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Glenn Poshard, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1946 Robert L "Hoot" Gibson, Cooperstown NY, USN/ast (STS 41B,61C,27,47,71)
  • 1950 John T Doolittle, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1951 Frank Pallone Jr, (Rep-D-New Jersey)
  • 1953 Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk, Moscow, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-16)
  • 1953 Peter Hoekstra, (Rep-R-Michigan)
  • 1954 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer
  • 1956 Tim Roemer, (Rep-D-Indiana)
  • 1957 Aleksandr Ivanovich Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25)
  • 1957 Andy Archer, Scottish dramatist
  • 1964 Sandra H Magnus, Belleville Il, PhD/astronaut
  • 1964 Howard Lederer, American poker player
  • 1969 Brittany Gae Thompson, Portland Oregon, Miss Oregon-America (1991)
  • 1970 Tory Belleci, American TV Mythbuster
  • 1970 Ben Bailey, American host of the TV game show Cash Cab, born in Bowling Green, Kentucky
  • 1977 Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim

Deaths in History

  • 1459 Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, chancellor of Florence, dies
  • 1553 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1583 Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83
  • 1602 Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet (b. 1528)
  • 1611 Karl IX, King of Sweden (1604-11), dies
  • 1626 Willebrord Snellius (also Snell and Snel van Royen), Dutch astronomer/mathematician, dies at about 46
  • 1632 Henri de Montmorency, French duke/plotter, beheaded
  • 1654 Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (b. 1633)
  • 1661 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • 1676 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • 1680 Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • 1690 Hieronymus van Beverningk, Duitch general, dies at 76
  • 1757 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies
  • 1785 Gustaf P Creutz, Swedish diplomat/poet (Daphne), dies at 54
  • 1787 Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat, dies at 58
  • 1809 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, British Prime Minister (1783, 1807-09), dies at 71
  • 1816 Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1833 Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek, historian/literary, dies at 58
  • 1842 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1862 Ormsby Mcknight Mitchel, US astronomer/Union-general-major, dies at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893 John Abbott, 3rd PM of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies of brain cancer at 72

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • 1894 Honoré Mercier, politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1898 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky Russian poet (Stichotvorenija), dies at 78
  • 1899 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • 1901 ... Opperman, South African Boer general (Spy), killed in battle
  • 1901 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle
  • 1910 J Henri Dunant, Swiss writer/founder (Red Cross, YMCA), dies
  • 1912 James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1914 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada, dies of heart failure at 94

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), dies of throat cancer at 64

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • 1932 Paul S Methuen, English baron/fieldmarshal/gov of Natal, dies at 87

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), dies at 83

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1958 Rose Macaulay, writer, dies at 77
  • 1959 Blonde Dolly, [Sybille A J Niemans], society prostitute, dies at 33
  • 1961 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president Italy, dies
  • 1966 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1968 Conrad Richter, US writer (Light in the Forest), dies at 78
  • 1975 Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (b. 1887)
  • 1979 Donna Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (b. 1890)
  • 1988 T. Hee, American animator (b. 1911)
  • 1990 Craig Russell, female impersonator, dies of an AIDS-stroke at 42
  • 1991 Johan Mekkink, painter, dies
  • 1991 Ken Hardin, producer, dies at 62
  • 1991 William Shea, (Shea Stadium namesake), dies at 84
  • 1992 Joan Mitchell, American painter and printmaker dies of cancer aged 67
  • 1993 Hernan Heleno Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, murdered
  • 1993 Paul Grégoire, Archbishop of Montreal (b. 1911)
  • 1994 Nyanaponika, [Siegmund Feniger), German scholar/author, dies at 93
  • 1995 Terry Southern, writer, dies at 71
  • 1996 Alexander d'Arbeloff, entrepreneur, dies at 101
  • 1996 Leon Lewis, US radio talk show host (WMCA, 1970-80), dies at 81
  • 1996 Rohan Butler, historian, dies at 79
  • 2005 Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006 Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2006 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)
  • 2008 Pedro Pompilio Argentinian businessman (b. 1950)
  • 2009 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist and ethnologist (b.1908)
  • 2010 Harry Mulisch, Dutch writer (b. 1927)