On This Day in History for October 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 1209 Pope Innocent II crowns German king Otto of Wittelsbach
  • 1227 Assassination of Caliph al-Adil.
  • 1363 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, in one of the largest naval battles in history.
  • 1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
  • 1571 -13] Synod of Emden, Calvinist leaders establish the Dutch Reformed Church.
  • 1582 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states
  • 1636 Battle at Wittstock, Brandenburg: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
  • 1636 In Massachusetts the Plymouth Colony's 1st law drafted
  • 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes America's 1st volunteer fire service
  • 1675 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch
  • 1693 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1712 Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • 1725 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1779 The Fort Wilson Riot takes place.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1809 Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland retires due to ill health

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1824 Mexico becomes a republic
  • 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • 1834 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 Battle of Corinth ends
  • 1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse, NY)
  • 1864 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • 1873 Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • 1880 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • 1881 Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
  • 1883 Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
  • 1883 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1895 Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • 1900 In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • 1910 Adoption of the Flag of Bermuda.
  • 1911 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • 1913 Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1914 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • 1915 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established
  • 1916 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time
  • 1917 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • 1921 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1921 Riccardo Zanella becomes first elected president of Free State of Fiume.
  • 1922 Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence
  • 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower
  • 1927 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore.
  • 1928 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet
  • 1931 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • 1931 Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
  • 1932 Anti-semite Julius Gombos forms new government in Hungary
  • 1933 Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • 1936 Italian lire devalued
  • 1939 Last Polish troops surrender
  • 1940 12 German aircrafts shot down above England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in Alps

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 French Vichy regime proclaims end of "Statute of the Jews"
  • 1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • 1943 Corsica freed by Free French
  • 1943 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • 1944 British troops land on Greek continent
  • 1948 World Council of Churches forms under W Fisherman It Hooft
  • 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • 1949 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, 1st artificial Earth satellite
  • 1957 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario.
  • 1958 5th French republic forms
  • 1958 Transatlantic commercial jet passenger service began (BOAC)
  • 1958 Fifth Republic of France is established.
  • 1959 Dmitri Sjostakovitch 1st Cello concert premieres in Leningrad
  • 1959 Netherlands beats Belgium 9-1
  • 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
  • 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300m
  • 1963 -8] Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba & Haiti
  • 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
  • 1964 -7] Hurricane Hilda, kills 38 in La, Miss & Ga
  • 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derails in South Africa killing 81
  • 1964 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1964 Phils bomb Reds 10-0 as both teams finish one game behind St Louis
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
  • 1966 Dutch Cardinal Alfrink presents New Catechism
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1967 Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.
  • 1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.
  • 1969 Last wooden passenger subway cars retired at Bkln Myrtle Beach
  • 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
  • 1970 Umps return after 1-day walkout in quest of higher wages
  • 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1971 Borden's opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1973 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1975 A Cessna 310Q airplane crashes over Wilmington, North Carolina, killing the pilot and severely injuring several pro wrestlers affiliated with the NWA's Mid-Atlantic promotion. One of the survivors is the legendary Ric Flair.
  • 1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke
  • 1976 Supreme Court lifts 1972 ban on death penalty for convicted murderers

Birthdays in History

  • 1160 Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. 1220)
  • 1276 Margaret of Brabant, Queen of Germany (d. 1311)
  • 1289 Louis X, the Stubborn, king of France (1314-16)
  • 1331 James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormonde (d. 1382)
  • 1379 King Henry III of Castile (d. 1406)
  • 1515 Lucas Cranach, the Younger, German painter
  • 1542 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint/theologist (Doctor of the Church)
  • 1550 Charles IX, King of Sweden
  • 1562 Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (d. 1647)
  • 1570 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal (d. 1637)
  • 1585 Anna of Tyrol, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1618)
  • 1607 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), born in Toledo (d. 1648)
  • 1625 Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy (d. 1661)
  • 1626 Richard Cromwell, lord protector of England (1658-59)
  • 1657 Francesco Solimena, Italian painter (d. 1747)
  • 1720 Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian etcher
  • 1723 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (d. 1798)
  • 1759 Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (d. 1803)
  • 1787 Francois P G Guizot, French historian/politician
  • 1796 John Richardson, Canadian writer (Wacousta, or the prophecy)
  • 1797 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], writer (The Black Spider), born in Murten, Switzerland (d. 1854)
  • 1807 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician, prime minister of the Province of Canada (d. 1864)
  • 1809 Albrecht F H, prince of Prussia
  • 1809 Robert Cumming Schenck, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1810 Alexander Walewski, French earl/foreign minister/Napoleon I's son
  • 1816 Egbert Benson Brown, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1902)
  • 1818 Francesco Crispi, Italian minister of War/premier

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 RutheRutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President (Republican: 1877-81), born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 1893)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1832 William Griggs, inventor (photo chromo lithography)
  • 1836 Juliette Adam-Lamber, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue)
  • 1841 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • 1841 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1925)
  • 1850 John W McGraw, (Gov-R-Wash) (1893-97)
  • 1858 Michael I. Pupin, Serbian-born telephone pioneer (d. 1935)
  • 1860 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes)
  • 1861 Frederic Remington, US, artist/sculptor of American West
  • 1862 Edward Stratemeyer, American author (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Marcelo Torcuato the Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28)
  • 1876 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Edward Murray East, Du Quoin Illinois, American Botanist and Geneticist who developed hybrid corn

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Damon Runyon, journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), born in Manhattan, Kansas (d. 1946)

Journalist and Author Damon Runyon
Journalist and Author
Damon Runyon
  • 1881 [Heinrich A H] Walther von Brauchitsch, German fieldmarshal
  • 1885 Henricus Wijdefield, Dutch architect (Peace Palace)
  • 1887 Francis Bull, Norway, writer (Norsk literature historian)
  • 1892 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis
  • 1892 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist (d. 1934)
  • 1895 Richard Sorge, German spy for USSR in Tokyo (WW II)
  • 1895 Sergei Jessenin, writer
  • 1901 [Robert] Carroll Nye, actor (Gone with the Wind), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1903 Lord Roborough, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1903 Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician, historian and genealogist (d. 1993)
  • 1904 Rene Mable Neighbour Cloke, illustrator
  • 1906 Johannes Post, Dutch farmer/resistance fighter (passage fight)
  • 1909 James B Pritchard, US, theologist/archaeologist
  • 1912 John de Mol, Dutch accordianist/producer (Baantjer, Pril Geluk)
  • 1913 Stanley Oliphant Stewart, librarian
  • 1914 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Koos Schuur, Dutch journalist/poet (7 Curses)
  • 1916 Owen Tudor Williams, civil engineer
  • 1918 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Malcolm Baldrige, Conn, US Secretary of Commerce (1981-87)
  • 1922 Shin Kyuk-Ho, Japanese businessman
  • 1928 Alvin Toffler, author (Future Shock, Power Shift, The Third Wave), born in New York City (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Dick Tracy, comic strip crimestopper
  • 1932 Milan Chvostek, Canadian television director
  • 1934 Malva M Basoalto, daughter of Pablo Neruda & Marie Hagenaar Vogelzang
  • 1936 Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage, writer
  • 1937 Franz Vranitzky, Austria union chancellor (1986- )
  • 1937 Jackie Collins, British-American author (The Stud, Lucky), born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • 1937 Jim Sillars, Scottish politician
  • 1938 Kurt Wüthrich, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 W Henson Moore, (Rep-R-LA, 1975- )
  • 1940 Alberto Vilar, Cuban-American investor and philanthropist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Anne Rice, author (Interview with a Vampire), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice
  • 1941 Lori Saunders, Kansas City Mo (Petticoat Junction, Dusty Trails)
  • 1941 Roy Blount, Jr., American writer
  • 1942 Karl W. Richter, American aviator (d. 1967)
  • 1943 Buddy Roemer, (Gov/Rep-D-LA, 1981- )
  • 1943 Owen Keir Davidson, Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
  • 1946 Chuck Hagel, American politician
  • 1947 Ann Widdecombe, British politician
  • 1948 Linda McMahon, CEO of World Wrestling Entertainment
  • 1949 Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director
  • 1951 Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet
  • 1953 Andreas Vollenweider, Swiss new-age harpist, born in Zürich
  • 1957 Gregory T Linteris, Demarest NJ, astronaut (sk: STS 83)
  • 1959 Tony Meo, English billiards champion (snookers)
  • 1961 Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese author
  • 1963 Koji Ishikawa (children's book author and illustrator)Japanese children's author
  • 1965 "Stuttering John" Melendez, interviewer (Howard Stern Show)
  • 1981 Scott Hammond, American photographer
  • 1983 Risa Kudo, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1983 Ueda Tatsuya, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1986 Barbara Jean Jones, fictional character (General Hospital)
  • 1989 Dakota Johnson, American actress and daughter of Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson, born in Austin, Texas
  • 2005 Prince Emmanuel of Belgium

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1539 King Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves, his 4th wife

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
  • 1767 Prince Willem V marries Prussian princess Wilhelmina
  • 1795 "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" poet Samuel Coleridge (22) marries Sarah Fricker

HeartWedding of Interest

1795 Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge (22) weds Sara Fricker in Bristol, England

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge

HeartWedding of Interest

1802 English romantic poet William Wordsworth (32) marries childhood friend Mary Hutchinson

HeartWedding of Interest

1905 30th US President Calvin Coolidge (33) weds Grace Anna Goodhue (26) in Burlington, Vermont

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge

HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Jurist Earl Warren (34) weds Nina Elisabeth Palmquist Meyers

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren

HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (29) weds physicist Frédéric Joliot (26) in Paris, France

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1932 Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov marries Yelena Sergeyevna

Deaths in History

  • 1052 Vladimir of Novgorod (b. 1020)
  • 1072 Sancho II, king of Castile/bro of Alfonso VI, murdered at about 35
  • 1221 William III Talvas, Count of Ponthieu (b. 1179)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1226 Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order, dies at 44 or 45

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1250 Herman VI, Margrave of Baden
  • 1305 Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
  • 1540 Helius Eobanus Hessus, German humanist/poet (Silvae), dies
  • 1564 Pietro P Vergerio, Italian theologist/bishop of Croatia, dies
  • 1571 Claude Togniel d'Espence, French theologist (Sorbonne), dies at 60
  • 1582 Theresia van Avila, Spanish mystic writer, dies
  • 1590 Cujacius, [Jacques Cujas], French lawyer, dies at about 68
  • 1597 Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1550)
  • 1661 Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy (b. 1625)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1669 Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter, dies at 63

  • 1680 Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer
  • 1721 Abraham Alewijn, poet/playwright (Beslikte Swaantje), dies at 36
  • 1743 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll/fieldmarshal, dies at 64
  • 1749 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
  • 1754 Tanacharison, Catawba Indian chief
  • 1755 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer, dies
  • 1785 David Brearly, American statesman (b. 1703)
  • 1821 John Rennie, Scottish engineer (b. 1761)
  • 1830 Hans DL earl Yorck von Wartenburg, gov-gen of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • 1851 Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
  • 1859 Karl Baedeker, German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57
  • 1862 William Duncan Smith, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 36
  • 1863 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
  • 1864 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man (b. 1802)
  • 1867 Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)
  • 1880 William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
  • 1890 Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • 1892 Guillaume Van Kerckhoven, Belgian captain, dies at 39
  • 1893 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, MP (AR), dies at 88
  • 1903 Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 1904 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (b. 1847)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor and designer of the Statue of Liberty, dies of tuberculosis at 70

  • 1910 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician, and President of the First Imperial Duma (b. 1850)
  • 1912 Gen Zeledon, Nicaraguan opponent of US occupation, is executed
  • 1929 John Metzelaar, Dutch/US writer (Report on the Fishes), dies at 37
  • 1935 Jean Béraud, French painter (b. 1849)
  • 1943 Richard T Ely, US economist (Ground under our feet), dies
  • 1943 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence (b. 1906)
  • 1944 Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
  • 1947 Max Planck, German physicist (constantly of P, Nobel 1918), dies at 89
  • 1951 Willie Moretti, American gangster (b. 1894)
  • 1955 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal, dies
  • 1961 Max Weber, Polish/Russ/US painter, dies
  • 1961 Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Church in North America (b. 1880)
  • 1962 John Lowry, Mount Vernon NY, NYC builder, dies at 79
  • 1966 Sherman Billingsley, talk show host (Stork Club), dies at 66
  • 1972 Louis S B Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist, dies at 68
  • 1974 Anne Sexton, US poetess (Pulitzer 1967), dies at 45
  • 1982 Ahmad H al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal/president/premier, dies
  • 1991 Leonard C Odell, wrote 7,000 Burma Shave poems, dies at 83
  • 1992 Itzhak Fuks, El Al captain, crashes in Bijlmer Netherlands
  • 1992 Ohad Arnon, El Al captain, crashes in Bijlmer Netherlands
  • 1993 Fran Carlon, dies of cancer at 80
  • 1995 Peter Nicholson Gunn, writer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Martyn Harris, journalist, dies at 43
  • 1996 Tim N Gidal Gidalewitsch, photojournalist, dies at 87
  • 1999 Bernard Buffet, French painter (b. 1928)
  • 2000 Michael Smith, Nobel laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2000 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (b. 1914)
  • 2001 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, dies at 84
  • 2002 Alphonse Chapanis, founder of ergonomics (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Sid McMath, American politician (b. 1912)
  • 2004 Gordon Cooper, American astronaut (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer, dies at 78
  • 2009 Günther Rall, German fighter ace (b. 1918)
  • 2013 Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnamese general and politician, dies at 102

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2014 Jean-Claude Duvalier, 41st President of Haiti (1971-86), dies of a heart attack at 63

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier