On This Day in History for October 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 610 Heraclius' fleet takes Constantinople
  • 869 4th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1143 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom
  • 1349 Paris theologian Jean de Fayt warns against the Flagellants at Avignon
  • 1430 Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy visits Brussels
  • 1450 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX
  • 1465 French King Louis XI signs peace with Charles the Stout
  • 1511 Eedgenootschap signs anti-French Saint League
  • 1550 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1568 Conference of York begins: trial against Mary Stuart

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1568 William of Orange's army occupies Brabant
  • 1572 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • 1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries
  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • 1665 The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1693 Haarlem people's revolution due to food shortages
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice
  • 1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris
  • 1793 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • 1796 Spain declares war on England
  • 1813 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • 1830 King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin moves with Parana to Santa Fe Bajada, Argentina

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1857 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge, Tennessee; confederate forces avoid capture by Union army
  • 1862 Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • 1864 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • 1864 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1867 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • 1869 A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • 1875 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • 1877 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • 1892 Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeville, Kansas bank holdup
  • 1896 William Gillette's "Secret Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
  • 1903 Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • 1907 Philadelphia A's Rube Vickers no-hits Wash Senators, 4-0 in 5 inning game
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1910 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
  • 1911 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • 1912 Yanks win final game at Hilltop stadium
  • 1914 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • 1915 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915 Allies land troops at the northern Greek city of Salonika; Greece is nominally neutral but allows the landing

BattleBattle of Interest

1916 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1919 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • 1921 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1924 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • 1925 WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1930 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • 1931 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • 1931 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • 1941 Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike, Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely - would have been last out, instead Yanks score 4 & win 7-4
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • 1942 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards
  • 1943 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • 1944 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • 1944 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • 1945 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • 1945 Indonesian army forms
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Harry Truman makes the 1st Presidential address televised from the White House

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th chief justice of US

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel forms in the Caribbean, killing 400-1000 people inthe Bahamas and Haiti
  • 1957 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 British Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament
  • 1960 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
  • 1961 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • 1963 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
  • 1963 Little Richard joins Everly Brothers Tour
  • 1964 San Francisco Fire Department Museum dedicated
  • 1965 Chuck Linster performs 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 Dick McInnes stays aloft almost 12 hours in a kite
  • 1968 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 John Creach joins Jefferson Airplane
  • 1970 Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
  • 1971 A new sitting of the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont begins, though the Social Democratic and Labour Party remain absent due to its continuing protest against Internment
  • 1972 Herbert Mullin 1st kills, claiming it was to prevent earthquakes
  • 1973 Signature of the European Patent Convention.
  • 1974 Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Seattle & Toronto picks 30 unprotected players on other AL rosters Ruppert Jones (Seattle) & Bob Bailor (Toronto) are picked 1st
  • 1978 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • 1978 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • 1978 "The Boys from Brazil" debuts
  • 1980 Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin Temple in Riverdale, the Bronx NYC
  • 1980 Yanks set AL attendance mark at 2,627,417
  • 1981 Dutch guilder/Deutsche mark revalued up 5.5%
  • 1981 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American (posthumously)
  • 1982 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Birthdays in History

  • 1458 Kazimierz de Saint, Polish ruler/saint
  • 1609 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, French mistress of King Louis XIV of France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 Mary of Modena, queen of James II of England (d. 1718)
  • 1695 John Glas, Scottish minister (d. 1773)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1703 Jonathan Edwards, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), born in East Windsor, Connecticut Colony (d. 1758)

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • 1712 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1713 Denis Diderot, French enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), born in Langres, Champagne (d. 1784)

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1715 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (d. 1789)
  • 1717 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France (d. 1744)
  • 1781 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher (d. 1848)
  • 1792 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexander Keith, Scottish-born Canadian brewer (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch Min of Reformed Worship
  • 1804 Robert Parker Parrott, Inventor, (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Algeo Rowley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1808 Winand C H Staring, geologist (Geology of Netherlands)
  • 1820 David Wilber, American politician (d. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1829 Chester A. Arthur, American politician(R) 21st President (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont (d. 1886)

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1833 Cyrus Bussey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1915)
  • 1836 George Washington Gordon, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1911)
  • 1840 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics)
  • 1844 Francis William Reitz, State President of the Orange Free State (d. 1934)
  • 1848 Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician, and President of the First Imperial Duma (d. 1910)
  • 1858 Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of queen Victoria
  • 1863 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist
  • 1864 Louis Lumière, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895
  • 1881 Otto V Kuusinen, Fin/Rus communist President of Karelo-Finnish SR (1940-56)
  • 1882 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Robert H. Goddard, rocket pioneer (1st liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester Massachusetts (d. 1945)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1884 Hendrik W Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer/politcian (CHU 1939-63)
  • 1886 Carter DeHaven, (Courage Great Dictator), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1977)
  • 1887 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter
  • 1887 René Cassin, pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1968)
  • 1889 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (d. 1936)
  • 1890 Kasimir Edschmid, [Karl E Schmidt], German writer
  • 1892 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Walter Bedell Smith, US general (WW II)/head of CIA (1950-52)
  • 1899 Georg, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1962)
  • 1901 John Alton, cinematographer
  • 1901 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam
  • 1903 Jimmy Ritz, US comic (Ritz Brothers-Blazing Stewardesses)
  • 1903 M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (d. 1989)
  • 1904 George Chesterman Phillips, naval officer
  • 1906 Leopold Kohr, writer/mentor of Fritz Schumacher
  • 1908 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific)
  • 1912 Fritz Fischer (medical doctor), Nazi war criminal
  • 1913 William Lehman, (Rep-D-FL, 1973- )
  • 1913 Eugene Bennett Fluckey American Navy Submariner (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Douglas Ranger, surgeon
  • 1917 Robert Adams, English sculptor
  • 1919 Luis H P Daal, Antillean literary
  • 1920 Robert Feenstra, Dutch law historian
  • 1922 Bil Keane, American cartoonist
  • 1923 Philip Berrigan, militant priest (Chicago 7)
  • 1923 Stig H Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child)
  • 1924 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Clifton Eugene Bancroft Robinson, public servant
  • 1926 Willi Unsoeld, American climber (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Willem de Kwaadsteniet, lawyer/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1928 Louise Fitzhugh, American author (d. 1974)
  • 1929 Autherine Lucy, Shiloh, Alabama, 1st African American to enroll in University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa
  • 1929 Richard F Gordon Jr, Capt USN/astronaut (Gemini 11, Apol 12), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1930 Pavel Romanovich Popovich, Ukraine, cosmonaut (Vostok IV, Soyuz 14)
  • 1930 Reinhard Selten, German economist, (Nobel Prize 1994). born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Yvonne Braitwaite Burke, lawyer (Rep)
  • 1934 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer (d. 2002)
  • 1936 Vaclav Havel, writer/pres Czechoslovakia (1989-92)
  • 1937 Barry Switzer, football coach (Oklahoma), born in Crossett, Arkansas
  • 1938 Teresa Heinz Kerry, American philanthropist
  • 1939 Marie-Claire Blais, French Canadian author and playwright
  • 1939 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1939 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-born Canadian industrialist
  • 1941 Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina
  • 1943 Benjamin L Cardin, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • 1944 Ben Korthals, advocate/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1946 Zahida Hina, Pakistani columnist
  • 1948 Zoran Živković, Serbian writer
  • 1949 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician
  • 1950 Edward P. Jones, American writer
  • 1953 James E Lascelles, grandson of English princess Mary
  • 1953 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher
  • 1957 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • 1958 Brent W Jett Jr, Pontiac Mich, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 72, sk:81)
  • 1958 André Kuipers, Dutch astronaut
  • 1961 Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
  • 1964 Malik Saidullaev Chechen businessman
  • 1964 Warren E. Miller, Maryland politician
  • 1966 Jan Verhaas, Dutch snooker referee
  • 1972 Thomas Roberts, American news anchor
  • 1974 Rich Franklin, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1976 Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechen President
  • 1979 Jaime Chambers, American television reporter

Deaths in History

  • 578 Justinus II, Byzantine emperor (565-78), dies
  • 1056 Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1017)
  • 1111 Robrecht II of Jerusalem, Count of Flanders (1st Crusader), dies
  • 1112 Sigebert of Gembloux, French chronicler
  • 1285 King Philip III of France (b. 1245)
  • 1399 Raymundus of Capua, Italian general, dies
  • 1496 Ferdinand II, king of Naples, dies
  • 1528 Richard Foxe, English churchman
  • 1557 Il Bacchiacca, [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter, dies at 63
  • 1565 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (b. 1522)
  • 1606 Philippe Desportes, French poet (b. 1546)
  • 1631 Arabella Holles, wife of English politician Thomas Wentworth, dies
  • 1714 Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
  • 1740 Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)
  • 1763 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1777 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (b. 1704)
  • 1787 Thomas Stone, US attorney/signer (Dec of Ind), dies at about 44
  • 1799 Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
  • 1805 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British General during US War of Independence, dies at 66

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813 Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief (Battle of Thames), dies in battle at 45

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
Tecumseh
  • 1837 Hortense de Beauharnais, French queen of Neth (1806-10), dies at 54
  • 1848 Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (b. 1781)
  • 1861 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • 1892 Bill Powers, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Bob Dalton, US leader of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Dick Broadwell, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Grat Dalton, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1906 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, dies at 58
  • 1913 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 1918 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • 1930 Christopher Birdwood Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, British military officer (b. 1875)
  • 1933 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933 Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (b. 1862)
  • 1934 Jean Vigo, French filmer, dies
  • 1936 Jan J Slauerhoff, Dutch ship doc/writer (Seaman's Grave), dies at 38
  • 1938 Saint Faustina, Polish saint (b. 1905)
  • 1940 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher (b. 1859)
  • 1940 Ballington Booth, English Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • 1941 Louis D Brandeis, 1st Jewish Supreme Court Judge (1916-39), dies at 84
  • 1944 Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor/graphic artist, dies
  • 1950 Frederic Lewy, German neurologist (b. 1885)
  • 1953 Friedrich Wolf, writer, dies at 64
  • 1967 Clifton C Williams Jr, astronaut, dies at 35, in T-38 jet crash
  • 1976 Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1979 Charlie Smith, oldest American (137 year), dies
  • 1983 Earl Tupper, American inventor (b. 1907)
  • 1986 Hall B Wallis, US movie production (Barefoot in Park), dies at 87
  • 1986 James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1990 Meir Kahane, founder of Jewish defense league, assassinated at 58
  • 1992 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Dutch MP (VVD), dies
  • 1993 Karl G Henize, astronaut (STS 51-F), dies of heart failure at 66
  • 1995 Fred Fehl, photographer, dies at 89
  • 1995 Peter Crichton Kirkpatrick, oarsman, dies at 79
  • 1996 Catherine Elizabeth Pennington, personal assistant, dies at 77
  • 1996 Seymour Cray, computer designer, dies in auto accident at 71
  • 2001 Mike Mansfield, American politician (b. 1903)
  • 2003 Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast featured in Grizzly Man (b. 1957)
  • 2004 Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine nominee (b. 1941)
  • 2006 Antonio Peña, Mexican founder of lucha libre promotion AAA (b. 1953)
  • 2007 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (b. 1898)
  • 2007 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), dies at 78
  • 2010 Bernard Clavel, French novelist (b. 1923)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011 Fred Shuttlesworth, American civil rights activist, dies at 89

Civil Rights Activist Fred Shuttlesworth
Civil Rights Activist
Fred Shuttlesworth
  • 2011 Derrick Bell, American legal scholar and civil rights advocate (b. 1930)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011 Steve Jobs, American Businessman, co-founder and CEO of Apple, dies from respiratory arrest at 56

Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 2012 Keith H.S. Campbell, British biologist, dies at 58
  • 2015 Henning Mankell, Swedish playwright and author (Wallander novels), dies of cancer at 67