On This Day in History for October 6

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 105 BC Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.
  • 68 BC Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
  • 891 Formosus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1111 Boudouin VII becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1499 French King Louis XII occupies Milan
  • 1567 Duke of Alva becomes land guardian of Netherlands
  • 1683 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • 1689 Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • 1762 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1781 Americans & French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of American Revolutionary War
  • 1783 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
  • 1789 French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
  • 1799 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1849 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1853 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • 1854 The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
  • 1857 American Chess Association organized; 1st major US chess tournament (NYC)
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Charleston, SC, USS Flag vs BR Alert
  • 1861 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • 1863 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • 1863 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • 1866 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • 1869 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • 1876 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • 1884 Naval War College forms in Newport RI
  • 1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Resident Patient" (BG)
  • 1889 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1890 Mormon Church outlaws polygamy
  • 1893 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1898 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
  • 1900 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • 1903 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • 1906 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • 1908 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908 Yanks lose 100th game of year go 51-103 for season
  • 1911 Beatrix van Rijk becomes 1st licensed Dutch woman pilot
  • 1912 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • 1914 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1917 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides
  • 1918 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1921 Century Theater opens at 7th Ave & 59th St NYC (demolished 1962)
  • 1921 International PEN is founded in London.
  • 1922 Schwebla replaces Benes government in Czechoslavakia
  • 1922 The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • 1923 2nd government of Stresemann in Germany forms
  • 1923 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • 1923 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • 1925 Greek premier Papanastasiou orders gen Pangulos arrested
  • 1928 Josip Broz (Tito) sentenced to 5 years in jail
  • 1931 Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • 1935 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • 1935 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France & Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
  • 1939 Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • 1940 Zoological Gardens opens on Sloat & Skyline in SF
  • 1941 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • 1942 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • 1943 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island
  • 1943 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"
  • 1944 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • 1944 Canadians free Austria
  • 1944 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1944 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Gen Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • 1946 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • 1946 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 1948 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya.

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1949 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Stalin proclaims USSR has atomic bomb

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1956 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad
  • 1956 Dr Albert Sabin discovers oral polio vaccine
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1958 US nuclear sub USS Seawolf remains record 60 days under pole
  • 1959 Soviet Luna 3, 1st successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1965 William Goodhart's "Generation" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Partial meltdown at Detroits's Fermi 1 nuclear reactor
  • 1966 LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is first declared illegal in state of California, other states follow.
  • 1967 Haight-Ashbury (San Francisco) hippies throw a funeral for "Hippie" to mark end of "the summer of love".
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1972 22-car train carrying 2,000 pilgrims derails, kills 208 in Mexico
  • 1972 Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) Jack Lynch closes the Sinn Féin office in Dublin
  • 1973 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • 1976 "Gang of Four" arrested in Beijing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 US President Gerald Ford says there is "no Soviet domination in Eastern Europe"

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 Cubana Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, explode onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board
  • 1977 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • 1978 Hannah H Gray inaugurated as 1st female head of a US university (Chicago)

Birthdays in History

  • 1289 King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (d. 1306)
  • 1459 Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer (d. 1507)
  • 1510 Rowland Taylor, English clergyman (d. 1555)
  • 1510 John Caius, English physician (d. 1573)
  • 1552 Matteo Ricci, Italian missionary (China)
  • 1573 Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater (d. 1624)
  • 1610 Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (d. 1690)
  • 1706 Pieter Steyn, Dutch grand pensionary (1749- )
  • 1716 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1738 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1744 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
  • 1767 Henri Christophe, king of Haiti (d. 1820)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769 Isaac Brock, British Army officer (successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812), born in St Peter Port, Guernsey (d. 1812)

British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock
  • 1773 King Louis-Philippe of France (d. 1850)
  • 1801 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (d. 1888)
  • 1803 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (1848-63)
  • 1819 Willem A Scholten, Dutch potato-flour manufacturer
  • 1831 J W Richard Dedekind, Ger mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers)
  • 1838 Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (d. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1846 George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur and engineer (air brakes, alternating current system), born in Central Bridge, New York (d. 1914)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1847 Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor
  • 1849 Basil Zaharoff, arms dealer, "merchant of death"
  • 1860 Oscar L Helfrich, Dutch governor (Curacao)
  • 1860 Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch foreign minister (1908-13)
  • 1862 Albert Jeremiah Beveridge, US, politician/author (Progressive)
  • 1872 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1874 Frank G. Allen, 51st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887 Le Corbusier [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss architect, city planner and artist (Urbanisme), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds (d. 1965))

Architect/ City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect/ City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1887 MartinLuis Guzman, Mexico, novelist (Eagle & the Serpent)
  • 1888 Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
  • 1888 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1889 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Noce I Dnie)
  • 1895 Caroline Gordon, Kentucky, writer (Green Centuries)
  • 1903 Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Horst Lange, German writer (The Long Lament), born in Liegnitz, Silesia (d. 1971)
  • 1908 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
  • 1910 Barbara Castle, British politician (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Anthony Cuthbert Baines, writer/curator
  • 1913 Meret Oppenheim, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist and explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), born in Larvik (d. 2002)

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1915 Harry van Doorn, [Henri W], CRM minister/Dutch politician (KVP/PPR)
  • 1915 Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Lord Donaldson of Lymington, British judge (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Shana Alexander, American journalist (60 Minutes), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Hafez al-Assad, General and President of Syria (1971-2000), born in Qardaha, Alawite State, Syria (d. 2000)

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 1932 Gloria Lane, educator/author/founder (Women's International Center)
  • 1936 Rob Touber, [Robert J Noordervliet], cabaret director (Capers)
  • 1938 Serge Nubret, French bodybuilder
  • 1939 Douglas K Bereuter, (Rep-R-Nebraska, 1979- )
  • 1939 John J LaFalce, (Rep-D-NY, 1975- )
  • 1940 Boris Dmitriyevich Andreyev, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1940 Wyche Fowler Jr, (Rep-D-GA, 1977-87)
  • 1943 Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • 1944 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • 1945 Domonic Barber, attorney (Howard Stern, Jessica Hahn, Joe Buttafucco)
  • 1946 Eddie Villanueva, JIL Spiritual Director, Owner of ZOE Broadcasting Network
  • 1946 Lloyd Doggett, American politician
  • 1947 Aleksandr Stepanovich Andryushkov, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1948 Dan Hamburg, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1948 Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician
  • 1952 Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1953 Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (d. 1991)
  • 1956 Kathleen Webb, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1958 Joseph Finder, American novelist
  • 1959 John Mackin, programmer
  • 1959 Walter Ray Williams Jr, bowler (twice Player of the Year)
  • 1959 Brian Higgins, American politician, Member of US House of Representatives
  • 1965 Jim Sharp, US rodeo rider (Las Vegas 1988)
  • 1967 Svend Karlsen, Norwegian strongman
  • 1969 Troy Shaw, English snooker player
  • 1982 MC Lars, American hip-hop artist
  • 1995 Jessica Lunsford, American kidnapping victim (d. 2005)

Weddings in History

  • 1936 Diana Mitford marries Oswald Mosley in the house of Joseph Goebbels with Adolf Hitler as a guest
  • 1956 South African politician "Kobie" Coetsee marries Helena E Malan
  • 2007 "The Montel Williams Show" talk show host Montel Williams (51) weds American Airlines flight attendant Tara Fowler on a beach in Bermuda
  • 2008 Steven Curtis Chapman's oldest daughter Emily Chapman (45) weds longtime boyfriend Tanner Richards

Deaths in History

  • 404 Eudoxia Aelia, empress of Austria, dies
  • 877 Charles II the Bald, King of France/ Holy Roman emperor (875-77), dies at 54
  • 1014 Samuel (Samuil), ruler of Bulgaria, dies (b. 958)
  • 1072 Sancho II, king of Castile (1065-72), murdered
  • 1101 Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order
  • 1214 Alfonso VIII de Edele, king of Castile, dies
  • 1413 Dawit I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1382)
  • 1542 Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b. 1503)
  • 1585 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter/sculptor, dies
  • 1641 Matthijs H Quast, fleet guardian (Gold Islands), dies in battle
  • 1644 Elisabeth (In Spanish Isabel) of Bourbon, wife of Philip IV of Spain (b. 1602)
  • 1661 Guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru
  • 1688 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1819 Charles Emanuel II, King of Sardinia (1796-1802)/Jesuit, dies
  • 1829 Pierre Derbigny, Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 George Childress, American lawyer and statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), commits suicide at 37

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • 1855 August L Crelle, inventor/mathematician (Rechentafeln), dies at 75
  • 1861 Elias Canneman, liberal minister of Finance (1813-14), dies at 84
  • 1873 Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (b. 1797)
  • 1880 Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
  • 1891 Charles S Parnell, English/Irish Home Rule Party leader, dies at 45

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Alfred Lord Tennyson, writer and British Poet Laureate, dies at 83

  • 1905 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer, dies
  • 1912 August Beernaert, Belgian premier (1884-94, Nobel 1909), dies at 83
  • 1924 Jacques Oppenheim, lawyer, dies at 75
  • 1926 Charles Van de Banks, Flemish writer/poet (Red Horse), dies
  • 1942 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts), dies
  • 1943 Robert Cooper, father of Card pitcher Mort & catcher Walker, dies
  • 1945 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
  • 1949 Robert Lynd [YY], Irish writer/critic (News Chronicle), dies at 70
  • 1951 Henry Gurney, British high commissioner to Malaya, assassinated
  • 1951 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1951 Will Keith Kellogg, American food manufacturer (b. 1860)
  • 1959 Bernard Berenson, American art historian (b. 1865)
  • 1964 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), dies at 85
  • 1965 Georges Vandertongerloo, Flemish sculptor/painter, dies at 78
  • 1966 Sydney Chatton, dies of heart attack at 48
  • 1968 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (b. 1917)
  • 1976 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1979 Elizabeth Bishop, poetess (North & South, Pulitzer 1956), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1981 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), assassinated by fundamentalist army officers at 62

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1983 Terence Cooke, cardinal/archbishop of NY, dies at 62
  • 1984 George S Simpson, US paleontologist, dies at 82
  • 1986 Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 1991 Lincoln Demyan, dies at 66
  • 1991 Wendell Phillips, dies at 83 [or 10/13]
  • 1993 Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot (b. 1949)
  • 1995 Oswald Moxley Gibbs, diplomat, dies at 67
  • 1996 Martyn Taylor, teacher/campaigner, dies at 57
  • 1997 Johnny Vander Meer, pitched consecutive no-hitters, dies at 82
  • 2002 Claus von Amsberg, husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (b. 1926)
  • 2003 Timothy Treadwell, American environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2006 Wilson Tucker, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 2006 Alex L. Shigo, American Biologist and Plant Pathologist, dies at 76
  • 2007 Bud Ekins, American stuntman (b. 1930)
  • 2012 Chadli Bendjedid, Algerian president, dies from cancer at 83
  • 2014 Marian Seldes, American actress,dies at 86
  • 2015 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), dies at 93