On This Day in History for October 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 3761 BC The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
  • 336 Pope Saint Mark's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope leaving the papacy vacant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus misses Florida when he changes course

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1506 Pope Julius II & France occupy Bologna

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1513 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1520 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers Catalina Island off the coast of California

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
  • 1571 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1637 Prince Frederick Henry occupies Breda

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1690 English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
  • 1702 British & Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
  • 1714 People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • 1737 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft and kill 300,000 near Bengal, India
  • 1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
  • 1765 Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York
  • 1777 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1780 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • 1806 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • 1816 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
  • 1825 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick
  • 1826 Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
  • 1828 The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1840 Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
  • 1856 Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
  • 1864 -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, VA
  • 1864 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
  • 1868 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • 1870 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • 1879 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1886 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1900 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • 1904 NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
  • 1907 France's Henri Farman flies 30m in a biplane
  • 1908 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • 1908 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1912 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • 1916 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • 1919 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • 1919 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • 1922 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1923 Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • 1924 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms
  • 1926 Italian Great Fascist Council forms

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1928 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1928 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Ramsay MacDonald is first British Prime Minister to address US Congress

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1931 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Himmler, Hess and Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1937 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam

  • 1938 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
  • 1940 World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1941 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • 1942 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • 1942 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)
  • 1942 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • 1942 Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal to become wrestling champ
  • 1944 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • 1944 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • 1945 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • 1946 Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet premieres
  • 1949 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • 1950 US forces invade North Korea by crossing 38th parallel
  • 1950 Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head
  • 1950 William H Jackson becomes deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)

Radio and Television Personality Dick Clark
Radio and Television Personality
Dick Clark
  • 1953 Bill Veeck tells Browns stockholders he faces bankruptcy unless they drop their suit to block his move to Baltimore, they comply
  • 1954 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
  • 1955 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1958 Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury

CommunicationFar Side of the Moon Revealed

1959 Far side of Moon seen for the 1st time, courtesy of USSR's Luna 3 space probe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 2nd JFK & Richard Nixon debate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Bobby Baker resigns as Senate Democratic secretary
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1963 JFK signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 Charles Linster does 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 50 mph gust helps Robert Mitera ace 447-yd 10th hole at Miracle Hills, Omaha, Nebr to score world's longest straight hole-in-one
  • 1967 Rolf Hochhuth's "Soldaten" premieres in West Berlin
  • 1968 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
  • 1968 Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier
  • 1971 T McNally's "Where has Tommy Flowers gone?" premieres in NYC
  • 1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1974 German Democratic Republic amends constitution
  • 1975 US decides John Lennon won't be deported due to UK pot conviction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Hua Guofeng succeeds Mao as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 1977 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1980 Belgium 3rd government of Martens resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Hosni Mubarak becomes acting-president of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak

Birthdays in History

  • 1471 Frederik I, King of Denmark and Norway (1523-33), born in Gottorp, Denmark (d. 1533)
  • 1573 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 1645)
  • 1576 John Marston, English poet and playwright (d. 1634)
  • 1577 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
  • 1589 Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
  • 1713 Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
  • 1728 Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
  • 1744 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • 1748 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
  • 1769 Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
  • 1786 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1798 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas)
  • 1817 Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1821 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
  • 1826 William Brimage Bate, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army) and 23rd Governor of Tennessee (1882-86)
  • 1841 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • 1849 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • 1854 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • 1866 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1870 Uncle Dave Macon, entertainer
  • 1881 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1886 Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • 1888 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • 1892 Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • 1894 Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1901 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • 1906 James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
  • 1907 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • 1912 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • 1913 Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
  • 1915 Margarita J Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja) [NS]
  • 1916 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1918 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • 1919 George Duby, historian
  • 1919 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • 1920 Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
  • 1921 John Arthur Giles Gere, English art historian (Pre-Raphaelite painter)
  • 1922 Reina Prinsen Geerligs, [Leentje Vandendriesch], Dutch antifascist
  • 1923 Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
  • 1923 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • 1927 R. D. Laing, Govanhill, Scottish psychiatrist, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1928 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (d. 1980)
  • 1929 Robert Westall, British author (d. 1993)
  • 1929 Harold Zirin, astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931 Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Klerksdorp, Western Transvaal, South Africa

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
  • 1932 Joannes M Gijsen, Bishop of Roermond
  • 1934 Imamu Amiri Baraka, [Everett Leroi Jones], American poet/writer
  • 1934 Ulrike Meinhof, German Red Army member
  • 1934 [Everett] LeRoi Jones, [Amiri Baraka], American writer (Black Music)
  • 1935 Thomas M Keneally, Australian writer (Schindler's List)
  • 1936 Gennadi Mikhailovich Kolesnikov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1937 Maria Szyszkowska, Polish politician
  • 1939 John Hopcroft, American computer scientist
  • 1939 Harold Kroto, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (1996), born in Wisbech (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Bruce F Vento, (Rep-D-Minnesota, 1977- )
  • 1940 Richard H Stallings, (Rep-D-ID, 1985- )
  • 1943 Oliver North, US colonel (Irangate), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1944 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • 1946 Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei
  • 1948 Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist
  • 1950 Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician
  • 1951 David J. Halberstam, American radio executive
  • 1952 Martyn Harris, journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 Vladimir Putin, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1955 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • 1959 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician
  • 1959 Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician
  • 1961 Matthew Roloff, American reality star
  • 1961 Thomas "Tom" Perez, American Chair of the Democratic National Committee, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1962 Dave Bronconnier, Canadian politician
  • 1964 Dan Savage, American sex-columnist and author
  • 2001 Princess Senate Seeiso, daughter of King Letsie III of Lesotho

Weddings in History

  • 1776 Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.

HeartWedding of Interest

1914 44th US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (26) weds John F. Fitzgerald's daughter, Rose Fitzgerald (24)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • 1989 Radio talk show host Larry King weds Julie Alexander

HeartWedding of Interest

1995 Walt Disney CEO Bob Iger (44) weds journalist Willow Bay (31) in Bridgehampton, New York

CEO of The Walt Disney Company Bob Iger
CEO of The Walt Disney Company
Bob Iger
  • 2012 Media personality Jack Osbourne (26) weds Lisa Stelly on the Big Island of Hawaii

Deaths in History

  • 290 [Christian] Sergius, roman soldier/martyred saint, decapitated
  • 336 Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
  • 929 Charles III, the Plain, King of France (893-929), dies
  • 1368 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England, dies at 29
  • 1488 Andrea del Verrochio, sculptor/painter/goldsmith, dies at about 52
  • 1555 Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
  • 1571 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto
  • 1577 George Gascoigne, English poet
  • 1612 Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar/theologist, dies at 70
  • 1620 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1637 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (b. 1587)
  • 1639 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68
  • 1651 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit, dies at 92
  • 1653 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
  • 1660 Paul Scarron, French, stagewriter (Le Roman Comique), dies at 50
  • 1681 Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philological/diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1708 Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh Guru (b. 1666)
  • 1772 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
  • 1777 Simon Fraser, English general, dies in battle
  • 1780 Patrick Ferguson, English major in SC, dies in battle at 36
  • 1787 Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1792 George Mason, American statesman (advocated for the Bill of Rights), dies of natural causes at 66

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1793 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (b. 1718)
  • 1796 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
  • 1800 Gabriel, slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
  • 1811 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), dies in Baltimore at 40

  • 1864 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 John Gregg, US judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • 1894 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), dies at 85
  • 1903 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
  • 1906 Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • 1911 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
  • 1919 Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
  • 1924 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Christian Philosophy), dies at 71
  • 1926 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, dies at 70
  • 1939 Harvey (William) Cushing, US neurologist, dies at 70
  • 1943 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), dies at 73

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1951 Anton F Philips, CEO (Philips), dies at 77
  • 1956 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor (b. 1886)
  • 1959 PM Kassem of Iraq, assassinated
  • 1962 Mauritius Dekker, [Boris Robazki], writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
  • 1964 Eugen Varga, Hungarian/Russian economist/politician, dies at 84
  • 1967 Norman Angell (Lane), English journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1933), dies
  • 1981 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), dies at 86
  • 1990 J Teengs Gerritsen, resistance fighter, dies
  • 1990 Juan Jose Arevalo, president of Guatemala (1945-51), dies
  • 1992 Allan Bloom, author (Closing of the American Mind), dies at 62
  • 1992 Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
  • 1993 Agnes de Mille, choreographer (Oklahoma!, Rodeo), dies at 88
  • 1994 James Hill, director, dies at 75
  • 1994 Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist (Nobel prize 1984), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman, dies at 59
  • 1996 Charles Wegg Solicitor-Prosser, dies at 86
  • 1998 Arnold Jacobs, American tuba player a.k.a. Song and Wind (b. 1915)
  • 1999 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • 2001 Herblock, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Izzy Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (b. 1932)
  • 2003 Wally George, American conservative TV commentator (b. 1931)
  • 2004 Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • 2006 Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2007 George E. Sangmeister, American politician (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2010 Milka Planinc, former PM of Yugoslavia (b. 1924)
  • 2011 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)