On This Day in History for October 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

314 Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the east Licinius

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 876 Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bald
  • 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
  • 1085 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1480 Great standing on the Ugra river, standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, Tataro-Mongols retreat, leds to eventual disintegration of the Horde

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1600 San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1604 Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted
  • 1625 Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz
  • 1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government
  • 1690 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1712 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740 Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1769 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
  • 1806 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1815 Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1822 First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1860 Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
  • 1862 Battle of Perryville, KY- Confederate invasion halted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Otto von Bismarck becomes Chancellor of the German Empire

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • 1871 Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • 1873 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • 1879 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • 1892 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • 1898 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • 1903 J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • 1912 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • 1915 Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing 25 and capturing 132 Germans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1927 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
  • 1928 Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.
  • 1929 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan/drives out H Ghazi
  • 1932 The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • 1933 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government

MurderMurder of Interest

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1940 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1941 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • 1942 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • 1943 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1945 Microwave oven patented

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Kwo-less-shrew selects Gen Chiang Kai-shek as President of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1946 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • 1952 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1952 Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London, 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash.
  • 1955 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • 1957 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • 1957 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • 1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Conservatives win British general election
  • 1961 US Constellation crashes at Richmond Virginia, 74 die
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Ringo Starr passes his driving test

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1965 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965 Post Office Tower opens in London, tallest building in England
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1968 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • 1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1970 Soviet author Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1970 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Lerrin LaGrow Campy, who had been hit by a pitch, is fined & suspended
  • 1973 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • 1973 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1978 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • 1978 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City
  • 1980 British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
  • 1980 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions
  • 1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
  • 1985 "Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam

Birthdays in History

  • 1515 Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (d. 1578)
  • 1619 Philipp von Zesen, German poet/historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1621 Maximilian H of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/bishop of Hildesheim
  • 1676 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (d. 1764)
  • 1697 Cornelis Consolation, Dutch portrait painter (Unseemly Love)
  • 1713 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
  • 1715 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1774)
  • 1720 Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (d. 1766)
  • 1747 Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (d. 1807)
  • 1765 Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer (d. 1831)
  • 1789 John Ruggles, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1789 William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist (d. 1855)
  • 1802 Peter Hofstede, the Great, Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1818 John Henninger Reagan, Atty Gen (Confederacy)
  • 1826 Matt Whitaker Ransom, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1904)
  • 1828 Francisque Sarcey, French writer/critic
  • 1838 John Milton Hay, politician (Union), (d. 1905)
  • 1850 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1855 Gustav Ehrismann, German germanist
  • 1864 Ozias Leduc, Québécois painter (d. 1955)
  • 1868 Max Slevogt, German painter
  • 1869 J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • 1872 John Cowper Powys, British writer (Wood & Stone)
  • 1873 Ejnar Hertzsprung, Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1877 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist (d. 1968)
  • 1880 Ernest F E Douwes Dekker, Dutch founder (National-India Party)
  • 1883 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1884 Walther von Reichenau, German military officer (d. 1942)
  • 1889 C. E. Woolman, American airline founder (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Eddie Rickenbacker, aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I)
  • 1893 Orovida Camille Pissarro, Epping England, British painter and etcher
  • 1895 Jeanne G van Schaik-Willing, Dutch author (Sinner & the Girl)
  • 1895 Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and President of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1974)
  • 1895 King Zog I, of Albania (1928-1939)
  • 1899 Milner Connorton Gray, designer
  • 1899 Pandit Rambharos Gangaram Panday, Suriname relig leader/co-found (VHP)
  • 1900 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer
  • 1910 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Spark Matsunaga, (D-Ha-Sen)
  • 1917 Walter Lord, American author (d. 2002)
  • 1919 Kiichi Miyazawa, premier Japan (1991-93)
  • 1920 Frank [Patrick] Herbert, US, sci-fi author (Dune)
  • 1921 Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1922 Douglas Gray, archivist
  • 1924 Alphons Egli, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1925 Andrei Donatovich Sinyavsky, writer/critic
  • 1926 Raaj Kumar, Hindi film star (Mother India), born in Loralai, Balochistan, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1927 Jim Elliot, American missionary (d. 1956)
  • 1927 César Milstein, Argentine scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1928 M. Russell Ballard, LDS apostle
  • 1932 Ray Reardon, Welsh snooker player
  • 1934 J Carter Brown, Providence RI, art director (Wash National Gallery)
  • 1936 Rona Barrett, American gossip columnist (Tomorrow Show), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Walter Gretzky, father of Wayne Gretzky
  • 1939 Harvey Pekar, American author
  • 1939 Lynne Stewart, American civil liberties lawyer
  • 1941 Jesse Jackson, Greenville SC, clergyman/presidential candidate (D)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 R. L. Stine, children's book writer (Goosebumps), born in Columbus, Ohio

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • 1944 Bruce A Morrison, (Rep-D-CT, 1983- )
  • 1946 Jean-Jacques Beineix, director (Betty Blue, Diva)
  • 1946 Dennis Kucinich, American politician
  • 1947 Yelena Ivanovna Dobrokvashina, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15a)
  • 1948 Stefanie Marrian, comedienne (Benny Hill Show), born in Paris, France
  • 1948 Benjamin Cheever, American novelist and editor
  • 1948 Pedro López, Colombian serial killer
  • 1951 Jack O'Connell, American politician
  • 1952 Jan Marijnissen, Dutch politician
  • 1956 Janice E Voss Ford, South Bend Ind, PhD/Astronaut (STS 57, 63, 83, 94)
  • 1956 Scott Michael Pellaton, barefoot water ski champ
  • 1956 Janice Voss, South Bend, Indiana, astronaut (shuttle radar topography mission), (d. 2012)
  • 1957 Joe Castiglione, American college athletic director
  • 1958 Steve Coll, American journalist
  • 1959 Carlos I Noriega, Lima Peru, astronaut (STS 84, sk 97)
  • 1960 Reed Hastings, American businessman and entrepreneur
  • 1970 Sadiq Khan, British politician, 1st Muslim Mayor of London, born in London
  • 1977 Anne-Caroline Chausson, French mountain-bike rider
  • 1981 Princess Juliana Edenia Antonia, of Netherlands
  • 1985 Eiji Wentz, German-Japanese entertainer
  • 1987 Aya Hirano, Japanese Seiyuu

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1824 Salt Lake City founder Brigham Young (23) weds first wife Miriam Angeline Works (18) in Port Byron, New York

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1842 Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach

HeartWedding of Interest

1846 Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper (25) weds Frances Amelia Morse (20) in Amherst, Nova Scotia

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1993 Queen Elizabeth's nephew Viscount Linley (32) weds Serena Stanhope (24)

Deaths in History

  • 705 Abd al-Malik, kalief of Damascus, dies
  • 976 Jelena of Zadar, Croatian queen
  • 1094 St Mark, the Evangelist, buried in San Marcos ministry in Venice
  • 1286 John I of Dreux, Duke of Brittany (b. 1217)
  • 1317 Fushimi, Emperor of Japan (b. 1265)
  • 1604 Janus Dousa, [Johan van de Does], literature/politician, dies at 58
  • 1606 John VI the Elder, Count of Nassau, father of 24, dies at 69
  • 1613 Sebastian de Covarrubias bon Horozco, lexicographer, dies at 74
  • 1621 Antoine de Montchrétien, French dramatist
  • 1647 Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (b. 1562)
  • 1651 Isaac Elsevier, book publisher, dies at 55
  • 1652 John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1656 Johann Georg I, ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
  • 1659 Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary
  • 1680 Elisabeth, abbess, dies at 61
  • 1686 Adriaen Paets, Rotterdams regent/diplomat, dies at about 55
  • 1722 Gerard Callenbach, Dutch admiral, dies at 80
  • 1735 Yongzheng Emperor of China (b. 1678)
  • 1754 Henry Fielding, English lawyer/author (Tom Jones), dies at 47
  • 1771 John E Loovens, lawyer, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1793 John Hancock, US merchant/statesman (Declaration of Independence), dies at 56

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1795 Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman (b. 1725)
  • 1803 Vittorio A Alfieri, Italian earl/writer (Filippo), dies at 54
  • 1809 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
  • 1847 Rose Scott, Social Reformer
  • 1862 James Streshley Jackson, attorney/Union-brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
  • 1862 William Rufus Terrill, Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
  • 1864 Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brig-general, dies at about 34

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1879 Miguel Grau Seminario, Peruvian Admiral (b. 1834)
  • 1886 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • 1888 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian Minister of Justice, dies
  • 1897 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1904 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria sociologist/philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1907 Alfred, Liechtensteins noble of Austrian Herrenhaus, dies at 65
  • 1919 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la Robe), dies
  • 1925 Abraham PC of Karnebeek, liberal foreign minister (1918-27), dies
  • 1931 Sir John Monash, Australian soldier general (b. 1865)
  • 1936 William Henry Stark, American business leader (b. 1851)
  • 1940 Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Gaskugeln), dies at 78
  • 1942 Sergei Chaplygin, Soviet engineer
  • 1944 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52
  • 1945 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • 1945 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • 1954 Morten Korch, Danish author, dies at 78
  • 1956 Dirk Koster, literary (New noises), dies at 69
  • 1958 Ran Bosilek, Bulgarian author (b. 1886)
  • 1963 Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican surrealist artist dies of a heart attack aged 54
  • 1964 Charles Hodge, NYU professor (Answers for Americans), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Clement Attlee, British politician, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1945-51), dies at 84

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1970 Jean Giono, French writer (Hussard Sur le Toit), dies at 75
  • 1970 Lucien Goldmann, Romanian/French sociologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1973 Gabriel Marcel, writer, dies
  • 1982 Philip J Noel-Baker, English minister (Nobel 1959), dies at 92
  • 1984 Frederick Brisson, producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
  • 1985 Leon Klinghoffer, American murdered by hijackers of the Achille Lauro when they threw him off the boat at 69
  • 1985 Ricardo Bacchelli, playwright/poet (Il malino del Po), dies at 94
  • 1991 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian writer (Sounds of the Night), dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany (1969-74, Nobel 1971), dies of cancer at 78

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1994 Brian Hartley, mathematician, dies at 55
  • 1994 John the King, CDA-minister of Social Businesses, dies at 68
  • 1994 Manual Pina, fashion Designer, dies at 50
  • 1995 Frederick Harry Baines, painter, dies at 85
  • 1995 John Cairncross, linguist (5th Man), dies at 82
  • 1995 Terry Hawkins, theatre administrator, dies at 45
  • 1996 Geoffrey Finsberg, politician, dies at 70
  • 1996 Joseph Roy George Ralston, pilot, dies at 81
  • 1997 Brown Meggs, CEO (Capitol Records), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 66
  • 1997 Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (b. 1913)
  • 2004 Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (b. 1930)
  • 2004 James Chace, American historian (b. 1931)
  • 2008 George Emil Palade, Romanian cell biologist (b. 1912)
  • 2010 Frank Bourgholtzer, American television correspondent (b. 1919)
  • 2013 Rod Grams, American politician and television anchor, dies from cancer at 65
  • 2015 Paul Prudhomme, American cajun chef (K-Paul), dies at 75