On This Day in History for October 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145


Event of interestEvent of Interest

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 869 Charles the Bald crowned king of Lotharingen
  • 1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192 Richard I of England, the Lion Heart, leaves Jerusalem in disguise

  • 1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia
  • 1290 Last of 16,000 English Jews expelled by King Edward I, leaves
  • 1446 The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea
  • 1558 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1573 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1597 Earl Mauritius occupies Breevoort
  • 1617 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1621 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1635 Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1651 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • 1655 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
  • 1668 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • 1701 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 1708 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • 1716 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1740 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1760 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • 1776 Mission Dolores founded by SF Bay
  • 1794 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast.
  • 1804 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • 1806 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1817 University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • 1835 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka
  • 1837 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • 1837 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1845 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1854 The siege of Sebastopol begins (Crimean War)
  • 1855 Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts, patents first calliope
  • 1863 Battle of Brady Station, VA (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • 1865 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1872 Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
  • 1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • 1876 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 1877 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1888 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • 1890 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Red-Headed League"
  • 1899 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • 1899 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • 1900 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 1903 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • 1914 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1915 Belgrade Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 1915 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, NY
  • 1915 Louis Kaufmans "Unchastened Woman" premieres in NYC
  • 1926 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution
  • 1928 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
  • 1934 Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1941 A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1944 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1945 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1946 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
  • 1946 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 First telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane
  • 1953 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1953 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1958 Israeli navy inaugrates its first submarine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1960 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • 1961 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • 1962 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • 1962 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1963 Vaiont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan resigns and is replaced by Alec Douglas-Home

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1963 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1968 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • 1968 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy
  • 1970 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence
  • 1971 Japanese emperor Hirohito visits Netherlands
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • 1973 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • 1974 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • 1975 Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits SF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1976 Peter Petherick takes hat-trick on debut NZ v Pak Javed 1st wkt
  • 1976 Yanks 1st AL Championship game, beat Royals 4-1

Birthdays in History

  • 1201 Robert de Sorbon, founded Sorbonne University, Paris
  • 1221 Salimbene di Adam, Italian chronicler
  • 1261 Dionysius, the Justified, king of Portugal (1279-1325)
  • 1328 King Peter I of Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1581 Claude G Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician/theologist
  • 1586 Jan III van Foreest, lawyer/poet/mayor of Hoorn
  • 1586 Archduke Leopold V of Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1663 Gian M Crescimbeni, Italian literary/critic (Arcadia)
  • 1704 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757 Charles X, reactionary king of France (1824-30); deposed
  • 1771 Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15)
  • 1782 Lewis Cass, (Gov-Mich)
  • 1796 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English Egyptologist (d. 1878)
  • 1813 John Jones Pettus, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63)
  • 1819 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1822 George Sykes, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1880)
  • 1823 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, Publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1830 Harriet Hosmer, sculptor
  • 1840 Simeon Solomon, British artist (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburg's coal basin)
  • 1847 Stephanus J du Toit, South Africa theologist/journalist (Afr Bond)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist,Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Hermann Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Hermann Emil Fischer
  • 1858 Gerard L F Philips, Dutch engineer/manufacturer (Philips)
  • 1859 Alfred Dreyfus, accused Jewish French officer (Dreyfus Affair)
  • 1871 Gerrit Bolkestein, minister of Education (1939-4-)
  • 1871 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal (d. 1940)
  • 1871 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • 1873 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect)
  • 1874 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter (d. 1947)
  • 1884 Helene Deutsch, [Rosenbach], psychoanalyst (Boston)
  • 1884 Martin Elmer Johnson, explorer/photographer
  • 1888 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1890 Aimee Semple McPherson, evangelist (Pentecostal)/radio preacher
  • 1892 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavia, novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel Prize for Literature 1961)
  • 1892 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (d. 1941)
  • 1893 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1947)
  • 1899 Bruce Catton, US, historian/writer (Civil War)
  • 1902 Freddie Young, British cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1904 J Dito, Dutch dominican/broadcast chairman (KRO, 1938-45)
  • 1906 13th earl of Stair, English lt-colonel/large landowner
  • 1906 Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Quintin Hogg, British politician (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Jacques Tati[scheff], La Pecq France, director (Traffic, Playtime)
  • 1908 James E Folsom, (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59)
  • 1908 Harry Hooton, Australian poet (d. 1961)
  • 1910 Donald Coggan, English archbishop of York/Canterbury (Glory of God)
  • 1911 Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Clifford M. Hardin, United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1918 E Howard Hunt, Hamburg NY, involved in Watergate break-in
  • 1920 Jens Bjorneboe, Norway, poet/writer (Dikt, Jonas)
  • 1920 Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (d. 1976)
  • 1924 Robert A Rushworth, Madison Maine, test pilot (X-15)
  • 1925 Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (d. 1958)
  • 1927 Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, Russion Orthodox Priest
  • 1933 Bill Tidy, English cartoonist (Fosdyke Saga)
  • 1934 Jacobo Majluta Azar, politician
  • 1934 Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author
  • 1935 Don[ald] McCullin, British photographer
  • 1935 Edward GNPP, English prince/duke of Kent
  • 1938 Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician
  • 1939 Pierre Mertens, French/Belgian writer (Lettres Clandestines)
  • 1940 Gordon J. Humphrey, US Senator (R) New Hampshire (1979-90), born in Bristol, Connecticut
  • 1941 Trent Lott, (Rep-R-MS, 1973- )
  • 1941 Brian Lamb, Founder of c-span
  • 1942 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Mike Peters, American cartoonist
  • 1947 William E. McAnulty, Jr., American lawyer (d. 2007)
  • 1950 Jody Williams, American teacher and aid worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1957 Yuri Vladimirovich Usachyov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-18, TM-23)
  • 1959 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (assassinated 2015)
  • 1966 Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher and entrepreneur

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1966 David Cameron, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2010-16), born in London

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron
  • 1971 Simon Atlee, British photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1975 Sean Ono Lennon, Son of John Lennon and Yoko Ono's, born in NYC, New York
  • 1980 Ibrahim Fazeel, Maldivian Ffotballer

Weddings in History

  • 1514 King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII (sister of Henry VIII)

HeartWedding of Interest

1901 Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr (27) weds Abby Aldrich in Warwick Neck, Rhode Island

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr

HeartWedding of Interest

1944 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

Divorces in History

  • 1973 Elvis & Priscilla Presley divorce after 6 years
  • 1980 Princess Caroline of Monaco divorces Philippe Junot

Deaths in History

  • 1047 Clemens II, [Suitger], Pope (1046-47), dies (b. 1005)
  • 1253 Robert Grosseteste, English scientist, scholastic philosopher, theologian and Bishop of Lincoln, dies at around 78
  • 1273 Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
  • 1326 Reinald I, earl of Gelre/monarch, went insane, dies
  • 1390 Johan I, king of Castile (1379-90), dies
  • 1423 Frederik III of Blankenheim, bishop of Straatsburg/Utrecht, dies
  • 1436 Jacoba van Bavarian, countess of Holland/Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1555 Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (b. 1493)
  • 1562 Gabriel Fallopius, Modena Italy, anatomist, dies
  • 1562 Gabriele Falloppio/Gabriel Fallopius, Modena Italy, anatomist and early advocate for the use of condoms. (b. 1523)
  • 1569 Vladimir of Staritsa, Russian prince (b. 1533)
  • 1597 Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1537)
  • 1646 Baltasar Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip IV, dies
  • 1688 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician, dies at 75
  • 1691 William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
  • 1709 Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1640)
  • 1729 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1793 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)
  • 1797 Elijah B Solomon Zalman, rabbi/Gaon of Vilna Latvia, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1806 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, President (1829-31) and founding father of modern Greece.
  • 1837 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1841 Karl F Schinkel, German painter/writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1873 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • 1891 Johannes Tideman, theologist, dies at 83
  • 1897 John Heemskerk Azn, Dutch Internal minister (1866..88), dies at 79
  • 1906 Joseph Glidden, American inventor (barbed wire) and businessman, dies at 93
  • 1912 Millie & Christine McCoy, American Siamese twins born slaves, die at 61
  • 1915 Constant A M Cap, Flemish poet/etcher, dies at 73
  • 1917 Hussain Kamil, sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • 1918 Michail V Alekseyev, Russian general (WW I), murdered at 60
  • 1924 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934 J-Louis-F Barthou, French writer/premier/foreign minister, murdered
  • 1934 King Alexander, of Yugoslavia, killed by Georgief (Croatian terrorist)
  • 1937 George AA Alting van Geusau, Dutch min of war (1918-20), dies at 73
  • 1940 Wilfred Grenfell, English medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador (b. 1865).
  • 1943 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • 1943 Jan Dieters, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • 1943 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • 1943 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • 1958 Pius XII, [Eugenio Pacelli], Pope (1939-58), dies at 82
  • 1960 Howard Glenn, NY Titan, dies of injuries sustain in this day's game
  • 1962 Lulu McConnell, comediene (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 80
  • 1967 Andre Maurois, [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), dies

BattleExecution

1967 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1967 Gordon Allport, US Psychologist (personalities), dies at 69
  • 1968 Pierre Mulele, Congolese rebel leader, executed
  • 1970 Jean Giono, French writer (Le Hussard sur le toit), dies at 75
  • 1972 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Oskar Schindler, German businessman (b. 1908)

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler
  • 1976 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (b. 1894)
  • 1978 Jacques Brel, Belgian chansonnier, buried on Atuama, dies at 49
  • 1982 Anna Freud, Austria/Engl psychoanalyst/daughter of Sigmund, dies at 86
  • 1983 Sun Suk Joon, South Korean vice premier, murdered
  • 1985 Emílio Garrastazu Médici, president of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1987 Clare A Booth Luce, US diplomat/journalist, dies at 84
  • 1988 Felix Wankel, developer of Wankel rotary engine, dies
  • 1989 Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), dies at 92

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1995 John Alfred Scali, journalist/diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1995 Kukrit Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1975-76), dies at 84
  • 1995 Patric William Billy Walker, astrologer, dies at 64
  • 1995 Phillip Jack Oppenheimer, diamond trader, dies at 83
  • 1996 Alan Charles Downes, cameraman, dies at 58
  • 1996 Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician, dies at 83
  • 1996 Richard Clarkson, aerodynamicist, dies at 94
  • 1999 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (b. 1914)
  • 2000 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 2002 Aileen Wournos, American serial killer sentenced to death (b. 1956)
  • 2006 Paul Hunter, English professional snooker player (b. 1978)
  • 2006 Raymond Noorda, American co-founder and long time CEO of Novell (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Harris Savides, American cinematographer., dies from brain cancer at 55
  • 2013 Wilfried Martens, Belgian Prime Minister, dies from pancreatic cancer at 77
  • 2014 Carolyn Ashley Kizer, American writer, dies from complications of dementia 89
  • 2015 Geoffrey Howe, British politician (Chancellor and Foreign Secretary under Thatcher), dies at 88
  • 2015 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), dies at 84