On This Day in History for September 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 196

  • 462 Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
  • 891 Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
  • 1067 Baldwin VI becomes Count of Flanders
  • 1181 Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
  • 1267 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
  • 1355 Tvrtko I writes in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from old town Visoki.
  • 1482 Tatars plunder Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1511 Conciliabulum of Pisa opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1547 Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1598 Spanish king Philip II receives sacraments

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1609 Pieter Both sworn in as 1st governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1614 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
  • 1632 Battle at Castelnaudary: Henri de Montmorency's rebellion army loses
  • 1638 -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
  • 1647 French cardinal Mazarin & Duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan
  • 1695 Dutch/English army under king Willem III occupies Names
  • 1695 French garrison of castle Namur surrenders to the army of the Grand Alliance under the command of King William III of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1715 King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1739 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
  • 1752 Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1763 Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1772 Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
  • 1797 2nd National Meeting in Hague
  • 1798 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1799 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • 1804 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1821 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • 1836 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • 1836 Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 1849 California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
  • 1858 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • 1859 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
  • 1859 R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare
  • 1859 A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1861 Grant assumes command of Federal forces at Cape Girardeau MI
  • 1861 Skirmishes at Boone Court House WV & Blue Creek WV
  • 1862 Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • 1862 Federal tax levied on tobacco
  • 1863 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • 1863 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • 1863 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
  • 1864 Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
  • 1866 Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
  • 1870 Napoleon III captured at Sedan
  • 1873 Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1874 28th US Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
  • 1874 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • 1875 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband

  • 1878 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
  • 1886 Netherland's New Code of Criminal Law enforced
  • 1887 Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
  • 1888 Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
  • 1893 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41
  • 1897 The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1900 Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign
  • 1901 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange
  • 1902 Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time
  • 1905 Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1906 Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
  • 1906 British New Guinea placed under Australian administration
  • 1906 Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
  • 1906 NY Highlanders win 6th game in 3 days from Wash (3 straight DHs)
  • 1906 The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • 1911 M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • 1913 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
  • 1914 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • 1914 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914 Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army
  • 1914 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo
  • 1915 The German ambassador to the US pledges again that German submarines will no longer sink liners without warning and providing safety of passengers and crew following the sinking of the British liner "Arabic"
  • 1916 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 1916 US Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
  • 1918 US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
  • 1919 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles" premieres in Munich
  • 1920 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • 1920 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • 1921 Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
  • 1922 NYC law requires all "pool" rooms to change name to "billiards"
  • 1923 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo & Yokohama, kills 142,000
  • 1924 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
  • 1926 Turkey allows civil marriage
  • 1928 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • 1930 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
  • 1931 Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consecutive games
  • 1932 NYC Mayor James J "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges)
  • 1934 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
  • 1934 SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • 1937 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
  • 1939 Switzerland proclaims neutrality
  • 1939 World War II starts as Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Gen George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

Birthdays in History

  • 1286 Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1453 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • 1529 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter
  • 1549 Charles Philip of Croij, marquis of Havre/earl of Fontenoy, etc
  • 1588 Henry II, Prince of Condé, French nobleman (d. 1646)
  • 1608 Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer and engineer, born in Fano, Italy
  • 1651 Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (d. 1694)
  • 1689 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • 1711 Willem IV KH Friso, Dutch prince of Orange-Nassau
  • 1712 Simon Fokke, Dutch book illustrator
  • 1724 John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist/co-founder (Society of It General)
  • 1758 Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch Staatscourant
  • 1791 Lydia Sigourney, American religious author (How to Be Happy)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland (d. 1872)

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • 1798 Richard Delafield, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1873)
  • 1803 Jacobus T Abels, Dutch painter
  • 1824 Isaac Hardin Duval, American businessman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wellsburg, West Virginia (d. 1902)
  • 1827 Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Overbetuwsche Novellen)
  • 1829 James Conner, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • 1845 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • 1848 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
  • 1849 Elizabeth Harrison, American educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • 1855 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • 1856 Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1862 Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist
  • 1864 Roger David Casement, Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916)
  • 1868 Henri Bourassa, French Canadian politician and publisher (d. 1952)
  • 1871 J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1874 Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
  • 1875 Edgar Rice Burroughs, American sci-fi author (Tarzan of Apes, Mars Saga)
  • 1876 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • 1877 Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1878 Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • 1887 Blaise Cendrars, [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet/writer
  • 1887 Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar
  • 1888 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • 1892 Leverett Saltonstall, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1893 Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japans/US painter/etcher/lithographer
  • 1896 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian theologian (d. 1977)
  • 1900 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • 1907 Joaquin Balaguer, president Dominican Republic
  • 1907 Walter P. Reuther, American labor leader and President of the UAW & CIO, born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1970)
  • 1908 Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist
  • 1909 E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957)
  • 1911 Marinus Ruppert, Dutch chairman (CNV)/trade union leader
  • 1913 Christian Nyby, American director and film editor (d. 1993)
  • 1916 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
  • 1919 Roy John Britten, Washington, molecular biologist (repeated DNA sequences in eukaryotic genomes), (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Hubert Lampo, Flemish writer/essayist (Coming of Joachim Stiller)
  • 1921 Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (Mandarins on Sulfuric Acid)
  • 1922 Melvin Laird, politician (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Theo Joekes, Dutch journalist, writer, and politician (VVD)
  • 1926 Abdur Rahman Biswas, President of Bangladesh
  • 1928 Clifford Lincoln, Canadian politician
  • 1930 Charles Correa, Indian architect (McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT), born in Secunderabad (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Matthew J Rinaldo, (Rep-R-NJ, 1973- )
  • 1931 Cecil Parkinson, British politician (C), born in Carnforth, North Lancashire (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Ann W. Richards, Lakeview Texas, American politician
  • 1934 Terepai Maoate, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (1999-2002), (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Alan Dershowitz, American attorney (Claus Von Bulow, O.J. Simpson), born in NYC, New York
  • 1942 C[arolyn] J[anice] Cherryh, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Faded Sun Trilogy)
  • 1945 Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • 1946 Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
  • 1947 Al Green, American politician
  • 1948 Józef Życiński, Polish archbishop and philosopher
  • 1948 James Rebhorn, PA, actor (White Collar, Homeland), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1949 P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
  • 1951 Timothy Zahn, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Cobra Strike)
  • 1953 Chuck Orton, US sysop, (Emerald BBS, Oregon)
  • 1954 Gabor Ormai, viola Player
  • 1955 Billy Blanks, American martial artist
  • 1962 Robert L Haller, coon Dog Trainer
  • 1963 Stephen Kernahan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1967 David Whissell, Quebec politician
  • 1968 Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1974 Jhonen Vasquez, American comic book artist
  • 1978 Lucie Blackman, English murder victim (d. 2000)
  • 1986 H Debehogne discovers asteroid #8265 La Silla

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1730 US Founding Father Benjamin Franklin establishes a common-law marriage with Deborah Read

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

HeartWedding of Interest

1843 Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (28) weds his cousin Isabella Clark

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (23) weds childhood sweetheart Jane Marie Cox

HeartWedding of Interest

1975 Broadcasting pioneer Roone Arledge (44) weds Ann Fowler

Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports Roone Arledge
Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports
Roone Arledge
  • 1996 Presidential daughter Amy Carter (29), the only child of former U.S President Jimmy Carter weds computer consultant Jim Wentzel (28) in Plains, Georgia
  • 2007 The first Apprentice winner Bill Rancic (36) weds E! News anchor Giuliana DePandi (32) at the Church of Santa Sofia in Capri, Italy

Deaths in History

  • 870 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, dies at 60
  • 1067 Baldwin V, Count of Flanders/guardian of King of France, dies
  • 1159 Adrian IV, [Nicole Breakspear], only English pope (1154-59), dies
  • 1215 Otto van Gelre, son of Otto I/earl-elect of Utrecht
  • 1256 Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
  • 1406 Johanna, duchess of Brabant/Limburg (Joyful Entry), dies at 84
  • 1414 William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros, Lord Treasurer of England (b. 1369)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1557 Jacques Cartier, French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, dies at 65

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1581 Guru Ram Das, 4th Sikh Guru (1574-81), dies at 46
  • 1600 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1615 Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer (b. 1529)
  • 1648 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59
  • 1666 French Neck, portrait painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
  • 1671 Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berny, French ambassador to Rome, dies at 59
  • 1685 Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)
  • 1687 Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1715 Louis XIV, the sun king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1715 François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • 1780 Reynier de Klerk, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
  • 1801 Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838 William Clark, American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, dies at 68

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1862 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1862 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • 1862 Philip "Phil" Kearny, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 48
  • 1880 Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
  • 1903 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies
  • 1914 Martha, last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
  • 1943 Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
  • 1947 Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international Scouting movement (b. 1861)
  • 1951 Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German drawer/painter, dies at 38
  • 1953 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1961 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (Dulles Airport), dies at 51
  • 1961 William S Foster, chairman (US Communist Party, 1945-57), dies at 80
  • 1963 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1967 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer, dies at 76
  • 1967 Siegfried L Sassoon, English poet/writer (Counterattack), dies at 80
  • 1967 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (b. 1906)
  • 1970 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), dies at 84
  • 1978 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina, dies at 33
  • 1981 Albert Speer, German architect and Nazi leader (Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production), dies of a stroke at 76
  • 1981 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, dies in a MiG-21 crash at 32
  • 1982 Wladislaw Gomulka, Polish partisan/party leader, dies at 76
  • 1982 Haskell Curry, American mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1983 Henry "Scoop" Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash), dies at 71
  • 1983 Larry McDonald, American congressman (b. 1935)
  • 1988 Leonor Sullivan, (Rep-D-Missouri, 1955-77), dies at 86
  • 1989 Tadeusz Sendzimir, American inventor (b. 1894)
  • 1991 Steve Kemp, British light enterpeneur, dies
  • 1993 Gerben Wagenaar, resistance fighter/communist, dies at 80
  • 1993 Hew Lorimer, British sculptor, dies at 86
  • 1993 Jacqueline Wijchers, film publicist (Havenloods, Sextant), dies at 89
  • 1994 Clifford Leofric Purdy Bishop, bishop, dies at 88
  • 1994 Pieter C "Piet" Author, sailor/corrector, dies at 71
  • 1995 Elizabeth Brown, minister healer/writer, dies at 32
  • 1995 Ernest Charles Melvin Patrick Ekundio Marke, club Owner, dies at 93
  • 1996 Brother Adam Kehrle, benedictine monk/beekeeper, dies at 98
  • 1996 Charles Daniels, archaeologist, dies at 63
  • 1996 George Levy, antique dealer/heritage campaigner, dies at 69
  • 1998 Józef Krupiński, Polish poet (b. 1930)
  • 1999 W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist (b. 1951)
  • 2003 Sir Terry Frost, British artist (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Sir Kyffin Williams, Welsh landscape painter (b. 1918)
  • 2006 Bob O'Connor, mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Nellie Connally, wife of Texas governor John Connally (b. 1919)
  • 2006 Warren Mitofsky, American pollster (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Roy McKenzie, New Zealand philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister, dies from a brain tumour