On This Day in History for September 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 162

  • 9 The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends
  • 813 Charles the Great crowns Louis I Emperor
  • 1185 Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1226 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1297 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace beats English

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1304 Willem III becomes earl of Holland
  • 1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius
  • 1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1557 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • 1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1645 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol
  • 1648 -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [OS]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1697 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • 1708 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • 1709 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: Engl/Aust/Dutch Great Alliance beat France
  • 1714 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • 1741 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1758 Battle of Saint Cast France repels British invasion during the Seven Year's War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1777 Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
  • 1786 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • 1792 The Hope Diamond is stolen with other crown jewels when six men break into house used to store the jewels.
  • 1802 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
  • 1814 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • 1814 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1831 Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • 1850 "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • 1852 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • 1853 1st electric telegraph used - Merchant's Exchange, San Francisco to Pt Lobos, California
  • 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • 1877 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • 1881 Triple landslides bury Elm Switz
  • 1883 James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • 1885 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • 1888 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
  • 1891 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • 1893 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • 1893 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • 1893 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
  • 1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • 1900 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique
  • 1903 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1909 Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • 1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • 1916 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • 1916 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men, following initially total collapsed on August 29, 1907.
  • 1919 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • 1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • 1922 British mandate of Palestine begins
  • 1922 Yankees play their farewell home game in Polo Grounds win doubleheader
  • 1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1922 One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
  • 1923 Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
  • 1923 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • 1926 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • 1926 Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
  • 1926 Yanks' Bob Meusel ties record with 3 sacrifice flies
  • 1927 After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
  • 1929 SF Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
  • 1930 Stromboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles

MurderMurder of Interest

1931 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • 1932 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1939 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • 1939 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1940 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
  • 1940 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • 1941 FDR orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Charles Lindbergh, charges "British, Jewish & Roosevelt administration" are trying to get US into WW II

  • 1941 World War II: US Navy is ordered to attack German U-boats
  • 1941 Construction of the Pentagon begins (completed 15 Jan 1943)
  • 1942 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • 1943 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • 1943 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
  • 1943 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1944 FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
  • 1944 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • 1946 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • 1950 "Beetle Bailey" comic strip debuts
  • 1950 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
  • 1950 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1952 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1954 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1955 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
  • 1956 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1959 Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans

Birthdays in History

  • 1182 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
  • 1458 Bernardo Accolti, [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia)
  • 1476 Louise of Savoye, French mother/regentes of king Francois I
  • 1522 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist/medical
  • 1523 Pierre de Ronsard, French poet, born in Couture-sur-Loir, Vendômois (d. 1585)
  • 1525 Johan Georg, elector of Brandenburg (1571-91)
  • 1584 Thomas Erpenius, [van Erpe], Dutch orientalist/arabist (grammar)
  • 1611 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (d. 1675)
  • 1681 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)
  • 1700 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • 1723 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)
  • 1741 Johann J Angel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark)
  • 1798 Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/mathematician/physicist
  • 1800 Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [NS]
  • 1806 Joshua Blackwood Howell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1813 Conrad Feger Jackson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1816 Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)
  • 1835 William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1836 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
  • 1838 John Ireland, Irish/US archbishop of St Paul
  • 1859 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian writer (d. 1905)
  • 1860 Marianne V von Werefkin, Russian/German/Swiss painter [NS]
  • 1860 James Allan, former All Black (d. 1934)
  • 1861 Juhani Aho, Fins journalist/writer (Panu, Tuomio)
  • 1862 O Henry, [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (d. 1910)
  • 1862 Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
  • 1877 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
  • 1877 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • 1883 Grogorij J Zinovjev, [Gerson Radomyslski], Russian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 1930)

  • 1885 Eratstus Flaval Beadle, publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels)
  • 1891 William Thomas Walsh, American author (d. 1949)
  • 1892 Pinto Colvig, OR, animation voice (Goofy, Pluto)
  • 1900 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
  • 1903 Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1906 Roye England, modeller/museum curator
  • 1908 Everhardus J van Romondt, physician/Dutch Antillean minister of Eco
  • 1909 William H Natcher, (Rep-D-Kentucky, 1953- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (1965-86), born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines (d. 1989)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1917 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Charles Evers, civil rights leader (Amazing Grace)
  • 1924 Daniel Kahikina Akaka, (Rep-D-HI, 1977- /Sen-D Hawaii)
  • 1924 Rudolf Vrba, Jewish Canadian professor, Holocaust survivor (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Gerrit van Niekerk Viljoen, South African minister of Legislation
  • 1927 David Schine, businessman
  • 1928 Reubin Askew, (Gov-Fla)
  • 1929 David S Broder, Chicago Hgts Ill, journalist (Pulitzer 1973)
  • 1931 Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian
  • 1932 Herbert "Sonny" Leon Callahan, (Rep-R-Alabama, 1985- )
  • 1932 Robert W "Bob" Packwood, (Sen-R-OR, 1969- )
  • 1933 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Gherman Stepanovich Titov, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok II)
  • 1937 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess/queen of Belgium (1993- )
  • 1937 Robert L Crippen, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G), born in Beaumont, Texas
  • 1939 Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
  • 1940 Theodore Olson, U.S. Solicitor General
  • 1940 Robert Palmer, last CEO of Digital Equipment Corporation
  • 1942 Gerome Ragni American Playwright
  • 1943 Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
  • 1944 Freddy Thielemans, mayor of Brussels
  • 1950 Barry Sheene, British auto maker
  • 1951 Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician
  • 1953 Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality
  • 1957 Brad Bird, American director and animator
  • 1961 Philip Ardagh, British writer
  • 1962 Filip Dewinter Belgian politician
  • 1965 John Schofield, journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria (2000-), born in Damascus, Syria

President of Syria Bashar al-Assad
President of Syria
Bashar al-Assad
  • 1966 Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family
  • 1967 Kendra Lee Ruwe, Madison Idaho, Miss Idaho-America (1991)
  • 1967 Maria Bartiromo, financial broadcast journalist
  • 1968 Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director
  • 1970 Chris Garver, tattoo artist
  • 1971 Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author
  • 1975 Juliette Spier, Miss North Dakota USA (1996)
  • 1975 Tiffany Parks, Miss Arkansas USA (1996)
  • 1977 Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
  • 1979 Nathan Gale, American murderer (d. 2004)
  • 1981 Dylan Klebold, Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator (d. 1999)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1930 Mystery writer Agatha Christie (39) weds archaeologist Max Mallowan (26)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1941 Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels
  • 1983 Fashion designer Donna Karen marries Stephan Weiss

Divorces in History

  • 1977 TV's Rhoda gets divorced

Deaths in History

  • 1161 Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
  • 1185 Stephanus Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier
  • 1297 Hugh de Cressingham, English treasurer, dies in battle
  • 1298 Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
  • 1349 Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (b. 1315)
  • 1599 Cornelis de Houtman, navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
  • 1599 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide at 22
  • 1630 John de White, calvinist/banker to Prague, commits suicide
  • 1677 James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
  • 1680 Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
  • 1680 Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • 1709 Oxenstiern, Dutch general, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
  • 1709 Spaar, Dutch General, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
  • 1712 Giovanni D Cassini, French astronomer, dies
  • 1713 John Foot, lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1721 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • 1760 Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1823 David Ricardo, economist (b. 1772)
  • 1843 Joseph Nicollet, mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1851 Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist and minister (Graham cracker) (b. 1794)
  • 1865 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
  • 1870 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 1888 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), dies at 77
  • 1896 Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1911 Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
  • 1915 William Sprague IV, American politician (b. 1830)
  • 1915 William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)
  • 1917 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot, dies at 22
  • 1921 Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
  • 1931 Salvatore Maranzano, American crime boss (b. 1868)
  • 1932 Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Żwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
  • 1946 Arthur van Schendel, writer (Holland Drama), dies at 72)
  • 1948 Mohammed Ali Jinnah, 1st governor of Pakistan (1947-48), dies at 71
  • 1950 John C Smuts, co-found British RAF/South African PM (1919..48), dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Billy Bishop, Canadian First World War flying ace, dies at 62

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1958 Robert W. Service, Scottish-born Canadian poet (b. 1874)
  • 1958 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1965 Ralph C. Smedley, Founder of Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
  • 1966 C. E. Woolman, American airline magnate (b. 1889)
  • 1967 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (b. 1904)
  • 1968 René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier, dies of a heart attack at 77

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1972 Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
  • 1973 Salvador Allende Gossens, president Chile (1970-73), dies at 65
  • 1973 Neem Karoli Baba, Indian guru
  • 1974 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1978 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
  • 1978 Janet Parker, medical photographer (b. c. 1938)
  • 1982 Albert Soboult, French historian, dies at 68
  • 1984 Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 Andrew C. Thornton II, American drug smuggler (b. 1945)
  • 1988 George Alpert, railroad executive, dies at 90
  • 1988 Luis W Alvarez, physicist (Nobel-1968), dies at 77
  • 1990 Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1991 Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
  • 1992 Erik Terpstra, director (Versier de leegte, De ander, Daniel), dies
  • 1992 Paul Storken, Dutch priest (Away Backing), dies
  • 1993 Antoine Izmery, Haitian businessman/advisor to pres Aristide, murdered
  • 1994 Frederick Rand Weissman, philanthropist, dies at 82
  • 1994 Sara Taylor, mother of Elizabeth, dies at 62
  • 1995 Charles William Hutton, architect, dies at 90
  • 1995 Jerome Theisen, benedioctine, dies at 64
  • 1995 Anita Harding, neurologist (b. 1952)
  • 1996 Peter Phillips, printer, dies at 61
  • 1997 Camille Henry, National Hockey League player (b. 1933)
  • 1997 Hannah Weiner American experimental poet (b. 1928)
  • 1999 Belkis Ayón, Cuban artist (b. 1967)
  • 2001 Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)
  • 2001 Marwan Al-Shehhi, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1978)
  • 2001 Mohamed Atta, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1968)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2001 Todd Beamer, American passenger and hero on United Airlines Flight 93, dies at 32 in a plane crash trying to stop the 9/11 terrorists

Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 Todd Beamer
Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93
Todd Beamer
  • 2001 Berry Berenson, widow of Anthony Perkins (b. 1948)
  • 2001 Mark Bingham, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1970)
  • 2001 Tom Burnett, American businessman (b. 1963)
  • 2001 Peter J. Ganci, Jr., Chief of Department, FDNY (b. 1946)
  • 2001 Hani Hanjour, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1972)
  • 2001 Ziad Jarrah, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1975)
  • 2001 Father Mychal F. Judge, Chaplain, FDNY (b. 1933)
  • 2001 Angel L. Juarbe, Jr., American firefighter (b. 1966)
  • 2001 John P. O'Neill, American anti-terrorism FBI agent (b. 1952)
  • 2001 John Ogonowski, pilot for American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1951)
  • 2001 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (b. 1955)
  • 2001 Daniel M. Lewin, founder of Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)
  • 2003 Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)
  • 2004 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
  • 2004 David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
  • 2006 William Auld, Scottish poet, writer and supporter of Esperanto (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2006 Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Ian Porterfield, Manager of Armenia National Football Club (b. 1946)
  • 2007 Gene Savoy, American author and cleric (b. 1927)
  • 2009 Gertrude Baines, world's oldest living person (b. 1894)
  • 2011 Anjali Gupta, Indian Air Force officer (b. 1975)
  • 2016 Alexis Arquette, American transgender performer (Last Exit to Brooklyn), dies at 47