On This Day in History for September 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy
  • 1673 Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
  • 1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1847 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • 1888 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
  • 1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1897 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1907 Lusitania arrives in NYC after 5 day crossing of Atlantic (record)
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD
  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1918 WW I: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1928 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
  • 1928 Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in "Night Hostess"
  • 1932 Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
  • 1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction
  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph
  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt
  • 1940 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1944 -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
  • 1944 Noorbeek & Mheer freed
  • 1944 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1947 Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
  • 1948 Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1952 Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
  • 1954 Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US
  • 1958 US Supreme Court orders Little Rock Ark high school to integrate
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Charles Conrad & R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

BattleCoup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Birthdays in History

  • 1492 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1494 King Francis I of France (1515-47), born in Cognac, France (d. 1547)

  • 1559 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter/architect

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1575 Henry Hudson, English navigator and explorer (Hudson River), born in England (d. 1611)

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • 1605 William Dugdale, English antiquarian (d. 1686)
  • 1688 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1731)
  • 1690 Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1720 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam), born in NYC, New York
  • 1725 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1740 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)
  • 1788 Alexander Campbell, Irish/US founder (Disciples of Christ)
  • 1801 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing-teacher
  • 1806 Andrew Hull Foote, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1863)
  • 1811 James Hall, US geologist (Natural history of NY)
  • 1812 Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1886)
  • 1818 Richard Jordan Gatling, US, inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
  • 1829 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter
  • 1829 Charles Dudley Warner, American writer and newspaperman (Being a Boy), born in Plainfield, Massachusetts
  • 1830 William Sprague, governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England (d. 1928)

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1855 Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician (d. 1920)
  • 1857 George H Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter/water colors painter
  • 1858 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter/sculptor
  • 1871 Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
  • 1879 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter
  • 1879 H de Bie, Dutch lawyer (children's law)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman/critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1881 Daniel Jones, England phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary)
  • 1891 Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Alfred A Knopf, US, publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
  • 1896 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Irene Joliot-Curie, physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1898 Ben Shahn, painter (1964 Arts & Letters)
  • 1899 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect/painter
  • 1902 Juscelino Kubitschek, president Brazil (1955-60)
  • 1907 Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (d. 1963)
  • 1909 Donald MacDonald, O.C., LL.D. former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1913 Ben[jamin S] Polak, Neth, physician/communist/resistance fighter
  • 1913 Kenneth Lo, cookery writer/restaurateur
  • 1914 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Frank McGee, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1917 Christian Geel, Dutch poet/sculptor/artist
  • 1917 Seamas NacNeill, piper
  • 1917 Pierre Sévigny, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Jan W Schulte Nordholt, Dutch poet/historian (Blossoming Stone)
  • 1921 Stanislaw Lem, Lwów, Poland, sci-fi author (Solaris, Invincible)
  • 1922 Viscount Allendale, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1924 Howard Curtis Nielson, (Rep-R-UT, 1983- )
  • 1927 Ina Muller-van Ast, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1931 Kristin Hunter, [Eggleston], US author (God Bless the Child)
  • 1933 Stafford Heginbotham, toymaker/Football Club Chairman
  • 1934 Gunther Gebel-Williams, lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus)
  • 1934 Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher
  • 1935 Allan B Swift, (Rep-D-Washington, 1979- )
  • 1935 Richard H Hunt, sculptor (Pyramidal Construction), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1937 Wesley Hall, West indian/British politician
  • 1939 Henry A Waxman, (Rep-D-California, 1975-86)
  • 1940 Roger K Crouch, Jamestown Tenn, astronauts (STS 83, 94)
  • 1940 Stephen J Solarz, (Rep-D-NY, 1975-93)
  • 1943 Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer
  • 1944 Leonard Peltier, American activist
  • 1945 Vern M Lindblad, Turkologist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1951 Berty Ahern, Drumcondra, Dublin, PM of Ireland (1997-2008)
  • 1951 Gerald Stano, American serial killer
  • 1953 Nancy "Nan" Goldin, Photographer, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1954 Russell G. Alexander, creator of Today In History v1.2
  • 1954 Jeff Jarvis, American journalist
  • 1956 Sam Brownback, American politician
  • 1969 James Frey, American writer
  • 1969 André Heinz, American environmentalist; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1972 Avijit Roy, Bangladeshi American activist and blogger (d. 2015)
  • 1974 Caroline Aigle, First female French fighter pilot (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1812 Revolutionary leader Jose de San Martin (33) weds María de los Remedios de Escalada at Buenos Aires Cathedral in Argentina

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín

HeartWedding of Interest

1846 Poet and playwright Robert Browning (34) weds fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett (40) at Marylebone Church in London

HeartWedding of Interest

1908 Politician Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

HeartWedding of Interest

1953 American Senator John F. Kennedy (36) weds Jacqueline Bouvier (24) in Newport, Rhode Island

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
US First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
US First Lady
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Deaths in History

  • 352 Maximinus van Trier, bishop of Trier/saint, dies
  • 413 Marcellinus of Carthage, Christian saint
  • 1012 Guido van Anderlecht, Flemish pilgrim/saint, dies
  • 1015 Lambert I with the Beard, Count of Leuven, dies in battle at about 65
  • 1185 Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1183-85), lynched
  • 1213 Pedro II, [el Catolico], king of Aragon, dies in battle
  • 1362 Innocent VI, [Etienne Aubert], Pope (1352-62), dies
  • 1369 Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (b. 1345)
  • 1500 Albrecht III van Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon, dies at 57
  • 1591 Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • 1604 Louis Gunther, earl of Nassau, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1612 Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
  • 1642 Cinq Mars, French plotter, executed
  • 1647 Joos Banckert, Swiss admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1660 Jacob Cats, [Father Cats], pension advisor of Holland, dies at 82
  • 1661 Jacobus de la Torra, RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • 1665 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (b. 1596)
  • 1672 Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
  • 1674 Claes P "Nicolas" Tulip, mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 80
  • 1683 Afonso VI, mentally ill king of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • 1691 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1695 Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1732 Eugene JP earl the Merode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
  • 1779 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
  • 1812 Pyotr I Bagration, Georgian/Russian ruler/general, dies in battle
  • 1819 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
  • 1824 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer, dies at 62
  • 1836 Grabbe, writer, dies at 34
  • 1870 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (b. 1836)
  • 1874 François Guizot, French historian and statesman (b. 1787)
  • 1878 Friedrich August von Alberti, geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 1912 Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
  • 1918 George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
  • 1919 Leonid N Andrejev, Russ journalist/writer (Seven Hangs), dies at 48
  • 1923 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor (b. 1841)
  • 1927 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, dies at 61
  • 1927 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
  • 1929 Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (b. 1865)
  • 1934 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1936 Hermann Hirt, German linguist (Indo-European Grammar), dies at 70
  • 1953 Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (b. 1884)
  • 1955 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), dies at 86
  • 1956 Hans Carossa, German writer, dies at 77
  • 1956 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (b. 1882)
  • 1961 Carl Hermann, German physicist (b. 1898)
  • 1963 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
  • 1972 William Boyd, cowboy (Hopalong Cassidy), dies at 77
  • 1973 Marjorie Post, US philanthropic/multi-millionaire ($200m), dies at 86
  • 1977 Robert Lowell, US poet/pacifist (Near the Ocean), dies at 60)
  • 1977 Steven Biko, South African black student leader, dies in police custody
  • 1981 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1986 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, French photographer, dies at 92
  • 1988 Alan Bible, (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), dies at 78
  • 1988 Lauris Morstad, NATO commander/CEO Corning Fiberglass, dies at 71
  • 1989 Anton Lubowski, Namibian attorney/SWAPO, murdered at 37
  • 1991 Jacques Benoit, [JJM Bayer], poet, dies
  • 1994 Boris B Yegorov, Russian doctor/cosmonaut (Voskhod I), dies at 56
  • 1994 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist, dies at 72
  • 1995 John Stuart-Jervis, balloonist, dies
  • 1996 Ernesto Geisel, milt president of Brazil (1974-79), dies at 89
  • 1996 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, moral theologian, dies at 87
  • 1996 George Patrick Reid, schoolkeeper, dies at 59
  • 1996 James Gulliver, businessman, dies at 66
  • 1996 Lloyd Turner, journalist, dies at 57
  • 1996 Oscar Michael Moore, journalist, dies at 36
  • 1996 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist, dies at 86
  • 1996 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born American stalker of Björk, commits suicide aged 21
  • 1997 Janet Leach, American potter, dies at 79
  • 1997 Judith Merril [Grossman], science fiction writer, dies at 74
  • 2008 Bob Quinn, Australian rules footballer (b. 1915)
  • 2008 David Foster Wallace, American author and essayist (b. 1962)
  • 2009 Norman Borlaug, American agronomist (b. 1914)
  • 2009 Willy Ronis, French photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2013 Ray Dolby, American audio engineer and inventor, dies from leukaemia at 80
  • 2014 Donald Sinden, English actor, dies from prostate cancer at 90
  • 2015 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Voodoo Chief priest, dies at 79