On This Day in History for September 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 152


Event of interestEvent of Interest

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.

Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
Domitian
Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi.
  • 891 Stephen V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1180 Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1515 Battle at Marignano ends in French/Venetian victory
  • 1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1662 Netherlands & England sign peace treaty
  • 1682 Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded.
  • 1716 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit (Boston Harbor)
  • 1752 Britain (and American colonies) adopt the Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
  • 1759 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Napoleon occupies Moscow and the fires start, extinguished by the 19th

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Francis Scott Key inspired to write the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later becomes lyrics of the "Star-Spangled Banner"
  • 1829 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1847 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848 Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
  • 1852 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • 1854 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War
  • 1856 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1862 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • 1862 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • 1862 Battle of Munfordsville KY
  • 1862 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1862 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1872 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1876 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1894 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • 1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY)
  • 1900 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 NY Giant Red Ames no-hits St Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
  • 1905 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • 1905 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • 1905 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • 1911 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime has been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1914 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • 1914 German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches
  • 1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game
  • 1918 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1919 British regime forbids Sinn Fein Dáil
  • 1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1926 Guido Companions birthplace as a museum opens
  • 1930 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election

  • 1932 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1933 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire
  • 1933 Schaduwproces-Rijksdagbrand opens in London
  • 1936 Paul Waner ties Rogers Hornsby's NL record of 200 hits for 7 times
  • 1938 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes maiden flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1939 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • 1940 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • 1942 Yanks clinch pennant #13
  • 1943 Yanks clinch pennant #14
  • 1944 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 1944 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • 1944 Hurricane hits New England: 389 die
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • 1944 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Gerald Ford upsets Rep Bartel J Jonkman in Mich 5th Dist Rep primary

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1948 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters
  • 1948 Milton Berle starts his TV career on Texaco Star Theater
  • 1949 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • 1950 Western allies rearm West Germany
  • 1951 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1953 Yanks clinch 5th straight pennant with 8-5 win over Indians
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits NYC, $50 million damage
  • 1954 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1955 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)
  • 1956 1st prefrontal lobotomy performed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 UN resolution deplores & condemns USSR invasion of Hungary
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Yankees win 24th pennant, & 9th under Casey Stengel
  • 1958 Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon
  • 1960 Coup under Col Joseph-Desire Mobutu in Congo
  • 1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia & Venezuela form Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961 Dmitri Shostakovitch becomes member of CP of USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, South Dakota, gives birth to America's 1st surviving quintuplets, 4 girls & a boy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 President Lyndon Johnson presents Walter Lippmann with the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1965 4th meeting of 2nd Vatican council opened
  • 1967 Melville Abrams Ball Field in Bronx named
  • 1967 Thomas Pell Wildlife Refuge & Sanctuary opens in Bronx
  • 1968 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 12th string quartet, premieres in Moscow

Birthdays in History

  • 1388 Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer
  • 1486 Agrippa von Nettesheim, German occultist/alchemist/royal astrologer
  • 1531 Philipp Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German geography/cartographer
  • 1543 Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615)
  • 1547 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch Grand Pensionary
  • 1580 Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish writer (d. 1645)
  • 1644 Gijsbert Cuper, Dutch classicist/regent
  • 1656 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (d. 1746)
  • 1713 Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)
  • 1721 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
  • 1735 Robert Raikes, British philanthropist and Sunday school pioneer, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1811)
  • 1742 James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769 Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (Kosmos), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1859)

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1771 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1792 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane
  • 1804 John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • 1804 Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • 1817 Theodor Storm, German judge/author (Imense China)
  • 1819 Henry Jackson Hunt, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1889)
  • 1835 Joseph Hayes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in York County ,Maine (d. 1912)
  • 1835 Y de Smit-Rog, oldest citizen of Netherlands (d. 1940 at 104)
  • 1836 Abraham PC Van Karnebeek, Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27)
  • 1837 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1838 John Pelham, Major (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1847 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [September 26] (d. 1936)

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1860 Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1864 Lord Robert Cecil, Viscount of Chelwood, UK, helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937)
  • 1867 Charles Dana Gibson, illustrator, drew "Gibson Girl"

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • 1880 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes)
  • 1880 Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer (d. 1961)
  • 1883 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)
  • 1886 Jan Garrique Masaryk, Czech, statesman/minister to London (1918-35)
  • 1887 Karl Taylor Compton, physicist/atomic bomb scientist
  • 1891 Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • 1898 Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Sidney Marion, MA, entertainer
  • 1904 Anton Zischka, Austrian writer (Lebendiges Europa)
  • 1907 A Cecil Snyder, Chief Justice of Puerto Rico
  • 1909 Peter Scott, British naturalist and explorer (d. 1989)
  • 1910 Gaston Deferre, French politician
  • 1910 Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Jacobo Arbenz, president of Guatemala (1951-54); overthrown by CIA
  • 1914 Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Robert S. Dietz, Westfield New Jersey, American Geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961
  • 1916 Eric Bentley, England, critic/writer (In Search of Theater)
  • 1920 Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist and poet, born in Paso de los Toros, Uruguay (d. 2009)
  • 1924 John Michael Grimes, British set Designer (Philby, Burgess and MacLean) (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and author (d. 1994)
  • 1925 M L de Braauw, Dutch minister (DS'70)
  • 1925 Ruth Mompati, South African sec of Nelson Mandela/W Sisulu
  • 1926 Michel Butor, French novelist and essayist, born in Mons-en-Baroeul (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (d. 1997)
  • 1928 Albert Shanker, American labor leader (Amer Fed of Teachers)
  • 1928 Sir Angus Ogilvy, husband of English princess Alexandra, born in London, England
  • 1928 John Reginald "Nat" Allen, planning enforcement officer/climber

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 John Gutfreund, American investment banker, CEO of Salomon Brothers (King of Wall Street), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

Investment Banker John Gutfreund
Investment Banker
John Gutfreund
  • 1929 Mel Hancock, (Rep-R-Missouri)
  • 1929 Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005)
  • 1930 Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992)
  • 1932 John Tembo, Malawian politician
  • 1934 Hans Faverey, Dutch poet
  • 1934 Kate Millett, American feminist and author (Sexual Politics), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Sarah Kofman, philosopher
  • 1935 Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Terence Daniel Donovan, photographer
  • 1936 Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1936 Harry Danielsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1937 Renzo Piano, Italian architect
  • 1939 Piet R Stoffelen, Dutch ambassador/MP (PvdA)
  • 1940 Leo H Ferrier, Suriname writer (Atman)
  • 1942 Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer
  • 1946 Jim Angle, American television reporter
  • 1947 Joan Thirkettle, journalist
  • 1950 Michael Nifong, American attorney
  • 1951 Eugene H Trinh, Saigon Vietnam, PhD/astronaut (STS 50)
  • 1956 Kostas Karamanlis, Greek prime-minister
  • 1956 Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek politician
  • 1958 John Bennett Herrington, Wetumka OK, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut
  • 1961 Antonia De Sancha, lover of British MP David Mellor, born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 Dmitry Medvedev, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister of Russia), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian politician Dmitry Medvedev
Russian politician
Dmitry Medvedev
  • 1976 Jeremy Dunham, video game journalist

Weddings in History

  • 1830 Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia

HeartWedding of Interest

1835 American leading transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson (33) marries 2nd wife Lydia (Lidian) Jackson in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson

HeartWedding of Interest

1838 Newly escaped slave Frederick Douglass marries free woman Anne Murray in New York

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

HeartWedding of Interest

1886 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1892 AP Giannini marries Clorinda Cuneo
  • 2006 Former B*Witched member Lindsay Armaou weds former "911" member Lee Brennan at St. Mary's Parish Church in County Wicklow, Ireland
  • 2014 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

Deaths in History

  • 258 Thascius C Cyprian, Saint/Bishop of Carthage, dies at 58
  • 407 Johannes Chrysostomus, patriarch, dies
  • 585 Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 775 Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 Al-Hadi, 4th Abbasid caliph (785-86), dies at 22
  • 891 Stephen V, [VI], Italian Pope (885-91), dies
  • 1146 Imad ad-Din Zengi, gov of Basra, murdered
  • 1164 Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 Albert Avogadro, Italian patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1321 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), dies at 56
  • 1404 Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1435 John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (b. 1389)
  • 1523 Adrian VI, [Adriaan F Bieyens], only Dutch Pope (1522-23), dies at 64
  • 1538 Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg & Dietz, viceroy of Holland, dies
  • 1605 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1637 Pierre Vernier, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements, dies at 57
  • 1638 John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • 1646 Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex, dies
  • 1646 Thomas H Earl of Arundel, English art collector (Marbles), dies
  • 1693 Aert Jansz van Nes, [Young boer Jaep], lt-admiral, dies at 67
  • 1712 Jean [Giovanni] D Cassini, Italian/French astronomer, dies
  • 1743 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (b. 1675)
  • 1759 Louis Joseph Montcalm, French general (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • 1788 John Penn, US attorney, signed (Declaration of Independence), dies at 47
  • 1807 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1819 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol due, dies at 80

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1851 James Fenimore Cooper, American author (Last of Mohicans), dies of dropsy at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30) dies at 83

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1852 James F Cooper, writer, dies at 62
  • 1852 Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
  • 1862 Jesse Lee Reno, Union general-major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • 1862 Samuel Garland Jr, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • 1879 Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist, dies at 70
  • 1887 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer), dies
  • 1895 Alfred J Verwee, Flemish painter, dies at 57
  • 1898 Paul A Daum, writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper), dies
  • 1898 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1899 Henry Bliss, 1st auto death (NYC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Pres William McKinley, dies in Buffalo, after being shot 8 days earlier by anarchist, Leon Czolgosz

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1905 Pietro/Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, 1st French Congo gov (1890-98), die
  • 1910 Huo Yuan Jia, Chinese martial artist
  • 1916 Josiah Royce, US philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies
  • 1926 Johan LE Dreyer, Danish astronomer (Catalog of Nebulae), dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1942 E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1952 Alexander Xaver Gwerder, Swiss writer, commits suicide at 29
  • 1955 F C Weiskopf, writer, dies
  • 1960 M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
  • 1967 Mohammed Abdul Hakim Amer, Egyptian vice-PM, commits suicide at 47
  • 1970 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher/mathematician, dies at 79
  • 1972 Kornelis Posthumus, chemist, dies at 70
  • 1974 Pieter Y Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer, dies at 95
  • 1982 Bashir Gemayel, falangist Lebanon's president-elect, assassinated by a bomb
  • 1982 John C Gardner, American writer (Life & Times of Chaucer High), dies at 49
  • 1991 Russell Lynes, American art historian and magazine editor (b. 1910)
  • 1992 Ted Weiss, (Rep-NY, 1977-92), dies at 64
  • 1992 Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1994 David van Cup, sculptor/painter, dies at 57
  • 1995 Maurice K. Goddard, American state government official (b. 1912)
  • 1996 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), dies at 77
  • 2000 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and activist (b. 1906)
  • 2003 Yetunde Price, half-sister of Venus and Serena Williams (b. 1972)
  • 2005 William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
  • 2008 Domagoj Kapeć, Croatian hockeyplayer (b. 1989)
  • 2009 Keith Floyd, British TV chef (b. 1943)
  • 2009 Jody Powell, American press secretary to Jimmy Carter (b. 1943)
  • 2012 Louis Simpson, Jamaican poet, dies from Alzheimer's disease at 89
  • 2015 Fred DeLuca, American co-founder of the Subway chain, dies of cancer at 65