On This Day in History for September 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 178

  • 608 St Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.
  • 1514 Thomas Wolsey appointed Archbishop of York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1584 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590 Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • 1616 First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
  • 1619 Prince Bethlen Gabors troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary
  • 1620 Mayflower departs from Plymouth England with 102 pilgrims [OS May 8]
  • 1621 Swedish troops occupy Riga
  • 1644 Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VII as Innocent X
  • 1656 England & France sign peace treaty
  • 1683 Germantown, Pensylvania, founded by 13 immigrant families

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1707 Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania and Tsar Peter the Great sign social security agreement

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1733 King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1762 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War.
  • 1774 Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • 1776 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution
  • 1787 -16] Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
  • 1789 US Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
  • 1795 Cape Colony surrenders to Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • 1821 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • 1830 First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 1830 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson, England)
  • 1830 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831 The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galapagos Islands

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1846 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1851 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1853 First US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • 1857 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • 1862 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry WV
  • 1870 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873 Last German troops leave France
  • 1879 Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • 1882 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • 1900 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • 1903 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
  • 1910 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • 1912 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1913 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • 1914 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I
  • 1914 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 1916 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme
  • 1917 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • 1918 CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to the British nation
  • 1921 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus
  • 1921 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Failed attempt on Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • 1931 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1937 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British PM Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • 1938 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs Bristol Aeroplane Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 PM Winston Churchill visits 11 Fighter Group, RAF

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Climax of the Battle of Britain, tide turns as Luftwaffe lose 56 aircraft, RAF 28
  • 1941 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil Lithuania
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • 1943 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • 1944 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • 1944 US troops land on Palau & Morotai
  • 1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • 1947 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Oh
  • 1947 Yanks clinch pennant #15
  • 1947 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750..
  • 1948 F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1080 kph
  • 1948 WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WMGM
  • 1950 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950 East German premier Grotewohl pleads for German reunification
  • 1950 Longest game in Phila's Shribe Park, Phils beat Reds 8-7 in 19
  • 1950 US troop land on Wolmi-Do island off of Seoul
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)
  • 1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum
  • 1952 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1957 "Bachelor Father" with John Forsythe premieres

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins parliamentary election in West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1958 Commuter train crashes through drawbridge, killing 48 (Elizabethport, NJ)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in US to begin a 13-day visit

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1962 KC A's Bill Fischer sets record of 69 1/3 innings without a walk

Birthdays in History

  • 973 Al-Biruni, mathematician (d. 1048)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1254 Marco Polo, Italian explorer (Il Milione), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1324)

Explorer Marco Polo
Explorer
Marco Polo
  • 1505 Maria, queen of Hungary/wife of Louis II/governess of Neth (1531-55)
  • 1533 Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1580 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (d. 1659)
  • 1613 François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
  • 1649 Titus Oates, English minister and plotter (d. 1705)
  • 1666 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
  • 1736 Jean-Sylvain, French historian (History of France)
  • 1760 Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien, Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars (d. 1824)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1789 James Fenimore Cooper, 1st major American novelist (Last of Mohicans), born in Burlington, New Jersey

  • 1811 Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author
  • 1828 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (d. 1886)
  • 1830 Jose de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico (1877-1911)
  • 1834 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian/parliament member
  • 1843 Willem F Mauritius HK, prince of Orange/son of king Willem III
  • 1851 Emilia Pardo Bazan, Spanish countess/writer (Sirena Negra)
  • 1852 Jan E Matzeliger, Surinamese inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • 1852 Edward Bouchet, American physicist (d. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857 William Howard Taft, (R) 27th pres (1909-13), chief justice, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1858 Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer/hermit
  • 1860 Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer (d. 1962)
  • 1865 Henri [Lucien] Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie)
  • 1865 Nicolaus Adriani, linguist (Middle-Celebes languages)
  • 1868 Dirk B Nanninga, Dutch painter
  • 1876 Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1876 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • 1881 Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile designer and manufacturer (Automobiles E. Bugatti), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1947)
  • 1883 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • 1887 Jean/Hans Arp, French/Swiss sculptor, artist and poet
  • 1887 Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Agatha Christie, English crime writer (Murder on Orient Express), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1976)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1890 Claude McKaye, Jamaica/US author (Songs of Jamaica, Banjo)
  • 1892 Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • 1894 Jean Renoir, French director (Madame Bovary, Nana, Grand Illusion)
  • 1894 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
  • 1898 John J Slauerhoff, Dutch ship's doctor/writer/poet (El Dorado)
  • 1899 Milton S Eisenhower, Dwight's brother/pres (Pennsylvania State)
  • 1900 Larry Kent, CA, director (High Stakes)
  • 1901 Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Magda [Helena] Lupescu, wife of King Carol II of Romania
  • 1904 Umberto II, van Piemonte, the last King of Italy (ruled 1946)
  • 1908 Gerd Gaiser, German writer (Ship in the Mountain)
  • 1909 Jean Batten, NZ air pioneer (1st woman to fly solo Australia-
  • 1909 C.N.Annadurai, Former Chief Minister of Tamilnadu
  • 1910 George D Kilpatrick, Canadian/British bible scholar
  • 1910 Richard Baerlein, racing writer
  • 1911 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (1961-65) warned against smoking, born in Red Level, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • 1913 Hans Filbinger, German politician (CDU)
  • 1913 John Mitchell, Nixon's attorney general who went to jail
  • 1914 Creighton Abrams, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1968-72), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • 1914 Jens Otto Krag, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72)
  • 1914 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Helmut Schoen, football coach
  • 1919 Fausto Coppi, Italian bicylist (world record 45,798 km)
  • 1924 Lucebert, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist (Boozz, PC Hooft prize 1967)
  • 1925 Carlo Rambaldi, Vigarano Mainarda, Italy, Special effects artist (Alien, E.T.), (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
  • 1926 Edward Derwinski, American congressman for Chicago 1959-83, first Secretary of Veteran Affairs 1989-1992, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1927 David Stove, Australian philosopher, (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Rod Robbie, Poole, England, Canadian architect and planner (Roger's Centre/ Sky Dome, Toronto), (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Murray Gell-Mann, physicist who predicted quarks
  • 1929 Eva Burrows, the 13th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1934 Fred Nile, Australian politician
  • 1937 Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina
  • 1939 Breyten Breytenbach, South African poet/painter
  • 1939 Jim Kimsey, co-founder of AOL, born in Washington D.C. (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Norman [Richard] Spinrad, US, sci-fi author (Child of Fortune)
  • 1941 Miroslav Hermazewski, Poland, cosmonaut (Soyuz 30)
  • 1941 Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut
  • 1941 Yuri Norstein, Russian animator
  • 1942 Chelsea Quinn Yarbro, US, sci-fi author (Hotel Transylvania)
  • 1942 Phil Harris, English carpet manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1944 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • 1946 Oliver Stone, American director (Wall St, Good Morning Vietnam, Platoon), born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 Howard Waldrop, American science fiction author
  • 1949 Joe Barton, Waco Texas, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives since 1985)
  • 1954 7th marquess of Bristol, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1954 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1955 Mac Sweeney, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • 1955 Željka Antunović, Croatian politician
  • 1955 Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer
  • 1958 Lesley Player, Redhill England, Sarah Fergusson's father's lover
  • 1964 Ryoko Kikuchi, Zama City, Kanagawa, Japanese cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11) and reporter
  • 1964 Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1969 Jim Curtiss, American writer
  • 1972 Princess Letizia of Spain
  • 1977 Leander Jordan, National Football League offensive lineman

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1977 Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Nigerian writer (Half of a Yellow Sun), born in Enugu, Enugu State

  • 1984 Henry "Harry" Charles Albert David, Prince of Wales, 3rd in British succession (at birth), born in London, England

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1794 4th US President James Madison (43) weds Dolley Madison (26) in Jefferson County, West Virginia

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison

Deaths in History

  • 9 Publius Quinctilius Varus, Roman viceroy of Syria, suicide at 59
  • 668 Constans II, Byzantine emperor (b. 630)
  • 866 Robert the Strong, Margrave of Neustria
  • 921 Ludmilla, wife of 1st christian Bohemian king Borijov I/saint, dies
  • 928 Louis III, the Blind Proveneaals king of Lombardije/Germany, dies at 48
  • 1231 Louis I, Duke of Wittelsbach, dies
  • 1352 Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (b. 1273)
  • 1500 John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1525 Jan de Bakker [Johannes Pistorius], Roman Catholic priest who was the first preacher in Northern Netherlands to be put to death as a direct result of his Protestant beliefs, burned at the stake at 26
  • 1596 Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1598 Hidejoshi, [Hijoshi], Japanese general strategist/kampaku, dies
  • 1613 Thomas Overbury, English writer (b. 1581)
  • 1643 Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1649 John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
  • 1654 Cornelis Bicker, merchant/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 61
  • 1700 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
  • 1701 Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
  • 1707 George Stepney, English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)
  • 1794 Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
  • 1803 Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1719)
  • 1830 William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
  • 1835 Sarah Knox Taylor, wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)
  • 1842 José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
  • 1859 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72
  • 1859 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (b. 1806)
  • 1864 John Hanning Speke, British explorer (b. 1827)
  • 1883 Joseph AF Plateau, Belgium physicist (Blue Moon), dies
  • 1885 Jumbo, P. T. Barnum's circus elephant (hit by a train)
  • 1893 Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1914 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, [Uncle Chose], Boer general, dies at 66
  • 1921 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Russ baron/general, dies
  • 1927 Herman Gorter, socialist/poet (Mai, Pan), dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Thomas Wolfe, US writer (Enigma), dies at 37

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe
  • 1940 Dick Ket, Dutch painter/cartoonist, dies at 37
  • 1945 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • 1972 Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
  • 1973 Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
  • 1978 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft builder, dies at 80
  • 1978 Robert Cliche, French Canadian politician and judge (b. 1921)
  • 1982 Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Iran's former foreign minister, executed in Iran
  • 1983 LeRoy Prinz, choreographer, dies at 88
  • 1987 Bob Tadema Sporry, author, dies at 75
  • 1987 Steven Tuomi, murder victim of Jeffery Dahmer (b. 1963)
  • 1989 Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1990 G M J Veldkamp, Dutch politician (CDA), dies
  • 1990 Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 60
  • 1992 Walter B Jones, (Rep-D-NC, 1966-92), dies at 79
  • 1993 Herman Meyer, Germanist (Deutsche Dichtung), dies at 82
  • 1994 Haywood Frank Henry, sax player, dies at 81
  • 1994 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, dies at 48
  • 1995 Marguerite Fawdry, museum curator, dies at 83
  • 1995 Michio Watanabe, politician, dies at 72
  • 1995 Sam McCluskie, trade unionist, dies at 63
  • 1996 Brother Eugene Gerard Salois, teacher, dies at 76
  • 1996 George Scheuer, writer/journalist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Hilary Preston, editor, dies at 88
  • 1996 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, dies at 70
  • 2003 Josef Hirsal, Czech novelist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer (b. 1929)
  • 2016 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), dies at 94