On This Day in History for September 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 137

  • 1400 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
  • 1575 King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to the Hugenots
  • 1597 French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
  • 1630 Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes its name to Boston
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • 1654 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1666 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1668 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1701 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
  • 1702 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1747 French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
  • 1782 Great Seal of the United States of America used for the first time
  • 1795 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1810 Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule (Mexican Independence Day)
  • 1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • 1848 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1857 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • 1858 1st overland mail for California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1861 Battle of Princeton, WV
  • 1861 British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • 1862 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
  • 1863 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1864 Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
  • 1867 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1873 German troops leave France
  • 1893 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders
  • 1901 Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen discovers the Magnetic South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1908 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • 1913 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Tsar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma

  • 1915 US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
  • 1919 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • 1919 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • 1920 Bomb explosion in Wall Street, New York, kills 30
  • 1922 Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
  • 1924 Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
  • 1926 -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
  • 1926 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • 1926 Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
  • 1929 Police shoot at strikers in Maastricht, 2 killed
  • 1931 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • 1932 30.8 cm rainfall at Westerly, Rhode Island (state record)
  • 1938 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • 1940 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives
  • 1940 St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
  • 1941 German armoured troops surround Kiev, Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
  • 1942 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • 1943 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • 1943 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • 1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • 1947 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, killing at least 1,930
  • 1950 Viet Minh offensive against French bases in Vietnam
  • 1951 NL umpire Frank Dascoli clears the Dogers bench ejecting 15 players
  • 1955 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories
  • 1957 Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1960 Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98
  • 1961 CDU loses West German election
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Gerda Kroon runs European record 800 m in 2:02.8
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Federation of Malaysia formed by Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1965 Sobibor trial opens in Hagen, West Germany
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Richard Nixon appears on "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in"
  • 1970 King Hussein of Jordan forms military government
  • 1971 6 Ku Klux Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 West German chancellor Willy Brandt meets with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1971 A number of Unionists resign over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, the UK, and the Republic of Ireland
  • 1972 Penny Marshall appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Fly Unfriendly Skies"
  • 1974 BART begins regular transbay service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1974 US General Haig becomes NATO supreme commander in Europe
  • 1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
  • 1975 Rennie Stennett is 2nd to hit 7-for-7 in a 9-inning game
  • 1975 The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
  • 1976 Egyptian president Sadat re-elected
  • 1976 American Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests & bishop
  • 1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
  • 1977 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Ringo Starr releases "Drowning in Sea of Love"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1977 Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
  • 1978 25,000 die in 7.7 earthquake in Tabar, Iran
  • 1978 Filming on Monty Python's Life of Brian, begins
  • 1979 Catfish Hunter Day at Yankee Stadium
  • 1979 Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979 KC's Willie Wilson hits 5th inside-the-park HR (most since 1925)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1979 The families of Peter Strelzyk and Gunter Wetzel arrive in West Germany from Communist East Germany in a hot air balloon
  • 1982 Massacre of 1000+ Palestinian refugees at Chatila & Sabra begins

Birthdays in History

  • 16 Drusilla, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder (d. 38)
  • 1386 Traversari Ambrosius, Italian humanist//sciencist/general
  • 1507 Jiajing, Emperor of China (d. 1567)
  • 1547 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East Indies poet
  • 1574 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician/playwright (Polyxena)
  • 1584 Matthias Gallas, Austria earl of Campo/duke of Lucerna/general-major
  • 1651 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (d. 1716)
  • 1666 Antoine Parent, French mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1678 Henry St John, English statesman and philosopher (d. 1751)
  • 1722 Gabriel Christie, British general (d. 1799)
  • 1725 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (d. 1815)
  • 1736 Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician
  • 1745 Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (d. 1813)
  • 1762 Charles G G, earl of Merode/mayor of Brussels/French senator
  • 1782 Daoguang, Emperor of China (d. 1850)
  • 1797 Anthony Panizzi, Librarian at British Museum
  • 1818 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • 1822 Charles S Crocker, President of Central & South Pacific Railroad
  • 1823 Francis Parkman, American historian/author (Oregon Trail)
  • 1823 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia
  • 1827 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (d. 1908)
  • 1832 George Washington Custis Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837 Pedro V van Alcantara, king of Portugal (1853-61)
  • 1838 James J Hill, Canada, RR entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad)
  • 1853 Albrecht Kossel, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1877 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • 1878 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes)
  • 1880 Alfred Noyes, British poet/essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman)
  • 1881 Clive Bell, English art critic (d. 1964)
  • 1883 T. E. Hulme, English writer (d. 1917)
  • 1885 Karen Horney, German/US, neo-freudian psychoanalyst
  • 1887 Hans/Jean Arp, French/Swiss painter/poet/sculptor
  • 1889 Claude A Barnett, founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • 1891 Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German spy (d. 1972)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Karl Dönitz, German naval leader, born in Grünau, German Empire (d. 1980)

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • 1893 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungary, biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937)
  • 1896 Andre Cheron, French chess/bridge theorist
  • 1898 H.A. Rey, American children's author, creator of "Curious George" (d. 1977)
  • 1901 CFH "Freddie" Gough, British major scout (WW II, Arnhem)
  • 1905 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Jack Malcolm Thorpe Fleming Churchill, commando
  • 1908 Beecher Moore, British sailor, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1908 James "Jimmy" Johnson, English Labor MP (1950-59, 64-83)
  • 1909 John Megaw, British Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1909 [Hans JM] Fernand Lodewick, literature historian
  • 1910 Joan Alice Chetwode Ramsey nee Hamilton, lady Ramsey of Canterbury
  • 1910 Erich Kempka, Adolf Hitler's chauffeur (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Wilfred Burchett, Australia, communist/writer (Catapult to Freedom)
  • 1912 Jerry Wald, American producer (Mildred Pierce, Johnny Belinda), born in NYC, New York
  • 1916 Lord Ryder of Eaton hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House)
  • 1916 Willem Noordhoek, photographer
  • 1916 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (d. 1999)
  • 1918 Mervyn Pike [Baroness Pike], politician (C), born in Castleford, West Yorkshire (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian born educator and writer (d. 1990)
  • 1920 Hannie [Jannetje J] Schaft, "Girl with red hair"
  • 1920 Sheila Quinn, adviser (British Red Cross)
  • 1921 Dusty Hughers, playwright
  • 1921 William Johnston, Chaplain to Queen of Scotland
  • 1922 Guy Hamilton, British director (Goldfinger), born in Paris (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), born in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1924 Paddy Stone, Winnipeg Manitoba, choreographer (Piccadilly Palace)
  • 1925 Charles Haughey, Irish president (1979-81, 82, 87-92)
  • 1926 John Knowles, US writer (Morning in Antibes)
  • 1926 Robert Schuller, televangelist (Glass Cathedral, Hour of Power)
  • 1929 Dale E Kildee, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1977- )
  • 1930 Ken Coates, MEP (Labour)
  • 1933 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1934 Eva Clayton, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • 1935 Carl Andre, US sculptor (minimal/conceptual art)
  • 1935 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist, born in Minneapolis (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Frits Niessen, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Perle, American political advisor
  • 1943 David Wilshire, British MP (C)
  • 1943 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Lord Walton of Detchant, physician (Warden of Green College Oxford)
  • 1946 Mike Reynolds, Australian politician
  • 1947 Aleksandr V Rutskoi, Ukrainian Hero of USSR/VP (1991- )
  • 1947 Michael R McNulty, (Rep-D-NY)
  • 1947 Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian and writer
  • 1953 Gene Taylor, (Rep-D-Mississippi)
  • 1953 Nancy Huston, Canadian-born novelist and essayist
  • 1955 Liz Knights, publisher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 David Copperfield [Kotkin], American magician, born in Metuchen, New Jersey

  • 1956 Kevin R Kregel, Pilot/astronaut (STS 70, 78, 87), born in New York City
  • 1956 Mark Daniel Gearan, Gardner Mass, campaign manager (Al Gore)
  • 1956 Nick Banton, founder (Body Positive)
  • 1960 Kurt Busiek, American comic book writer
  • 1961 Alessandro Cecchi Paone, Italian entertainer
  • 1964 Mary Coustas, Austalian entertainer
  • 1967 Hiroya Oku, Japanese Manga-ka
  • 1968 Walt Becker, American director and writer
  • 1973 Justin Haythe, American writer
  • 1977 Greg Ball, American politician
  • 1982 Michael McCall, Irish chemist
  • 2005 Princess Jalilah bint Ali, of Jordan

Weddings in History

  • 1862 Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • 1990 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle NY

HeartWedding of Interest

1995 Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking (53) weds nurse Elaine Mason

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking

HeartWedding of Interest

2000 Jeopardy game show winner Ken Jennings (26) weds Mindy Boam

74 Time Jeopardy Champion Ken Jennings
74 Time Jeopardy Champion
Ken Jennings
  • 2006 Aga Khan's son Prince Hussain weds Kristin White on the grounds of Chateau de Chantilly in France

Deaths in History

  • 655 Martinus I, bannished Pope (649-53), dies
  • 827 Pope Valentine dies after 40 days in office
  • 1087 Victor III, [Dauferio/Desiderius], Italian Pope (1086-87), dies
  • 1100 Bernold of Constance, German chronicler (b. 1054)
  • 1345 John IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1295)
  • 1380 Charles V, the Wise, King of France (1364-80), dies
  • 1394 Clement VII, [Robert de Geneve], Pope (1378-94), dies
  • 1406 Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1336)
  • 1498 Tomas de Torquemada, inquisitor who burned 10,000 people, dies
  • 1542 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • 1589 Michael Baius, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1672 Anne Bradstreet, New England's first published poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1701 James II of England and VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
  • 1736 Daniel G Fahrenheit, Prussian/Neth physicist (thermometer), dies at 50
  • 1775 Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, English privy councillor (b. 1684)
  • 1803 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (b. 1754)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1824 Louis XVIII SX, earl of Province/king of France (1814-24), dies

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1829 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (b. 1771)
  • 1834 Antoine-Vincent Arnault, French writer (Guillaume the Nassau), dies
  • 1837 Pedro V van Alcantara, king of Portugal (1853-61), dies
  • 1845 John Kinker, translator/philosopher/poet, dies at 81
  • 1864 John Hanning Speke, English explorer (b. 1827)
  • 1865 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
  • 1898 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (b. 1827)
  • 1911 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer (Ascent of Matterhorn), dies
  • 1920 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Polar History), dies at 32
  • 1925 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1926 Rudolf C Eucken, German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1932 Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1857)
  • 1936 Irving Thalberg, US producer (MGM), dies
  • 1936 Karl Buresch, Austrian politician, dies
  • 1944 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • 1945 John "Pa" van de Steur, philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • 1946 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
  • 1948 Ferdinand I MKLM, prince of Saxony-Coburg/tsar of Bulgaria, dies
  • 1953 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • 1955 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), dies at 81
  • 1957 Ch'i Pai-shih, traditional Chinese painter, dies at 93
  • 1961 Yme C Schuitmaker, potato farmer/dramatist, dies
  • 1962 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71
  • 1964 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Das Totenliebespar), dies at 76
  • 1971 Ferdinand LR Sassen, priest/philosopher (Descartes), dies at 77
  • 1973 Leonard Carmichael, American Psychologist, dies at 74
  • 1975 Irene Hayes, Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
  • 1977 Maria Callas, American-born prima donna, dies in Paris at 53
  • 1979 Nur Mohammed Taraki, president of Afghanistan (1978-79), killed
  • 1987 Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 1990 Loretta Tupper, radio/TV entertainer, dies of cancer at 84
  • 1992 Duke Robbins, entertainer, dies of pneumonia at 71
  • 1992 Lee Tully, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Millicent Fenwick, (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82), dies at 82
  • 1993 Johanna F Zandstra-Giezen, oldest person in Netherland, dies at 111
  • 1993 Willie Mosconi, world billiards champ, dies of heart attack at 80
  • 1994 Alain Bernardin, impressario of the Crazy Horse Saloon, dies at 78
  • 1994 Albert de Courtray, French archbishop of Lyon/cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1995 Michael Balfour, historian, dies at 86
  • 1995 Pierre Olaf, cabaret artist/clown, dies at 67
  • 1996 Andrew MacElhone, bar owner, dies at 73
  • 1996 McGeorge Bundy, US national security advisor (1961-66), dies at 77
  • 2000 Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (b. 1969)
  • 2005 Gordon Gould, American physicist, inventor of the laser, dies at 85
  • 2006 Rob Levin, creator of Freenode (b. 1955)
  • 2007 Robert Jordan, author of the Wheel of Time series (b. 1948)
  • 2016 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), dies at 95

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2016 Edward Albee, American playwright (Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?), dies at 88

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee