On This Day in History for September 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 155


MurderAssassination

96 Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated.

Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor
Nerva
Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
Domitian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

324 Chrysopolis Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1180 Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
  • 1437 Peasant uprising in Transsylvania
  • 1454 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1502 Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th & last voyage

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1544 English King Henry VIII's troops occupy Boulogne

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1544 Peace of Crépy signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V & French King Francis I ending the Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War

King Francis I of France
King
Francis I of France
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1635 Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France
  • 1679 New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1739 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1755 Fort Ticonderoga, New York opens
  • 1759 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1769 John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, builds 1st spinet piano
  • 1789 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents & Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1810 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1811 British expeditionary army conquers Dutch Indies
  • 1812 Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 day, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed
  • 1838 Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • 1842 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange last letters before eloping

  • 1849 De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns
  • 1850 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • 1851 New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 1862 Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • 1862 General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Martinsburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • 1872 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1873 Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • 1882 Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)
  • 1885 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • 1888 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Sign of Four" (BG)
  • 1891 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1895 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • 1898 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1905 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • 1906 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
  • 1908 Cleve Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • 1910 25,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam for general male/female suffrage
  • 1911 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1914 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1914 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • 1914 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • 1918 Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
  • 1919 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • 1919 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drown 280 along Gulf Coast
  • 1922 2nd government of Ruys de Beerenbrouck installed in Netherlands
  • 1922 Browns George Sisler's 41-game hit streak is stopped by NY's Joe Bush
  • 1922 Hungary admitted to League of Nations
  • 1924 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250
  • 1927 The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air. with 18 stations (and WOR as NYC affiliate)
  • 1928 Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel
  • 1929 Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • 1931 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • 1934 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • 1934 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1937 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • 1938 Despite losing a double header, Yanks clinch pennant #10
  • 1939 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania
  • 1939 William Joyce's first Nazi propaganda broadcast
  • 1940 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940 Elmer Harris' "Johnny Belinda" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
  • 1942 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • 1942 The order for 'extermination asocials through labour' is approved by Otto Thierack, Nazi minister of justice
  • 1943 Cardinals clinch NL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied PoWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • 1944 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • 1944 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • 1945 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration
  • 1947 US Department of Defense 1st day of operation
  • 1947 US Air Force created as a separate military service by passing of the National Security Act
  • 1948 Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)
  • 1948 Ralph J Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine
  • 1950 Nakagawa Soen, Zen teacher, receives dharma transmission
  • 1957 "Wagon Train" premieres
  • 1957 Electric train joining in Amsterdam-Brussels
  • 1958 The Fresno Drop: Bank of America mails out 60,000 BankAmericards in Fresco, California, the first credit card (later renamed VISA)
  • 1959 Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Charlie Finley is denied permission to move As to Dallas-Fort Worth
  • 1962 Rwanda, Burundi, Jamaica & Trinidad admitted (105th-108th) to UN
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 USSR orders 58.5 million barrels of cereal from Australia
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada
  • 1969 Tiny Tim & Miss Vicky get engaged

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Momofuku Ando markets the first Cup Noodle, packaging it in a waterproof polystyrene container

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 1972 1st black NL umpire (Art Williams-Los Angeles vs San Diego)
  • 1973 German FR & German DR admitted to UN
  • 1974 Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, 5,000 die
  • 1975 Heiress-turned-bank robber Patricia Campbell Hearst captured by FBI in SF

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

53 Trajan, XIII Roman Emperor (98 - 117 AD) famous for Trajan's Forum, born in Italica, Ancient Hispania (d. 117)

Roman Emperor Trajan
Roman Emperor
Trajan
  • 1344 Marie Valois, Princess of France (d. 1404)
  • 1434 Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1467)
  • 1574 Claudio Achillini, Italian lawyer/poet
  • 1676 Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
  • 1709 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), born in Lichfield Staffordshire (d. 1784)
  • 1713 Jean Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher
  • 1733 George Read, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750 Tomas de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias)
  • 1752 Adrien-Marie Lagendre, mathematician, worked on elliptic integrals
  • 1779 Joseph Story, Mass, 19th Supreme Court justice (1812-45)
  • 1786 Justinus AC Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer
  • 1787 Johann D Passavant, German historian/painter/graphic artist
  • 1805 Robert Cowdin, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • 1812 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (d. 1880)
  • 1815 Henry Constantine Wayne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1818 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1837 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (d. 1880)
  • 1838 Anton Mauve, painter/graphic artist/cousin of Vincent Van Gogh
  • 1859 John L. Bates, 41st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1859 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Christ-social theologist
  • 1870 Clark Wissler, anthropologist (American Indian)
  • 1874 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Vises Sten)
  • 1875 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • 1876 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Pesme)
  • 1876 James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1893 William March, [Campbell], US, writer (Company K)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1895 John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1957-63), born in Neustadt, Ontario (d. 1979)

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1895 Tomoji Tanabe, the oldest man in the world as of June 2007
  • 1897 John Mens, writer (People Without Money)
  • 1905 Agnes De Mille, American choreographer (Oklahoma), born in NYC, New York
  • 1906 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli) [OS=Sept 5]
  • 1907 Edwin M McMillan, US, physicist/discoverer plutonium (Nobel prize)
  • 1908 Viktor A Ambartsoemjan, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50)
  • 1910 Henri A Cornelis, gov-general Belgian Congo/Rwanda-Urundi
  • 1912 Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Hetta [Hester Henrietta] Empson, artist, born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Ronald Ogden, engineer
  • 1916 John J Rhodes, (Rep-R-Az)
  • 1916 Frank Bell, British educator (d. 1989)
  • 1917 Gerrit Borgers, literature
  • 1918 John Berger, politician
  • 1923 J T Mellema, Boer politician (CHU)
  • 1923 Peter Smithson, English architect (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Gerlando Alberti, Sicilian Mafioso (Ciaculli massacre, 1963, 'Mafia! What is that? A kind of cheese'), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 2012)
  • 1929 June Rosemary Fisher, teacher/trade unionist
  • 1932 Nikolai N Rukavishnikov, Siberia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 10, 16, 33)
  • 1932 Valery Viktorovich Ryumin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32/34, 35/37)
  • 1933 Robert Blake, Nutley NJ, (Baretta, Little Rascals, Coast to Coast)
  • 1933 Robert F Bennett, (Sen-R Utah)
  • 1933 Valentina Ponomaryova, Moscow, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 6 backup)
  • 1939 Bob Whittaker, (Rep-R-KS, 1979- )
  • 1939 Jorge Sampaio, President of Portugal
  • 1941 Clive Burton, neuropathologist
  • 1942 Koos van den Berg, Dutch MP (SGP)
  • 1944 Charles Lacy Veach, astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1949 Jim McCrery, (Rep-R-Louisiana)
  • 1949 Mo Mowlam, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1950 Helene Weijel, author (In the Street Without a Coat)
  • 1951 [Benjamin] Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon and political candidate (R), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1953 Betsy Boze née: Vogel, American academic
  • 1954 Murtaza Bhutto, politician
  • 1954 Takao Doi, astronaut (STS 87), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1956 Chris Hedges, American journalist and author
  • 1958 Don Geronimo, American radio personality
  • 1960 Karim Rashid, Egyptian/English industrial designer
  • 1963 Rob Brettle, British historian
  • 1964 Marco Masini, Italian entertainer
  • 1970 Michela Rocco, Udine Italy, Miss Italy (1987)
  • 1970 Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (d. 1993)
  • 1973 Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur
  • 1975 "Habacuc" Guillermo Vargas, Costa Rican artist
  • 1977 Kieran West, British oarsman
  • 1988 Annette Obrestad, Norwegian poker player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1907 Author Arthur Conan Doyle (48) weds Jean Elizabeth Leckie

HeartWedding of Interest

1922 Nurse Margaret Sanger (43) weds James Noah Henry Slee in Bloomsbury, London

HeartWedding of Interest

1955 Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (27) weds Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (34) in Mexico

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1964 Greek king Constantine II marries Danish princess Anne-Marie

Deaths in History

  • 31 Sejanus, Roman head of praetorian guard, executed

MurderAssassination

96 Domitian, Roman emperor, assassinated

Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
Domitian
  • 887 Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle)
  • 993 Arnulf vanf Gent, Westfries earl (988-93), dies in battle
  • 1137 Erik II Eimune, [Onvergetelijke], king of Denmark (1134-37), murdered
  • 1180 Louis VII, King of France, dies
  • 1261 Koenraad van Hochstaden, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1426 Hubert [Huybrecht] van Eyck, painter, dies
  • 1598 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord (b. 1536)
  • 1630 Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (b. 1552)
  • 1663 St Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (b. 1603)
  • 1675 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
  • 1684 Jan A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes, poet (Ystroom), dies at 37
  • 1721 Matthew Prior, poet/diplomat, dies
  • 1722 André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • 1735 Justus van Effen, writer/founder (Holland Spectator), dies at 51
  • 1775 Andrew Foulis, bookseller/printer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1783 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 76

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • 1783 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
  • 1792 Gottlieb August Spangenberg, founder (Moravian Church in Amer), dies
  • 1797 Louis-Lazare Hoche, French revolutionary general, dies
  • 1806 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, first known eight-foot-tall person (b. 1760)
  • 1818 Olaf Swaertz, botanist, dies
  • 1827 Robert Pollok, poet, dies
  • 1830 William Hazlitt, critic/essayist, dies
  • 1860 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazilians poet (Primaveras), dies
  • 1860 Joseph Locke, railway engineer, dies
  • 1872 Charles XV Louis E, king of Sweden/Norway (1859-72), dies
  • 1891 William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
  • 1896 Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau, physicist, dies
  • 1904 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto, dies
  • 1905 George MacDonald, sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
  • 1924 Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism), dies
  • 1931 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • 1939 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1939 Gwen John, Welsh painter, dies at 63
  • 1944 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • 1944 Hubert Ahaus, chaplin (Godsrijk), dies at 67
  • 1944 Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • 1944 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • 1951 John Douglas Cockcroft, physicist, dies
  • 1952 Hippoliet Daeye, Flemish painter (Dreamy), dies
  • 1956 Adélard Godbout, premier of Quebec (b. 1892)
  • 1961 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish public servant, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61) and posthumous Nobel Peace Prize winner (1961), dies in an air crash over Congo at 56
  • 1962 Therese Neumann, German stigma, dies at 64
  • 1964 Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (The Plough and the Stars), dies at 84
  • 1964 Clive Bell, English art critic (b. 1881)
  • 1967 John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1968 Willem Kooiman, Dutch theologist/church historian, dies at 65
  • 1977 Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1980 K A Porter, writer, dies at 90
  • 1994 Franco Moschino, Italian fashion designer, dies at 44
  • 1995 Donald Alfred Davie, poet/critic, dies at 73
  • 1995 Doreen Cannon, teacher of acting (London), dies at 64
  • 1995 Lesley Sunderland, decorative artist, dies at 47
  • 1997 Harry Brian Boyne, journalist, dies at 87
  • 2001 Ernie Coombs, Canadian entertainer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 Emil Fackenheim, German Holocaust survivor and philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2003 Bob Mitchell, British politician (b. 1927)
  • 2004 Norman Cantor, Canadian historian (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Edward J. King, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)