On This Day in History for September 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 117


Event of interestEvent of Interest

335 Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1356 English forces under The Black Prince defeat French at Battle of Poitiers and capture the French King during the Hundred Years War
  • 1523 Emperor Charles I & England sign anti-French covenant
  • 1559 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1580 Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou/Dutch States-General)
  • 1602 Grave surrenders to earl Mauritius
  • 1642 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • 1656 Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • 1657 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1668 Polish king John II Kazimierz resigns/goes to France
  • 1676 Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire
  • 1755 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
  • 1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
  • 1778 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1795 Tula, leader of Curacao slave opposition, imprisoned

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 George Washington's farewell address as president

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 1848 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • 1849 1st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • 1854 Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
  • 1862 -20] Battle at Blackford's Ford, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)
  • 1863 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
  • 1864 3rd Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
  • 1865 Atlanta University founded
  • 1870 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1876 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
  • 1876 Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • 1879 The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.
  • 1890 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1893 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote
  • 1903 King Leopold II denies Belgian cruelty in Congo
  • 1904 Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
  • 1910 George Cohan's "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford" premieres in NYC
  • 1911 Red Tuesday; 20,000 protest for universal rights
  • 1912 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • 1914 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
  • 1916 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • 1916 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • 1922 Queen Wilhelmina assumes Dutch throne with 119 word speech
  • 1923 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • 1926 80,000 demonstrate for democratic peace in Hague
  • 1926 The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
  • 1929 Latvia dictator A Woldemaras chased out
  • 1931 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • 1934 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
  • 1939 British Expeditionary Force reaches France
  • 1939 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) becomes radio host of Reichsrundfunk Berlin
  • 1939 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • 1940 Nazi decree forbids gentile woman to work in Jewish homes
  • 1940 Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance.
  • 1941 1st meeting of partisan leaders Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
  • 1941 German army conquers Kiev
  • 1941 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
  • 1943 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • 1944 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • 1944 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

Founder and Dictator of North Korea Kim Il-sung
Founder and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Il-sung
  • 1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
  • 1950 European Payment Union forms in Paris
  • 1950 Great Three acknowledge Bond government as only German government
  • 1950 UN reject membership of China's People Republic
  • 1951 Italian civil servants strike for pay increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Argentine President Juan Perón resigns & flees

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1955 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
  • 1956 1st international conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
  • 1957 1st underground nuclear explosion at Las Vegas Nevada
  • 1957 Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300,000 sales of "Bambino".

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Nikita Khrushchev is denied access to Disneyland

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1961 Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1965 Erhards CDU wins West German parliament elections
  • 1966 Mike Burke named Yankees pres
  • 1967 Nigeria begins offensive against Biafra
  • 1971 1st NYC Women's Marathon won by Beth Bonner in 2:55:22
  • 1972 A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf, becomes King of Sweden
  • 1973 Frank Robinson homers in record 32nd ML park (Arlington Tx)
  • 1973 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) forms
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 -20] Hurricane Fifi hits coast of Honduras; about 5,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 The KGB begin a large-scale operation to discredit Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and cut his communications with Soviet dissidents

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1975 Indonesia sends troops to Portuguese East Timor
  • 1979 No Nukes Concert at Madison Square Garden includes Springsteen & Crosby, Stills & Nash
  • 1980 Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, AR)
  • 1981 Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket
  • 1981 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a NYC Central Park concert
  • 1981 6th Toronto International Film Festival: "Chariots of Fire" directed by Hugh Hudson wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1982 Streetcars stop running on Market St, San Francisco after 122 years of service
  • 1983 David Slowinski on 2 CRAY-1 comp's find 2^132049-1 prime #
  • 1983 St Kitts & Nevis declares independence from UK
  • 1984 Britain & China complete a proposed agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China by 1997
  • 1985 8.1 earthquake in Mexico City kills an estimated 10,000 and leaves 250,000 homeless
  • 1986 Dean Jones scores 210 v India at Madras
  • 1986 US Federal health officials announce AZT will be available to AIDS patients
  • 1987 12th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Princess Bride" directed by Rob Reiner wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1988 Israel launches 1st satellite, for secret military reconnaissance

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

86 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), born in Lanuvium, Italy (d. 161)

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
  • 866 Leo VI Sophos, Byzantine Emperor (886-912)/writer (Problematica)
  • 1377 Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
  • 1551 Henry III, duke of Anjou/king of Poland/France (1573/4-89)
  • 1655 Jan Luyts, Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1714 Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
  • 1737 Charles Carroll, Wealthy Maryland planter who was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence to pass away, born in , Annapolis, Province of Maryland, British America (d. 1832)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1749 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician/Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1754 John Ross Key, commissioned officer in the Continental Army, judge, lawyer and the father of Francis Scott Key (d. 1821)
  • 1759 William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)
  • 1769 Joseph Comb, missionary to Molukkas
  • 1770 Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker
  • 1778 Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1796 Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1799 René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1800 William Wister McKean, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1865)
  • 1802 Louis Kossuth, Hungary, President of Hungary (1849)
  • 1803 Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1884)
  • 1811 Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • 1822 Joseph Rodman West, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828 Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)
  • 1867 Arthur Rackham, England, artist/illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales)
  • 1871 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)
  • 1882 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
  • 1888 J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1889 Sarah Delany, author/teacher
  • 1894 Cornelis Rijnsdorp, writer (Kings Children)
  • 1898 Giuseppe Saragat, president of Italy (1964-71)
  • 1902 Pieter John Bouman, sociologist/historian
  • 1904 Bergen Evans, Ohio, English professor ($64,000 Question)
  • 1904 Karen Aabye, Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru)
  • 1905 James Holland, artist/exhibition organiser
  • 1905 Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 Lewis F Powell Jr, Va, Supreme Court justice (1972-87)
  • 1908 Mika Waltari, novelist (Egyptian)
  • 1908 Tatsuo Shimabuku, founder of Isshinryu Karate (d. 1975)
  • 1909 Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (Porsche AG), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911 William Golding, English novelist (Lord of the Flies-Nobel 1983), born in Newquay, Cornwall (d. 1993)

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1914 Rogers Morton, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1917 Joe Pasternak, Transylvania Hungary, producer (Spinout, Big City)
  • 1919 Harry Shorto, linguist
  • 1921 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Catherine Mary Hall, nurse
  • 1922 Damon [Francis] Knight, US, sci-fi author (CV, Beyond the Barrier)
  • 1926 Edwin "Duke" Snider, Bkln Dodger centerfielder (406 HRs)
  • 1926 Lurieen Wallace, (Gov-D-Ala, 1966-68)
  • 1926 Pierre Janssen, art museum director
  • 1929 10th duke of Richmond, English large landowner/art collector
  • 1929 Margaret S Roukema, (Rep-R-New Jersey, 1981- )
  • 1929 Timothy Colman, Engl manufacturer/multi-millionaire (Reckitt & Colman)
  • 1932 Mike Royko, journalist (Chic Daily News)/author (Boss), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1935 Esmond Bulmer, English cider brewer/Conservative Lower house leader
  • 1935 Robert Kruger, (Sen-D Texas)
  • 1935 Thomas W Ewing, (Rep-R-Illinois)
  • 1935 Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)
  • 1941 Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1943 Chris Joyce, photographer
  • 1944 Anders Björck, Swedish politician
  • 1944 Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
  • 1947 Steve Bartlett, (Rep-R-TX, 1983- )
  • 1947 Tanith Lee, British sci-fi author (Don't Bite the Sun), born in London
  • 1948 Michael Cooper, sodomizer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1949 Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project
  • 1950 Joan Lunden, Fair Oaks California, news host (Good Morning America)
  • 1952 Gunnar Hökmark, Swedish politician
  • 1957 Richard M Linnehan, astronaut (STS 78, sk: 90), born in Lowell, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Loïc Bigois, French engineer
  • 1963 Alessandra Martines, Italian entertainer
  • 1964 Patrick Marber, British playwright
  • 1966 Soledad O'Brien, American journalist
  • 1966 Eric Robert Rudolph, American criminal
  • 1976 La Chanda Jenkins, Miss District of Columbia USA (1996)
  • 1978 Nigel Mitchell, Quizmania and Capital Disney presenter
  • 1983 Matt Wiman, American mixed martial artist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1964 Author Peter Benchley (24) weds Winifred B. Wesson

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley

Deaths in History

  • 690 Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)
  • 1180 Louis VII, the Younger, King of France (1137-80), dies at 59
  • 1339 Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1356 Gautier de Brienne, duke of Athens/French supreme commander, dies
  • 1356 Geoffroy de Charny, French nobleman, dies in battle
  • 1356 Jean de Clermont, French marshal, dies in battle
  • 1356 Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, killed at the Battle of Poitiers (b. 1311)
  • 1668 William Waller, English soldier
  • 1693 Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)
  • 1710 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
  • 1719 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/lord of the manor, executed at 59
  • 1719 Jan Weenix, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1761 Peter Musschenbroek, physician/physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
  • 1812 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, dies at 68
  • 1843 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • 1859 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1862 [Lewis] Henry Little, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863 Preston Smith, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
  • 1864 Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • 1864 David Allen Russell, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 43
  • 1864 Robert Emmet Rodes, US Confederate gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1868 William Sprague, American minister and politician from (b. 1809)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1882 Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • 1893 Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
  • 1902 Maria Hendrika, Queen of the Belgians, dies
  • 1905 Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 1906 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • 1927 Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 1935 Jules M Cambron, French gov-gen to Algeria/ambassador, dies
  • 1935 Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1942 Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • 1944 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • 1944 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • 1944 John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Guy Gibson, British wing commander, dies in a plane crash at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • 1949 George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • 1952 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Presento il mio Ticino), dies
  • 1955 John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
  • 1957 Reginald Aldworth Daly, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping, dies at 86
  • 1961 Helen Kimble, fictional wife of Dr Richard Kimble (The Fugitive)
  • 1961 Pieter Tesch, mine engineer/geology (Pedestal of Netherlands), dies
  • 1962 Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright, dies at 61
  • 1967 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)
  • 1967 Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
  • 1968 Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopying), dies at 62
  • 1969 Bert [Lambertus] Bakker, director Free Netherland/inventor, dies
  • 1978 Rolf Gunther, East German priest, self imolation
  • 1978 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
  • 1981 Joke Kool-Smit, Dutch feminist, dies
  • 1985 Italo Calvino, sci-fi author (T-Zero, Mr Palomar), dies at 61
  • 1986 Vivian Duncan, entertainer (Duncan Sisters), dies
  • 1987 Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
  • 1988 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of National the Farmers Organization (1955-79), dies at 65
  • 1992 Jacques Pic, french restaurant owner, dies
  • 1994 Frankie Kennedy, flute player, dies at 38
  • 1994 Sandra Fisher, American painter, dies at 47
  • 1995 Walter Shlomo Gross, journalist, dies at 83
  • 1995 Yevgeni Nikolayevich Khludeyev, Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), drowns in bathtub at 88

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Businessman
Orville Redenbacher
  • 1996 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian, dies at 85
  • 1996 Timothy Nicholson, journalist, dies at 32
  • 1997 Clive Brain, educationalist, dies at 57
  • 1997 Kathy Keeton Guccione, CEO (General Media Intl), dies at 58
  • 1997 Malcolm Hughes, artist, dies at 77
  • 2000 Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
  • 2001 Jan Koplowitz, German writer, dies at 91
  • 2002 Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d'Ivoire (b. 1941)
  • 2004 Eddie Adams, American photographer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian-born American civil servant (b. 1919)
  • 2006 Hugh Kawharu, New Zealander Ngāti Whātua Māori chief (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Martha Holmes, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2011 Thomas Capano, attorney, criminal (b. 1949)
  • 2015 Jackie Collins, British-American author (The Stud, Lucky), dies of cancer at 77