On This Day in History for September 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 198 of 198

  • 1939 Switzerland proclaims neutrality
  • 1939 World War II starts as Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Gen George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1939 The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date.
  • 1939 Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
  • 1941 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
  • 1942 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • 1942 German troops land on Taman peninsula

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1944 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
  • 1944 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

Victory in battleSurrender of Japan

1945 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan)

  • 1946 Greece votes for monarchy
  • 1948 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • 1949 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
  • 1949 Viljo Heino runs world record 10k (29:27.2)
  • 1950 13 North Korean divisions open assault on UN lines
  • 1950 West Berlin granted a constitution
  • 1951 PM Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
  • 1951 US, Australia & New Zealand sign ANZUS treaty
  • 1952 Sutro Baths, SF purchased by George Whitney
  • 1952 Willem Drees forms new Dutch government
  • 1953 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
  • 1953 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island and New England, kills 68
  • 1955 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • 1956 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
  • 1957 Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring 400
  • 1958 St Louis Card Vinegar Bend Mizell walks a record 9 men in a shutout
  • 1961 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1961 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1962 12,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran
  • 1962 UN announces Earth's population has hit 3 billion
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Language laws in Belgium goes into effect causing a riot
  • 1965 Indo-Pakistani conflict - Pakistani counter-attack (Operation Grand Slam,)
  • 1968 Earthquake destroys Ferdows Persia, 2,000 killed
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Marina (Netherlands) begins transmitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi deposes King Idris in the Libyan revolution

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1970 Failed assassination attempt on Jordanian king Hussain
  • 1970 Jose Velasco Ibarra re-elected president of Ecuador
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a series of bombs across Northern Ireland injuring a number of people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Bobby Fischer (US) defeats Boris Spassky (USSR) for world chess title

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • 1972 Egypt & Libya form federation
  • 1973 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark)
  • 1973 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other oil companies' concessions
  • 1974 Dutch law against pirate radio goes into effect
  • 1974 Train accident at Zagreb Yugoslavia, 121 killed
  • 1974 The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
  • 1975 All political parties forbidden in Bangladesh
  • 1975 KOL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KMPS
  • 1975 NYC transit fare rises from 35 cents to 50 cents
  • 1975 5 Protestant civilians are killed and 7 were wounded in a Provisional Irish Republican Army gun attack on Tullyvallen Orange Hall near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh
  • 1975 US stripper well oil prices decontrolled
  • 1976 NASA launches space vehicle S-197
  • 1976 New Jersey's Meadowlands racetrack opens
  • 1976 Wayne L Hays, (Rep-D-Oh), resigns (scandal with Elizabeth Ray)
  • 1977 1st TRS-80 Model I computer sold
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1978 Indians' Sammy Stewart tosses 7 consecutive strikeouts (vs Balt)
  • 1978 Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia
  • 1978 #4655 Marjoriika, #4814 Casacci, #5344 Ryabov, #6262 Javid & #8064
  • 1979 Debbie Boone & Gabriel Ferrer wed in LA
  • 1979 LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask
  • 1979 Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
  • 1980 Dutch embassy in Israel moves from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv
  • 1981 Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH)
  • 1981 Military coup under general Kolingba in Central African Republic, President Dacko flees
  • 1981 RKO radio network premieres America Overnight talk show
  • 1981 Northern Ireland’s first religiously integrated secondary school opens
  • 1982 Caryl Churchill's "Top Girls" premieres in London
  • 1982 Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH
  • 1982 Mexico President Lopez Portillo nationalizes banks
  • 1982 Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon
  • 1982 The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983 Korean Boeing 747, flight 007, strays into Siberia & is shot down by a Soviet jet
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 WGH-AM in Newport News VA changes call letters to WNSY
  • 1985 US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
  • 1987 Smoking forbidden in public buildings in Belgium
  • 1988 Timberlake Westenbaker's "Our Country's Good" premieres in London
  • 1989 Princess Anne & Mark Phillips announce their separation
  • 1991 Richard J Kerr, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1992 NYC police commisioner Brown resigns
  • 1992 Tommy Smothers undergoes arthroscopic surgery
  • 1995 Infinity Radio agrees to voluntarily pay $1.7 million to US Treasury
  • 1995 New York reinstates the death penalty
  • 1995 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • 2004 The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
  • 2005 Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
  • 2012 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012 US drone strike kills 5 people in North Waristan, Pakistan
  • 2012 Islamist rebels seize Douentza, Mali
  • 2012 Grenade injures 41 festival celebrants in Paquibato, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Pope Francis tells priests to pardon women who have had an abortion, in a letter released by the Vatican

Pope Francis
  • 2015 Google changes its logo, biggest redesign since 1999
  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: Hungary closes Keleti Railway Station in Budapest to try and stop migrants travelling

Birthdays in History

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Weddings in History

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Deaths in History

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