On This Day in History for September 21

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192 English king Richard I the Lion hearted, captured by by Leopold V, Duke of Austria

  • 1217 The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.
  • 1348 Jews in Zurich, Switzerland, are accused of poisoning wells
  • 1435 Treaty of Arras (1435) signed between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good of Burgundy
  • 1451 Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
  • 1589 Battle at Arques: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League
  • 1591 French bishops recognize Henri IV as king of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 King James I of England gives Sir Alexander Sterling royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1648 -23] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [NS]
  • 1676 Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • 1677 John & Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher
  • 1745 Battle of Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats British government army
  • 1746 French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais & Dupleix Madras
  • 1765 Antoine de Beauterne announces he had killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks.
  • 1776 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • 1784 1st daily newspaper in America (Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser)
  • 1792 Collot D'Herbois, first man to propose to abolish the monarchy in France at National Convention
  • 1815 King Willem I takes oath in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823 Moroni first appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1827 According to Joseph Smith Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon
  • 1837 Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
  • 1860 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
  • 1863 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • 1872 John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • 1883 First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1885 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • 1893 Frank Duryea drives first US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
  • 1893 1st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield
  • 1895 First auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • 1896 General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan
  • 1897 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • 1898 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • 1903 First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US
  • 1904 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today
  • 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1911 Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier loses the election to Robert Bordon of the Conservative Party

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1913 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • 1913 Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • 1915 Cecil Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600
  • 1915 Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
  • 1921 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians
  • 1921 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1928 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
  • 1929 1st legal pass in Canada was thrown by Gerry Seiberling & 1st reception by Ralph Losie of Calgary Altomah-Tigers against Edmonton
  • 1930 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
  • 1931 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • 1933 Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
  • 1934 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish fascist junta names Franco to generalissimo/supreme commander

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 Hurricane (183 MPH winds) in New England kills 700

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • 1939 Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews
  • 1942 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • 1942 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • 1943 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • 1943 Russian 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • 1943 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • 1944 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrender
  • 1946 Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • 1949 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim People's Republic of China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of United States.

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1951 Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
  • 1954 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned under Commander Eugene P. Wilkinson
  • 1954 Eelco Van Kleffens appointed President of the ninth session of the UN General Assembly
  • 1955 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1957 German sail training ship Pamir sails Atlantic Ocean
  • 1957 Olav V becomes king of Norway
  • 1957 Pote Sarasin forms government in Thailand
  • 1958 1st airplane flight exceeding 1200 hours, lands, Dallas Tx
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 600 Indian Dutch emigrate to US
  • 1961 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • 1961 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • 1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
  • 1965 O Kommissarova (USSR) sets women's longest parachute jump (46,250')
  • 1965 Singapore admitted as part of the United Nations.
  • 1966 Five inches of rain falls on NYC
  • 1966 Jimmy Hendrix changes spelling of his name to Jimi
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Soviet space probe Luna 16 leaves the Moon
  • 1970 New York Times starts first modern op-ed page.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law in Philippines (not publicly announced until 23rd Sep)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Jackson Pollocks painting "Blue Poles" sold for $2,000,000

  • 1974 US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury
  • 1976 Wings performs in Zagreb Yugoslavia
  • 1976 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
  • 1977 US minister of Foreign affairs Cyrus Vance dismissed
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes aree destroyed
  • 1978 3rd Toronto International Film Festival: "Girlfriends" directed by Claudia Weill wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1979 Two RAF Hawker Siddeley Harrier jump-jets from RAF Wittering collide over Wisbech in Cambridgeshire. Both pilots ejected safely, but three people were killed and several people injured when one of the aircraft destroyed two houses and a bungalow.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin publish influential paper (cited more than 4,000 times) "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm", introducing idea of "spandrels" into evolutionary biology

Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist Stephen Jay Gould
Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist
Stephen Jay Gould
  • 1980 Kerry GAA beat Roscommon GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 1-9 to 1-6 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.

Birthdays in History

  • 1051 Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)
  • 1328 Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
  • 1372 Frederik I van Hohenzollern, monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40)
  • 1411 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)
  • 1415 Frederick III, Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor (1440-1493)
  • 1428 Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
  • 1452 Girolamo Savonarola, monk/reformer/dictator of Florence (1494-98)
  • 1629 Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1694)
  • 1645 Louis Joliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
  • 1706 Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg, queen of Sardinia (d. 1735)
  • 1737 Francis Hopkinson, US, writer/lawyer (helped design Stars & Stripes)
  • 1752 Louise MC, countess of Albany
  • 1756 John Loudon McAdam, created macadam road surface (asphalt)
  • 1758 Christopher Gore, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • 1760 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman (d. 1837)
  • 1788 Margaret Smith Taylor, 1st lady (1849-50)
  • 1809 Sophia Hawthorne, Salem Massachusetts, American writer, painter and illustator
  • 1817 Carter Littlepage Stevenson, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1819 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Williams Carter Wickham, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824 Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827 Michael Corcoran, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Samuel Sprigg Carroll, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Murad V, sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1842 Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1849 Edmund Gosse, translator/critic (Father & Son), born in London, England
  • 1849 Maurice Barrymore, Indian-born patriarch of the Barrymore family (d. 1905)
  • 1853 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913)
  • 1859 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron/writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave)
  • 1862 James E. Talmage, LDS apostle and author (d. 1933)
  • 1866 Charles Jean Henri Nicolle France, bacteriologist (Nobel-1928)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)

Author H. G. Wells
H. G. Wells
  • 1867 Henry Lewis Stimson, US minister of War (1911-13)
  • 1871 Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier
  • 1886 Teiichi Igarashi, Japan, climed Mt Fuji at age 99
  • 1889 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat/genealogist
  • 1895 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1898 Tushar Kanti Ghosh, world's oldest/longest serving newspaper Editor
  • 1899 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre)
  • 1899 Frederick Coutts, the 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Allen Lane, English publisher/founder (Penguin Books)
  • 1904 Hans Hartung, German/French painter
  • 1906 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder (d. 2006)
  • 1907 Helen Foster Snow, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1909 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60 and 1st President Ghana (1960-66), born in Nkroful, Gold Coast (Ghana) (d. 1972)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1912 Chuck Jones, animator (Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck)
  • 1913 Ulrich Ernst Simon, theologian
  • 1914 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1916 Jagernath Lachmon, premier Suriname
  • 1916 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1919 Aya Zikken, author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh)
  • 1919 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist
  • 1919 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Jay Ward, cartoonist (Rocky & his Friends, Bullwinkle)
  • 1923 Harry JN Vane 11th Lord Barnard, English large landowner
  • 1926 Donald A Glaser, physicist (Nobel-1960)
  • 1929 Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1936 Yuriy Luzhkov, Russian politician, mayor of Moscow
  • 1940 Hermann Knoflacher, Austrian civil engineer
  • 1941 R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director
  • 1942 Ann Elder, comedienne (Smothers Brothers Show, Laugh-In), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1944 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • 1944 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • 1945 Bjarni V Tryggvason, Reykjavik Iceland, astronaut (STS 85)
  • 1945 Ombrettqa Colli, Italian entertainer
  • 1945 Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1946 Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie, Shining, Kujo), born in Portland, Maine

Horror Author Stephen King
Horror Author
Stephen King
  • 1947 Marsha Norman, American playwright
  • 1948 Artis Gilmore, ABA all star (Kentucky Colonels)
  • 1950 Charles Clarke, British politician
  • 1951 Bob Franks, (Rep-R-NJ)
  • 1951 Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen rebel leader (d. 2005)
  • 1952 Anneliese Michel, German exorcism victim (d. 1976)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan (2006-07 and 2012-), born in Nagato

Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe
  • 1955 Richard J Hieb, Jamestown ND, astronaut (STS 39, 49, 65)
  • 1955 Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director
  • 1957 Kevin Rudd, Australian politician
  • 1958 Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
  • 1961 Michel R Vassallucci, French/Neth publisher (Arena)
  • 1966 Ronna Reeves, Big Spring TX

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 Samantha Power, Irish American author and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN), born in Dublin, Ireland

Journalist and Diplomat Samantha Power
Journalist and Diplomat
Samantha Power
  • 1973 Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist
  • 1981 Nicole Richie, American socialite
  • 1988 Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Pakistani politician

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Publisher Malcolm Forbes (26) weds Roberta Remsen Laidlaw

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Malcolm Forbes

HeartWedding of Interest

1996 Elder son of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and magazine publisher John F. Kennedy Jr. (35) weds Caroline Bisset (30) at the wood-frame Brack Chapel of the First African Baptist Church in Cumberland Island, Georgia

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
  • 2013 US billionaire investor and active supporter of liberal political causes George Soros (83) weds health care and education consultant Tamiko Bolton (42) at his estate in Bedford, New York

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

19 BC Virgil, Roman poet, dies at 50

Roman Poet Virgil
Roman Poet


454 Flavius Aetius, Roman general (Battle of the Catalaunian Plains), assassinated by Valentinian

Roman General Flavius Aetius
Roman General
Flavius Aetius
  • 687 Conon, Sicilian Pope (686-87), dies
  • 1217 Lembitu of Lehola, Estonian soldier
  • 1327 Edward II, king of England (1307-1327), assassinated at 43
  • 1397 Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
  • 1433 Zweder van Kuilenberg, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1440 Frederik I van Hohenzollern, ruler Brandenburg (1417-40), dies at 68
  • 1481 Bartholomeus Platinum, Italian humanist/pontifical librarian, dies
  • 1519 Hans Backofen/Backoffen, German sculptor, dies at about 49
  • 1520 Selam I Jawuz, the Barse, poet/cruel sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1542 Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet
  • 1558 Charles V, King of Spain (Carlos I)/Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1576 Girolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, dies at 74

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano
  • 1586 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1626 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
  • 1629 John Pieterszoon Coen, merchant/gov-gen of East-Indies, dies at 42
  • 1705 Willem Hadriaan of Nassau, corrupt mister of Odijck, dies
  • 1719 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)
  • 1743 Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • 1748 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
  • 1796 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798 George Read, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1820 Joseph R Drake, US poet (American Flag), dies at 25)
  • 1832 Walter Scott, Scottish attorney/poet/writer (Ivanhoe), dies
  • 1860 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 JBAL Leonce Elie the Beaumont, French geologist, dies at 75
  • 1883 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch man of letters/theologist, dies at 65
  • 1897 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1904 Chief Joseph, US indian chief (Nez Perces), dies
  • 1905 Rudolf Baumbach, writer of German student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1906 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
  • 1911 Arab Pasha, "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister, dies
  • 1915 Anthony Comstock, anti-vice crusader, dies at 71 in NYC
  • 1926 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1937 Henri [Lucien] Capitant, French lawyer, dies at 72
  • 1938 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic Croatian writer (b. 1874)
  • 1939 Armand Calinescu, premier of Romania, murdered
  • 1946 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo), dies at 66
  • 1950 Arthur Milne, English Astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1954 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1956 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), assassinated by Roliberto Lopez at 60
  • 1957 Haakon VII (CF Charles WA), Danish king of Norway (1905-57), dies
  • 1961 Earle Dickson, inventor (band-aid), dies at 68
  • 1963 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1964 Jim Koethe, Dallas Times Herald reporter, killed by karate chop
  • 1966 Paul Reynaud, premier France (1940), dies
  • 1970 Gijsbert Friedhoff, architect (Wibautstrat tax office), dies
  • 1971 Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1972 Henry M de Montherlant, French author (Port Royal), dies at 76
  • 1973 William CF Plomer, South African libretto writer (Curlew River), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), dies of cancer at 53

  • 1976 Orlando Letelier, minister Chile, dies
  • 1982 Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1986 Pierre Wigny, Belgium minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61), dies at 81
  • 1988 Henry Koster, director, dies
  • 1988 Robert Gwathmey, artist, dies at 85
  • 1988 Glenn Robert Davis, member of United States Congress (b. 1914
  • 1988 Walter Vogt, Swiss writer (Wüthrich) and psychiatrist, dies at 61
  • 1989 F Fischer, German war criminal (4, Two of Breda), dies
  • 1991 JA Mommersteeg, Dutch state sect of Defense (KVP), dies
  • 1992 Hans Rosenberg, astronomer/alderman of Utrecht, dies
  • 1994 Arthur Krim, US director (United Artists, Orion Pictures), dies
  • 1994 Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway Writer, dies at 69
  • 1995 Irven Spence, animator, dies at 86
  • 1995 William Murray, teacher/educationalist, dies at 83
  • 1995 Rudy Perpich, American politician (b. 1928)
  • 1996 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher, dies at 42
  • 1996 Julius Silverman, politician, dies at 90
  • 1996 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse, who tried save Izieu children from Nazis, dies at 89
  • 1997 Tommy Cecil, Irish ferryman, dies at 51
  • 2000 Bryan Smith, Man who ran over Stephen King (b. 1957)
  • 2002 Robert L. Forward, American physicist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2004 Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
  • 2007 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), dies at 88
  • 2011 Pamela Ann Rymer, American federal appellate judge (b. 1941)
  • 2011 Troy Anthony Davis, American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (executed) (b. 1968)
  • 2011 Jun Henmi, Japanese writer and poet (b. 1939)