On This Day in History for September 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 121

  • 951 Otto I the Great becomes king of Italy
  • 1122 Concordat of Worms agreed between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V
  • 1408 Battle of Othée; victory of John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy over Liège.
  • 1459 Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, 1st major battle of the English Wars of the Roses
  • 1513 King Henry III & Emperor Maximilian conquer Doornik

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1561 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1642 Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass, 1st commencement
  • 1739 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1746 Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1779 John Paul Jones' "Bon Homme Richard" defeats HMS Serepis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • 1795 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1803 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 1806 Lewis & Clark return to St Louis from Pacific Northwest
  • 1818 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • 1830 Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • 1835 HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • 1845 Hunger strike in Hague
  • 1846 Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • 1857 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1862 Lincoln's Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers
  • 1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • 1868 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • 1876 Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • 1877 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • 1879 Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • 1879 Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • 1880 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • 1884 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • 1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1890 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 1895 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • 1897 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • 1904 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • 1905 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 1907 Proclamation sets fineness & weight of silver & bronze coins of Canada
  • 1908 University of Alberta opens
  • 1911 Earl Ovington becomes 1st air mail pilot
  • 1912 Mack Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
  • 1913 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1913 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • 1920 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • 1920 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China
  • 1922 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • 1922 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1923 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • 1925 George Kaufman's "Butter & Egg Man" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1933 Yanks commit 7 errors in 1 game but beat Boston 16-12
  • 1936 Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • 1940 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Dutch nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • 1941 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • 1941 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • 1942 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Transport #36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb
  • 1944 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1949 Indian owner Bill Veeck holds funeral services to bury 1948 pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Philadelphia A's Joe Astroth is 4th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
  • 1950 US Air Force Mustangs accidentally bomb British on Hill 282 Korea, 17 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's" speech

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1955 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1957 White mob forces 9 black students who had entered a Little Rock high school in Arkansas to withdraw
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Stravinsky's "Thieni" premieres in Venice
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 1959 The M/S Princess of Tasmania Australia's first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry makes maiden voyage across Bass Strait.
  • 1962 LA Dodger Maury Wills steals record setting #97 on his way to 104
  • 1962 Martin Walser's "Esche und Angora" premieres in Berlin
  • 1962 NY's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery Fisher Hall) opens as 1st unit of Lincoln Center for Performing Arts
  • 1963 Georgette Ciselet is 1st woman on Belgian Council of State
  • 1964 "Fiddler on the Roof" with Zero Mostel premieres in NYC
  • 1967 Greek Colonels' regime frees ex-premier Georgios Papandreou
  • 1967 Radio Malta stops testing
  • 1969 Northern Star and Illinois Univ newspaper start rumors that Paul McCartney is dead
  • 1970 Abdul Razak bin Hussain becomes premier of Malaysia
  • 1970 Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Arthur Young announces his resignation
  • 1971 John Vermeer's painting "The Liefdesbrief" stolen
  • 1971 2 members of the Official Irish Republican Army are killed in a premature bomb explosion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos annouces state of emergency and declares martial law

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1973 Argentine General Elections - former Argentine President Juan Peron returns to power
  • 1973 Largest known prime, 2 ^ 132,049-1, is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 US televised presidential debate between Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 South Africa decides to allow multi-racial teams to represent them
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth
  • 1977 3rd test of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on Charlie's Angels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Anwar Sadat home from Camp David peace summit

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1979 Somali constitution approved by president
  • 1979 St Louis legend Lou Brock steals 938th & final base of his career
  • 1980 Big Thunder Mountain Railroad opens
  • 1982 Amin Gemayel sworn in as president of Lebanon
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

480 BC Euripides, Greek playwright (Medea), born in Salamis, Greece (d. 406 BC)

Greek Playwright Euripides
Greek Playwright
Euripides

Person of interestPerson of Interest

63 BC Augustus Caesar [Gaius Octavius], First Roman Emperor (27BC-14AD), born in Rome (d. 14)

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 1158 Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1186)
  • 1161 Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1215 Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire, born in Monoglia (d. 1294)

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1434 Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1478)
  • 1555 Louise de Coligny, French 4th wife of Willem of Orange
  • 1596 Joan Blaeu, cartographer/publisher
  • 1598 Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1605 Daniel von Czepko, German poet
  • 1641 Adrian "Aart" van Wijck, theologist (against jansenisme)
  • 1647 Joseph Dudley, American statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1650 Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • 1712 Ferdinand VI, the wise, King of Spain (1746-59)
  • 1740 Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • 1745 John Sevier, Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
  • 1768 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1771 Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • 1781 Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1860)
  • 1791 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1791 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • 1795 Alexander Twilight, minister and politician, first African American to graduate and to hold public office, born in Corinth Vermont (d. 1857)
  • 1800 William H McGuffey, educator (McGuffey Readers)
  • 1804 David Van de Kellen, coin engraver
  • 1805 Matthew Adams Stickney, Rowley Mass, numismatist
  • 1816 Elihu Benjamin Washburne, MC (Union), (d. 1887)
  • 1816 Julius White, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1820 Thomas Kilby Smith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838 Victoria Woodhull, in Ohio US, feminist/reformer - first woman to be nominated for US presidency
  • 1852 William Stewart Halsted, established 1st US surgical school
  • 1853 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar
  • 1854 Cornelis W Lely, Dutch engineer/gov of Suriname (1902-05)
  • 1856 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1861 Edmond H H Allenby, British field marshal
  • 1861 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1863 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • 1863 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • 1864 Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1865 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)

  • 1871 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • 1880 John Boyd Orr, nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
  • 1888 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semitic theologist (Die Oden Salomons)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Walter Lippmann, American journalist/political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1890 Friedrich Paulus, German Generalfieldmarshal (Stalingrad). Dies 1957.
  • 1894 Kornelis H Miskotte, theologist (Edda & Thora)
  • 1895 Miron Merzhanov, Soviet architect (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Paul Delvaux, Belgian painter (surrealist)
  • 1899 Louise Nevelson, Kiev, Russia, sculptor (Sky Cathedral)
  • 1900 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • 1901 Adriaan Pitlo, Dutch lawyer, born in Antwerp (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • 1902 Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1904 Meyer Schapiro, Lithuanian-born American art historian, born in Šiauliai, Russian Empire
  • 1907 Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • 1909 Marianne Straub, weaver
  • 1910 Elliot Roosevelt, son of FDR/writer (Murder in the Oval Office)
  • 1911 Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (d. 2003)
  • 1912 Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1912 Tony Smith, American sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • 1915 Ian Dawson-Shepherd, campaigner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1920 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon
  • 1922 Philip Owen Arnould Sherrard, scholar theologian poet/translator
  • 1925 Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Pyotr Ivanovich Kolodin, cosmonaut (Soyuyz 7, 10, 11 backup)
  • 1930 Sehba Akhtar, poet of Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Per Olov Enquist, Swedish writer (Hour of the Lynx)
  • 1936 Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • 1942 Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1943 Bob Clement, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • 1944 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • 1945 Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • 1946 Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • 1948 Rob van Koningsbruggen, sculptor
  • 1951 Ron Klink, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • 1956 Peter David, American writer
  • 1961 William C McCool, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in San Diego, California
  • 1972 Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
  • 1975 Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
  • 1984 Nathan Jendrick, American author
  • 1985 Jared High, American victim of bullying (d. 1998)

Weddings in History

  • 1666 Princess Maria of Orange-Nassau marries Mauritius earl of Simmeren

HeartWedding of Interest

1862 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy

HeartWedding of Interest

1933 Ganster Sam Giancana (25) weds Angeline De Tolve

Gangster Sam Giancana
Gangster
Sam Giancana

Deaths in History

  • 79 Pope Linus, second Bishop of Rome after St Peter
  • 775 Constantine V Copronymus, Emperor of Byzantium (720-75), dies
  • 918 Koenraad I, German duke/king (911-18), dies at 42
  • 965 Aboe a-Taia-H al-Moetanabbi, Arabic royal poet (Diwan), murdered
  • 1241 Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1513)
  • 1571 John Jewel, English bishop (b. 1522)
  • 1573 Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1624 Willem Pietersz Buytewech, painter/etcher, dies at about 32
  • 1675 Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 Hermannus Boerhaave, medical/botanist, dies at 69
  • 1764 Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • 1778 Balthazar Huydecoper, translator/historian, dies at 83
  • 1780 John Andre, hanged as a British spy at 29
  • 1789 John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1823 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1844 Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1847 Henri MG earl the Merode, Belgium revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65)
  • 1850 José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • 1871 Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1873 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 Urbain JJ Leverrier, codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
  • 1889 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (The Moonstone), dies at 65
  • 1896 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet, dies at 83
  • 1900 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1902 John Wesley Powell, US geologist (Grand Canyon), dies at 68
  • 1906 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist/mayor of Antwerp, dies
  • 1917 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1929 Richard A Zsigmondy, Austria chemist (Nobel 1925), dies at 64
  • 1930 Jonkvrouw Catharina AM de Savornin Lohman, author, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, dies at 83

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1943 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • 1947 Nikola Petkov, leader of Bulgaria Boer party, hanged
  • 1968 Francesco Forgione, "Padre Pio", Catholic saint (b. 1887)
  • 1971 J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1973 A S Neill, British headmaster, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Pablo Neruda, [N R R Basoalto], poet (100 Love Sonnets), dies at 69

  • 1974 Gerhard Nebel, German writer, dies at 70
  • 1988 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 Bernice Gera, 1st female basball ump (1969 NY-Penn League) dies at 61
  • 1992 James A Van Fleet, US general (D-Day, Battle of Bulge), dies at 100
  • 1992 Paul E Garber, 1st curator (National Air & Space Museum), dies at 93
  • 1994 Alec Dickson, founder of VSO, dies at 80
  • 1994 Ali Kouider Benyahia, [sheik Boualem], Alg Muslim leader, shot at 26
  • 1994 Cherif Gousmi, [kalief Abu Abdallah Ahmed], Alger Muslim leader, shot
  • 1994 Georgi, Tsar Nicholas II's brother, buried
  • 1994 John van Damme, businessman, hanged in Singapore at 59
  • 1995 Odut Joseph Olutola Oluola Oguntala, soho club owner, dies at 74
  • 1996 Stuart Pigott, archaeologist, dies at 86
  • 1996 Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1997 Murray Burnett, writer (Everybody Goes to Rick-Casablanca), dies at 86
  • 2000 Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove, dies at 87
  • 2003 Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2005 Filiberto Ojeda, Puerto Rican revolutionary (b. 1933)
  • 2008 Peter Leonard, Australian journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2009 Paul B. Fay, American businessman and cabinet member in the Kennedy administration (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Malcolm Douglas, Australian conservationist (b. 1941)
  • 2010 Teresa Lewis, American murderer (b. 1969)