On This Day in History for September 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 147


BattleBattle of Interest

46 BC Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 715 Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne.
  • 1212 Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Přemyslid dynasty.
  • 1371 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1396 Sultan Bajezid I beheads hundreds of crusaders
  • 1404 Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established
  • 1580 Frances Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind
  • 1629 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1655 Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • 1680 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal
  • 1687 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon
  • 1687 The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1733 France, Spain & Sardinia sign anti-German covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1772 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • 1783 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1786 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1789 4th US Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Thomas Jefferson appointed 1st US Secretary of State; John Jay becomes 1st US Chief Justice

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1789 Edmund J Randolph becomes 1st US Attorney General
  • 1792 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
  • 1810 A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia & Austria sign the Holy Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • 1824 Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) & lives
  • 1831 Robert Montgomery Bird's "Gladiator" premieres in NYC
  • 1872 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • 1874 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • 1876 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • 1884 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • 1887 Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • 1890 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • 1895 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1901 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1904 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • 1904 GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire
  • 1914 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • 1914 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • 1916 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 1917 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • 1918 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • 1921 Yankee Ruth hits HRs 57 & 58 to beat Indians 8-7
  • 1923 Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • 1923 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • 1925 Italian sub "Sebastiano Veniero" lost off Sicily with 54 dead
  • 1926 JB Fagan's "And So to Bed" premieres in London
  • 1926 Shortest double header, Yanks lose 6-1 in 72 minutes & lose again 6-2 in 55 minutes to Browns. Yanks had already clinched pennant
  • 1929 John Schrober becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1933 Sidney Kingsley's "Men in White" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 British liner Queen Mary is launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Southampton for second time
  • 1940 Airplane manufacturer in Woolston bombed, 30 killed
  • 1940 Japanese troops attack French Indo-China
  • 1944 British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • 1944 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • 1945 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
  • 1946 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993
  • 1950 Because of forest fire in Br Columbia, blue moon appears in England
  • 1950 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1951 Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • 1952 Yanks clinch 4th straight & 19th AL pennant, beating A's 5-2
  • 1953 Billy Hunter is last St Louis Browns player to homer in a game
  • 1953 Polish government fires/imprisons Cardinal Wyszynski
  • 1953 US & Spain sign defense treaty (4 US bases in Spain)
  • 1954 Japanese ferry boat Toya Maru sinks in Strait of Tsugaru, 1172 die
  • 1954 Typhoon hits Japan - 5 ferryboats sink killing about 1,600
  • 1954 A's defeats Yanks 8-6 in last game franchise will play in Philadelphia
  • 1955 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929
  • 1957 Dag Hammarskjöld re-elected secretary-general of UN
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, causing the deaths of 4,580 people with 658 missing
  • 1960 1st of 4 TV debates Nixon & Kennedy took place (Chicago)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Cuban leader Fidel Castro delivers a 4 hrs, 29 minute speech at the UN

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 LA Dodger Maury Wills becomes 1st to steal 100 bases (en route to 104)
  • 1962 Yemen Arab Republic proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1963 1st edition of NYC Review of Books

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lee Harvey Oswald travels on Continental Trailways bus to Mexico

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1965 Minnesota gains its 1st AL pennant by defeating Washington, 2-1
  • 1966 "Staten Island" 1st icebreaker to enter SF bay
  • 1967 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 2nd Violin concert premieres in Moscow
  • 1968 Marcelo Caetano elected premier of Portugal
  • 1968 St Louis Cards' Bob Gibson's 13th shutout ends with 1.12 ERA
  • 1968 Theatre censorship ends in Britain
  • 1969 Bolivia military coup under general Ovando Candia
  • 1969 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1970 The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1970 A groups of Protestant youths attack the Catholic Unity Flats as rioting continues in the Protestant Shankill Road area
  • 1971 Jim Palmer is 4th Oriole to win at least 20 games this season
  • 1971 MP David Bleakley resigns in protest over the introduction of Internment and the lack of any new political initiatives by the Northern Ireland government
  • 1972 American Museum of Immigration dedicated
  • 1972 Norway rejects membership in European Common Market
  • 1973 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)
  • 1973 Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic (Washington, D.C. to Paris) in record-breaking time (3h33m).
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1181 Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order, born in Assisi, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1226) or B. 1882

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1329 Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1406 Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1430)
  • 1688 Willem J 's-Gravesande, Dutch physicist
  • 1711 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (d. 1779)
  • 1750 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
  • 1758 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1759 Hans D L earl Yorck von Wartenburg, Prussian fieldmarshal/gov-gen
  • 1774 John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], frontier nurseryman
  • 1791 Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
  • 1792 William Hobson, first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, born in Waterford, Ireland (d. 1842)
  • 1820 Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita)
  • 1821 Alvin Peterson Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823 Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh)
  • 1840 Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician (d. 1923)
  • 1865 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Maggie L Walker, African American business & civic leader
  • 1870 Christian X, king of Denmark (1912-47)
  • 1871 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • 1872 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • 1873 Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (d. 1949)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • 1876 Edith Abbott, dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • 1877 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • 1879 Petko J Todorov, Bulgaria, writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee)
  • 1881 Hiram Wesley Evans, American member of the Ku Klux Klan (d. 1966)
  • 1885 Anna M F "Annie" Wageningen-Salomons, author (Girl Student) [or 6/26]
  • 1887 Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 Sir Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 T. S. Eliot, poet (The Waste Land), dramatist and critic (Nobel Prize 1948), born in St Louis Missouri, (d. 1965)

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1888 J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist (d. 1964)
  • 1889 Martin Heidegger, Germany, Existentialist (Being & Time)
  • 1893 Milos Crnjanski, Serbian poet (Seobe)
  • 1897 Pope Paul VI, [Giovanni Montini], 262nd Roman Catholic pope (1963-78)
  • 1897 Victor O Stomps, writer
  • 1897 Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Albert Anastasia [Umberto Anastasio], American-Italian gangster (Murder Inc), born in Tropea, Calabria, Italy (d. 1957)

  • 1903 Gerhard Nebel, German writer, born in Dessau (d. 1974)
  • 1907 Anthony F Blunt, British historian/spy for USSR
  • 1908 Maurice Naessens, Belgian banker
  • 1909 Helen Giuliani, mother of Rudy (Mayor-R- 1994-2002), born in NYC, New York
  • 1911 Jan F Hampe, pathologist-anatomy (Fabric & Stoflongen)
  • 1913 Ernst Schnabel, German sailor/dramatist (Anne Frank)
  • 1914 Jack LaLanne, exercise mogul (Juice Tiger)
  • 1917 Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician (d. 1976)
  • 1918 Humphrey van Loo, Dutch news director (ANP/Reuter)
  • 1919 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
  • 1922 Nicholas Romanov, French-born pretender to the Russian throne
  • 1926 Buland Al Haidary, poet
  • 1926 Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European Philologist
  • 1927 Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (d. 1990)
  • 1927 Robert Cade, American physician and beverage inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Donald J Pease, (Rep-D-OH, 1977- )
  • 1932 Clifton C Williams Jr, Mobile Alabama, Major USMC/astronaut
  • 1932 Joyce Jameson, comedienne (Spike Jones Show), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1934 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1935 Joe Sherlock, Irish Labour Party politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936 Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician
  • 1937 Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
  • 1938 Andrei Lukanov, politician
  • 1938 Michael V Love, US test pilot (X-24)
  • 1939 Judith P Appelbaum, magazine & newspaper editor, educator
  • 1945 Louise Beaudoin, French Canadian politician
  • 1946 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist, born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1946 Christine Todd Whitman, American politician
  • 1946 Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician
  • 1948 Vladimir Remek, Czechoslovakia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 28)
  • 1949 Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 Minette Walters, English novelist
  • 1951 Tom Quirke, journalist
  • 1953 Aivars Lembergs, Latvian politician
  • 1958 Richard B. Weldon, Jr., American politician
  • 1961 Will Self, English author
  • 1962 Peter Foster, Australian con-man
  • 1968 Anthony Shadid, New York Times foreign correspondent and two time Pulitzer winner, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 2012)
  • 1969 David Ferguson, British murderer
  • 1973 Chris Small, Scottish snooker player
  • 1974 Gary Hall Jr, US, 50m/100m/400m free relay (Oly-gold/2 silver-96)
  • 2000 Princess Salma bint Al Abdullah II of Jordan

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1861 Political cartoonist Thomas Nast (21) weds Sarah Edwards (20) in USA

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast

HeartWedding of Interest

1919 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (43) weds Auguste Zinsser in Cologne, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1931 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld

HeartWedding of Interest

1986 Fashion designer Calvin Klein (43) weds assistant Kelly Rector in a civil ceremony in Italy

Fashion Designer Calvin Klein
Fashion Designer
Calvin Klein

Deaths in History

  • 1023 Godfried I, duke of Neth-Lutherans, dies
  • 1342 John I, ruler of Poland, dies
  • 1345 Willem IV, earl of Henegouwen/Holland/Zealand, dies at about 27
  • 1371 Vlkasin, Hungarian general/co-king of Serbia, dies
  • 1417 Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (b. 1360)
  • 1468 Juan de Torquemada, Spanish Catholic cardinal (b. 1388)
  • 1620 Taichang Emperor of China (b. 1582)
  • 1626 Lancelot Andrewes, English theologist/bishop of Winchester, dies at 71
  • 1626 Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
  • 1657 Hadji Chalfa/Katib Tsjelebi, Turkish geographer, dies at 48
  • 1716 Antoine Parent, French mathematician (b. 1666)
  • 1763 John Byron, English poet (b. 1692)
  • 1764 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1767)
  • 1802 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 Daniel Boone, frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Frontiersman
Daniel Boone
  • 1866 Carl Almqvist, Swedish author (Amorina), dies at 72
  • 1868 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1877 Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Levi Strauss, American clothing manufacturer, dies at 73

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1904 Lafcadio Hearn, author (Soul of the Great Ball), dies at 54
  • 1904 John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 1935 Andy Adams, US writer (Cattle fire), dies at 76
  • 1936 Harriet Monroe, US poet (Poet's Life), dies at 75
  • 1940 Walter Benjamin, writer, dies at 48
  • 1945 R Beer-Hofmann, writer, dies at 78
  • 1947 Hugh Lofting, writer (Gub Gub Book), dies at 61
  • 1951 Hans Cloos, German geologist (b. 1885)
  • 1952 George Santayana, US philosopher/poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88
  • 1953 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
  • 1956 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un Destin, Martin Luther), dies at 78
  • 1959 Solomon Bandaranaike, PM of Ceylon (1956-59), assassinated at 60
  • 1965 James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (b. 1898)
  • 1968 Daniel Johnson, Sr., French-Canadian politician (b. 1915)
  • 1973 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, dies at 81
  • 1976 Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1984 Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1948)
  • 1989 Pavlos Bakoyannis, Greek parliament leader, murdered in Rome
  • 1990 Alberto Moravia, Italian writer (Woman in Red), dies at 82
  • 1992 Ralph Manheim, translator (Mein Kampf), dies at 85
  • 1993 James Boyden, British Labour MP (1959-79), dies at 82
  • 1994 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, dies at 77
  • 1994 Maurice Ashley, historian, dies at 87
  • 1994 Miguel Angel Martinez Soto, mariachi, dies at 22
  • 1996 Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist, dies at 75
  • 1996 George Henderson, priest/politician, dies at 74
  • 1999 Oseola McCarty, American philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Helen Cresswell, British author
  • 2006 Iva Toguri D'Aquino, alleged Tokyo Rose (b. 1916)
  • 2011 Bob Cassilly, American Artist and Founder of the St. Louis City Museum (b. 1949)