On This Day in History for September 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 153


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

36 BC In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.

Roman General Marcus Agrippa
Roman General
Marcus Agrippa
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus
  • 590 St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation - Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed.

  • 1260 Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
  • 1483 Utrecht surrenders to Habsburg army
  • 1543 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1632 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • 1650 Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland

BattleBattle of Interest

1651 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1658 Richard Cromwell ("Tumbledown Dick") succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth
  • 1683 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1697 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • 1709 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
  • 1725 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • 1731 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland
  • 1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
  • 1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • 1779 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1791 French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
  • 1798 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1812 World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1826 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • 1832 Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1833 New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1849 California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • 1852 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
  • 1864 Battle of Berryville, VA
  • 1864 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • 1865 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • 1874 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • 1878 British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • 1882 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1891 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • 1891 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • 1895 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
  • 1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1900 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1901 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client"
  • 1906 Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans
  • 1906 Yanks win 2nd game on a forfeit over A's; 2nd forfeit win
  • 1908 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • 1914 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • 1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • 1914 French troops vacate Rheims
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1914 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1916 Allies turned back Germans in Battle of Verdun
  • 1916 US President Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike
  • 1917 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • 1918 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • 1918 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1919 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1923 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • 1924 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 1st international handball match held
  • 1925 The airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashes in a storm near Caldwell, Ohio, killing 14, 29 survive
  • 1929 Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
  • 1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • 1932 Jimmie Foxx of A's hits 50th & 51st HRs to become 3rd to hit 50
  • 1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m).
  • 1934 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • 1935 1st automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)
  • 1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
  • 1939 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939 WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1940 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders invasion in England on Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1940 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • 1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • 1941 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • 1944 French troops liberate Lyon
  • 1944 Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • 1944 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1945 WWII: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • 1947 Philadelphia A's Bill McCahan no-hits Wash Senators, 3-0
  • 1948 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • 1949 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • 1953 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1954 China begins artillery bombing on Quemoy & Amoy
  • 1954 Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US, prompted by the cold war
  • 1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint
  • 1954 The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy.
  • 1954 The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.

Birthdays in History

  • 1034 Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1499 Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henry II of France (d. 1566)
  • 1596 Nicolo Amati, Italy, violin maker (Stradivari & Guarneri)
  • 1600 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk
  • 1608 Pieter Stockmans, Flemish chairman of military
  • 1675 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • 1693 Charles Radclyffe, British politician (d. 1746)
  • 1703 Johan-Theodoor van Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik/cardinal
  • 1710 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (d. 1784)
  • 1724 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (d. 1808)
  • 1757 Charles X, Versailles France, Duke of Prussia
  • 1781 Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Josephine de Beauharnais (d. 1824)
  • 1803 Prudence Crandall, founder (School for "young ladies of colour")
  • 1810 Paul Kane, Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • 1811 John Humphrey Noyes, Vt, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists)
  • 1820 George Hearst, American businessman and father of William Randolph Hearst (d. 1891)
  • 1825 Armistead Lindsay Long, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1825 William Wallace Burns, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1835 William Gaston Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1849 Sarah Orne Jewett, Maine, author (Country of the Pointed Firs)
  • 1851 Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, Queen of Greece (d. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Louis Sullivan, American architect (father of skyscrapers), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • 1859 AAJ Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves)
  • 1860 Edward Albert Filene, merchant, established US credit union movement
  • 1865 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist/historian
  • 1875 Ferdinand Porsche, German car inventor (Porsche, Volkswagen)
  • 1891 Bessie Annie Elizabeth Delany, dentist writer
  • 1897 Sally Benson, American writer (d. 1972)
  • 1900 Urho K Kekkonen, premier/president Finland (1956-81)
  • 1903 Willem Kooiman, Dutch theologist/church historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1905 Carl David Anderson, American physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)

Nobel Laureat Physicist Carl David Anderson
Nobel Laureat Physicist
Carl David Anderson
  • 1907 Andrew Brewin, Canada, lawyer/cofound New Democratic Party
  • 1907 Loren Eiseley, professor of Anthropology (Animal Secrets)
  • 1908 Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Peter Winter, naval commander
  • 1921 Marguerite Higgins, American reporter and war correspondent, Pulitzer prize winner (d. 1966)
  • 1923 Mort Walker, cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois)
  • 1925 Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Alison Lurie, US, novelist (War Between the Tates)
  • 1926 Joe Kolter, (Rep-D-PA, 1983- )
  • 1926 John R[obert] Jones, US, sci-fi author (White Regiment, Lizard War)
  • 1928 Gaston Thorn, President of the European Commission(d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Whitey Bulger [James Joseph Bulger Jr.], American gangster, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Gangster Whitey Bulger
Gangster
Whitey Bulger
  • 1930 Cherry Barbara Grimm, [Lockett], NZ, sci-fi author (Nearest Fire)
  • 1930 Haty Tegelaar-Boonacker, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • 1931 Albert DeSalvo, The Boston Strangler (d. 1973)
  • 1936 John W Olver, (Rep-D-Massachusetts)
  • 1936 Zine al-Abidine Ben Ami, general/president of Tunisia (1987- )
  • 1938 Caryl Churchill, English playwright
  • 1938 Ryoji Noyori, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, born in Montevideo
  • 1941 Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer (d. 1990)
  • 1943 Michael D Barnes, (Rep-D-MD, 1979-86)
  • 1943 Mick Farren, UK, sci-fi author (Synaptic Manhunt, Citizen Phaid)
  • 1944 Sherwood C "Woody" Spring, Col USA/astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1946 Peter Morris, historian of France
  • 1947 Michael Huffington, US oil millionaire (Rep-R-California, 1992-94)
  • 1947 Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian politician
  • 1947 Mario Draghi, Italian banker and President of the European Central Bank, born in Rome
  • 1948 Minouche Janmaat-Abee, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1948 Tara Oedayraj Singh Varma, 1st black woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber
  • 1948 Levy Mwanawasa - Zambian Politician (d. 2008)
  • 1949 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)
  • 1953 Khabib Munir, Syria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3 backup)
  • 1953 M H Habib, Syria, cosmonaut
  • 1956 Patrick McGeown, politician
  • 1957 Garth Ancier, American television executive
  • 1964 Adam Curry, Internet entrepreneur
  • 1966 Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian politician
  • 1970 Jeremy Glick, American United Airlines Flight 93 passenger (d. 2001)
  • 1971 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1978 Paul Moor, English ten-pin bowler
  • 1980 Jennie Finch, American softball player
  • 1993 Rina Koike, Japanese junior idol

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1921 American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway (22) marries 1st wife Hadley Richardson (29)

HeartWedding of Interest

1923 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

HeartWedding of Interest

1937 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Author Muriel Spark
Author
Muriel Spark

HeartWedding of Interest

1953 Explorer Edmund Hillary (34) weds Louise Mary Rose

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary

HeartWedding of Interest

2000 American feminist and journalist Gloria Steinem (66) weds environmentalist David Bale (59) in Adair County, Oklahoma

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • 2016 Odd Mom Out star Abby Elliott (29) weds writer Billy Kennedy in an elegant church ceremony in New England

Deaths in History

  • 1189 Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
  • 1205 Petrus van Poitiers, French theologist (Sententiarum libri V), dies
  • 1402 Gian Galeazzo Visconti, duke/tyrant of Milan (1395-1402), dies at 51
  • 1420 Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1592 Robert Greene, English writer (b. 1558)
  • 1634 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice/politician, dies
  • 1642 Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I/Charlotte, dies at 65
  • 1653 Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguistic, dies at 65
  • 1655 Jan W van Brederode, Dutch governor/field marshal, dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1658 Oliver Cromwell, English general (1653-58)/Lord Protector, dies at 59

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1662 William Lenthall, English politician (b. 1591)
  • 1667 Alonso Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 66
  • 1675 Pieter Boel, Flemish painter/etcher, dies
  • 1720 Henri de Massue, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1648)
  • 1722 Ivan Skoropadsky, Hetman of Ukraine (b. 1646)
  • 1729 Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1739 George Lillo, English dramatist (Fatal Curiosity), dies at 46
  • 1766 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1808 John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)
  • 1843 Cornelis PJ Elout, military/President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 1849 Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austria writer/physician, dies
  • 1857 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • 1857 John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • 1860 Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (b. 1804)
  • 1866 Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1877 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Rep (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 1883 Iwan Turgenjew, writer, dies at 64
  • 1886 William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
  • 1890 Charles-A Chatrian, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • 1890 Willem Linnig Jr, Flemish painter/graphic artist, dies
  • 1893 James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)
  • 1903 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)
  • 1908 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, gov-gen (Dutch East-Indies), dies
  • 1918 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed
  • 1935 Johannes Aengenent, bishop of Haarlem (1928-35), dies at 62
  • 1936 Nikita Balieff, Armenian vaudevillian and impressario (b. 1876 or 1877)
  • 1938 Bart de Ligt, anti military theologist, dies at 77
  • 1940 Otto V Ekelund, Swedish poet/writer (Hafvets Stjorna), dies at 59
  • 1948 Eduard Benesj, president Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48), dies
  • 1961 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter, dies at 63
  • 1962 E. E. Cummings, American poet (Tulips & Chimneys), dies at 67
  • 1964 Stewart Holbrook, American author (b. 1893)
  • 1967 David Cohen, historian and chairman of the Jewish Council, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), dies at 79 of heart failure

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 Vince Lombardi, football coach (Packers), dies in Washington, D.C. at 57

  • 1980 Fabian von Schlabendorff, German resistance fighter/judge, dies at 73
  • 1981 Alec Waugh, English writer (b. 1898)
  • 1982 Della Chiesa, Italian general/mafia fighter, murdered
  • 1984 Arthur Schwartz, producer (Inside USA with Chevrolet), dies at 83
  • 1987 Viktor P Nekrasov, Ukraine architect/author (Soldiers), dies at 76
  • 1987 Vokopach Stalingrada/Kira Georgijevna, dies at 76
  • 1990 David Acer, Florida dentist, dies of AIDs after infecting 5 patients
  • 1991 Henri de Lubac, French theologist/antifascist, dies
  • 1992 Johannes van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Born 4/22/1884), dies
  • 1994 Marijke Vetter, Dutch journalist, dies at 82
  • 1994 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, dies at 88
  • 1994 Roswell Gilbert, who mercy killed his ailing wife, dies at 85
  • 1995 Alex Brown, snooker player, dies at 87
  • 1995 Alfred Earle Birney, poet, dies at 91
  • 1995 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, economic historian, dies at 75
  • 1995 Mary Adshead, muralist/painter, dies at 91
  • 1995 Peter Michalke, journalist, dies at 40
  • 1995 Roye England, modeller/museum curator, dies at 88
  • 1996 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate, dies at 56
  • 1996 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, dies at 77
  • 1996 Robert Croften Brown, politician, dies at 75
  • 2002 W. Clement Stone, American entrepreneur (b. 1902)
  • 2003 Paul Jennings Hill, American anti-abortion murderer (b. 1954)
  • 2005 Richard S.R. Fitter, British ornithologist and botanist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Jane Tomlinson, British charity fund raiser (b. 1964)
  • 2007 Syd Jackson, Māori activist and trade unionist (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator, led 4th Fighter Group during World War II. (b.1918)
  • 2012 Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist, dies at 92
  • 2015 Adrian Cadbury, British confectionery manufacturer (Cadbury) and author of report on Corporate Governance, dies at 86