On This Day in History for September 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 161

  • 1199 Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew
  • 1399 King Richard II of England abdicates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1544 King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1555 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic
  • 1619 Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
  • 1626 Battle between King Bethlen Gabor & Earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends
  • 1649 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague
  • 1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • 1681 Netherlands & Sweden sign treaty
  • 1730 Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns
  • 1744 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
  • 1777 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance
  • 1787 1st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston
  • 1791 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1808 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1818 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1841 Samuel Slocum patented the stapler
  • 1846 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • 1857 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
  • 1862 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1864 Battle of Preble's Farm VA (Poplar Springs Church)
  • 1864 Black soldiers given US Medal of Honor
  • 1867 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
  • 1868 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • 1877 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • 1878 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • 1878 Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • 1880 Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
  • 1885 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Five Orange Pips" (BG)
  • 1888 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1895 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • 1898 City of NY established
  • 1903 New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • 1906 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.
  • 1907 Cards Ed Konetchy steals home twice & Joe Delahanty also steals home for record 3 steals of home (vs Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Maurice Maeterlinck's "L'oiseau Blue" premieres in Moscow

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1916 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies
  • 1919 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Race riot at Elaine Arkansas
  • 1920 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Government of Alexandros Zaimis forms in Greece
  • 1922 Yanks clinch pennant #2, beating Boston 3-1
  • 1923 Canton Bulldogs win 1st on way to 17-0 season
  • 1924 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 1925 General Pangulos disbands Greek parliament
  • 1926 German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes
  • 1928 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)
  • 1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr
  • 1929 1st manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel)
  • 1931 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1933 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC
  • 1934 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
  • 1935 Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by FDR

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1936 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • 1936 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1939 Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1940 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1941 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yarravine (near Kiev) Ukraine
  • 1941 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz's B-17 finds Guadalcanal using National Geographic map

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1942 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period
  • 1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit
  • 1944 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • 1944 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • 1944 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • 1945 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43
  • 1946 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Joachim von Ribbentrop & Hermann Goering sentenced to death by Nuremberg trial

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1949 Pirates Ralph Kiner hits his 54th HR & NL record 16th in September
  • 1949 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Compnay announces an improved method for producing cortisone
  • 1950 1st congress of International Astronautical Federation opens in Paris
  • 1950 Radio's "Grand Ole Opry" is broadcasted on TV for 1st time
  • 1953 Auguste/Jacques Piccard dives with bathosphere to 3150 m (record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Earl Warren appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1953 Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 USS Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered vessel (sub), commissioned by the US Navy
  • 1957 French government of Mauroy resigns due to Algeria
  • 1958 French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 Flintstones premieres (1st prime time animation show)
  • 1960 On Howdy Doody's last show Clarabelle finally talks "Goodbye Kids"
  • 1960 West Germany signs trade agreement with East Germany
  • 1961 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • 1962 A's Bill Fischer ends 84 1/3 consecutive innings pitched without a walk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK routes 3,000 federal troops to Mississippi

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 James Meredith registers for classes at University of Mississippi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.

Farm Labor Leader Cesar Chavez
Farm Labor Leader
Cesar Chavez
  • 1963 56th Postmaster General: John A Gronouski of Wis takes office
  • 1965 Donovan's 1st US TV appearance (Shindig)
  • 1965 LA Dodger Don Drysdale (23-12) wins 13th straight game, 7 by shutouts
  • 1966 Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Birthdays in History

  • 1207 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
  • 1227 Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1627 Robinson Crusoe, fictional character, according to Daniel Defoe
  • 1631 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • 1732 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
  • 1765 José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1800 Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
  • 1805 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1808 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • 1811 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • 1827 Carlo A Alfieri, Italian MP (Liberal)
  • 1827 Kenner Garrard, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1827 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • 1832 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, British gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Saar, writer
  • 1847 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • 1857 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge)
  • 1861 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I)
  • 1870 Jean Perrin, France, physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926)
  • 1870 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1871 John Fabricius, Neth/English stageauthor (Ring of Prophet)
  • 1883 Robert H Lightfoot, English theologist/exegetist (St John's Gospel)
  • 1883 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Dirk J Bush, Dutch/US mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • 1898 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German/Finnish masseuse (Heinrich Himmler)
  • 1898 Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet/writer/critic
  • 1900 Otto Roesch, paleontologist
  • 1902 Piet[er J] "Piet" Lieftinck, Dutch minister of Finance (1945-52)
  • 1905 Nevill Francis Mott, physicist
  • 1906 Michael John Innes Mackintosh Stewart Innes, writer
  • 1908 Edzard H Schaper, German/Swiss sailor/UP-correspondent/antifascist
  • 1912 Oliver Charles Anderson, novelist
  • 1915 Lester Garfield Maddox, (Gov-D-Ga)/restaurant owner
  • 1915 Robert Morris, lawyer
  • 1917 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • 1917 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov, USSR, director (Taganka)
  • 1918 Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Donald Keech, entrepreneur
  • 1921 Eileen Zhang Ailing Chang, writer
  • 1922 Alan Stretton, Australian general

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Truman Capote, American author (In Cold Blood), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1925 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist
  • 1927 W. S. Merwin, American poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, born in Sighet, Romania (d. 2016)

Author Elie Wiesel
Author
Elie Wiesel
  • 1932 Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1933 Mars Zakirovich Rafikov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1935 Johnny Mathis, SF, voclaist (Chances Are, 12th of Never)
  • 1936 Butler Derrick, (Rep-D-SC, 1974- )
  • 1936 James R Sasser, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1977- )
  • 1937 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1997)
  • 1938 Salvatore Michael Caruana, Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1939 Piet M Blauw, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1942 Gus Dudgeon, British pop producer (Joan Armatrading, David Bowie)
  • 1943 Jody Powell, press mouthpiece (Jimmy Carter)
  • 1943 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1946 William Thurston, Washington, mathematician (Fields Medal, 1982), (d. 2012)
  • 1947 Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1949 Michel Tognini, Vincennes France, astronaut (Soyuz TM-15, sk: STS 93)
  • 1950 Victoria Tennant, London England (All of Me, Chiefs, Winds of War)
  • 1951 Nicholas Yermakov, US, sci-fi author (Epiphany, Jehad, Clique)
  • 1951 Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1953 S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1955 Frankie Kennedy, flute player
  • 1956 Maria Esmeralda, Belgian princess/daughter of Leopold III/Lilian Baels
  • 1957 Gladys Portugues, American Mrs Jean-Claude Van Damme/actress (It's Alive 3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1964 Stephen N Frick, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1966 Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1972 Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1980 Camilla D'Errico, Canadian comic book artist and painter
  • 1992 Marina CAK Windsor, granddaughter of English prince Edward

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1939 Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding (28) weds analytic chemist Ann Brookfield

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding

HeartWedding of Interest

1950 First Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew (27) weds lawyer Kwa Geok Choo (29) in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1977 "Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom" author John Updike (45) weds Martha Bernhard

Deaths in History

  • 420 Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible
  • 653 Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 739 P'u-chi Ho-shang Tao-chao, Northern Ch'an Line Zen teacher, dies
  • 1101 Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan
  • 1246 Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
  • 1351 Muso Soseki, Zen teacher/Rinzai line/head of Nanzenji, dies in Japan
  • 1440 Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
  • 1487 John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
  • 1551 Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1560 Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1572 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, dies at 61
  • 1581 Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • 1626 Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
  • 1628 Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
  • 1630 John Billington, murderer, 1st American execution, hanged
  • 1770 Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1770 George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader and preacher, dies in Newburyport, Massachusetts, at age 55

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • 1772 James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
  • 1811 Thomas Percy, English bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • 1837 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, dies at 21
  • 1862 Isaac Peace Rodman, banker/Union brig-gen, dies of injury at about 40
  • 1865 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1877 Toohoolhoolzote, prophet of Nez Perce indians, dies in battle
  • 1888 Catherine Eddowes, English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1888 Elizabeth Stride, Long Liz, English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1891 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
  • 1897 St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • 1910 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
  • 1921 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), dies at 77
  • 1922 Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1929 Charles E Bonin, French explorer/diplomat (China), dies
  • 1943 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Edith Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States, dies at 87

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
  • 1952 Waldorf Astor, House of Lords & Commons/owner of Observer, dies
  • 1958 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph-stipulation), dies at 79
  • 1959 John H Kliegl, developer of Klieg light, dies at 89
  • 1959 Ross Granville Harrison, American Biologist and Zoologist (organ transplant pioneer), dies at 89
  • 1960 Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer, dies
  • 1961 Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
  • 1965 E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith, sci-fi author (Triplanetary), dies at 75
  • 1973 Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1984 Ellsworth Bunker, US ambassador (South-Vietnam, dies at 90)
  • 1985 Charles F Richter, US seismologist (scale of R), dies at 85
  • 1985 Heleb MacInnes, US spy writer (Affiliate in place), dies at 77
  • 1987 Alfred Bester, sci-fi author (Dark Side of Earth), dies at 73
  • 1988 Joachim Prinz, author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at 86
  • 1990 Liesbeth de Uyl-of Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop du, dies
  • 1990 Michel Levis, French cultural anthropologist/writer, dies
  • 1990 Patrick White, Australian writer (Nobel 1973), dies
  • 1990 Alice Parizeau, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 1991 Nancy Welford, entertainer, dies at 87
  • 1993 Alex Lyon, English Labor Lower house leader (1966-83), dies at 61
  • 1993 Paul Nowee, writer (Arendsoog.. premiejager), dies at 57
  • 1994 Alex Scott, trainer, Horses, dies at 34
  • 1994 Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist, dies at 92
  • 1994 Roberto Viola, Argentine general/president (1981), dies at 69
  • 1995 Frederick Archibauld Warner, diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1996 Elizabeth Gille, writer translator/editor, dies at 59
  • 1996 Frances Lear, writer, dies at 73
  • 1996 Kenneth Muir, english scholar, dies at 89
  • 1996 Udom Patpongsiri, property developer, dies at 79
  • 1997 Male alligator, largest in Florida (14 feet), killed at about 65
  • 1997 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling, British professor of occupational health, dies at 86
  • 2002 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer, dies of cancer at 59
  • 2003 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2008 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, Singapore Opposition Leader & former Secretary-General of Singapore's Worker's Party (b. 1926)
  • 2011 Anwar al-Awlaki, American-born terrorist and islamist militant (b. 1971)
  • 2014 Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist & Nobel Laureate, dies from a heart attack at 87