On This Day in History for September 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 422 St Boniface I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 476 Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, abdicates after forces led by Odoacer invade Rome. Traditional end of the Western Roman Empire
  • 626 Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, when his father abdicates in his favour
  • 1024 Conrad II (the Elder) chosen as King of Germany
  • 1260 Battle at Montaperti, Tuscany, between rival factions the Guelphs and Ghibellines
  • 1282 King of Aragon Pedro III annexes Sicily
  • 1414 Peace of Atrecht: John the fearless & Armagnacs
  • 1479 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Navigator Henry Hudson first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • 1618 "Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs, Switzerland, 1,500 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 English astronomer Edmond Halley observes the comet named after him

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1778 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • 1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
  • 1786 -5] Orange troops plunder Hattem/Elburg
  • 1805 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1813 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • 1833 1st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old-NY Sun)
  • 1842 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
  • 1854 English/French assault on Petropavlovsk Kamchatka

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops during Maryland Campaign (US Civil war)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • 1862 Maryland Campaign (Antietam Campaign)
  • 1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1866 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published
  • 1870 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 1st large-scale test of Thomas Edison's light bulb - lighting of NY's Pearl Street Station

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1884 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia.
  • 1885 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader
Geronimo

1stHistoric Invention

1888 George Eastman patents the first roll-film camera & registers "Kodak"

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1894 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
  • 1899 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay Alaska
  • 1904 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 1906 NY Highlanders win 5th straight doubleheader
  • 1911 Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • 1912 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • 1914 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • 1914 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1919 British intervene in Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000m (5:26.3)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1923 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • 1923 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits Boise, Idaho, on his cross-country tour

  • 1930 Cambridge Theatre opens in London
  • 1933 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

BattleCoup d'état

1933 Coup on Cuban president De Cespedes by Fulgencio Batista

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1936 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier
  • 1939 Dutch 2nd Chamber affirms Neth's in a State of War
  • 1939 German troops move into Danzig
  • 1939 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • 1939 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • 1939 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen
  • 1940 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • 1942 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1944 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 1944 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944 US 1st Army frees Namen
  • 1944 58th U.S. Women's National tennis Championship: Pauline Betz Addie beats Margaret Osborne duPont (6-3, 8-6)
  • 1945 Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded
  • 1945 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates Dutch throne
  • 1949 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • 1950 First helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines
  • 1950 D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna
  • 1950 Heavy typhoon strikes Japan, kills about 250
  • 1951 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by US President Harry Truman

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1953 Yanks become 1st team to win 5 consecutive championship
  • 1954 Peter B Cortese of US achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ford Motor Co introduces Edsel
  • 1957 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to stop 9 black students from entering a Little Rock high school
  • 1960 -12] Hurricane Donna, kills 148 in Caribbean & US
  • 1961 US authorizes Agency for International Development
  • 1962 French president De Gaulle visits German FR
  • 1963 Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board.
  • 1964 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1964 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1964 NASA launches its 1st Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1)
  • 1965 Rock group Who's van is vandalized with $10,000 in equipment stolen
  • 1967 6.5 earthquake of Kolya Dam India, kills 200
  • 1967 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5
  • 1968 Nigerian troops conquer Aba Biafra
  • 1970 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)
  • 1970 Russian ballerina Natalia Makarova gets political asylum

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1970 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) member, Michael Kane (35), is killed in the premature explosion of the bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast
  • 1971 Alaskan 727 crashes into Chilkoot Mountain, kills 109 (Alaska)
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Birthdays in History

  • 1241 Alexander III of Scotland (d. 1286)
  • 1249 Amadeus V de Great, count of Flanders/Savoy
  • 1383 Amadeus VIII, duke of Savoye/last antipope (Felix V (1439-48)
  • 1454 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)
  • 1557 Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1631)
  • 1563 Wanli, Emperor of China (d. 1620)
  • 1596 Constantine Huygens, Dutch poet/diplomat (Delightful Folly)
  • 1647 Gerard Noodt, Dutch lawyer
  • 1717 Job Orton, English minister (d. 1783)
  • 1746 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch Patriot/poet/writer, baptised
  • 1755 Count Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman. (d. 1810)
  • 1768 Francois René de Chateaubriand, France, poet/novelist (Atala)
  • 1778 Louis Napoleon, French King of Netherlands (1806-10)
  • 1793 Edward Bates, Atty Gen (Union), (d. 1869)
  • 1795 Friedrich [August] von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age)
  • 1801 Cullen Whipple, American Inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1802 Marcus Whitman, missionary, led to US securing Oregon
  • 1803 Sarah Childress Polk, 1st lady (1845-1849)
  • 1809 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1810 Donald McKay, US naval architect, built fastest clipper ships
  • 1815 Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht 1868-82
  • 1824 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1825 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • 1826 Martin Wiberg, Swedish computer pioneer (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Antonio Agliardi, Italian diplomat (d. 1915)
  • 1843 Charles Wentworth Dilke, English under minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1846 Daniel Burnham, US, architect/built skyscrapers
  • 1848 Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (carbon filament lightbulbs), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1928)
  • 1850 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal/earl (WW I-Caporetto)
  • 1851 John Dillon, Irish nationalist, British Lower house member
  • 1853 Hermann von Wissmann, German Africa explorer/governor East-Africa
  • 1869 Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
  • 1870 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied)
  • 1880 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo)
  • 1885 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal (d. 1971)
  • 1886 Albert Orsborn, General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor
  • 1893 Henry Schultz, US, farm commune leader
  • 1900 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder
  • 1901 Paul Osborn, playwright (Mornings at 7)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 William Lyons, British industrialist (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1985)

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1904 Julian Hill, research chemist
  • 1905 Mary Renault, [Mary Challens], writer (King Must Die, Funeral Games)
  • 1906 Hendrikus G "Han" Hoekstra, poet (Ongerijmde life)
  • 1907 Leo Castelli, Trieste, American art dealer
  • 1907 Maurice Ashley, historian
  • 1908 Edward Dmytryk, director (Carpetbaggers, Young Lions, Caine Mutiny)
  • 1908 Richard Wright, US, author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's Children)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1909 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician (Auschwitz), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1912 Alexander Liberman, editor/painter/photographer (639)
  • 1913 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977)
  • 1913 Mickey Cohen, American gangster (d. 1976)
  • 1914 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive, third postwar chairman of Volkswagen (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Robert [Augustine] W[ard] Lowndes, US, sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet)
  • 1917 Henry Ford II, American businessman and son of Henry Ford, (President of Ford Motor Company, 1945-79), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Paul Harvey, news commentator (Rest of the story), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1920 Craig Claiborne, food columnist (NY Times Cookbook)
  • 1922 Per Olof Sundman, Swedish writer and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Joan Aiken, Romania, writer of children's songs
  • 1925 Forrest Carter, American author (d. 1979)
  • 1926 Robert J Lagomarsino, (Rep-R-CA, 1974- )
  • 1927 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Matinchenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1928 Donald E Petersen, Minn, exec (Ford Motors)
  • 1929 Thomas F Eagleton, (Sen-D-MO, 1968-86/VP candidate-D-1972)
  • 1930 Norman Dorsen, American lawyer, human rights advocate and president of the American Civil Liberties Union, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Carlos Romero-Barcel, (Rep-D-Puerto Rico)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Clive Granger, Welsh-born British economist and Nobel laureate, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2009)

Economist Clive Granger
Economist
Clive Granger
  • 1941 Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher
  • 1941 Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician
  • 1942 Bob Filner, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1944 Christopher Needler, English sand industrialist (TCG Materials)
  • 1947 Alan Greisman, Sally Field's husband/producer (Fletch, Surrender)
  • 1948 Marian H J Soutendijk, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1951 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1951 Marita Ulvskog, Swedish politician
  • 1953 Michael Stean, chess player
  • 1955 Brian Schweitzer, American politician, governor of Montana
  • 1959 Armin Kogler, Austria, skier (2-time winner of jumping World Cup)
  • 1959 William Kennedy Smith, Kennedy accused of rape in Florida (1991)
  • 1962 Ulla Tørnæs, Danish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine), born in Osaka, Japan

Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 1964 René Pape, German bass
  • 1966 Debra Lewin, Miss Vermont-America (1991), born in South Burlington, Vermont
  • 1970 Jennifer Nakken, Cedar City Utah, Miss Utah-America (1991)
  • 1976 Clinton R. Nixon, American game designer
  • 1977 Mark Ronson, English DJ/Producer and co-founder of Allido Records
  • 1978 Christian Walz, svensk soulartist.
  • 1983 Yuichi Nakamaru, Japanese idol, (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1988 John Tyler Hammons, American politician

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1834 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson

HeartWedding of Interest

1930 Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall (21) weds Vivien Burey at First African Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall

Deaths in History

  • 422 St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies
  • 454 Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch (council of Efeze), dies
  • 799 Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam (b. 745)
  • 1037 King Bermudo III of Leon (b. 1010)
  • 1063 Toghrül, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad
  • 1085 Irmgarde van Keulen, German countress of Aspel/saint, dies
  • 1199 Joan of England, Queen consort of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)
  • 1537 Johann Dietenberger, German theologian (b. c. 1475)
  • 1553 Cornelia da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
  • 1571 Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
  • 1588 Robert Dudley, English Earl of Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth I, dies at 87
  • 1644 John Wtenbogaert, theologist (Kerckelicke history), dies at 87
  • 1709 Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedic poet/slave in Algeria, dies
  • 1767 Charles Townshend, English politician, 3rd Viscount of Townshend, dies at 42
  • 1780 John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)
  • 1784 Cesar F Cassini "the Thury", French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies
  • 1794 John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
  • 1804 Richard Somers, American naval officer
  • 1828 Cornelis Stevens, Belgian RC foreman/polemist, dies at 80
  • 1845 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1852 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1864 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader (b. 1825)
  • 1905 Pierre de Braza, founder (French Congo), dies
  • 1916 José Echegaray y Eizaguirre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
  • 1918 Max Dauthendy, German painter/author (Raubmenschen), dies at 51)
  • 1922 Georges Sorel, French social philosopher, dies at 74
  • 1944 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1960 Alfred E Green, director (Copacabana), dies after long illness at 71
  • 1963 Robert Schuman, French premier/chair (European Parliament), dies at 77
  • 1964 W Bergengruen, writer, dies at 71
  • 1965 Albert Schweitzer, German/French missionary (Nobel 1954), dies at 90
  • 1970 James M Taylor, USAF/astronaut, dies at 39
  • 1974 Creighton W Abrams, US general/army staff chief (Vietnam), dies at 59
  • 1974 Marcel Achard, French dramatist (La forges the Paris), dies at 75
  • 1974 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (b. 1884)
  • 1977 E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (b. 1911)
  • 1977 Jean Rostand, French biologist (b. 1894)
  • 1979 Jef van de Wiele, Belgian politician, dies at 76
  • 1979 Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (b. 1904)
  • 1980 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, dies at 74
  • 1989 Georges Simenon, Belgian/French writer/director (Maigret), dies at 86
  • 1989 Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian, dies at 86
  • 1990 Henry Faas, [Wandelganger], Dutch journalist (Volkskrant), dies
  • 1993 Clyde Adler, voice (White Fang/Black Tooth-Soupy Sales), dies
  • 1993 Mehmet Sincar, Turkish/Kurd MP, murdered
  • 1994 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, dies at 66
  • 1995 Edmond Jouhaud, general, dies at 90
  • 1995 William Moses Kunstler, UCLA attorney (Chicago 7), dies at 78
  • 1997 Aldo Rossi, Italian architect (b. 1931)
  • 1998 Elizabeth Kata, Australian writer, A Patch of Blue (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf, American radio personality (b. 1962)
  • 2004 James O. Page, American paramedic (b. 1936)
  • 2006 Colin Thiele, Australian author and educator (b. 1920)