On This Day in History for September 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 1198 Philips of Zwabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, crowned King of Germany and King of the Romans
  • 1519 2nd Battle of Tehuacingo, Mexico: Hernán Cortés vs Tlascala Aztecs
  • 1550 William Cecil appoints himself English minister of foreign affairs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1590 Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris

  • 1596 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java
  • 1622 Richelieu appointed Cardinal under French King Louis XIII
  • 1634 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1644 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Sas of Gent

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Nicolas Fouquet, French Superintendent of Finances under Louis XIV arrested; he died in 1680, never having seen freedom again.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1666 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1750 Decree issued in Paderborn Prussia allows for annual search of all Jewish homes for stolen or "doubtful" goods
  • 1774 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo with Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1781 Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, trap Cornwallis
  • 1786 Montplaisir Ceramic factory opens in Schaarbeek Belgium
  • 1793 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins
  • 1795 USA and Algiers sign peace treaty
  • 1796 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • 1798 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • 1800 Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 1814 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber").

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1836 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1838 Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • 1839 The First Opium War begins in China
  • 1844 Iron ore discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Mountains

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1863 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1864 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • 1864 Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1877 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • 1879 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • 1882 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in NYC
  • 1885 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • 1887 Gas lamp at Theatre Royal in Exeter catches fire killing about 200
  • 1889 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • 1895 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • 1900 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • 1905 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after it's victory over Russia
  • 1906 1st legal forward pass (Brandbury Robinson to Jack Schneider)
  • 1907 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain
  • 1910 Jack Coombs begins a record streak of 53 shutout innings
  • 1914 World War I: Battle of Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
  • 1914 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • 1914 Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson orders US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; leads to interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping bring the US into the war

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • 1918 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • 1920 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
  • 1922 Yankees final game at Polo Grounds (played there 7 years)
  • 1925 112 F (44°C), Centerville, Alabama (state record)
  • 1929 French premier A Briand requests a US of Europe
  • 1932 The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands,we stand'

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 J. B. M. Hertzog resigns as South African Prime Minister after losing a vote in parliament on neutrality in WWII

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • 1942 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • 1943 US airland at Nadzab, New-Guinea
  • 1944 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 1944 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • 1944 Allies liberate Brussels
  • 1944 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • 1948 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1950 98.3 cm rainfall at Yankeetown, Florida (state record)
  • 1952 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • 1953 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • 1953 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid
  • 1954 Dutch Super Constellation crashes at Shannon, 28 die
  • 1955 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • 1956 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista bombs an uprising in Cienfuegos

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1957 Yugoslavia bans Milovan Djilas' book "new class marine officers"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 "On the Road" by Jack Kerouac is published by Viking Press in New York

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 "Doctor Zhivago" novel by Boris Pasternak published in US

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • 1959 Wash Senator Jim Lemon is 7th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)
  • 1960 President Kasavubu fires premier Lumumba of Congo
  • 1960 Wilma Rudolph wins her 2nd gold medal
  • 1960 The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK begins underground nuclear testing

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 -23] Hurricane Beuleah, kills 54 in Caribbean, Mexico & Texas
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Frente Obrero wins Dutch Antilles national elections
  • 1970 Estimated 15 cm (6") of rainfall, Bug Point, Utah (state record)
  • 1972 Chemical spill with fog sickens hundreds in Meuse Valley Belgium
  • 1973 Conference of less developed countries approves forming "producers' associations" and calls for withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands

MurderAssassination Attempt

1975 First Assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Lynette Fromme in Sacramento

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Portugal premier Goncalvez resigns
  • 1977 Red Army Faction kidnaps and subsequently murders West German business executive Hanns Martin Schleyer
  • 1977 Voyager 1 (US) launched toward fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1978 Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter begin Egypt-Isreal peace conference at Camp David

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

  • 1187 Louis VIII, [Coeur-de-Lion] king of France (1223-26)
  • 1319 Peter IV, King of Aragon (1336-87), dies at 67
  • 1567 Date Masamune, Renowned Samurai and Daimyo in Japan (d. 1636)
  • 1568 Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)
  • 1621 Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble (d. 1694)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1638 Louis XIV [Sun King], King of France (1643-1715), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1715)

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1644 Gillis Schey, Dutch admiral (battle at Lowestoft)
  • 1667 Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (d. 1733)
  • 1688 Lukas Fencer, Dutch poet (Fight of Kings & Mice)
  • 1695 Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (d. 1770)
  • 1722 Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (d. 1763)
  • 1725 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (d. 1799)
  • 1750 Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scots poems)
  • 1767 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet/translator/critic
  • 1771 Charles L J, archduke of Austria/Gov (Austria Netherland)
  • 1775 Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the undaunted), Spanish guerrillero (d. 1825)
  • 1787 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
  • 1792 Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857).
  • 1806 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1807 Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist (d. 1886)
  • 1809 Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1815 Tyree Harris Bell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1817 Aleksei K Tolstoi, [Kozjma Prutkov], Russian poet/writer [NS]
  • 1827 Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and writer (d. 1849)
  • 1836 Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (d. 1921)
  • 1846 John W Cromwell, Secy (American Negro Academy)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847 Jesse James, American outlaw, son of a clergyman, born in Kearney, Missouri (d. 1882)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1876 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician. (d. 1944)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
  • 1877 O W Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter/etcher
  • 1881 Otto Bauer, Austrian social-democrat
  • 1885 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (National monument on the Dam)
  • 1888 Sarvepalli Radhakrishan, president (India)/philosopher
  • 1890 Albert H Edelkoort, theologist (Zondebesef)
  • 1902 Darryl F Zanuck, film magnate/president (20th Century Fox)
  • 1905 Arthur Koestler, Hungary, British writer (Arrow in Blue)
  • 1905 Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician (d. 2005)
  • 1906 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Semj Dnej Nedeli) [NS=Sept 18]
  • 1912 Frank Thomas, American animator (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Connie Stuart, [Cornelia van Meygard], Dutch cabaret performer
  • 1914 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
  • 1916 Frank Yerby American novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1920 Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink, Dutch author (Anna & her Father)
  • 1921 Jack Valenti, Pres (Motion Picture Association of America)
  • 1923 Arthur C Nielsen, market researcher (TV's Nielsen's Ratings)
  • 1925 Jos Vandeloo, Flemish journalist/playwright (Cola Drinkers)
  • 1925 Justin Kaplan, editor and biographer (Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain - Pulitzer Price 1967), born in New York City (d. 2014)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Paul Volcker, American economist and Chairman of the US Federal Reserve (1979-87), born in Cape May, New Jersey

Chairman of the Federal Reserve and Economist Paul Volcker
Chairman of the Federal Reserve and Economist
Paul Volcker
  • 1929 Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok III, Soyuz 9)
  • 1933 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilian catholic archbishop
  • 1935 Mikhail Ivanovich Lisun, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1935 Werner Erhard, founded EST, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Alcee Hastings, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1936 John C Danforth, (Sen-R-Missouri, 1977- )
  • 1936 Jonathan Kozol, American writer, sociologist
  • 1942 Werner Herzog, director (Burden of Dreams, Stroszek, Woyzeck)
  • 1943 Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1948 Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician
  • 1950 Cathy Guisewite, US cartoonist (Cathy)
  • 1950 Paul William Roberts, Canadian writer
  • 1954 Frederick Kempe, American author, journalist, and executive
  • 1965 Christopher Nolan, Ireland, handicapped writer (Under Eye of Clock)
  • 1965 César Rincón, colombian matador
  • 1967 Michele Ebadi, Miss Nebraska-America (1991), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1977 Joseba Etxeberria, Spanish football winger
  • 1978 Zhang Zhong, Chinese chess player
  • 1987 Pierre Casiraghi, son of Princess Caroline of Monaco

Weddings in History

  • 1725 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

HeartWedding of Interest

1959 Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel (20) weds Linda Joan Bork

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel

HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Author Ken Follett (19) weds Mary Emma Ruth Elson

Author Ken Follett
Ken Follett

HeartWedding of Interest

1970 Producer Dick Wolf (23) weds Susan Scranton

Crime Drama Producer Dick Wolf
Crime Drama Producer
Dick Wolf
  • 1992 Andrew "Dice" Clay marries his long time partner Trinie

Divorces in History

  • 1980 Lawyer Kathleen St. Johns divorces best-selling author Michael Crichton (37) after nearly 2 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 1165 Emperor Nijo of Japan (b. 1143)
  • 1201 Constance, Duchess of Brittany (b. 1161)
  • 1235 Henry I, duke of Brabant, dies
  • 1548 Catharine Parr, queen of England/wife of Henry VIII, dies at about 36

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), dies at 71

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1569 Pieter Bruegel, South Netherlands painter, dies at about 44
  • 1572 Pieter Tichelmann, Flemish Franciscan, dies at about 71
  • 1607 Pomponne de Bellièvre, chancellor of France (b. 1529)
  • 1659 Pieter de Carpentier, Flemish gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 71
  • 1683 Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French Minister of Navy, dies at 64
  • 1684 John Uytenhage van Lacks, lawyer/author, drowned at 48
  • 1786 Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1808 John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1836 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
  • 1838 Charles Percier, French architect (b. 1764)
  • 1857 Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
  • 1858 Moritz G, [Moses] Saphir, Hungarian journalist, dies at 63
  • 1859 W Friedrich Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • 1867 Santiago Derqui, Argentinian politician (b. 1809)
  • 1876 Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], last great Sioux war chief, dies at 37

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • 1898 Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds, disguised as man fought for union, dies
  • 1901 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician, dies at 80

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1906 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1844)
  • 1912 Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
  • 1914 Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
  • 1917 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1922 Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
  • 1926 Karl Harrer, German journalist and politician, founding member of the "DAP", which would become the Nazi Party (b. 1890)
  • 1930 Robert Means Thompson, American naval officer (b. 1849)
  • 1932 Paul Bern, husband of Jean Harlow, dies
  • 1932 Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
  • 1936 Gustave Kahn, French Symbolist poet and art critic (b. 1859)
  • 1942 François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
  • 1944 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • 1948 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1953 Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading 'blood and soil' ideologists (b. 1895)
  • 1954 Eugen Schiffer, German politician (b. 1860)
  • 1965 Thomas Johnston, Scottish-born politician (b. 1882)
  • 1972 Josef Romano, Israeli olympian, murdered
  • 1977 Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant (b. 1897)
  • 1979 Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (b. 1884)
  • 1981 Ayatollah Ali Qoddusi, prosecutor-general of Iran, assassinated
  • 1982 Maurice Naessens, Belgian banker, dies at 73
  • 1982 Douglas Bader, RAF fighter pilot in World War II (b. 1910)
  • 1990 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1896)
  • 1992 Dorothy MacKaye, marital advisor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 88
  • 1993 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (Spy Who Loved Me), dies at 78
  • 1993 John Truscott, Australian set designer (Camelot), dies at 57
  • 1994 Edgar Louis Vanderstegen Millington Drake, painter, dies at 62
  • 1994 John Newman, Australian state politician (Labor), murdered at 47 by local club owner and political opponent Phuong Ngo who had run against Newman as an independent
  • 1995 Francis Showering, brewer, dies at 83
  • 1995 John Britten, motorcycle Designer, dies at 45
  • 1996 Rose Isabel Williams, sister of Tennessee Williams, dies at 86
  • 1997 Leon Edel, biographer, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), dies of cardiac arrest at 87

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1998 Verner Panton, Danish designer (b. 1926)
  • 1999 Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2001 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian UN statistician (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Heywood Hale Broun, American TV commentator and sports correspondent, dies at 83
  • 2002 David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
  • 2005 Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d'état attempt in Chile (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Jennifer Dunn, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2007 Paul Gillmor, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 D. James Kennedy, American televangelist (b. 1930)
  • 2016 Phyllis Schlafly, American right-wing crusader, Eagle Forum President, dies at 92
  • 2016 Duane Graveline, American doctor and astronaut, dies at 85