On This Day in History for September 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 149

  • 1024 Duke Koenraad II chosen German king
  • 1141 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams
  • 1156 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1264 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1276 John XXI [ Peter Juliani] elected Pope, only Portuguese Pope
  • 1303 Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1331 Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
  • 1380 Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars
  • 1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1504 Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
Michelangelo
  • 1514 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)

  • 1536 Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne
  • 1545 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1553 City of Lichfield, England, founded
  • 1563 Maximilian chosen king of Hungary
  • 1565 1st permanent settlement in US begun at St Augustine, Florida
  • 1565 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
  • 1628 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba
  • 1664 Dutch surrender colony of New Netherlands (including New York) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689 China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • 1713 Pope Clemens XI publishes decree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1727 A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • 1756 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • 1760 French army surrenders Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
  • 1796 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1831 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1847 US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1855 Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta
  • 1855 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1860 Loss of paddle steamer "Lady Elgin" on Lake Michigan approximately 300 people drowned
  • 1863 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1863 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • 1863 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • 1868 New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870 Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • 1883 Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • 1888 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • 1892 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance" (Youth's Companion)
  • 1899 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • 1900 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • 1907 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism)
  • 1914 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1914 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • 1915 Association of Negro Life & History founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to SF)
  • 1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • 1924 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • 1926 League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany
  • 1930 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • 1930 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
  • 1930 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1934 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for NJ catches fire, 133 die
  • 1935 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
  • 1936 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • 1937 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • 1937 Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1941 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
  • 1941 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated
  • 1943 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII
  • 1943 Lt-Gen Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers Sicily
  • 1944 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1945 US invades Japanese-held Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1946 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • 1946 Bulgaria ends monarchy
  • 1948 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • 1951 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries (SF)
  • 1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • 1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
  • 1954 Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio
  • 1954 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1956 Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso" goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
  • 1957 Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single "Reet Petite"
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII encyclical On motion pictures, radio, TV
  • 1958 Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan
  • 1958 Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo
  • 1959 The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
  • 1960 German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
  • 1962 Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'
  • 1963 Algerian population accepts constitution
  • 1963 Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida
  • 1965 Kansas City A's Bert Campaneris plays all 9 positions in a game
  • 1966 The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II
  • 1967 Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10
  • 1967 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
  • 1967 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.

Birthdays in History

  • 801 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop (d. 865)
  • 828 Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (d. 868)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1157 Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99), born in Oxford, England (d. 1199)

  • 1207 Sancho II, king of Portugal
  • 1271 Charles Martel d'Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)
  • 1380 Bernardinus of Siena, Italian saint
  • 1474 Ludovico Ariosto, Italy, poet (Orlando Furioso)
  • 1515 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (d. 1585)
  • 1591 Jacqueline M A de Sainte Madeleine Arnauld, French abbess
  • 1611 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1621 Louis II Condé, [Great Condé], duke of Bourbon (Rocroy)
  • 1633 Ferdinand IV of Germany (d. 1654)
  • 1718 Francois-Thomas the Baculard d'Arnaud, sentimental writer
  • 1749 Gabrielle de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Marie-Louise, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat (d. 1792)
  • 1774 Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet
  • 1778 Clemens Brentano, German poet (d. 1842)
  • 1779 Mustafa IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 1783 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (d. 1872)
  • 1804 Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)
  • 1814 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Alexander Ramsey, Gov (Union), (d. 1903)
  • 1821 Henry Baxter, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1873)
  • 1828 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829 George Crook, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Seth Maxwell Barton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1830 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1831 Wilhelm Raabe, [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • 1852 Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Willem M van Rossum, Dutch cardinal/prefect of Propaganda File
  • 1857 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1857 Ida Henrietta Hyde, Davenport Iowa, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode. She was the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society.
  • 1865 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top)
  • 1873 David O McKay, Huntsville, Utah, 9th President of Mormon church
  • 1873 Max Reinhardt, Austria, theatrical director (Oedipus Rex)
  • 1873 Alfred Jarry, French absurdist playwright (d. 1907)
  • 1880 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber)
  • 1886 Siegfried L Sassoon, English poet/writer (Counterattack)
  • 1887 Prince George of Yugoslavia (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Louis Zimmer, Flemish clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock)
  • 1889 Robert A Taft, (Sen-R-Ohio, Taft-Hartley Act)
  • 1900 Claude D Pepper, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- ), old people's advocate
  • 1901 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1902 Anthonie Donker, [Prof N Donkersloot], Dutch literary
  • 1906 Andrei P Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of CP
  • 1908 Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert
  • 1912 Alexander Mackendrick, director (Man in the White Suit, Mandy), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1912 Leo Cherne, American economist/commentator (All Star News), born in NYC, New York
  • 1914 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • 1914 Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello's neighbor (Hillary)
  • 1918 Derek Barton, British chemist (Nobel 1969)
  • 1918 John F Seiberling, (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86)
  • 1919 Richard Pool, naval Officer
  • 1919 Gianni Brera, (Giovanni Luigi Brera), Italian journalist and writer (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Lyndon LaRouche, American presidental candidate (1980)
  • 1924 Wendell H Ford, (Sen-D-Kentucky, 1974- )
  • 1924 Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Marie-Claire Kirkland, Quebec politician
  • 1930 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, media tycoon
  • 1930 Nguyen Cao Ky, Premier of South Vietnam
  • 1930 Robert W. Firestone, Author, Artist, Clinical Psychologist
  • 1931 John Garrett, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician; father of Heidi Fleiss
  • 1933 Michael Frayn, British playwright
  • 1934 Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician
  • 1938 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972 - 1997)
  • 1938 Kenichi Horie, Japanese adventurer
  • 1940 Quentin L. Cook, LDS apostle

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Bernie Sanders, American politician and Senator (Independent - Vt), born in Brooklyn, New York

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
  • 1942 Nancy Ann Dibble, Netherlands, sci-fi author (Summerfair)
  • 1943 Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician
  • 1947 Amos Biwott, Uasin Gishee Kenya, 3K steeplechaser (Oly-gold-1968)
  • 1947 Ann Beattie, short story writer (NYer Magazine), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1948 Lynn/Marilyn [Lorraine] Abbey, US, sci-fi author (Black Flame)
  • 1950 Mike Simpson, American politician
  • 1951 Randy T Odle, Port Arthur Texas, astronaut
  • 1954 Mark Foley, American politician (R) (US Rep Florida 1995-2006), resigned after texting scandel
  • 1956 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1960 Stefano Casiraghi, husband of princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1961 Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist
  • 1962 Christopher Klim, American novelist
  • 1964 Michael Johns, American business executive
  • 1972 Phil Laak, Ireland-born professional poker player
  • 1974 Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-born American documentarian
  • 1988 Caitlin Hill, Australian internet personality

Weddings in History

  • 1761 Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).

HeartWedding of Interest

1864 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

HeartWedding of Interest

1897 Confederate General James Longstreet (76) weds Helen Dortch (34) at the governor's mansion in Atlanta, Georgia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa

Deaths in History

  • 394 Arbogast, French general, commits suicide
  • 701 Sergius I, Syrian/Italian Pope (687-701), dies
  • 780 Leo IV de Chazaar, Byzantine Emperor (775-80), dies
  • 876 Lodewijk de Duitser, king of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
  • 1100 Clement III, [Wibert van Ravenna], 1st anti-pope (1084-1100), dies
  • 1397 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.
  • 1425 King Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361)
  • 1539 John Stokesley, English churchman
  • 1550 Hans [Johann] Vischer, German count of Johann Cicero, dies
  • 1555 Thomas Villanova, Spanish saint/archbishop of Valencia, dies
  • 1560 Amy Robsart, wife of English premier Robert Dudley, dies by accident
  • 1603 George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician (b. 1547)
  • 1633 Carlo Caraffa, Italian jesuit/religious order founder, dies at about 72
  • 1644 Francis Quarles, English poet (Enchiridion), dies
  • 1645 Francisco Gomez Quevedo y Villegas, Spanish author/poet, dies at 64
  • 1645 John Coke, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1654 Peter Claver, Spanish saint (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies
  • 1656 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (b. 1574)
  • 1660 Daniel von Czepko, German poet, dies at 54
  • 1675 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels and wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 73
  • 1682 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (b. 1606)
  • 1721 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686)
  • 1739 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (b. 1668)
  • 1755 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (b. 1715)
  • 1761 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • 1780 Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, dies at 48

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1811 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • 1840 John H van de Palm, theologist/literature/speaker, dies at 77
  • 1853 Frédéric Ozanam, founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul (b. 1813)
  • 1881 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral, dies at 84
  • 1882 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
  • 1894 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (b. 1821)
  • 1895 Adam Opel, German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58
  • 1914 William E Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • 1933 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria, dies at 50
  • 1935 Carl Austin Weiss, murderer of Sen Huey Long, shot down
  • 1935 Huey P Long, (Sen-La) assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol building

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Edward L. Doheny, American oil tycoon, dies of natural causes at 79

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny
  • 1948 Thomas Mofolo, Lesotho writer (b. 1876)
  • 1951 Jurgen Stroop, Nazi commander of Warsaw Ghetto, executed
  • 1955 John de Young, cardinal/archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 69
  • 1956 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-4.), dies at 84
  • 1956 Vital Celen, Flemish writer ('t Pastoorke van Vossendonck), dies at 69
  • 1962 Hermann Standiger, German chemist (Nobel 1953), dies at 84
  • 1969 Bud Collyer, TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), dies at 61
  • 1969 Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (b. 1868)
  • 1970 Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)
  • 1974 Robert Cox, last surviving member of Keystone Kops, dies at 79
  • 1980 Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist/theory/educator, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980 Willard Libby, American chemist (radiocarbon dating), dies of pneumonia at 71

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • 1981 Hediki Joekawa, Japans physicist (Nobel 1949) at 74
  • 1981 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, dies at 80
  • 1983 Willem C "Wim" Kan, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 72
  • 1985 John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1991 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1992 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91), dies at 84
  • 1993 Hall Bartlett, US director (Jonathan Livingston Seagull), dies at 70
  • 1993 Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Egyptian philosopher/author/diplomat, dies at 88
  • 1994 Deborah Bear, Engl still photographer (Pasolini/Fellini), dies at 44
  • 1994 Michael Peters, choreographer, dies
  • 1995 Eileen Zhang Ailing Chang, writer, dies at 73
  • 1995 Olga Ivinskaya, mistress of Boris Pasternak, dies of cancer at 83
  • 1995 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, dies at 78
  • 1996 Elizabeth Eyre de Lanaux, designer artist/writer, dies at 102
  • 2004 Frank Thomas, American animator (b. 1913)
  • 2006 Hilda Bernstein, English-born South African author, artist, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jean Villain, Swiss writer, dies at 78
  • 2007 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
  • 2008 Evan Tanner, UFC Champion
  • 2009 Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer, dies from cancer at 69
  • 2016 The Lady Chablis [born Benjamin Knox], American transgender entertainer (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil), dies at 59