On This Day in History for September 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 139

  • 701 St Sergius I reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 1000 Battle of Svolder, Baltic Sea. King Olaf on board the Long Serpent defeated in one of the greatest naval battles of the Viking Age.
  • 1379 Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
  • 1493 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1513 Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1543 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1556 Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria emperor
  • 1561 Conference of Poissy: religious theologians gathered by Catherine de' Medici
  • 1567 Lomaraal van Egmond & Philip van Hoorne captured
  • 1591 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • 1675 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • 1683 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1739 Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • 1753 1st steam engine arrives in north American colonies
  • 1776 Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (Was the United Colonies)
  • 1817 Alexander Twilight, probably first African American to graduate from a US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
  • 1830 Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ
  • 1839 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • 1841 Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
  • 1850 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • 1850 California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • 1861 Nurse Sally Tompkins is officially commissioned as an officer (and its only woman officer) by the Confederate US Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1863 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN
  • 1867 Luxembourg gains independence
  • 1875 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 Rutherford B. Hayes visits San Franicsco

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1881 Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
  • 1886 The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
  • 1892 E E Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
  • 1895 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • 1898 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • 1899 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
  • 1903 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel in Switzerland inaugurated
  • 1904 Mounted police 1st used in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

  • 1908 Russia takes part of Poland
  • 1911 1st European airpost (Hendon to Windsor, England)
  • 1912 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • 1913 Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
  • 1914 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • 1914 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • 1914 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war
  • 1915 Association for study of Negro Life & History forms by Carter G Woodson
  • 1918 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1919 Boston's police force strikes
  • 1921 Guatamala, Honduras, and San Salvador agree to Central American Union
  • 1922 St Louis Brown "Baby Doll" Jacobson hits 3 triples beating Tigers 16-0
  • 1922 Turkish troops conquer Smyrna/murder Greek citizens
  • 1922 William T Cosgrave replaces Irish premier Collins
  • 1923 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • 1924 Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1926 National Broadcasting Company created by Radio Corporation of America
  • 1926 Train disaster at Wassenaar, Netherlands, 4 die
  • 1927 Tony Lazzeri Day at Yankee Stadium
  • 1932 Frank Crosetti ties record, striking out twice in 1 inning
  • 1932 Mine strikes at Belgian Borinage ended
  • 1932 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • 1932 Steamboat SS Observation explodes in NYC East River (71 killed)
  • 1934 G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 Yankees sweep Indians, NY clinches pennant on earliest date in history
  • 1939 Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 1940 28 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1942 1st bombing on continental US soil at Mount Emily, Oregon during WWII by Japanese planes
  • 1942 Compulsory work for women, children & old males in Batavia
  • 1943 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • 1943 Lt-Gen Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick
  • 1943 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • 1943 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • 1944 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • 1944 Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 1944 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • 1944 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • 1944 Very strong hurricane hits Netherlands
  • 1945 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • 1945 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR
  • 1945 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • 1950 1st use of TV laugh track by "The Hank McCune Show" in the US
  • 1950 Mass arrests of communists in France
  • 1954 Earthquake strikes Orleansville, Algeria: 1,400 killed
  • 1954 Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
  • 1955 Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
  • 1956 African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau & Cape Verde forms
  • 1957 Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School dynamited

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 Race riots in Notting Hill Gate, London
  • 1962 Soviet economist Liberman plead for autonomous businesses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1964 German DR government allows short visits to West Germany
  • 1964 John Osborne's "Inadmissable Evidence" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Francois Mitterrand nominated for French presidency

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1965 Tibet is made an autonomous region of China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 1st successful Test flight of a Saturn V
  • 1967 Uganda declares independence from Great Britain
  • 1969 Allegheny 853 collides with Piper Cherokee above Indiana, kills 82
  • 1969 Seaplane crashes at Indianapolis, kills 83
  • 1970 Bowie Kuhn suspends Denny McLain for carrying a gun
  • 1971 1,000 convicts riot & seize Attica, NY prison

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

214 Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270-275), born in Serdica (d. 275)

Roman Emperor Aurelian
Roman Emperor
Aurelian
  • 384 Flavius Honorius, emperor East Roman Republic (395-423)
  • 1349 Duke Albert III of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466 Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
  • 1558 Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • 1585 Armand-Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu, premier of France (1624-42)
  • 1629 Cornelis Tromp, Dutch lt-adm-gen/son of Maarten Tromp
  • 1646 Zeger B van Espen, Flemish theologist
  • 1700 Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 Thomas Hutchinson, American politician (d. 1780)
  • 1731 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • 1754 William Bligh, nasty ship's captain (HMS Bounty)
  • 1755 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
  • 1769 Cornelis F van Maanen, Dutch minister of Justice (1807..42)
  • 1789 William Cranch Bond, US, astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion)
  • 1794 William Lonsdale, Bath, English Geologist and Paleontologist (fossil coral)
  • 1809 William Radford, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1890)
  • 1817 Speed Smith Fry, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1819 Martin Luther Smith, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1822 Napoleon J K P Bonaparte, French prince/member National Convention
  • 1826 Frederich I W L, Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907)
  • 1826 Thomas John Lucas, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1828 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (War and Peace), born in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1834 Joseph H Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant)
  • 1834 William MacRae, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • 1850 Harishchandra, India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
  • 1855 Houston S Chamberlain, British/German race theorist
  • 1855 Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)
  • 1858 Benjamin Kidel, English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1868 Mary Austin, Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1872 Delilah L Beasley, US author/columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • 1878 Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1878 Sergio Osmeña, 4th President of the Philippines (d. 1961)
  • 1887 Alf (Alfred) Landon, (R-Ks) American politician and Presidential candidate (1932, 1936). Dies 1987

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Colonel Harland Sanders, American founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, born in Henryville, Indiana (d. 1980)

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders
  • 1900 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • 1903 Phyllis Whitney, American writer (d. 2008)
  • 1905 Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram
  • 1907 Leon Edel, American biographer (Henry James: A Biography 1953–1972 - Pulitzer 1963), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (La belle estate)
  • 1911 John Gorton, Australian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1918 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Novara, Italy, politician (Italian President, 1992-1999), (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1920 Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Anthony Derrick Parsons, diplomat
  • 1922 MacKenzie John, pipe major
  • 1922 Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
  • 1923 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1926 Annie nee Becker Kriegel, historian
  • 1926 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1929 Stan Parris, (Rep-R-VA, 1973-74, 81- )
  • 1930 Frank Lucas, Drug Lord
  • 1932 Ali Doelman-Pel, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1934 Sonia Sanchez, US playwright/poet (The Bronx is Next)
  • 1935 Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
  • 1937 Mikhail N Tai, Latvia, World chess champion (1960-61)
  • 1939 Howard P McKeon, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1941 Les Braid, England, bass (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • 1941 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist, creator of the C programming language and co-creator of the Unix operating system, born in Bronxville, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1942 John Linder, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • 1944 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina
  • 1945 Omukama Patrick David Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro
  • 1949 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • 1951 Alexander Downer, Australian politician
  • 1952 Angela Cartwright, England (Make Room for Daddy, Lost in Space)
  • 1952 Lee M Morin, cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Manchester, New Hampshire
  • 1955 John Kricfalusi, Canadian animator
  • 1956 Anatoli Pavlovich Artsebarsky, Russia, colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-12)
  • 1957 Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • 1960 Hugh Grant, London England (4 Weddings & a Funeral, 9 Months)
  • 1960 Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1962 Aleta Rzepecki Sill, bowler (1983 WIBC single), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1972 James Farmer, American educator and artist
  • 1972 Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader
  • 1973 Troy Rudolph, production asst (Suburbanators, Viper)
  • 1974 Vikram Batra, Officer of the Indian Army
  • 1984 Farrah Gray, American entrepreneur and author (Reallionaire), born in Chicago
  • 2000 Victoria Federica de Marichalar y de Borbón, granddaughter of king Juan Carlos I of Spain

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1770 Founding Father of America Robert R. Livingston (23) weds John Steven's daughter Mary Stevens

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • 1995 Chynna Phillips weds William Baldwin

Deaths in History

  • 546 St. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, Irish bishop
  • 1000 Olaf Tryggvason, King Olaf I of Norway (995-1000)
  • 1087 William I, The Conqueror, King of England/Duke of Normandy, dies
  • 1398 King James I of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1438 Eduard [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38)/writer, dies
  • 1487 Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488 Francis II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1433)
  • 1513 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
  • 1573 Andre de Resende, Portuguese dominican/humanist, dies
  • 1596 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1612 Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
  • 1676 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer (b. 1612)
  • 1680 Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
  • 1683 Algernon Sidney, English Whig politician/plotter, beheaded
  • 1713 Giovanni A di Bartlommeo Viscardi, Swiss architect, dies
  • 1755 Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
  • 1770 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1770 Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist, dies at 62
  • 1806 William Paterson, American jurist and statesman (b. 1745)
  • 1810 Johann Baptiste Hagenauer, Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1815 John Singleton Copley, British painter, dies at 77
  • 1817 Paul Cuffe, African American civil rights activist (helped settle Sierre Leone), dies at 58
  • 1841 Augustin P de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 63
  • 1866 Gergely Czuczor, Hungarian/Czech poet/translator, dies at 65
  • 1876 American Horse, Sioux chief, dies in battle
  • 1888 John van Swieten, Dutch governor of West-Sumatra, dies at 71
  • 1891 Jules Grévy, President of France (b. 1813)
  • 1898 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter, dies at 36
  • 1901 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, minister of Cologne dies
  • 1902 Titus AJ van Asch van Wijck, gov of Suriname (1891-97), dies at 53
  • 1907 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909 Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • 1913 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician, dies
  • 1931 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • 1941 Gustav Ehrismann, German germanist, dies at 85
  • 1946 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), dies at 74
  • 1962 Pat Rooney, vaudevillian (Night club), dies at 82
  • 1963 Ernst Kantorowicz, German/US historian, dies at 68
  • 1963 Jan Schouten, Dutch founder (illegal Trouw)/chairman (ARP), dies
  • 1966 Leon de Smet, Flemish painter, dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), dies of a heart attack at 82

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1978 Jack L Warner, US movie production (Warner Bros), dies at 86)
  • 1978 Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (b. 1892)
  • 1980 John Howard Griffin, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1982 Frederic Dannay, [Ellery Queen], US, detective writer, dies at 76
  • 1984 Yilmaz Gueney, director (Yol, Arkadas, Baba, Agit), dies at 47
  • 1985 Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1987 Gerrit John Heijn, senior executive (Ahold), kidnapped/murdered
  • 1990 Rimantas Antanas Stankiavichus, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 46
  • 1990 Samuel Doe, Liberian politician (b. 1951)
  • 1991 Edwin M McMillan, US, chemist (neptunium, plutonium, Nobel 1951), dies
  • 1991 John Lawrence, doctor, dies
  • 1991 Joop H Zwart, Spanish fighter/publicist (Black Widow), dies
  • 1993 David Tendlar, animator (Betty Boop), dies
  • 1994 Keith Davis, voice Tutor/Author, dies at 85
  • 1996 Jack Pepys, immunologist, dies at 82
  • 1997 Myra McCulloch, teacher academic/administrator, dies at 48
  • 1999 Chan Parker, American author; wife of Charlie Parker and Phil Woods (b. 1925)
  • 2000 Julian Critchley, British politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghani military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2002 Geoffrey Dummer, British electronics engineer, built first integrated circuit and work in radar, dies at 93

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2003 Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist, dies at 95

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 2003 Thomas Edward Allibone, English Physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), dies at 99
  • 2005 John Wayne Glover, English serial killer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Warith Deen Muhammad, American religious leader (b. 1933)
  • 2012 Ron Taylor, Australian shark expert and cinematographer, dies from myeloid leukemia at 78
  • 2012 Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer, dies from kidney failure at 90
  • 2014 Denny Miller, American actor, dies from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 80