Deaths in History on August 31

  • 651 Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary
  • 1056 Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981)
  • 1057 Leofric, count of Mercia/husband of Lady Godiva, dies
  • 1158 Sancho III, King of Castile, dies
  • 1218 Al-Malik ab-Adil/Saphadin/Saif al-Din), brother of Saladin, dies
  • 1234 Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  • 1372 Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
  • 1422 Henry V, King of England (1413-22)/France (1416-19), dies
  • 1590 Floris Thin, politician/land advocate of Utrecht, dies
  • 1645 Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
  • 1654 Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)
  • 1688 John Bunyan, preacher/novelist/author (Pilgrim's Progress), dies
  • 1741 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)
  • 1772 William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)
  • 1796 John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
  • 1799 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • 1814 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)
  • 1862 George William Taylor, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 Ferdinand Lassalle, French politician (ADA), dies at 39
  • 1867 [Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire, Fren poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
  • 1869 Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
  • 1873 Charles F Pahud de Montagnes, gov-gen (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
  • 1875 Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 1879 William Barber, 6th US chief engraver (1844-79), dies

MurderMurder of Interest

1888 Mary Ann Nichols, a 42-year-old prostitute, was found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • 1902 Mathilde Wesendonk, German author/poetess, dies at 73
  • 1918 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WW I), dies at 36
  • 1920 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1931 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies
  • 1934 Johan H A Schaper, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies
  • 1935 Abraham Isaac Kook, rabbi/author (Hokhmat Ha-kodesh), dies
  • 1940 Georges Gauthier, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1871)
  • 1941 Marian Zwetajewa, writer, dies
  • 1941 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892)
  • 1942 Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
  • 1948 Andrei A Zjdanov, Rus politician (against kosmopolitism), dies at 52
  • 1949 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (actinium), dies
  • 1952 Henri Bourassa, French Canadian political leader (b. 1868)
  • 1959 Charles Delaney, dies at 67
  • 1963 Georges Braque, French cubist painter and sculptor (My bicycle) who helped develop Cubism with Pablo Picasso, dies at 81
  • 1966 Kasimir Edschmid, [Karl E Schmidt], German writer, dies at 75
  • 1967 Ilja G Ehrenburg, Russian poet/writer (9th wave), dies at 76
  • 1967 Michael Fitzmaurice, dies of lymphoma at 59
  • 1968 George P Gooch, English historian/House of Commons leader, dies
  • 1973 Raymond Keane, dies at 66
  • 1974 William Pershing Benedict, American pilot
  • 1974 Norman Kirk, New Zealand prime minister (b. 1923
  • 1976 Kornelis H Miskotte, theologist (If the Gods Keep Silent), dies at 81
  • 1978 John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1979 Sally Rand, stripper, dies at 75
  • 1981 Joseph H Hirschhorn, US art collector/founder H Museum, dies at 82
  • 1985 Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1986 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), dies at 88
  • 1986 Urho K Kekkonen, premier/president of Finland, dies at 85
  • 1991 Leigh Watson, US aviation pioneer/air force general, dies at 93
  • 1993 Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter (communist), dies at 80
  • 1994 Barbara Hammer Avedon, scriptwriter, dies at 69
  • 1995 Beant Singh, PM of Punjab province of India, assassinated at 73
  • 1995 David Richard Holloway, literary Editor, dies at 71
  • 1995 Hajime Miterai, industrialist, dies at 56
  • 1995 Horst Janssen, graphic Artist, dies at 65
  • 1995 John Erik Jonsson, businessman/Mayor of Dallas, dies at 93
  • 1996 David Scott, British priest, Chaplain to the Queen, dies at 72
  • 1996 Harald James Penrose, pilot, dies at 92
  • 1996 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales, dies in car crash in Paris at 36

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 2002 Lionel Hampton, American vibraphone player (b. 1908)
  • 2002 George Porter, English chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Joseph Rotblat, Polish-British physicist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1908)
  • 2006 Derrick Wayne Frazier, American convicted murderer (b. 1977)
  • 2008 Ike Pappas, American news correspondent (b. 1933)
  • 2009 EraƱo Manalo, Filipino religious figure (b. 1925)
  • 2011 Valery Rozhdestvensky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), dies at 72
  • 2015 Colin Hope, British Industrialist (Turner and Newall), dies at 83